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Crafting is the method by which many blocks, tools, and materials are made in Minecraft. In order to craft something, players must move items from their inventory to a crafting grid. A 2×2 crafting grid can be accessed from the player's inventory. A 3×3 grid can be accessed by using a crafting table.

Java Edition crafting system

2×2 crafting grid (Inventory)
Crafting Table Grid
3×3 crafting grid (Crafting Table)
For some items, the arrangement of their ingredients on the crafting grid is unimportant. These are commonly known as shapeless recipes. For example, a fermented spider eye can have its ingredients placed anywhere within the grid.[note 1]

On the other hand, many of the more important or useful game objects must have their ingredients placed in the correct relative positions on the crafting grid. Even then, provided the resources are arranged correctly, the item can be made in any way that fits in the grid. For example, a 3×1 recipe, such as bread, can be made using the top, middle, or bottom row of the 3×3 grid, but it cannot be made using the 2×2 grid because it needs to be three items wide. Ingredients in ‘shaped’ recipes can be ‘slid’ up, down, left, or right. They can also be flipped horizontally. For instance, players can make a bow with the strings placed on the right instead of on the left. There are recipes that may not be moved or mirrored in this way. These are commonly known as fixed recipes.[note 2]

Players always have access to the 2×2 crafting grid from their inventory screen, and this can be used whenever the screen is brought up. Crafting recipes that are at most 2×2 can always be made there. These include wood planks, sticks, crafting tables, torches and most shapeless recipes. To craft items using a 3×3 grid, create a crafting table, place it in any convenient spot, and right-click or tap/select it. This brings up a pop-up screen with a 3×3 grid on which the player can assemble any crafting recipe in the game.

  1. On this wiki, shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic. This symbol does not actually appear in the game.
  2. On this wiki, fixed recipes are marked with an exclamation mark on the crafting table graphic. This symbol does not actually appear in the game.

Recipe Book

The recipe book[Java Edition only] is a mechanic in Minecraft that serves as a catalog of recipes and as a crafting guide. It shows every crafting recipe that the player has had materials for.

Crafting recipes are organized in several different categories, as follows:

  • The first, topmost tab contains every unlocked recipe.
  • The second tab contains tools, weapons, and armor.
  • The third tab contains building materials.
  • The fourth tab contains food miscellaneous items.
  • The fifth tab contains redstone materials.

MATTIS or Pocket Edition Crafting System

Pocket Edition MATTIS crafting screen, with 2×2 grid
Pocket Edition MATTIS crafting screen, with 3×3 grid
In Minecraft Pocket Edition, crafting is somewhat different and uses the Minecraft Advanced Touch Technology Interface System, also known as "MATTIS" crafting system.[until 1.2]

Although it displays the 2×2 and 3×3 grids, the items already appear in the correct slots. In the middle of the screen, there is a list that shows items that can be crafted with the items in the player's inventory. Items that can be crafted are prioritized and shown first. If the player has some but not all ingredients to craft an item, those show up after those that can be crafted and are shaded. In each slot, there is a number denoting how many times the player can craft that item with the current materials.

The right side of the screen shows the grid with the items already placed for the selected item. Below the grid is the name of the item currently selected and a button used to craft, showing the quantity of the item given when crafted. If there isn't a sufficient amount of ingredients to craft an item, the missing ingredients appear shaded on the grid. When one taps on an ingredient within the grid, the name of that ingredient appears above the hotbar.

The player has the option to use a crafting table to give him/her many more choices. When the player taps the crafting table, the MATTIS shows up with more crafting options.

There is an option to use the crafting from Windows 10 Edition (as well as all other UIs from Windows 10). To use it, open the advanced video settings under the video settings tab, then select UI Profile. Then you should select the "classic" UI.

Console crafting system

The Console Edition uses a simplified crafting system by default. It does not make use of the standard crafting interface, but still has similarities to the Java Edition's 2×2 and 3×3 crafting grids, making it a cross between the Java Edition's grid-based system and the Pocket Edition's MATTIS system. The interface does not require the player to place items in the correct place in a crafting menu, but instead simply displays the ingredients required to craft the selected item and allows the player to craft that item as long as the player has the required crafting ingredients. The crafting table orders all craftable items into seven categories:Tools & Weapons, Food, Armor, Mechanisms, Transportation, and Decoration. There are two more side tabs that can be used to craft Banners or Fireworks.

The crafting system can be changed to use the system from the Java Edition for all recipes by checking the "Classic Crafting" option under "User Interface" in the options menu.

Pressing X button or Square button opens the 2×2 crafting menu, or the 3×3 crafting menu when looking at a Crafting Table. The Armor tab is missing in the 2×2 as crafting any armor requires the use of a 3×3 crafting grid.

The PlayStation Vita and Wii U versions do not have the ability to craft using touch input.

Complete recipe list

To save space, some recipes are animated (requires JavaScript). Shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic, and fixed recipes with an exclamation mark.

Shaped Recipes Shapeless Recipes Fixed Recipes

Building blocks

Decoration blocks












Removed recipes

Some items were craftable previously, but cannot be crafted in the current version of Minecraft.



January 29, 2010 Crafting implemented.
A more controllable inventory was added, which was vital to crafting.
Early recipes included sticks, pickaxes, torches, swords, axes, and gold and iron blocks.
January 30, 2010 Indev was updated again with many other recipes. As new blocks and items were implemented into the game, new crafting recipes were made accordingly.
1.2 Shapeless recipes added.
1.8 Holding shift while grabbing a crafting output now automatically takes the maximum amount of outputs from the ingredients it was given.
Official release
1.8 14w30a Fixed recipes added.
1.12 17w13a The crafting GUI now includes a recipe tab, allowing players to know how to craft previously-crafted items, automatically fill in the recipe and filter out the recipes to what they can make from their inventory. This can be used in a crafting table and without, but the inventory crafting only shows 2x2 crafted items.
Recipes can be unlocked using a Knowledge Book without having to craft the item.
Pocket Edition Alpha
April 17, 2012Daniel Kaplan released preview images of the Minecraft Advanced Touch Technology Interface System (MATTIS) crafting system in creative mode.
0.3.0 The MATTIS crafting system was implemented.
0.6.0 Added the stonecutter. This was used to make stone-related blocks
0.9.0 build 1 Improved the layout of the crafting screen by organizing blocks and items into category
The crafting screen shows only craftable recipes.
0.13.0 Removed the crafting functionality of stonecutter. All recipes requiring it are available through the crafting table and inventory.
0.14.0 build 1 Added the ability to access the crafting system in creative mode.
Pocket Edition
1.0 build 1 Added classic crafting system to mobile device, available in advanced video settings.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1A simplified crafting system for the Xbox 360 was implemented with the first version release.
TU25CU141.17Added classic crafting system.


See also