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Combating is a very important aspect of Minecraft, whether it's defeating the ender dragon, killing creepers for gunpowder, or trying to win a PVP match. This page lists the best ways to kill each hostile or neutral mob in the game, as well as many combat strategies.


Hostile mobs and bosses

There are 15 hostile mobs and 2 bosses (the ender dragon and the wither) in the game. This list is sorted by chance of encounter. If caught in a difficult place without a weapon, the player can run away if he or she is outdoors or tunnel downwards and wait for the mob to despawn before surfacing. A fail safe is to set the difficulty to Peaceful, which removes all hostile mobs.

Overworld mobs


See also: Zombie

Zombies are often considered the easiest mobs to kill, as they use only weak melee attacks and burn in sunlight unless they are wearing helmets/pumpkins on their heads or are in water. However, they have an extended reach and a small amount of natural armor (2 armor points), and it is easy to land a hit on them in melee combat without taking damage. Also, they often spawn in large numbers and when they do so, they can quickly overcome you. Zombies aren't that fast (except for baby zombies, which sprint, and are small and hard to hit), and merely a nuisance, especially when mining underground.

When surrounded by multiple mobs, cut down the zombies first to escape. The player can also use a bow to shoot the zombies, but as mentioned, they spawn in large numbers, so it will be difficult to kill all of them. If possible, lure them out into sunlight so that they burn.

They drop rotten flesh, which is only useful if you (or a wolf) are low on food or far from a permanent food source. It should also be noted that zombies can break down wooden doors in Hard difficulty and Hardcore mode, so take caution when trying to defend yourself by placing blocks. If you play on Hard/Hardcore mode, protect your house with an iron door. They also attack villagers and can be seen trying to open doors.

They can spawn with armor, with pumpkins on their heads, and iron tools such as swords and shovels. Zombies are also extremely weak when trapped. A way to lure them is use the villager trap. Zombies can spawn other zombies when you hit them.


See also: Skeleton

Skeletons can be quite difficult to slay in melee combat, unless you have the correct tactics. They fire arrows as you approach, making them hard to kill; although if you get close enough, it is possible to hit them, block, and repeat until you kill them. Another way you can attack is by circling them, and while doing so, approach and hit them and keep on circling and hitting it until it dies. They burn in sunlight like zombies unless they are wearing any type of armor or pumpkins on their heads. When attacking them in melee combat, strafe while approaching, and spiral around them. Never use sprint hits on skeletons unless they are near a hazard, as knocking them back will give them a free shot at you before you can approach. However, you can jump-sprint so that there is a chance that the skeleton will shoot over or under you. You might also get a critical hit if you do that. It is suggested that you wear at least a 11 armor points (Armor.svgArmor.svgArmor.svgArmor.svgArmor.svgHalf Armor.svg) when doing this, as you will take some damage. Do NOT do this if the skeleton is on a hill, as you might crash against a wall, giving the skeleton a free shot at you. Skeletons can hide behind corners in caverns and ambush you, so ensure to light the entire tunnel before exploring further when underground.

One can make short work of a skeleton by shooting it while outside its search range. On equal ground with a skeleton, charge your bow shortly after dodging a skeleton's arrow to prevent being shot while under the slowing effects of a charging bow. If you are low on health and ammo, wait until day so that they burn up. However, if inside a cave, wait for your health to regenerate completely and try again. In nether fortresses, they spawn 20% of the time in place of a wither skeleton. They can wear armor and pumpkins like zombies, but cannot pick up items or blocks. When fighting skeletons and you run behind a wall, don't try to rush out and attack them (unless you don't mind taking some damage). What you should do is wait behind the corner with your shield on block and when the skeleton hits you, retaliate before it can launch another attack. Skeletons are very accurate and running out will almost always result in a hit, as does trying to wait around the corner and attacking the edge of the skeleton. By blocking with a shield, you negate damage taken, and the arrow bounces off the shield, which can be used to your advantage. Don't try to slay a skeleton in melee combat in water (use only a ranged attack), they can fire arrows at you preventing you of getting out of the water and possibly killing you. If you do decide to attack a skeleton in water with melee tactics, get under the skeleton or jump off a ledge into the water.


See also: Creeper

Not only one of the most notorious and infamous mobs in the game, but also one of the most deadly.

Explosion Mechanics

If there is 1 block or less between you and the creeper and it knows you're there, it will start its 1.5 second countdown before it explodes. Hitting it and moving back or sprint-hitting it will move it far enough away that it stops its countdown, and starts its cooldown. The length of the cooldown is equivalent to how long it was counting down. So, if it had been counting down for 0.75 seconds when it moved out of range, then the cooldown will last 0.75 seconds as well. If there are 2 blocks between you and the creeper, you're safe unless it has already started its countdown. Creepers will also run away if close to a cat or ocelot, preventing an explosion.

Below is an image showing the likelihood of a creeper exploding. The white square in the center with an 'X' is the creepers location. This grid uses the block system for distance and it is used by 'placing' your player on the relative colored square. Please note that you may think that you are two blocks away in the game, but actually you may be closer, depending on your graphics or perspective (e.g. looking up vs. looking straight ahead).

A grid showing the likeliness of a creeper exploding.
Color Chance of Explosion Predicted Damage
Red Definite Extreme
Yellow High Moderate
Green Minimal/None None
Blue None None

Combat Methods

The safest way to engage a creeper is from a distance by shooting three fully charged arrows at it with a bow so it cannot explode near the player. Also, the player can finish off the Creeper with a sword after shooting the Creeper once or twice to save arrows (unless you have the infinity enchantment on your bow).

Swimming Creepers can be easily dealt with using melee attacks while the player is underwater. Players can also take advantage of the Creeper's countdown system by hitting it, retreating a few squares away, and repeating this until it dies. Alternatively, the player can find sufficiently high ground to strike a Creeper from above with a melee weapon without the detonation sequence being activated. However, the player should keep in mind that Creepers move forwards and to the right (your left) when in pursuit.

A Creeper can be hit and knocked out of reach with the sprint hit ability (also with a Knockback enchantment to the player's sword). This allows a player to slowly work down a Creeper's health while remaining out of the explosion radius. Jumping and hitting a Creeper while falling during a sprint will kill the Creeper quickly while still keeping it out of reach.

If a Creeper is below the player, the player can suffocate it (and many other mobs) by placing a block of sand or gravel above the Creeper as long as the block they are placing is on a wall or a block in front of the player and above the target mob. It will usually take one to two blocks to cover the Creeper and when it is covered, it will slowly suffocate to death. This is a slow way of eliminating a Creeper but it will keep the player out of harm's way and preserve the durability of their weapon.

Another method to kill a Creeper is by using the pillar method. This method is not the most effective, but chances of explosions are minimal. By making a 3-4 block pillar of dirt/sand by pillar-jumping, and waiting until the creeper comes next to your pillar, you can attack it without exploding.

Another method to kill a Creeper (especially if there are multiple creepers), is to fight them with an open door between you. As soon as you attack, the creepers might start their countdowns. Close the door quickly, and it will shield you from their sight, forcing them to abort the countdown. Re-open the door and strike again, then quickly re-close the door. The creepers will not be quick enough to go through, and the door will shield you from their view. The only drawbacks to this method are if you react too slowly, they can detonate; and that zombies could break the door if they see you. This method is very effective, especially if you have low resources and time. This method can also be used to block a possible skeleton arrow.

They may be hit by lightning during a storm, making it a charged Creeper. These are one of the most dangerous mobs in the game as its explosion is stronger than TNT. However, the lightning also damages the Creeper, making it a faster kill. One fact you should know about the lightning Creeper is that they approach straight on, instead of from the right (your left.)

Remember to keep you distance fighting creepers, and other hostile mobs that rely on ranged or powerful melee attacks.


See also: Slime

Slimes are found only below altitude level 40 in certain chunks and in swampland biomes at night, but often occur in large numbers (especially at full moon). They are the only way to get slimeballs for sticky pistons, and drop large amounts of experience, but they are often a major pest in mines. A solution is to dig the mine only one block wide so that only the harmless tiny slimes can fit in it, but in natural caves and larger mines, they can become a nuisance as they will spawn in any light level. Since the larger slimes are slightly over 1 block wide, you can trap them behind walls and hit them easily. They are also easily killed by attacking from above. When a slime is killed, it will split into one to four smaller slimes, and a single huge slime can produce up to 16 small slimes, which can easily overrun the player in large numbers, but the small slimes are completely harmless. Attacking from above or backpedaling will prevent too many from attacking at once. Water is also effective at slowing them down and it is common on the surface, while lava will kill large numbers, so it is a good last resort. Note that a tiny slime can be killed with a one punch (saving sword durability). Slimes will split even if they are hit with more than necessary damage.


See also: Witch

Witches are hostile mobs with an appearance similar to villagers that spawn in swamp huts and even in other parts of the Overworld. They throw negative splash potions at you and will drink Water Breathing, Fire Resistance and Instant Health potions to protect themselves; so drowning them or killing them with lava or fire is not effective. Witches often start their attacks by throwing splash potions of poison, following up with harming and have 26 points of health. If you find one, shoot it with a bow or attack it with a sword in the way that you would attack skeletons. If you are holding a diamond sword, another strategy would be charging towards it and hitting it 4 times before the witch is finished drinking their potion of Instant Health. However, don't use splash potions on them as they are almost completely immune to them. Fire attacks are also useless. The witch drops spider eyes, sugar, glowstone dust, redstone dust, sticks and empty glass bottles, making them a great way to get various resources.


See also: Guardian

The guardian has two methods of attack, engaging a laser-like beam and a thorn-like attack. The beam takes several seconds to charge, doing no damage while doing so, and changes from purple initially to bright yellow when fully charged. Once charged, the beam abruptly disappears and deals damage. The guardian will swim around for a few seconds before firing again. If the target comes near the guardian while it is firing its beam, it will stop firing and swim away until it is at a comfortable range, at which point it will continue attacking. The guardian, unlike other hostile mobs, will not follow the player if they move out of sight. Instead, it will simply continue swimming until the player becomes visible again, and will then start to charge its attack. The beam cannot be dodged, as it follows the player, but can be obstructed by solid blocks, and has a range of approximately 15 blocks.

Guardians also have spikes on their bodies. Although these spikes don't do any direct damage upon contact or as a melee attack, they act similar to the Thorns enchantment. The guardians can extend and retract their spikes. If a player attacks the guardian when its spikes are extended, the player takes a small amount of damage.

Guardians are very resistant to melee attacks when under water, as the player will not be able to quickly approach the Guardian due to the slowing effect of the water. Guardians will swim away when approached by a player it is targeting. The Guardian will deal 1 heart of damage every time it is hit when its spikes are extended. If cornered, the guardian will usually extend its spikes and fire its laser at the player, even at point-blank range.

If brought to land they may take fall damage from their swift movement.

If the player must melee a guardian, they should try to corner it and hope for the best; or else try to trick it into swimming within melee range repeatedly.

The guardian cannot shoot as fast as a player with a bow can, so a skilled player will be able to shoot the guardian, and then hide to break the beam's lock, repeating until the guardian is dead. Arrows will slow down and eventually fall when in water, so the player may be forced to shoot at very close range. The main difficulty with fighting guardians is the mining fatigue effect from the elder guardians, which will slow down the weapon cool-down. If the guardian is in shallow water the player(s) can use a fishing rod to pull it out of the water where the player(s) can then kill it using melee attacks without being shot at or hurt by the spikes (The guardian can still shoot while out of water, but unless it's held still, it flops around too much to keep the target in range).

Fighting guardians is incredibly dangerous without armor. Armor is essential to combating guardians, especially within an ocean monument. Entering their territory without armor will almost always lead to a swift death, even if armed with a sword or bow and arrows.

Using the combined effects of Depth Strider III, Speed II and sprinting, the player can actually swim faster than the guardians, allowing him/her to sneak up on them or to escape their beams.

Elder Guardians
See also: Elder Guardian

The elder guardian has a very large amount of hearts (80), making melee attacks even harder. Elder guardians do more damage than regular guardians. Diamond equipment enchanted with Respiration and Depth Strider, swords and bows are recommended. Fighting elder guardians is incredibly dangerous without armor. Entering their territory without armor will almost always lead to a swift death, even if armed with a sword or bow and arrow. They will also give you the Mining Fatigue effect, making it impossible to tunnel out in case of emergency, or mine the gold treasure inside the ocean monument, and the mining fatigue will make your weapons charge up slower.


See also: Silverfish

Silverfish are small mobs, which can be spawned from a silverfish spawner, which only naturally generates in strongholds, or by breaking a monster egg block. Monster egg blocks can be disguised as cobblestone, stone, stone bricks, or variants of stone bricks, and spawn in strongholds and extreme hills biomes. The breaking speed of monster egg blocks are the same with any type of tool or your hand, making it easy to find which blocks are monster egg blocks. When using your hand to break blocks, monster egg blocks break a lot faster than cobblestone, stone, or stone bricks, but when using a better quality pickaxe, such as iron or diamond, monster egg blocks break a lot slower than cobblestone, stone, or stone bricks. Monster egg blocks spawn one silverfish when mined.

One silverfish only deals very little damage, or no damage with better quality armor on. However, when you attack a silverfish, it will summon other silverfish hiding in monster egg blocks. This problem can be solved by killing a silverfish in one hit. You can do this with any type of axe except a wooden axe or golden axe, and with a sharpness enchantment, you can also do this with a wooden axe, golden axe, or diamond sword. If you're going to the End and the silverfish spawner in the end portal room is bugging you, you can go ahead and remove the spawner. Silverfish don't drop anything upon death, so it won't be useful to make a silverfish farm, unless you want an XP only farm.


See also: Endermite

If you use ender pearls often, you're sure to come across an endermite at some point. Endermites are not very difficult to fight, because of the fact that they have only 8 health points (4 hearts), and deal 2 health points (1 heart) of damage on normal mode. When using lots of ender pearls, they become more of an annoyance than a hazard. When you have spawned an endermite, there are a few things you can do.

If you don't want to bother with killing an endermite, go to at least 16 blocks away from it so that it won't attack you, and it will despawn after 2 minutes. If you want to combat an endermite for its experience, it's not too difficult. Just get a sword or axe of any type, and keep hitting it till it's dead. If you use a stone, iron, or diamond axe, or a diamond sword enchanted with Sharpness, you will be able to kill the endermite in one hit.


See also: Vindicator

While spawning in the rarest structure in the game only one time, a vindicator is essentially a swift, high damaging zombie. However, this does not mean it isn't dangerous. Added along with the woodland mansion,these deal the highest melee damage that can be received legitimately on single player (7 on easy, 13 on medium, 19 on hard), and almost always spawn in groups with other vindicators. Since the woodland mansion has many U-turn areas where a mob can hide (as there are some generation problems with the torches, so the vindicators will not be alone), it is easy to be ambushed and swiftly killed, especially when entering bedrooms, the primary spawn location. As the mansion is already dimly lit, it is best to explore using night vision, have another player with you (if possible) and keep your hostile mob noises up (they make grunting noises while idle). Attack the vindicator in front, or you will be damaged very badly. If you are about to be overwhelmed, step into a jail cell. Oddly enough, they will not pursue you through jail cell doors. This is not a mob to be taken lightly, even late game. Even more so when it is coupled with the other illager type, the evoker.


See also: Evoker

The shamanic counterpart to the vindicator. They summon vexes, small spirit-like creatures that eventually die off, assuming they do not kill you. You will not find lone evokers (almost always really), but with 2 or more vindicators with them (can potentially be more if being followed already), the vindicators will charge you, giving the evoker time to use one of its summoning attacks:

  • Vex summoning. Summons several small mobs, which can pass through blocks. They die within 2 minutes and are limited by a binding radius.
  • Fang attack, explained better in the main article. It does 3 hearts of true damage (ignores your armor, potions and enchants), it can hit multiple targets and it cannot be used on other illagers (the vindicators/evokers). When fighting in a room with the evokers, keep an eye out for the vexes, especially their red glow when charging. They are weak but deal large damage due to the fact multiple summons can happen. Fangs cannot be avoided. Simply kill the evoker as soon as possible after killing the vindicators, especially if it attempts a spell. Fangs have two uses. Offensive and defensive, when on offensive, they spring up in a line toward the player. When on defensive, the fangs form a circle around the evoker. A good strategy is attacking at a distance with a bow, then move in with a sword. Diamond swords and armor is almost always required.


See also: Vex

Very small creature about the size of a baby zombie, however, they float, deal much more damage (they do 5-9-13), have 14 hit points, and can pass through blocks. A player in the gear they have obtained by the point they find and decide to enter a mansion will be able to kill it in one hit with a strength potion. Prioritize killing them over vindicators when you can see them in range of your sword, as they move fast and can get behind you.


See also: Illusioner

The third type of illager, they don't spawn naturally. They have the ability to blind you for 20 seconds, and can even spawn duplicates to fool you. These duplicates move in the same way as the regular mob, so it's hard to tell which one to hit. They can also fire arrows at you, but only the arrows from the real illusioner can hit you. Despite it dealing poor damage, illusioners are more of a nuisance than deadly. It drops the occasional bow on death. It's recommended to use a bow for this mob, firing at all the clones until you find the real illusioner. When the player is blinded, it's best to back away, waiting for the blindness to disperse, them attack again.

Nether mobs

Only 5 mobs spawn exclusively and naturally in the Nether. This list is sorted by chance of encounter. As zombie pigmen are neutral, combat strategies for them are listed under neutral mobs. Currently, all Nether mobs are hostile, with the exception of the zombie pigman, which are neutral. All can be very dangerous without sufficient weapons, but all can be outrun fairly easily while sprinting, and all despawn on peaceful.


See also: Ghast

Ghasts are often considered the most difficult mob to kill in the Nether because of their extreme attack range, explosive attack power, mobility and flight. They are also quite common; players in any exposed area will have to deal with them sooner or later and possibly from the moment they step out of a portal. Ghast fireballs have a profound effect on nether architecture, making a compelling case to use only materials resistant to their explosions for outer walls and exterior fittings in places where their fire may be drawn. As a result of their large size and the extreme unpleasantness of an indoor ghast spawn, the primary defense mechanism for buildings in the Nether becomes enclosure. A ghast's firepower is highly inaccurate at most ranges if one is moving. Players are most vulnerable when they are building in the Nether, when they may well not be moving and possibly standing above a long fall. Ghasts can also break blocks from under the player, often dropping them into lava or causing death through falling damage.

The player can reflect fireballs by hitting them with anything before they impact, even bare hands. Because of their low speed, spamming mouse clicks is often enough to deflect any given attack. It is possible to kill ghasts by reflecting their attacks back at them, but it can be difficult since they are agile. You can easily make a fireball reflect in the direction you want by shooting an arrow, fishing rod, or snowball at the fireball. In fact, snowballs or eggs are the easiest as they are easy to get and don't have a speed limit, so you can just bombard snowballs and you'll hit the fireball at some point. The fishing rod, when released, slightly affects the fireball's trajectory. This relationship goes both ways and a ghast's constant stream of fireballs may well interfere with the firing arc of your bow.

Most ghast kills are made with a bow and arrows or a ghast fireball for obvious reasons but a ghast can be killed with melee weapons if the player can get close enough before it draws away. Ghasts are highly vulnerable when caught on the ground since their attacks can be deflected and their health is quite low - 2 blows from a diamond sword will destroy one. It is possible to use a fishing rod to draw ghasts near enough to hit them with a sword. A close ghast is also much easier to hit with a bow, though reaction time against its fireballs is likewise lessened. When aiming your bow, be sure to lead your shots as ghasts can quickly change trajectory and move quite quickly. Depending on the ghast's range and relative altitude, it is usually necessary to also aim at a high trajectory to gain extra range. Where possible, having the advantage in altitude (such as shooting from the topmost layer of the Nether) is of enormous help. Also, ghasts move much slower when caught in a lava fall or pool, so waiting for the perfect opportunity can help your accuracy. If ammunition is not a concern, it is advisable to shoot many arrows at differing trajectories in order to find the range to the ghast. The ghast's hitbox is mainly its body, and aiming too low may cause a shot to go through the ghast's tentacles, dealing no damage. However, it is perfectly practical to shoot the hitbox through the ephemeral body from above using plunging fire.

Much like using neutral or enemy mobs as shields against arrows fired by skeletons in the regular world, it is feasible to use zombie pigmen as shields against ghasts in the Nether. It is possible to injure or kill zombie pigmen in this fashion without ever making them hostile to the player. If a ghast hits a zombie pigman, other zombie pigmen will try to kill the ghast and will if it is close to the ground.

An effective method of fighting ghasts in the Nether is to make a shelter, preferably out of brick, cobblestone, obsidian, or other explosion-resistant materials. Nether brick is ideal because it is completely immune to their fireballs, and is commonly found in the fortresses and as smelted netherrack. Make a 1x1 hole in the roof and add ladders leading up to it, in such a way that you can poke the upper half of your body through the roof. When a ghast is near, climb the ladder, shoot an arrow at the ghast and quickly descend again into your explosion-proof shelter. This should mean that you can kill ghasts easily with minimal health loss. To improve this even further, add a small 3x3 roof 1 block above the hole in the main roof. Most of the ghasts' fireballs will now hit this roof rather than you, meaning that you should be safe against most ghast attacks.

Ghasts do full 10 hearts damage when a direct hit from a fireball is taken. Inversely, this means that deflecting a ghast's fireball against itself will kill it instantly, although the game code states that direct contact with a fireball does 1,000 damage (500 hearts).

Overall though, an enchanted bow and good skill are the most effective ways to deal with a ghast. A bow with Power IV can down a ghast in a single shot, and a player skilled at archery can make a sport of them.

Magma Cube

See also: Magma Cube

Magma cubes drop magma cream, and they are common in the Nether and give the player large amounts of experience, so being able to fight them is a necessity for anyone who explores the Nether a lot, and is a good source of experience and useful potion ingredients. The smaller two kinds of cube are both easily killed with a stone sword or better even in large numbers, as they have low health and a slow attack rate, but big cubes can be deadly. Due to their jumping attack, they are very hard to hit and dodge, and while they have less health than the player at 8 hearts, they have natural armor that negates 48% of damage dealt to them, making their practical health much higher than the player's base. Preferably trap them on a ledge above you and use a hit and run tactic, but if you must fight them in the open, hit them immediately after their jump so you have time to escape the next one. Once the big cube is defeated, fighting its smaller counterparts should be much easier.

When fighting one a magma cube in a flat area, a trapdoor-like technique is often a safe way to kill them while avoiding taking damage. Stand just out of reach of the magma cube, and start walking toward them just before they jump. As they jump over you, look up and hit them, but keep on moving. If done properly, the magma cube should be knocked over you and you should be safe. If they are knocked sideways or backwards when you hit them, move to avoid them respectively. A sword enchanted with Knockback will also help. Sprint-hitting a cube also gives increased Knockback; however it is much more difficult to hit them when moving faster. This technique requires practice, but may be the most reliable way to kill them without a bow.


See also: Blaze

Blazes are rare and spawn from spawners in nether fortresses. They are essential to get blaze rods, which have many uses, such as in making brewing stands. They can occasionally spawn elsewhere in a nether fortress, so it is best be prepared, even if you do not plan to go near a spawner. Blazes are one of the most difficult mobs to fight, due to their ranged attacks and rapid rate of fire. Their ability to fly usually leaves the player's sword useless, while a player's bow's charging time and move speed leaves the player highly vulnerable to attack. On the other hand, blazes have a much shorter attack range, which makes it more feasible to snipe them from afar. Blazes can only spawn in light level 11 or lower (at the lower half of their body). Much like ghasts, the blaze's ability to fly can make it difficult to recover their loot after killing them. However, a viable tactic of combat is to fight them at close range by reeling them in with a fishing rod first. The use of a potion of Fire Resistance is extremely helpful when fighting blazes.

Blaze spawners occur in nether fortresses, and will start spawning blazes once the player gets within 16 blocks. The spawners have a chance of spawning 1-4 blazes at once. 'Camping' at a blaze spawner is an effective way to gather blaze rods, as they will almost always appear close enough to attack with a sword, and there is a delay in their attack after they spawn because they have to charge first. This is best done in combination with the Fire Resistance potion in effect, which makes the player immune to the Blaze's attacks and can be brewed by adding magma cream to awkward potions. You can also build a doorway, 2 blocks tall and 1 block wide, where you can camp and kill the blazes as they come down. This strategy is extremely effective if you cover up the roof of the spawner room and camp in the doorway with a diamond sword. But be careful, as the blaze also has a melee attack that damages the player if they get too close. You can also just dodge the fireballs (stand still for 1-2 seconds, the blaze will shoot at you, then you can run away), then run up to them while they're charging and attack them with melee combat, since they charge on the floor. Then, run away the second they start flaming again.

A blaze suffers damage from snowballs, and would be damaged by water if there was any in the Nether. Alas, snow golems do not survive in the Nether unless immediately provided with a potion of Fire Resistance or possibly a Regeneration potion. However, player-thrown snowballs are still a viable tactic. Due to their ease of acquisition and infinite supply, snowballs can be considered superior to archery for battling blazes. Though they can't be used to damage other kinds of mobs, carrying a few stacks of snowballs while exploring nether fortresses is an excellent way of repelling unexpected waves of spawned blazes. In addition, other mobs like wither skeletons and magma cubes can often be knocked off the high fortress bridges with snowballs, adding further usefulness.

Wither Skeleton

See also: Wither Skeleton

Wither skeletons are the Nether equivalent of skeletons. They use stone swords and will give you the Wither effect if you are damaged by one. They spawn in nether fortresses. If you see one, shoot it with a bow or trap it with blocks, or use a tactic similar to creepers -- sprint hit them, then retreat a few blocks, and repeat. A shield is also very useful as it completely blocks their hits including the Wither effect. Wither skeletons are exactly 2.4 blocks tall, but their path finding works as if they were 3 blocks tall. This provides some safe tactics for combating them: the player just has to build a 2 blocks high space where it is safe to hide upon engaging a wither skeleton. If you are too close and can't place a block in front of it fast enough, use an attack strategy similar to zombie pigmen. They will rarely drop wither skeleton skulls used to make the wither. A sword enchanted with looting will increase the chance to drop a skull up to 5.5%. They can spawn with pumpkins on Halloween, and can sometimes pick up armor and weapons, but they cannot pick up blocks or items. An efficient way of killing them will be making a wither skeleton farm by filling in large parts within the bounding box of the fortress with nether brick.

End mobs


See also: Shulker

Shulkers only appear in end cities. They shoot shulker bullet which, makes the player get the Levitation effect for 10 seconds and they follow the player. This is an advantage for him/her to travel to the top rooms in the end city and end ship, but, its a disadvantage if they are on top of the end city dungeon or higher, they levitate and can take fall damage or die.

Shulkers often hide in their shells, which give them a large amount of resistance, and makes arrows shot at them bounce off. To kill shulkers effectively, the player can use a bow and time it with the shulker opening its shell, or take advantage of the levitation and hit them with a sword while floating up. An effective way to kill shulkers in tight, tall spaces is using explosions from firework rockets.

The main strategy to defeating shulkers relies on protecting against the bullets they shoot. The player can punch the bullet, which will break it. A shield can block the bullet entirely. Since the bullet turns in right angles, you can place blocks in the path of the bullet, which will break it.


Ender Dragon

See also: Ender Dragon

Ender dragons spawn naturally (when player enters the End first time) or can be respawned with 4 end crystals on exit portal, and have extremely high health (100 hearts). They can only be found legitimately in the End. Always craft armor and bring an iron sword or better. Instead of bringing a helmet, bring a pumpkin instead, as there are lots of endermen and the pumpkin will stop them from becoming hostile when looked at. A tactic to fight one is to stock up on ladders, as there are obsidian pillars with end crystals on top. However, when the end crystals are destroyed they blow up, and the diameter of the explosion is larger than the pillar, so you will fall off. It would be a better idea to mine lots and lots of obsidian or end stone, so that you can make your own pillars and shoot the end crystals from a distance. That way, you won't fall off and die. Coming unprepared will most likely result in your death (if you die in the End you would spawn like normal in your default spawn point.)

The ender dragon will approach the player when he/she is at the exit portal frame, allowing successful melee attacks, as the ender dragon fires acid at the player. When the ender dragon is killed, it plays a unique death animation and drops an Exit portal. When you jump in, the credits appear. The portal also has a dragon egg on the top, which can break bedrock, and it can be collected if you put a piston on one side of the egg and any block on the other. Then, activate the piston and the dragon egg drops. It's a great way to prove to your friends that you killed the ender dragon.


See also: Wither

Withers are boss mobs that can be summoned by making a "T" shape with soul sand and placing 3 wither skeleton skulls on top. They have 150 hearts of health (50 more than the ender dragon) and shoot black or blue skulls that give the Wither effect and do as much damage as a ghast fireball, the blue skull are also able to destroy any block except bedrock, barriers and end portal frames. So when spawning the wither make sure you are in a confined space (made with obsidian if being done in survival) with lots of effective potions drank to kill the wither quicker. Upon summoning one, drink a potion of Strength, a potion of Regeneration, a potion of Swiftness, and maybe eat an enchanted golden apple. When the Wither has gotten up to max HP in a few seconds the Wither will gain health and cause a massive explosion. A good thing to do is to shoot it with arrows until down to 75 hearts of health and then kill it quickly with a sword to end the battle. The wither drops 1 nether star which can be used to make a beacon. Enchanted diamond swords and armor is required.

Neutral mobs

Overworld mobs


See also: Wolf

Wolves are neutral mobs that will become hostile should you attack them directly. If you accidentally hit a wolf, they and any other wolves nearby will become hostile. They will remain hostile until you or they die, similar to zombie pigmen. Try and escape them by tunneling away from them, sealing the entrance (and bring torches so you will be able to see) or combat them with a stone sword or higher while sprinting backwards. An extremely effective method is building a two block pillar, and slowly dispatching all of said wolves.

Additionally, wolves can be tamed using bones. Once tamed, they will follow you around and attack mobs that you attack via melee or that hit you, except for creepers. However, wolves will attack skeletons automatically, even if you have not attacked or been attacked by a skeleton. This is true for both tamed and wild wolves. They can be commanded to "stay" or "follow". A wolf can regain health by being fed any meat including raw meat/fish or rotten flesh.


See also: Spider

Spiders can be a nuisance if handled incorrectly. They are one of the three monsters that are 1 block high, and as such they will be able to sneak into your house if a hole is sufficiently large for them. However, spiders are also 2 blocks wide, so a 1x1 hole will not let them pass. Spiders have a special feature in which they can climb blocks. If you hear spider noises but can't see one, usually they are on top of your house. In the daytime, spiders will become neutral — they will only attack you if you attack them (but if they were hostile towards you during the night, they will still stay hostile. Also, even in their neutral state, if you try to sleep in a bed the usual you can't sleep their are monsters nearby message appears). However, they can ambush you in the daytime if you exit your house when one is on your roof, attacking your back as you walk away from your house. Spiders have a jump attack, and so it is best to swing a sword while walking backwards to avoid most damage. During the day, they can be killed by lava or flint and steel without becoming hostile to you. On Survival a spider becomes neutral towards you if the light level around you is around 12 - 14. One can also kill spiders by pillar jumping, creating a ledge around the pillar, bombing the spiders with snowballs, and watching them climb and fall. (See Spider Masher.)

Spiders drop 0 - 2 string, and have a chance to drop a spider eye. String is useful stuff, and precious in the beginning game as it is needed for bows, fishing rods, and leads. It can also be crafted into wool (12 string makes enough for a bed), and it can be placed in the environment as tripwire.

Spider Jockey

These are rare, they have 1/100 chance to spawn in place of a regular spider and from a spider spawn egg in Creative mode. It is also highly fatal if confronted head-on, as the spider will pounce and climb to you, while the skeleton shoots you with arrows. On Hard difficulty, a spider jockey deals a total of 5.5 hearts of damage if attacked head on. If the spider climbs into an area that is only one block high, the skeleton will suffocate.

If the spider is killed the skeleton will revert to a normal skeleton and continue to attack normally and vice versa.

Wolves are a messy way to combat them because the wolf will attack the mob who last attacked it, so it may alternate from attacking the spider to attacking the skeleton, etc.

The player can attack spider jockeys with a bow outside of the mobs' search range. Be sure you do not hit the spider until you have killed the skeleton.

If a spider jockey spots you from a high place, the skeleton may hurt the spider trying to shoot at you, causing the spider to attack the skeleton, provoking a fight between them. You can wait until one of the mobs dies so you will have to deal with a single mob, or use the confusion to climb up and fight the already damaged spider jockey to get both loots. Be careful, as you could still be pushed off.

Cave Spider
See also: Cave Spider

Cave spiders only appear in abandoned mineshafts underground, but are a pain to deal with. Not only are they smaller than a regular spider, meaning they can fit through 1x1 holes, but also their bite will Poison you (except on Easy and Peaceful difficulty). On Normal difficulty, the Poison effect lasts for 6 seconds if not countered by drinking a bucket of milk. On Hard, the Poison effects will last for a deadly 15 seconds. Keep in mind that the poison effect on Hard can deal 10 (5 hearts) of damage if not treated with said milk, and will eventually be the ultimate cause of player deaths in the abandoned mineshafts from the poison leaving only 1 health left on the player. Cave spider spawners are often difficult to take out, due to their location being surrounded by cobwebs. If you run across a cave spider spawner, make sure you have shears or a sword to cut the cobwebs quickly (a sword will be used up quickly by this). Another great option would be a bucket of water. You can also tunnel under the floor to reach them, then mine upwards and break the spawner. Neither type of spider is affected by the cobweb slowing effect, so be aware that they cannot get stuck like other mobs and entities can.

Iron Golem

See also: Iron Golem

Iron golems spawn in villages containing 10 or more villagers and at least 21 houses (counted as doors). They do massive damage and have high health (100 (Heart.svg × 50) hitpoints), so it is advised to use a diamond sword to engage them. You can also use cactus to kill it, if you can get the iron golem to walk into the cactus either by provoking it or placing the cactus in its path. If you can figure out which area of the village spawns iron golems, an iron/poppy farm can be created. Bows are effective, as iron golems are extremely deadly at hand to hand combat. However, they have a lot of health, so attacks will take pretty long.


See also: Enderman

Although they are technically neutral, you are sure to end up fighting an enderman sooner or later, either by unintentionally looking at one or trying to get ender pearls.

Despite their somewhat unsettling appearance, endermen are damaged by fire, lava, water, rain and attacks. You can safely look at an enderman if you have a pumpkin on your head (place it in the spot where you would put a helmet). Alternatively, if you see it before it sees you, you can build a 2-block high ceiling, at least 3 by 3. Then look at it until you see the anger animation, and quickly retreat under your shelter as it teleports to you. Since endermen are three blocks tall, you can then attack it without fear of reprisal.

Emptying a bucket of water on the ground will hurt the enderman without it becoming hostile to you, though it will teleport away. All types of swords are effective against one, though wood, stone, and gold swords may not deal enough damage to kill the enderman before it kills you. Cacti will also damage endermen, so a wall of cacti also help you against endermen.

Hostile endermen will teleport away when the player closes in on them to strike. When this happens in a small underground space, the enderman may teleport into inaccessible caves or to the surface. They will not teleport back to the player unless he/she moves to an area that has enough space for the enderman to teleport back. On the surface, an enderman's tendency to teleport away when the player is close enough to attack can be used to keep an attacking enderman at bay. The player can also change to 3rd person view by pressing F5 and Fn (Mac) to make sure he or she can't be attacked from behind because of the enderman tendency of teleporting behind them.

Any block held by an enderman is dropped upon its death (except in console edition [verify]).

Endermen teleport to avoid being hit by arrows and splash potions and teleport to a new location when hit with one. They will also teleport away from water, lava, rain, and sunlight, despite the fact that sunlight does not harm them. They will also teleport if on fire, so the Fire Aspect enchantment is going to be an annoyance.

A less exciting but effective way of killing an enderman is by staring below their torso, preferably attacking the 'feet' of its legs constantly with a sword or an axe. However, due to their tendency to teleport when the player closes in on them, you should either stand still while attacking their legs or move backwards keeping your distance (should multiple endermen be in pursuit of you). This can also be done by simply punching them (providing this strategy is done correctly) without taking a single point of damage, but could be considered tedious to some.

You can wear a pumpkin as the head armor piece in order to stop endermen from turning hostile when you look at them. If you hit an enderman with any kind of sword while doing this, the enderman will not teleport away from you, allowing you to kill it safely.

Polar Bears

See also: Polar Bear

When alone, polar bears are neutral in that they will attack the player if they are attacked, but they can also be immediately hostile when approached if a polar bear cub is nearby. If the cub is attacked, any adults in a 41 block cuboid area will come to its defense. Attacking the adult first when a cub is nearby will cause all adults in a 21 block cuboid to attack the player. Cubs are passive in any situation.

Polar bears have 15 hearts, and do 4 damage on Easy, 6 on Normal, and 9 on Hard. They attack by rearing up on their back legs and smashing down with their front legs. This attack can sometimes miss or be dodged if the players is moving in circles or irregular movements. Iron gear or better makes dealing with them in low numbers trivial, but when in large groups (which is fairly uncommon) they can quickly overwhelm the player. The player can create a 3 block tall pillar to easily dispatch of any hostile adults.

Polar bears have a much faster swimming speed than the player, so it is recommended to not engage polar bears in water if possible.


See also: Llama

Llamas will attack the player if provoked by spitting at them for half a heart of damage one time, after which they become neutral again. They can have between 15 to 30 health points. Their extremely low damage and lack of pack mentality basically nullifies them as a threat to any player with weapons or armor of any level. However, if you happen to find yourself completely unarmed and unprotected against a llama with half a heart of health left, its spit can be dodged by sprinting sideways to the llama.

Nether mob

There is currently only 1 neutral mob in the Nether: zombie pigmen.

Zombie Pigman

See also: Zombie Pigman

Zombie pigmen are neutral mobs. This means that they are not naturally hostile, but will retaliate if attacked, just like wolves. These mobs will attack in medium-large groups and unprepared players should be cautious of their strength in numbers.

To an unprepared or careless player, a charging group of zombie pigmen can mean a swift death, but the fight becomes easier after you can recognize how they behave and attack. Zombie pigmen attack with a mob mentality. If you attack one of them they will all join in and attempt to kill you. As soon as one pigman is attacked, all of the others within a 32 block radius become hostile and will charge the player if they are in sight range (16 blocks). Zombie pigmen will notice attacks from behind walls and at different heights. Their hostile status lasts between 20–40 seconds since the last attack by the player, so taking cover and waiting can be used, but it is better to bunker down (in a narrow cave/choke point, for example) and dispatch them safely. The hostility radius is centered around each zombie pigman that is attacked, not the player. This means that you can attack a far-away zombie pigman with a bow without nearby pigmen becoming hostile (although this is not suggested). Note also any pigmen between 17 and 32 blocks will continue to wander as normal unless you come within 16 blocks of them (or vice versa), upon which they will rush you (assuming they haven't calmed down by then). But, when you defend yourself, any pigmen within a new 32-block radius will be angered.

They carry a golden sword, and so they do quite a bit more damage than a zombie. On hard difficulty they will do 13 hp(6.5 hearts) of damage. Compared to the Zombies 4 hp(2 hearts) damage on hard difficulty, there is a considerable difference. They do, however, share zombies' natural armor (8% damage negation). Zombie pigmen always spawn with a golden sword. They will never spawn with armor pieces on them (chestplates, helmets, etc.), but their sword may be enchanted. If items are dropped near them, they will pick up the items. Armor and swords will be automatically equipped.

The easiest way to kill zombie pigman is in one hit, as they will not be aggravated if another pigman is killed in one hit. This can be achieved with Strength II and a Diamond sword, or a Diamond sword with Sharpness III and Strength I.

Another easy way to kill zombie pigmen is to build a 2-block-high tower next to one by pillar jumping. Make sure the pigmen can't jump onto the tower. Then hit the zombie pigman. All other pigmen will be angered, and come rushing towards you, however, they can't reach you. Now dispose of them. When done, check to see if other pigmen are coming. Then, destroy the tower. Be careful of baby zombie pigmen, because, they are small and hard to see in all those adult zombie pigmen, and can really surprise you.

Utility mobs

Snow Golem

See also: Snow Golem

Despite dealing no damage, the snow golem's use in combat is not to be underestimated. Defensively, they can either knock enemies away from your base, or lure them into a trap. They are very cheap to make, and offensively, they can distract mobs, making them much easier for you to kill, as after being hit by a snowball, they will ignore the player to attack the golem. This allows you to make easy kills on most mobs. They also alert you if a mob approaches from behind, as well as slowing it. If you need to retreat, place a snow golem or two to occupy incoming mobs, buying you plenty of time to escape or let your health regenerate. Unfortunately, they do not attack creepers, so you may want to take a cat with you if possible.

Iron Golem

See also: Iron Golem

After boss mobs, the iron golem is the most powerful mob in the game (he has 100 (Heart.svg × 50) hitpoints), and can kill most mobs in one or two hits. However, it is also extremely expensive to build, requiring 36 iron ingots, and apart from creating it, the player has no control over it. It also takes longer to build than a snow golem, making it less useful as a last resort. In general, it's a better idea to use wolves instead, as they are much easier to acquire. However, an iron golem has the advantage that it can attack where you are far away or inattentive, making them useful in mob traps and base defending. It may also be useful when you are in the Nether and fighting a blaze and wither skeleton. They are especially useful because they do not take fall damage and cannot be knocked back.

Other Players

All other players have 20 (Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg) HP. If you are engaged in a duel, be sure to be prepared with armor and weapons as your opponent will make quick work of you if you are unprepared. It will be great if you could get some help. Engaging other players may possibly be the most challenging fights in Minecraft, depending on you and the other's skill. Observe battle tactics and use them to your advantage. Use splash potions and flint-and-steel if allowed. When the opponent attempts to spam you with sword hits, block at first, then backpedal and fire several arrows. Then sprint/critical hit them to finish them off. A failsafe is to drop an anvil on them from 24 blocks high, which will kill them.

The Equipment


Cobwebs can be used to greatly impair enemy movement and makes the helpless target a very easy one. You can acquire cobwebs from abandoned mineshafts. If you are running away or an enemy is approaching you place cobwebs in his/her path. Even if they don't run into it they will still have to waste precious time going around.


  • Style: Offensive, direct
  • Range: Melee
  • Damage: Varies with material

The primary weapon which is the most versatile, effective and cheapest to use. A sword's damage varies on material and a rule of thumb is the rarer the material, the stronger the sword (with the exception of gold). A sword deals far more damage than by hand, and will greatly increase a player's chance of survival upon being faced with hostile mobs. Even the wooden sword, the lowest tier of sword, deals four times as much damage as the fist (and each further increase in material increases the damage of the sword by half a heart). As of 1.11, swords can also deal sweeping attacks capable of splash damage when the attack bar is full, making short work of grouped mobs. A sword, like many of the weapons mentioned here, has a limited amount of uses, and disappears when its uses reach zero. Again, the higher tier the sword is, the more uses it has, and each tier approximately doubles the uses that a sword possesses, apart from the diamond, which has more than 5 times the number of uses as iron. Enchanting your sword can also greatly increase its power.


  • Style: Offensive, direct
  • Range: Melee
  • Damage: Varies with material

As of 1.9, the axe is the highest damaging weapon. Even a wooden axe deals the same damage as a diamond sword. Diamond axe deals 9 damage. However, axes have a slow attack speed cooldown and cannot be enchanted with Fire Aspect. Also, axes are unable to deal sweeping attacks, making them less effective than swords against multiple mobs.


  • Style: Offensive, direct
  • Range: Melee
  • Damage: Varies with type and material

When a player is out performing tasks in the world, they may forget to bring a sword/axe or set a sword/axe onto the hotbar. Tools that have a shaft (more specifically, the shovel and pickaxe) can also be used to deal damage when a sword or axe cannot be drawn. Different tools and weapons have a different attack strength and attack speed.


Style: Offensive, direct
Range: Ranged
Damage: no charge: 1, medium charge: 6, high charge: 9-10 damage

The bow is the longest, easiest to use, and most widely employed ranged weapon in the game. However, it requires arrows as ammunition. Enchanting a bow with Infinity can sidestep the ammunition problem, as wielding one arrow is enough for infinite shots; it can also prevent player opponents from picking up your fallen arrows to use as ammunition of their own. Other bow enchantments will greatly enhance the bow's attacking power, allowing it to deal more than ten hearts per shot.

Although bows are very useful weapons in most land combat situations, they do not work well in water or lava. When shot through fluids, arrows will drop downwards after travelling 1~5 blocks from the player, making underwater archery useless and sometimes dangerous (players can be hit by their own arrows).


Style: Varies with contents
Range: Varies with contents
Damage: Varies with contents

The bucket can be filled with either water, lava, or milk to become arguably one of the most powerful weapons in the game. It also does not have a use limit, and therefore can be used infinite times. A bucket is primarily used as a defensive weapon against approaching mobs, as the player must place the contents of it between the mob and themselves for it to be effective. A bucket can also be filled with milk which removes all potion effects.

Water bucket

Style: Defensive, hindering
Range: 7 from source
Damage: None (Except for endermen and blazes)
A water bucket can be used to reduce approaching mob speed, leaving them highly vulnerable to arrow fire and sword damage. Combining this with height, a player can hold off hordes of mobs with little effort. A water bucket provides advantages over the lava bucket in the fact that it is safe to use, is easily removable, and also doubles as a fire extinguisher should the player be set alight. However, it cannot be used in the nether. Also, by using traps it is possible to drown an opponent. For drowning players it is best to encase the trap in obsidian. It also helps that blocks are harder to break underwater.

A water bucket also has the added benefit of being a guaranteed protection from endermen, provided the player is standing in the water.

Lava bucket

Style: Contact, flame, lasting
Range: 3 from source
Damage: Contact (Except for all Nether mobs)

A lava bucket can be used to cause immense amounts of damage to multiple mobs. It will provide light and will greatly slow mob movement, even more so than water. A player can dump it on the ground for quick use, however this will prove difficult for cleanup and the player may end up burning themselves or trapping their escape. A strategic player can quickly dig a 7x1 trench and fill the middle block with lava to hinder mob advances, inflicting enough damage on them to allow for an easy kill. However, this method is ineffective against spiders unless the trench was 7x2. However due to current Mob AI updates, the aforementioned method is no longer applicable as most enemy mobs will navigate around the trench. It is suggested swords and bows are used in accordance to knock the hostile Mobs into the trenches. Lava buckets are almost completely ineffective against all nether mobs — their only use is to slow down land based mobs such as the zombie pigman or the magma cube in the same way that a water bucket is used. Also, the player should note that lava destroys any drops that the mobs would otherwise give, so lava should only be used for an outright kill.

Furthermore, with the bow enchantment update which gives flaming arrows the ability to do burn damage, the lava bucket can be used to place a block of lava and fire arrows through it. The best method is to create a two block high stack of cheap blocks (wool or wood is recommended), which you place the block of lava upon at the top, thereafter you remove the two blocks under the lava source block creating a lava wall/pile of sorts. You can now shoot arrows through the wall against enemies which will set them alight. This method is slow, and suited for long range combat, but is useful for players who do not have access to an enchantment table. This method is also able to ignite enemy TNT at a distance when not equipped with a flame bow.

  • Infinite uses, no durability.
  • Large area of effect, depending on terrain.
  • Slows down the mobs.
  • Also acts as lighting.
  • Can be used as a trap.
  • Fast, almost certain kill.
  • Can help players keep a distance from hostile mobs.
  • It won't make endermen hostile (unless you look directly at them).
  • Use in accordance with a bow or power bow for devastating long range attack.
  • Just as dangerous to the player, usually deadly if water is not near. To avoid this downside drink a potion of Fire Resistance.
  • Takes long time to flow.
  • Usually destroys the loot.
  • Can take a long time to disappear, potentially blocking your escape route.
  • Does not yield experience.
  • Since nether Mobs are fire-resistant, lava will not harm them.


Style Offensive, Explosive
Range ~10 blocks in diameter
Damage Up to 15 hearts to all enemies in range

As an explosive, TNT is an incredibly powerful weapon, doing damage to many enemies at once and making the area difficult to navigate for future mobs. Because TNT can be activated with redstone, either directly or through a dispensed fire charge, it is most effective as a trap, allowing you to dispatch an enemy indirectly. But because TNT does just as much damage to you, it is ineffective as a weapon in direct combat unless you can get away from the primed TNT faster than your foes can. In addition, TNT is expensive to make and nonrenewable, so using an alternative explosive method in this situation, such as a primed or lit creeper or a bed while in the Nether, is preferred.

Flint & steel (Held Fire charge)

Style: Contact, Lasting
Range: Damage on contact
Damage: ½ heart per second, while lit

Flint and steel is a unique weapon, as you can set a block of fire, and while it burns, any contact with it sets a mob on fire, doing damage over time. This can be very useful when being chased by multiple mobs, as it will weaken all or most of them down to the point where a sword hit or two will be enough to kill them. However, there are several downsides to this method. First of all, mobs may elude the fire by pure luck, requiring another light. Second of all, if you are in a confined space, circling to avoid mobs, you could light yourself on fire accidentally. Third, flaming mobs can also light you on fire when using melee attacks. Lastly, it can take a long time for the mob to die, enough time for more mobs to join the party! A fast player could make a short 1-block netherrack wall and light the top. Mobs would have to jump and they would take damage instantly/over time. Particularly effective with a sword with the knockback enchantment.

Sand or Gravel

Style: Ambush, Lasting
Range: Unlimited
Damage: From suffocating

Sand or gravel aren't weapons in true sense, but they can be used to kill mobs. Best use is in caves — when you're on a high place and you have a mob directly below, you can place that block on a wall near where you're standing; the block will fall, and with right aim, it will fall on the mob, and thus suffocate it. However, killing with this weapon doesn't yield any experience, but that block will make the mob stuck, and you can finish him with the sword.


Style: Offensive, Trap

Range: 1 block

Damage: Contact (0.5 heart)

Cacti can be used to make effective traps against mobs. When in contact with the block, any mob (including the player) will lose mid heart (0,5) life, however mobs may avoid them. But if you want make a trap, you can place three cacti plants, two blocks high, in a V format. You might want to lure them nearby (around 10 blocks far from the trap) and hide in the opposite side, where they will try pursue you but will not be able to reach.


Style: Assistive, Hindering

Range: Ranged, up to approx. 50 blocks depending on aim.

Damage: 0 (Except for blazes and the Ender Dragon)

Snowballs may seem a useless weapon at first, as they deal no damage against mobs other than the blaze and the Ender Dragon. They have their use however because of their two important traits. Firstly, they push a mob backwards just as any hit does even despite the lack of damage. Secondly, unlike arrows snowballs can be fired as quickly as the player can right-click. This allows them to be used to keep even large amounts of approaching mobs at bay with relative ease, or to quickly interrupt a mob's attack when necessary. This speed combined with the fact that snow is abundant in certain biomes, renewable and easily gathered make it a cheaply obtained and useful long or short-range option, even after a bow has been located.


Style: Offensive/Defensive/Trap

Range: 10 - 30 blocks

Damage: Varied

They fire automatically when triggered by redstone. You need to put in what you want them to shoot, such as arrows, snowballs, eggs and splash potions.

Arrows: You can use those to damage mobs or use them as trap. Simply right-click the dispenser, and deposit your arrows inside the nine grid squares. The quantity of arrows inside is the number of times it'll shoot them. You can put up to nine stacks of arrows, making a powerful dispenser. Arrow dispensers will damage the target with arrow damage.

Snowballs/eggs: Can be used to knockback mobs, for defense or offense (where the mobs will be knocked towards is a hole). Snowballs will do nothing but throw them back (but will damage blazes), but eggs may spawn chickens. If you're in a tundra biome, those surely will be the easier to make, as you can take snowballs.

Fire charge: The fire charge is a dangerous weapon that can light mobs from a distance. Try to use the fire charge in deserts more often than forests, taigas, and jungles, unless it is raining. Usage in forests, taigas and jungles can create forest fires, which can kill large amounts of mobs but can short out your wood supply.

Splash potion: (If you want know the different types of potions, look at potions) You can damage, heal, and poison your target. Those can be effective when using instant damage, where can deal a good amount of damage, however due to the difficulty to make potions it's likely this will not be worth it(if you can use the arrow dispenser). Make sure you know your potions! Using a potion of instant damage on undead (zombie, skeleton, zombie pigman) will heal them, so use splash potions of instant healing on them instead. Regeneration and poison do not effect undead mobs.

Dispense water: Dispensing water on your target or near your target is not very efficient: it is much simpler to get close and place the water yourself. Dispense water only when your target is far away from where you are standing, yet you want to slow them down.

Dispense lava: Dispensing lava to attack your foes is slightly more efficient than placing it. Thinking strategically, you can dispense the lava whilst far away from it, meaning that you are much safer from the threat it possesses. The dispenser can also vacuum up the lava, meaning that you do not need to take the Lava by hand, and in the process, making Lava Dispensers much safer than placing lava by hand.

Splash potion

Style: Offensive, Hindering, Lasting(Varies)

Range: Varied

Damage: Varied

Splash potions can be a lot of help to hinder your foe or dealing damage, but use them sparingly! Remember that there is a big difference between throwing a splash potion of damage at one mob than at a group of mobs. Another good strategy is to know your potions. Splash potions of Healing or Regeneration can let you get closer to zombies or zombie pigmen and receive the Healing/Regeneration boost while damaging your target. Splash potions that have increased time make for hit and run tactics, a good strategy if you are low on health. If you are being chased by a group of hostile mobs and you have a splash potion of Instant damage, remember that you still take damage from splash potions. Use the knockback from the potion to take shortcuts or get over walls two blocks high.

Fishing rod

Style: Assistive

Damage: none

Fishing rods are not a weapon, but useful nonetheless. Their ability to grab and draw in mobs is useful to keep passive mobs from running away when hit, or to draw hostile mobs into traps or hazards. To maximize effectiveness for combat, keep a sword in the item slot next to the fishing rod, so that drawing in an enemy, then striking them with a sword becomes faster.


Anvils deal as much damage when falling on an entity as that entity would take with no armor or potion effects falling from the same height. This means to kill a player or mob with 20 health, it has to fall 24 blocks. This will damage the anvil as well.

Fighting styles

Here are some fighting styles that players use to fight mobs and other players. Note that some of these styles are only helpful when fighting other players. Also, not all items that should be brought in combat are listed under "Required items", so make sure to bring all the required items, but also bring standard and basic defensive items, such as tools and armor.

Melee Combat

Required items:

  • Diamond sword with Sharpness enchantment
  • Shield (preferably with Unbreaking enchantment)
  • Armor (preferably diamond) with protection enchantment
  • A few splash potions of Regeneration/Instant Health II
  • Great saturation and hunger-filling foods, such as steak or cooked porkchops


Be sure not to consume any of the following items before battle.

The reason for this is that these items have a very low effective quality and will make your hunger go down very quickly, especially while in combat. In combat, you will be sprinting, jumping, attacking, and taking damage. These all effect your hunger saturation, or the amount of time each hunger point will last, so you are going to want as much saturation as possible. The following foods are the best choice for pre-combat preparation and are recommended to have while in combat.

All of these foods, except for cake, have an effective quality score above 20. Cake, with a score of 14.4, is useful because you can place and eat it without being forced into the speed of crouching. If you are on a server with plugins that keep you from placing blocks in certain areas, then cake might not be the best choice. Always be sure to keep your sword as set as your most easily accessible item in your hot bar, depending on how your controls are set up. If you are using the default controls, it is recommended that you set your sword as the leftmost item on your hot bar. Also, be sure to keep other important items such as food or potions to the left of your hot bar.

Engaging in combat

When engaging your opponent, sprint jump towards them with your sword equipped and start your swing as you approach your opponent. Try to be in mid air when you attack to get a critical hit, which will increase the amount of damage you deal. If successful, it will leave a star-like particle effect. If you make contact, your opponent will be knocked back.

If you are the one that gets hit, and the damage is too much for you to re-engage combat, the best option is to use a splash potion. Don't immediately use the potion, because you might also heal your opponent. Instead, run out of your opponents range, and, while running, look down briefly and throw the potion. If it is an instant health potion, turn around and surprise your opponent with a quick attack. If it is a regeneration potion, wait for your health to regenerate to full and turn around and lay as many hits on them as you can, blocking between hits. The regeneration effect will be a huge advantage, allowing you to attack without fear of losing health too quickly.

If you are at a distance from your opponent and your opponent attacks with a bow, start to move towards them, sprint jumping and moving from side to side. If possible, block with your shield to protect against incoming arrows. Using a shield to block will protect you against 100% of incoming damage; however, it will also damage the shield.


  • When attacking with multiple hits at once, only attack when your opponent is not under the "red" damage effect. Your sword will take damage, but your opponent will not. Instead, block with your shield to protect against attacks until your opponent can be damaged again.
  • Eating food, besides cake, can be tricky because of being forced into crouching speed. When being attacked with arrows, watch your opponent to see when they fire an arrow. As soon as the arrow is in the air, move some distance away from your current location, eat, and move out of the way quickly.
  • Know when you are beaten. If you're in Protection I iron armor with a Sharpness III diamond sword, and your opponent is in Protection IV diamond armor with a Sharpness V diamond sword, then you are highly unlikely to win the fight.

You may want to use a splash potion or potion of Strength, as you can kill other players wearing armor much more easily.

Elytra Sniping

This strategy allows you to take down heavily armored foes using ranged attacks. This style is recommended for players with good aim. It is very effective, but it requires an elytra, which is very rare.

Required items:

  • Elytra. Mending and unbreaking on it is recommended but not necessary
  • Many fireworks to boost elytra
  • Bow
  • Plenty of arrows, unless you have an infinity enchantment on your bow, in which case you only have to bring one arrow
  • Plenty of food that satisfies both hunger and saturation

Other items that helps greatly for strategy:

  • Armor with projectile protection or protection. Consider boots enchanted with Feather Falling to minimize elytra landing damage.
  • Enchantments on all tools, weapons, and armor
  • A pickaxe to dig out covers in extreme hills
  • Water/lava bucket for eventually creative uses. Don't (unintentionally) burn down your forest
  • A sword. If all goes well, a sword won't be necessary, but it is recommended to bring one just in case


  • Step 1: Equip the elytra and armor for the remaining armor slots.
  • Step 2: Jump and use fireworks to speed up your elytra. Fly to a place where you can safely fire at your target.
  • Step 3: Fire repeatedly, until target is defeated or until target gets too close.
  • Step 4: If target gets too close, repeat step 2 and 3.

This strategy is best used in environments like extreme hills, jungles with high trees etc, with a lot of places where you can safely use your bow.


  • You need an elytra, which is a late-game item.
  • If you die, you will lose the elytra, which is very rare.


  • Allows you to escape melee combat, and thurn the fight into a sniping battle on your premisies.
  • If you need time to regenerate, drink potions, rearrange your inventory or even place an anvil to repair your elytra, you can easily fly to a place far away where you can do just that.
  • If you realize you are going to loose the battle, it is easy to escape, and the target will have a hard time following you.
  • If you have an elytra, that means you probobly have shulker boxes too. You can use those for extra storage since you have time to place and use them behind your cover. Or use ender chest if you want to keep the items in there if you die.

Alternatively, you can also go airforce-style and shoot from your elytra while flying. However, you will not be able to hide behind cover this way, and it will be harder to hit the target while you are moving.

Juggernaut Destroyer

Required items:

  • Potion of Invisibility (the more the better)
  • Potion of Swiftness (the more the better)
  • At least 3 potions of Harming II per opponent (more is less risky)
  • Lots of steak
  • Lots of ender pearls
  • Bow with Infinity (preferably with other high level enchantments)
  • 1 arrow
  • A lot of dirt
  • At least 2 buckets of lava


  • Step 1. Get to 0 hunger points, then eat steak until full
  • Step 2. Splash/drink your first set of speed and invisibility potions
  • Step 3. Crouch while stationary
  • Step 4. Run towards your opponents, try to catch them by surprise
  • Step 5. Try to splash your harming potions on your opponent's head, but use as many as needed to kill him/her. Use spare speed/invisibility potions if they do run out.
  • Step 6. If your opponent escapes the potions, or attacks you, use your ender pearls to teleport away.
  • Step 7. Keep shooting at your opponents with your bow, being careful not to give your location away by staying still.
  • Step 8. If your bow breaks before your opponent is killed, well, build a dirt wall, and cover it with lava.
  • Step 9. If your opponent crosses over and didn't die, jump in the lava. (Hey, your opponent didn't kill you, right?)

If well prepared, the battle ends at Step 5. But, since it can't be guaranteed that you are well prepared, there are 9 steps.

Pros: Very deadly, very quick, and very effective if done correctly.

Cons: Expensive, risky, and considered "cheap".


Required items:


  • Step 1. Get to 0 hunger points.
  • Step 2. Eat steak until full.
  • Step 3. Splash all of your 3 potions once.
  • Step 4. Crouch so your opponent doesn't know where you are.
  • Step 5. As soon as your opponent turns around, sprint at him/her swinging your sword. Block as he/she attacks you.
  • Step 6. Repeat until you are low on health.
  • Step 7. Splash all three spare potions (if you have them).
  • Step 8. Sprint around then crouch.
  • Step 9. Shoot, then move. Repeat until your opponent is dead. If your health is up, start at step 5.

Pros: Surprising, quick and a very powerful strategy in the battlefield.

Cons: It mainly works for player; it won't work as well for mobs.

Fire Spirit Throw

Required items:


  • Step 1. Use the potion of invisibility to make yourself invisible.
  • Step 2. Place the lava down in front of your enemy, but keep it around 5-15 blocks away, exact measures depending on the knockback level of your sword
  • Step 3. Throw an ender pearl behind your enemy.
  • Step 4. Smack them from behind, pushing them into the lava.


  • Quick, and very effective on zombies.


  • Expensive requirements
  • Won't work on endermen
  • You take damage from the ender pearl
  • Unworthy use for invisibility
  • You might land in the lava.

Finn Fu

Required items:


  • Step 1: From a range of 50-25 blocks from your opponent, open up with your bow
  • Step 2: At 25 blocks use the flint & steel to make a "firewall"
  • Step 3: Set down the TNT, light it and get your foe into the blast radius(being careful not to blow yourself up!). This should kill your opponent.


  • Effective use of all weapons


  • Expensive
  • Not very useful if you want to kill creepers to get TNT,
  • High risk of death
  • Possibility to blow up drops (assuming you kill the mob prior to the explosion)
  • it will create a crater

The problem with high death risk can be solved by simply lighting the F&S around your front view and take off! Mobs or players will try to get around, giving you time to run. It can also slow them down for time to set up an ambush with a friend or well placed trap with good timing!

The Sato technique

Required items:


  • Step 1: Place wood planks all around an area, and then mine two blocks down and place 1 TNT. Next, place back the wood and place a wooden pressure plate above it.
  • Step 2: Shoot them once with your bow in the open to get their attention
  • Step 3: Run forward and hit them with your sword 2-3 times.
  • Step 4: Run back and lure them to the trap you have set.
  • Step 5: If the TNT trap doesn't kill your opponent, finish him/her with your bow

Pros: Surprisingly inflicts high damage on the player. Cons: Doesn't work on endermen or flying mobs.

Battle archery

  • The player uses a bow often, sometimes even in close combat, since a fully charged arrow is stronger than an unenchanted diamond sword.
  • It is good to bring a sword anyway, especially if the foe is carrying an iron sword or better.
  • Punch and Knockback enchantments are especially useful, as the Knockback from such weapons increases the players chances of escape. This can backfire in PvP, allowing the player being knocked back to escape after being hit only once.

Hunger Circle

Required items:


  • Step 1: Eat till you're full before attacking the enemy.
  • Step 2: Try to get as close to the enemy as you can without them noticing you, then once close enough, sprint toward them, but slightly to one side.
  • Step 3: If they flee, sprint-jump (sprinting while holding down the space bar) to stay as close to them as you can continuously hitting them. If they pull ahead of you enough to be out of reach of your sword, continue on. Remember, you just ate, so your hunger will last longer than theirs.
  • Step 4: If they stay and fight, circle around them, hitting them continuously. Once they have lost 1.5 hunger points, they will no longer be able to regenerate health, and you will most likely win.


  • Players can be finished off very quickly if they can't regenerate health.


  • This method will not work as well if your enemy just ate high saturation/hunger-satisfying foods before battle.


Required items:


  • Step 1: Use the building blocks to build a pillar, and on top of the pillar, make a safety barrier, so that you can shoot mobs everywhere around you, but they can't get to you.
  • Step 2: Use your bow and arrows to shoot. You should be able to kill many mobs by using this technique.


  • This fighting style is recommended for experts with the bow, and if the battlefield has good hiding spots or high up places.
  • It can be easy for skeletons to counter-snipe you. Use multiple sniping windows and crouch while not aiming.



  • Not as effective against other players than it is against mobs - critical arrows leave behind a trail, and make the sniper easier to track, while shots that are uncharged cannot deal as much damage and will not hit far targets.
  • Very vulnerable to surprise attacks — the sniper is often focusing more on far targets rather than close ones. To mitigate this, make sure your sniper's nest is secure from all sides, including below.

Circle strafing

  • Circle strafe around your target to avoid damage.
  • Can only be done if you are using a Bow - Using a sword means you will be within attacking range of the foes blade, and making this technique less useful.
  • Because the only handheld ranged weapons are bows, circle strafing lets you dodge the arrows if the target is aiming directly at you when firing.

Knockback striking

  • Put Knockback enchantments on all your weapons.(unless you have a weaker enemy that could use the knockback enchantment to their advantage and get away with the extra distance)
  • If your foe does not have any ability to strike you at range (Foes that can strike you at range are Skeletons, Ghasts, Blazes, and other players with the bow) then knocking them back a considerable distance should greatly reduce damage taken by that foe.
  • It is advisable to sprint while hitting a mob as this will knock it back even more.

Ender pearl striking

Required items':

  • Bow
  • Arrows
  • Sword (optional)
  • Plenty of ender pearls
  • Iron or diamond boots, preferably enchanted with a high protection or feather falling level (to minimize ender pearl damage)


  • Step 1: Hit your enemy to gain their attention. If you have a sword, you that; otherwise, use a bow.
  • Step 2: As they charge at you, use an ender pearl to teleport away from them (preferably to a high place where they can't reach you).
  • Step 3: From there you can simply shoot them with your bow until they give up and run away or try to get to you. If they run away you can use your ender pearls to teleport to them and harass them until they die, or if they try to get you, you can just teleport away and keep shooting them.
  • Step 4: If your opponent gets to you and is about to kill you, simply teleport away and run, he/she most likely won't be able to catch up to you.


  • If your opponent does not have ender pearls with him/her, this method will be extremely effective; you should be able to kill your opponent and take very little damage yourself.


  • Once an ender pearl is thrown, it takes a few seconds for the player to teleport, so your opponent may be able to damage you during this time.
  • If your opponent has ender pearls in his/her inventory, this method will not work at all.

Berserker Method

Required items:

  • A diamond [[sword with a sharpness level better than two
  • Any tier of armor (even gold should do)
  • Potions of Strength or Swiftness (Optional)


  • Step 1: Run up to your target, while jumping.
  • Step 2: Keep smashing your target with your sword, strafing or amplifying your attacks.


  • This method comes from the saying "The best defense is a good offense."
  • Basically, you are supposed to deal a lot of damage to your target, the more damage you do to the target, the faster you can kill it.
  • If you can kill your opponent quick, it won't have time to damage you, making armor unnecessary.
  • If fighting a horde of hostile mobs, try not to advance toward the horde, as you can get surrounded by them, and they will likely be able to kill or severely damage you. This can kill even an experienced player with full diamond armor.


  • Not too costly, as armor is more expensive to craft than a sword.
  • Can be modified with potions or better armor.
  • Good for mob hunting.


  • Not too good for fighting against other players.
  • Not useful against large groups of mobs and/or players.
  • You need an enchantment table and experience levels. The former is somewhat expensive.

Clear the way

Required items:

  • A full set of diamond armor enchanted with protection
  • Several bows, preferably enchanted with Punch or Power
  • A sword (preferably enchanted with Knockback and Sharpness)
  • Splash potions of Fire Resistance (extended)
  • Potion of Strength II
  • Potion of Regeneration II
  • Plenty of splash potions of Harming II
  • Plenty of splash potions of Weakness II


  • This fighting technique is efficient with Six or more people.


  • Step 1: Team one ambushes the large group of enemies, using the Splash Potions of Harming to clear a path, and the Splash potions of Weakness II to reduce damage taken.
  • Step 2: Team two charges into the path made by team one, one player with the diamond armor, enchanted sword and bow, while another throwing potions of Fire Resistance, Strength II, and Regeneration II at the player with the diamond armor.
  • Step 3: Meanwhile, team three fires arrows and splash potions into the fray, weakening the already weak group of enemies even further.


  • This technique can cut through large groups of mobs very effectively.


  • It is very costly, requiring many enchanted items, and lots of potions.

"Flaming" sword

Required items:


  • Step 1: Approach your opponent and set fire to the area around that opponent, causing it/him/her to burn. To speed up the process, attack with your sword. If melee is not your style, then use a bow (advantage being that not as many arrows are needed). This is very effective while being attacked by large groups.
  • Step 2: If the mob is near the fire, then while it is burning, put the fire out, therefore not burning the loot.
  • Step 3: An alternate method to this is to use a sword enchanted with Fire Aspect, and not bring flint and steel.

The Invisible Man

Required items:

  • Potions of Invisibility
  • Diamond sword enchanted with at least Sharpness III
  • Bow (optional)
  • Do NOT wear any armor for this


  • Step 1: Drink the invisibility potion to become invisible.
  • Step 2: slaughter any nearby mobs while your stealth lasts. Only draw the weapon immediately before attacking then put it away at once so that your stealth isn't compromised.
  • Step 3: When the Invisibility runs out drink another potion and run in circles to make the enemy lost your trail.


  • If you do this method correctly, you should not take a single hit
  • Easy to get away


  • This method is rather expensive, because of the invisibility potions
  • When potion effects wear off you are left entirely visible and vulnerable

The Villager Way

This method uses villagers to kill zombies. You will still get experience and tons of items from villagers.

Required items:

All you need to do is lure a zombie villager to a place, cure him (use a splash potion of weakness, feed him a golden apple, then wait), and then trap him in a glass dome. (Make sure the roof has a trapdoor so you can trade with him.) Surround the area with lava. The zombies will try to turn the villager into a zombie villager, but they won't be able to.

To collect the loot, make the top any type of block and make lava flowing down. Keep an open trapdoor there so that the zombie's head is stuck inside. When the zombie runs to the villager, he will die, giving you his loot. Punch the zombie at least 5 times to get experience (sometimes this does not work).

Another way to get experience and loot is to make several villager cages, and build dispensers firing arrows activated pressure plates. Once the zombie gets shot by 10 arrows, use a fishing rod to raise it up to your floating platform (a house is OK, too but a floating platform is best), and finish it off with your fist or a sword.

Don't let a horde get too big though. You will be swarmed and killed.

From the Shadows

  • You will need a good sword for this, no enchantments are needed ( sharpness and fire aspect are most helpful for this method). You might want some armor but it's not required ( feather falling boots are good). A regeneration potion is also helpful but not needed.*

First, find a good hiding spot; not on the ground and away from sight. Drink a Regeneration potion if you want. When your target comes, jump down to them and start swinging your sword. You will take some fall damage but you should finish the quickly enough to not take a lot of damage. It they aren't down by 3 hits, circle around them. Then, you can jump in and out, dodging and hitting. Now, you took down your target.

Frosty the Snowman

Required items:


  • You should be near either a 24+ block drop or lava for this.

Method: Use snowballs and your sword to knock your enemy off a cliff, into a ravine, or into lava. If you want, you can do this in the nether except instead anger nearby zombie pigmen with your snowballs.


Required items:


  • Step 1: Clear out a 3x3 area. Place two dirt blocks in the middle on top of each other.
  • Step 2: Build up 3 blocks, and mine the 2 second to top and the third to top blocks, so that there are 3 blocks, two floating, and one on the ground.
  • Step 3: Stand underneath the floating one(on top of the other one) and build a plus sign around eye level, which uses four blocks.
  • Step 4: You are now stationary. Wait till night and mobs will crowd around you. They will not be able to hit you, and you can wreak havoc on them without being knocked off.

Note: This does not prevent attacks from endermen. To protect against endermen, build one additional block to stand on.

Spider Masher

Required items:

  • Blocks of any type
  • Snowballs
  • Sword (not required, but just to be safe)
  • Step 1: Make a tall pillar, tall enough to kill a mob with fall damage. It can be made out of any cheap block except for sand and gravel (because of an enderman tries to pick up the bottom block, the whole tower will fall down). Then, make a ledge around the pillar.
  • Step 2: While standing on top of the pillar you just made, throw snowballs at spiders to make them climb up the pillar to try and kill you. Any spiders will fall off and die, and provide you with free drops.


  • Somewhat safe
  • Players may find it amusing to watch the spiders


  • Cannot be done until the player has found snow
  • Some drops might despawn before day.

Ninjitsu Style

Method 1

This first method is more expensive than the next, but it is also more reliable.

Required items:


  • Step 1: To use the ninjitsu technique, equip your sword, put fire charges next to it, and drink an Invisibility potion.
  • Step 2: When an unsuspecting mob/player passes by, ring them with fire charges and chop them apart. Do not hold ANYTHING until a target shows, and put it away immediately after they are terminated.
  • Step 3: Once the invisibility runs out, get yourself home ASAP and make more Invisibility potions.

Method 2

This method is cheaper, because it uses black-dyed armor so that the player can blend in with the night, instead of invisibility potions. However, it is more likely that another player may still see you this way.

Required items:

To use the cheaper ninjitsu method, equip your black leather armor. Hide in the shadows, in a ditch, or in/on a tree. When your opponent passes by, if it's a mob then just hit them. The cheap method works better with players. If it's a player, light fire in their path and chop them up. Make sure it's night! Try hooking up an ambush station by going up in a tree, putting a trapdoor under you, and using fancy graphics to see the enemy (Note that if your enemy has fancy graphics as well, you have a chance of being spotted(although not many people check trees)so hiding in a tree is not 100% reliable). Open the trapdoor while standing on it to fall out of the tree and bash your foes. Make sure you sneak while in the tree.

The bow can be used to take out people without getting up close and personal. The Feather Falling boots can be used to jump off cliffs to ambush people.

The ninjitsu method is based upon the arts of the ninja. It makes use of suddenly freaking the opponent out and possibly burning them, and during the confusion, annihilate them before they can figure out what's going on.

Home Advantage


  • Previously set up traps
  • Bait;
  • Good boots (optional)

As the name suggests you use the terrain to your advantage. It is highly recommended that traps are set specifically for the purpose.


The player is lured to lower grounds when chasing a player with the "bait" afterwards falls in the trap: mines, holes, anvils, etc.

Water Pitfall

Required items

Note: This technique is useless against endermen and witches and not recommended to kill mobs larger than 1 block wide or long, such as spiders or animals other than chickens.


  • Step 1: Dig a pit deep enough to house the mob you want to kill plus one block, as insurance. The hole actually can be as deep as you want, but don't dig it too deep, as you will have to enter it yourself later. Then place one of the two blocks next to the hole.
  • Step 2: Wait for the mob you want to kill to spawn. Then herd it into the pit by your preferred method. If the mob doesn't have pathfinding, it's all the easier for you.
  • Step 3: Pour your Water Bucket into your hole. Then, BEFORE the mob can float to the surface, place your other block on top of the hole, but not into it, i.e. right next to the block next the hole that you placed earlier. This prevents the mob's head from breaking the water's surface, while not getting rid of the water source. If you mess up, the mob's still trapped anyway.
  • Step 4: Wait for the mob to drown. Then just open up the hole, dive in to collect the drops, then remove the water with your now empty bucket to reset the trap.


  • Don't get too close to the mobs, because skeletons can shoot from a long ways.


  • Easy to set up
  • Works wonderfully on creepers


  • No experience or rare drops, because the mobs aren't killed by the player
  • Useless in the Nether, because water cannot be placed
  • Impractical for killing more than one mob at a time
  • If you're in a giant desert it's hard to find a water source

If anybody else has any pros or cons they have noticed about the water pitfall, feel free to add them.

Variation on the Water Pitfall: Simple Water Pitfall

If you've recently started playing the game and don't have all the supplies to use the water pitfall the way previously mentioned, this is simpler way, not requiring a bucket.

Required items:

You will also need a natural water source in replace of using a water bucket, and a hole that you have dug up.


  • Step 1: Dig a pit as instructed previously, located next to a water source, with one block separating the pit and the water. Then place one of your two blocks as instructed, but do not put it between the pit and water!
  • Step 2: Wait for whatever mob you want to kill to show up, and herd it into the pit by however you like. Then, break the block between the pit and water, which will allow the water to flow over the mob.
  • Step 3: Put the block over the pit without cutting off the water. Don't worry about the one block space unless you're trying to drown a chicken, which makes no sense since chickens are incredibly easy to kill.

Creeper Taunting

Note: This is a dangerous technique and may not work on skeletons if mob-to-mob interactions are on since skeletons attack creepers. Flying mobs or high health mobs may need multiple uses of this. Ocelots cannot be around. Don't do this if you're fighting in your house.

Required items:

In addition, you will also need a familiar landscape, an area that does not experience thunderstorms (such as a desert), and creepers.

Execution: Find a couple of creepers and lead them to the mob you're trying to fight. Then let them explode on the mobs.


  • Widespread damage to take out a group of mobs, and deals with the creepers by itself.
  • Can be extremely handy if ambushed by large groups of mobs early game/when you forgot your combat gear.
  • The creeper-crater somewhat helps stop more mobs/mobs that survived


  • No drops from the creepers or XP.
  • You'll take damage and might die in Hardcore
  • Time-consuming
  • The creepers might not explode when they reach the mobs, or explode before they reach them.


This method, similarly to the previous, uses a creeper as a deadly weapon to mobs.

Required items:

  • Flint and steel
  • Sword enchanted with Knockback (preferably Knockback II) side by side in the hotbar.


  • Step 1: Ideally practiced on level surfaces, away from valuable architecture, lure a creeper near a cluster of mobs.
  • Step 2: Position the creeper between yourself and your targets and use the Flint and Steel on it to induce its unstoppable detonation.
  • Step 3: As fast as you can, switch to your Knockback sword and bash the creeper for all your worth into the mobs. Don't try to sprint/jump for extra knockback there is generally not enough time before the creeper explodes.
  • Step 4: Once the creeper has done its damage clean up any survivors with your preferred combat method.


  • You may want to practice this technique few times on easy or creative mode to get the timing down.
  • Armor enchanted with Blast Resistance will help reduce damage from misfires, premature detonations or other accidents.

Ghost Target

'Required items":


  • Step 1: Dig a 3 block deep hole
  • Step 2: Attract your target to you (with the arrows)
  • Step 3: When they are enough close jump in the hole and put a block on the top of the hole
  • Step 4: Drink your Invisibility potion
  • Step 5: Get out of the hole
  • Step 6: Use your sword and teleport near your target
  • Step 7: Kill the target with your sword

Return Defense

Note: This method is most useful against other players in multiplayer.

Required items:


  • Step 1: Try to hit your opponent before he/she hits you.
  • Step 2: Move away. At this point, your opponent will probably decide to use his/her bow.
  • Step 3: Move quickly toward the opponent's bow
  • Step 4: Use your shield to block the arrow, and the arrow will ricochet from the shield to the opponent
  • Step 5: Run in and hit the opponent
  • Step 6: If the opponent starts running towards you, use your bow to shoot the opponent
  • Step 7: If the opponent uses their shield, hit him/her until he/she dies
  • Step 8: If your health gets low, eat a golden apple to regenerate.

Secret Environmental Killer

Equipment: A tall platform, Knockback weapon, Invisibility potion in case the target is facing you, A powerful enchanted sword in case the enemy didn't die of fall damage

Step 1: Drink the Invisibility potion

Step 2: Jump

Step 3: Perform a critical hit or a great knockback on the target

Step 4: If the enemy is not dead, use an potion of instant harming II to kill him.

Assassination Kill

Required items:

  • Ender pearls
  • Potion of Invisibility
  • Sword with powerful enchantments
  • Potion of Harming


  • Step 1: Drink your potion
  • Step 2: Sprint and hit your target
  • Step 3: Throw your pearl
  • Step 4: Confuse the enemy
  • Step 5: Critical hit him and throw your Harming potions

Great Mounted Pro Combat

This method is effective against a group of mobs/players.

Required items:

  • Enchanted tools and weapons, preferably diamond
  • Bow with powerful enchantments
  • Arrows (only 1 if you have a bow with an infinity enchantment)

You will also need a horse.


  • Step 1: Ride on your horse to your opponent(s)
  • Step 2: Shoot him/her/them once with your bow
  • Step 3: Get off your horse and start shooting your opponent(s)
  • Step 4: Once you get near them, start using melee combat

Powerful critical combo technique

Required items:

  • Enchanted golden apples
  • Potion of Swiftness
  • Potion of Strength.
  • Diamond sword enchanted with high level of Sharpness
  • Diamond armor enchanted with Protection IV


  • Step 1: Drink all your potions and eat the golden apple.
  • Step 2: Kill your opponent by sprinting and critical hitting him/her. You should be able to kill him/her very quickly.


Required items:

  • Same equipment as enemies (if you don't know what your enemy has, bring your best tools, weapons, and armor)
  • Splash potion of Invisibility, with a duration of 6:00
  • Splash potion of Poison II
  • Potion of Harming II
  • Enchanted golden apple, or potion of regeneration


  • Step 1: Pick a fight with a group of players. This method will work surprisingly well against very experienced and well-prepared players.
  • Step 2: Jump in the crowd and splash the potion of Invisibility.
  • Step 3: Now nobody can see each other's name tags, making them not able to tell who's who (unless a player has a distinctive skin)
  • Step 4: Throw your splash potion of Poison II. Eat your golden apple or regeneration potion, and now, throw your harming II potion.
  • Step 5: If some players have not completely died, make sure to kill them quickly before their health regenerates.

Defensive measures


  • This technique is a defensive measure loosely based off the fighting game strategy of the same name.
  • Carry a stack of Dirt or other common block with you and equip it to a slot next to your main weapon.
  • If you are stuck out in the open with low health you can look straight down and hold space and right click to "turtle", that is, to create a tower on which you can temporarily stand while there are mobs around.
  • This will work on all mobs which cannot climb/fly, and with spiders provided they haven't seen you. If a spider has seen you, place eight blocks around the topmost block and stand on top, and if they climb up they cannot get to you and they will fall off and die.


  • Holding the right mouse button while holding a shield will allow you block with it and completely negate the damage a mob does to you, but causes you to move more slowly (The beam used by guardians and elder guardians can not be blocked, and you will be slightly knocked back by creeper explosions.

The Golden Apple

  • A golden apple no longer restores full health, but heals two hunger units and grants quick health regeneration for four seconds, regardless of hunger level. The new enchanted golden apple last much longer, and grants more potion effects such as Resistance I, Fire Resistance I, Absorption I and Regeneration V, but its much harder to obtain.
  • This is particularly useful when you have to deal with many skeletons or zombie pigmen and the enchanted golden apple is useful for fighting Blazes.


  • If one has sugar, gunpowder, spider eye, brown mushrooms and some redstone dust that they don't need, they can create an efficient battle strategy.
  • Make a splash potion of Slowness (Awkward potion, sugar, fermented spider eye and gunpowder), and a splash potion of Weakness (Mundane potion, fermented spider eye and gunpowder).
  • First, come up close with your foe. When right outside the splash potion radius, throw both potions at them.
  • The Slowness affecting your foe makes escape near impossible, while the Weakness makes it near impossible to win in a sword duel, unless enchantments are used.

The enchantments

Sword enchantments

  • Knockback is effective when near damaging terrain like large holes or cacti, and it is very useful for fighting multiple creepers. However, as much as possible, avoid using it on foes that have ranged attacks, like blazes or skeletons.
  • Fire Aspect is one of the most valuable enchantments in game, as considered by most players. However, if you spend a lot of time in the Nether then this enchantment is virtually useless, since most nether mobs are fire-resistant.
  • Bane of Arthropods is very resourceful for clearing abandoned mineshafts and strongholds. The sword itself can cut through cobwebs quickly, while the enchantment (at least Bane of Arthropods II) can instantly kill cave spiders and spiders if the sword is diamond. A Bane of Arthropods IV diamond sword can make you sure you kill a regular spider in one hit. Bane of Arthropods is also good against silverfish as if it kills them in one hit, it prevents them from alerting other silverfish inside monster eggs, averting a possible swarm.
  • Sharpness is the most versatile enchantment for the sword, it does not have any disadvantages against certain mobs, but does neither have any good advantages against certain mobs.
  • Smite is a good enchantment for surviving the night without a shelter. As it increases damage dealt to skeletons and zombies which spawn in hordes at that time of the day. It is also useful for killing the wither.

Bow enchantments

  • Punch is more effective for battle archers than for snipers - The increased knockback on mobs lets the user use fully charged shots more before retaliating with sword strikes.
  • Power is more effective for snipers than for battle archers, as the enchantment is used less in direct combat and allows the user to shoot down enemies faster.
  • Flame is very ineffective against nether mobs. It is also better for snipers, as they can focus on more than one target at once, while a battle archer rarely has time to think in close combat.
  • Infinity is very good for snipers and battle archers alike - A sniper will usually be in an isolated spot, where he will likely run out of arrows in one point. The slightest bit of movement may alert the enemies, and not having to return to base to resupply more arrows can help. Battle archers will need to worry about attacking and their own health, so they can be as trigger happy as they want (as long as the bow doesn't break).

Armor enchantments

  • Fire Protection is very effective in the Nether, since you have many fire-related things to worry about; blaze fireballs, ghast explosions, fire everywhere, and lava pouring from the walls and ceilings. It can also be considered as an Anti-Fire Aspect(Flame) Enchantment, since if the foe relies on fire to deal damage, Fire protection can give you a great advantage.
  • Protection in its raw form gives you moderate protection from most kinds of damage. It is recommended to use this enchantment with diamond armor, since diamond armor combined with a high Protection level can make you an unstoppable juggernaut, plus damage taken from Protection-Enchanted armor instantly goes to your armor durability. Diamond armor has relatively high durability, making it the best choice for a Protection enchantment.
  • Projectile Protection is useful when fighting skeletons as they rely on arrows to deal damage and Projectile protection can block most of the damage. Projectile Protection is also recommended if your bow is low on durability. This means that you will need to go into close combat to strike, and foes will often take advantage of this by striking you from afar.
  • Blast Protection is very good against creepers and ghasts, as their only form of attack is an explosion, which Blast Protection is effective against. It is useful when fighting with, near or around TNT (such like minefields) as it reduces damage taken from those sources. It is also efficient for a non-combat related topic-TNT mining.
  • Feather Falling is good if you are in a high place, which feather falling protects against. It can successfully protect against the form of combat known as Knockback striking if the only environmental damage is fall damage. It is also very valuable if you frequently use ender pearls.
  • Respiration is not very combat related, as you will rarely be fighting underwater. However, should someone drop sand above you then it can increase your survivability of the attack.
  • Depth Strider is good if you are raiding an ocean monument because, it allows you to move faster under water and avoid guardians more easily.
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