Zombies are common undead humanoid hostile mobs.
- 1 Spawning
- 2 Variants
- 3 Drops
- 4 Behavior
- 5 Data values
- 6 Achievements
- 7 Advancements
- 8 Video
- 9 History
- 10 Issues
- 11 Gallery
- 12 Notes
- 13 References
In the Overworld, zombies spawn in groups of 4 at a light level of 7 or less. In desert biomes, all zombies exposed to the sky will have an 80% chance to be replaced by husks, a zombie variant. Zombies that are not husks have a 5% chance to spawn as a zombie villager while all zombie variants also have a 5% chance to spawn as a baby zombie type. Baby zombies have an additional 5% chance of spawning as a chicken jockey.[Java Edition only]
If a player is in a village with at least 10 doors and 20 villagers at midnight, up to 20 zombies may be spawned near the edge of the village regardless of light level or transparent blocks. It can happen in any biome, even if it is Mushroom Island. Zombies spawned as a part of a siege will always be normal zombies; zombie villagers or husks will never spawn as a part of a siege.
Baby zombies make up 5% of zombie spawns. They behave similar to regular zombies, with the following oddities:
- They do not burn in sunlight.[until 1.13]
- They are 30% faster than the normal zombies, yet they have the same HP as normal zombies. This makes the baby zombies more dangerous than their bigger counterparts.
- The noises they make are higher-pitched than normal zombie sound effects.
- They can sometimes ride chickens. They can also ride (in the Bedrock Edition):
- adult Chicken
- Polar Bear
- Zombie Horse (unused jockey variant)
- Skeleton Horse
- Adult zombie
- Adult zombie villager
- Adult zombie pigman
- Adult Husk
- Adult drowned
- Cave Spider
- It will use the baby zombie speed instead of the mob speed.
- If riding a neutral mob, it will become hostile but won't anger any other nearby cave spiders.
- If a baby zombie is riding a mob that is also rideable by a player, that mob will no longer be rideable by a player.
- A baby zombie has a 15% chance to become a jockey when try attacking villager, player, or golem.
- Baby zombie villagers will turn into baby villagers if cured.
- Worn armor shrinks to fit their body size.
- They are able to fit through 1×1 block gaps.
- They give 12 Experience points when killed by the player instead of 5.
- Unlike all other baby mobs in the game, they will stay as babies indefinitely, and never grow into "adult" zombies.
- They have a decreased hitbox size.
Along with skeletons, some zombies are capable of picking up dropped items. These zombies will automatically hold any item they come across (except that jack o'lanterns[Java Edition only] , mob heads, and pumpkins will be worn on their heads), but if those items happen to be armor, weapons, or tools, the zombie will use them. If they encounter another similar item, they will pick it up and drop their previous item:
- if the new item is armor or a sword and the old item was not (for example, zombies prefer swords to pickaxes, and helmets to pumpkins),
- if both items are armor/swords and the new item is better damage-wise (reduces more damage for armor, or inflicts more damage for swords),
- if both items are armor/swords with the same damage reduction/infliction, the new item has NBT tags while the old does not or the new item is more damaged than the old item, or
- if both items are bows and the new item has NBT tags while the old does not.
Items dropped by mobs in exchange for another cannot be picked up by players or mobs for 10 game ticks (0.5 seconds, barring lag), but can be picked up by hoppers.
Armor worn by zombies is not damaged from most damage sources, which means it cannot "wear out" the way player armor does. Helmets (not blocks like pumpkins) on zombies can wear away and break if the zombie is exposed to daylight or has an anvil or other falling block dropped on its head. Zombies also have a natural armor rating of 2 (), which gives 1.6 - 4% damage reduction from most sources.
Some zombies which can pick up items spawn already in possession of such items, and those items may also be enchanted. The chances of that event are listed below. Zombie villagers can also spawn naturally with armor, weapons or tools. If a zombie spawns wearing multiple pieces of armor, the armor will never be mismatched (i.e. all pieces will be made of the same material).
|Can Pick Up Loot||0%||0%-55%[note 1]||6.875%-55%[note 1]|
|Armor||0%||0%-15%[note 1]||1.875%-15%[note 1]|
|Armor Enchantment[note 2]||0%||0-50%[note 1]||6.25%-50%[note 1]|
|Weapon Enchantment[note 2]||0%||0%-25%[note 1]||3.125%-25%[note 1]|
If a zombie does spawn with armor, the chances of specific armor are as follows:
|Armor||Easy & Normal||Hard|
|Helmet & Chestplate||75%||90%|
|Helmet & Chestplate & Leggings||56.25%||81%|
The chances of it being of a particular material are:
Any zombie that spawns with equipment (picked-up items don't count) will give 1–3 extra experience points per item.
When they die, zombies drop:
- Iron ingots, carrots and potatoes (0.8% chance each, 1.2% chance with Looting I, 1.5% chance with Looting II and 1.8% chance with Looting III).
Zombie Head if it is killed by a charged creeper.
- Any picked-up equipment has 100% chance of dropping and will drop with the same damage level it had when picked up.
Pumpkin [note 1]
Jack o'Lantern[Java Edition only] [note 1]
- Zombies have an 8.5% chance of dropping their naturally-spawned equipment, and will drop it with a random durability. Each level of Looting will increase the chance 1 percentage point (11.5 % with Looting III).
Adult zombies will drop 5 experience and an additional 1–3 experience per naturally-spawned equipment. Baby zombies will drop 12 experience.
If a zombie wearing a pumpkin or jack o'lantern[Java Edition only] is killed using a weapon enchanted with Looting, there will be a chance equivalent to the level of Looting used to drop the pumpkin or jack o'lantern, up to a maximum of a 3% chance of a drop.
Attacking the player
Zombies spawn in groups of 4 and will pursue the player on sight from 40 blocks away, as opposed to 16 blocks in other hostile mobs. The detection range of zombies is reduced to half of their normal range (20 blocks) when the player is wearing a zombie mob head.[Java Edition only] Zombies will periodically make groaning sounds, which can be heard up to 16 blocks away. Zombies will attempt to avoid obstacles, including sheer cliffs and lava, and will try to find the shortest path towards the player. Unlike skeletons, zombies do not try to avoid being hit, and continue to pursue the player even when being attacked. Zombies can sometimes deal damage through a closed door, as shown in the picture to the right. Like most mobs, zombies will always float on water, even if their target is below them.
Burning under daylight
At dawn, generally when the sun is 15 degrees or more above the ground (that is, when the moon can no longer be seen), most zombies will catch fire and burn once exposed to direct sunlight. They won't burn if they're:
- in a sufficiently shaded area: a sunlight level of 11 or less;
- in water;
- caught in cobwebs[until 1.13];
- standing in soul sand;
- affected by Fire Resistance; or
- wearing head armor (but the armor will take damage)
Zombies may make some attempt to seek out shade during the day, or enter bodies of water to protect themselves from burning up, but will exit protective areas to chase a nearby player or villager.
If they attack an entity while burning, they may set it on fire, with a (30 × regional difficulty)% chance, and with a 2 × floor (regional difficulty) second duration. If wearing armor enchanted with Thorns while burning they may set players attacking them on fire with thorns damage alone.
Picking up items
A zombie holding an item it picked up will not despawn when left alone.
Zombies will attack villagers within 42 blocks, and they can always see villagers through walls. Once a zombie has focused on a villager, the zombie will ignore any other villagers and the player, until its target is dead or the zombie is attacked.
Up to 14.5% of zombies (depending on regional difficulty) in pursuit of a target can bang on closed wooden doors, and on Hard (and Hardcore) difficulty can succeed in breaking them down. Otherwise, the door will crack, but not break. Iron doors are always safe.
Attacking iron golems
Zombies will attack iron golems within 42 blocks.
On all difficulty levels, damaged zombies will also call all other zombies within a 67×67×21 to 111×111×21 area[n 1] centered on the attacked zombie to target the attacking player, like zombie pigmen.
On Hard difficulty, zombies can spawn additional zombies to “help” when damaged. Each zombie has a "likeliness to call reinforcements" statistic which ranges from 0–10%, and "leader" zombies (0–5% depending on regional difficulty) get a bonus of 50–75 percentage points to the stat. When the zombie is damaged by an entity or is damaged while targeting an entity, up to 50 attempts will be made to randomly choose a spawn location (0 or ±7–40 blocks away in all three axes) that is above a block with a solid top surface, has light level 9 or lower, has no players within 7 blocks, and has no colliding entities or blocks at which to spawn the reinforcement. Both the damaged zombie and the new zombie will have a 5 percentage point penalty to their "likeliness to call reinforcement" stat, preventing infinite zombies from spawning this way.
These effects can be negated by killing the zombie in as few hits as possible, by using environmental damage such as cactus or lava, or by avoiding them completely.
|This section contains content on features that may be included in the next update.
These features have appeared in development versions, but the full update containing these features has not been released yet.
If a zombie is in water, and not in a boat, for 30 seconds it will begin converting into a drowned. The zombie will start to shake, similar to a zombie villager being cured, and after 15 seconds the zombie will be converted to a drowned. Once this process starts, it cannot be stopped.
If the zombie is holding or wearing any items, then these items will be dropped to the ground upon being converted.
Only normal zombies can become drowned, zombie villagers and husks cannot be converted. Husks however will convert into zombies if underwater, and then convert into a drowned some time later like a normal zombie does.
- See also: Chunk format
Zombies have entity data associated with them that contain various properties of the mob. Their entity ID is
- Tags common to all entities see Template:Nbt inherit/entity/template
- Tags common to all mobs see Template:Nbt inherit/mob/template
IsBaby: 1 or 0 (true/false) - true if this zombie is a baby. May be absent.
CanBreakDoors: 1 or 0 (true/false) - true if the zombie can break doors (default value is 0).
DrownedConversionTime:[upcoming 1.13] The number of ticks until this zombie converts to a drowned, or husk to zombie. (default value is -1, when no conversion is under way).
InWaterTime:[upcoming 1.13] The number of ticks this zombie or husk has been under water, used to start the drowning conversion. (default value is -1, when no conversion is under way).
|Icon||Achievement||In-game description||Actual requirements (if different)||Availability||Xbox points earned||Trophy type (PS)|
|Monster Hunter||Attack and destroy a monster||Kill a hostile mob or one of the following neutral mobs: enderman, zombie pigman, spider, cave spider.||Xbox One||Yes||Yes||Yes||15G||Bronze|
|Icon||Advancement||In-game description||Parent||Actual requirements (if different)||Internal ID|
|Adventure||Adventure, exploration, and combat||—||Kill any entity, or be killed by any entity.||
|Monster Hunter||Kill any hostile monster||Adventure||Kill one of these 24 mobs (2 added in 1.13[upcoming]). Other mobs are ignored for this advancement.||
|Monsters Hunted||Kill one of every hostile monster||Monster Hunter||Kill each of these 24 mobs (2 added in 1.13[upcoming]). Other mobs may be killed, but are ignored for the advancement.||
|August 14, 2009||Teased zombies.|
|0.24_SURVIVAL_TEST||Zombies were the second mob to be added to Minecraft after humans. They could run as fast as the player. Zombies would occasionally appear wearing armor, but this had no protective effect on their health. When killed, zombies gave 80 points each to the player, but they did not drop their armor. They also had arm swinging animations when they attacked.|
|0.31 (February 1, 2010, 2)||Zombies' armor was removed, as well as their arm swinging attack animations.|
|February 14, 2010, 1||Zombies now catch on fire when exposed to sunlight.|
|February 18, 2010||Tweaked chances of catching on fire in sunlight.|
|Zombies now only burn when the sunlight level is greater than 7, and not due to torches at night.|
|February 19, 2010||Zombies dropped 0–2 feathers upon death. Before chickens were added in Minecraft, Notch confessed that he made zombies drop feathers because he had no idea what they should have dropped when killed.|
|1.8||?||Zombies now drop rotten flesh instead of feathers.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||Zombies could now be harmed by splash potions of healing, and healed by splash potions of harming. They also became immune to poison and regeneration.|
|1.2.1||12w03a||The zombies' AI was improved, giving them a much better sense of direction when pursuing the player, allowing them to navigate obstacles, and even small mazes if constructed, to get to the player. They were also given the ability to 'see' through windows, the first mob able to do so intelligently (not counting spiders, who were able to see through all blocks at the time).|
|12w04a||The zombies' AI was improved again to cope with catching fire in sunlight. If a zombie is exposed to sunlight and bursts into flames, it will search for a body of water to douse the flames, or at least a shelter to hide from sun.|
|12w06a||Zombies now chase and attack villagers, attack doors (breaking them on Hard and Hardcore difficulties), and sometimes drop iron ingots, helmets, shovels and swords as a rare drop. Sometimes zombies attacked villagers in preference to the player, and always chose the shortest way to the target, even if there was a door in the way.|
|12w07a||The drop rate of rare drops was reduced.|
|1.4.2||?||Added baby zombies. They cannot spawn naturally and could only be spawned through map editors and NBT editing.|
|12w32a||Zombie armor was added back into the game, and they could wear any type of armor. Zombies could now also hold an iron sword or iron shovel. They had a chance of dropping these items if they had them. Iron helmets, swords and shovels were removed as rare drops.|
|Zombies use their attack animation like they did in Classic 0.24. This only shows when a zombie is holding a weapon. When a zombie holds a weapon the damage it does is equal to the damage the player would do with the weapon added to the normal damage of the zombie.|
|Armor worn by zombies works the same as it does for the player, each piece gives a certain amount of armor points, where each 1 () gives 4% damage reduction, but total damage reduction is limited to 80%.|
|Added zombie villagers. 5% of zombies spawned are zombie villagers, and villagers now become infected when killed by a zombie. Infecting a baby villager creates a baby zombie villager which is faster than a normal zombie and does not age. Zombie villagers under the effects of a potion of weakness can be cured by using a golden apple on them.|
|12w34a||Zombies have two new rare drops – carrots and potatoes.|
|12w34b||Zombies can pick up and equip dropped items. If killed, the zombie drops the item it is holding.|
|Zombies can survive sunlight if they are wearing a helmet or a pumpkin.|
|12w36a||The zombie and zombie pigmen models and texture layouts have changed (no visual change, but breaks texture packs).|
|12w38a||Zombies were given new sounds.|
|?||On Halloween, zombies can spawn wearing pumpkins or jack o'lanterns.|
|1.5||13w03a||Zombies are now able to set the player on fire if they are on fire and they attack the player.|
|Zombies can call other zombies from the nearby area (radius dependent on difficulty) to attack the player, making packs of zombies approach shortly after damaging the zombie.|
|Zombies cause more damage when their health is lower.|
|1.6.1||13w17a||When damaged, zombies have a low chance to spawn more zombies.|
|13w21a||Zombie damage increasing with decreasing health was removed.|
|13w23b||Zombie AI and mechanics changed – this made them much more horde-like.|
|Zombies are now able to detect the player up to 40 blocks.|
|1.6.2||pre||Baby zombies spawn among regular ones. They have the same percentage of spawning as zombie villagers.|
|1.7.2||13w36a||Baby zombies now drop loot and xp.|
|1.7.4||13w49a||Added chicken jockeys – a rare version of the baby zombie.|
|1.8||14w11a||Now run away from creepers that are about to explode.|
|14w30a||Drops head when killed by a charged creeper.|
|1.8.1||pre1||No longer run away from creepers that are about to explode.|
|1.9||15w32a||The detection range of zombies is halved when the player is wearing a zombie mob head.|
|15w33c||The detection range for players wearing the zombie mob head is adjusted, now 37.5% of the normal range.|
|15w34a||Zombies now have an attack animation similar to the one they had in Classic 0.24–0.30, even without weapons|
|15w36a||The detection range for players wearing the zombie mob head is again 50% of the normal range.|
|15w43a||A zombie villager priest can be found caged in an igloo basement.|
|1.10||pre1||Chance of setting the target on fire when burning, and the duration of the effect, now depends on raw regional difficulty.|
|Upcoming Java Edition|
|1.13||18w07a||Zombies now intentionally stomp on turtle eggs and attack turtles.|
|18w10d||Babies now burn in the sun.|
|18w11a||Zombies now fall down underwater.|
|Zombies now become a drowned zombie instead of dying from drowning.|
|18w21b||Husks now convert into zombies when drowning.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|0.4.0||Zombies can drop feathers.|
|0.5.0||Zombies have new animations.|
|0.8.0||build 2||Zombies spawn more frequently and have rare drops of carrots and potatoes.|
|0.9.0||build 1||Zombie AI and mechanics changed – this made them much smarter.|
|0.9.4||Zombies now have 2 () armor points, preventing 8% of damage.|
|0.11.0||build 1||Added baby zombies and chicken jockeys.|
|Zombies now drop rotten flesh.|
|0.12.1||build 1||Zombies can now spawn wearing armor.|
|Zombies now have the ability to pick up items.|
|Zombies can now break down doors.|
|Zombies are now able to detect the player up to 40 blocks.|
|0.14.0||build 1||Baby zombies, and baby zombie villagers will have a 15% chance to want to be a jockey. If they want to be a jockey, upon nearing the player they will check for one of the following to mount prior attacking: adult chickens, adult ocelots, adult wolves, adult zombies, adult zombie villager, adult zombie pigman, cows, pigs, sheep, cave spider, or spiders.|
|1.0||alpha 0.17.0.1||Baby zombie variants now can mount polar bears.|
|1.1||alpha 184.108.40.206||Baby zombies can now mount llamas.|
|1.4||beta 220.127.116.11||Baby zombies will now burn in daylight.|
|1.5||beta 18.104.22.168||Zombies will now sink underwater.|
|Husks now transform into zombies when drowned.|
|Zombie now transform into drowned when drowned.|
|beta 22.214.171.124||Zombies will now attack baby turtles and stomp on turtle eggs.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU1||CU1||1.00||Patch 1||Added zombies.|
|TU5||Zombies now drop rotten flesh instead of feathers.|
|TU12||The zombies' AI was improved, giving them a much better sense of direction when pursuing the player, allowing them to navigate obstacles, and even small mazes if constructed, to get to the player. They were also given the ability to 'see' through windows. If a zombie is exposed to sunlight and bursts into flames, it will search for a body of water to douse the flames.|
|Zombies chased and attacked villagers, attacked doors (breaking them on Hard difficulty). Sometimes zombies attacked villagers in preference to the player, and always chose the shortest way to the target, even if there was a door in the way.|
|Zombies sometimes dropped iron ingots, helmets, shovels and swords as a rare drop.|
|TU15||1.05||Changed zombies' rare loot drop to be carrots, potatoes or iron ingots.|
|TU19||CU7||1.12||Zombies can now pick up items and occasionally spawn with armor and/or weapons.|
|Added baby zombies.|
|TU31||CU19||1.22||Patch 3||Baby zombies now drop experience.|
|Drops skull when killed by a charged creeper.|
|TU60||CU51||1.64||Patch 30||Baby zombies will have a 15% chance to want to be a jockey. If they want to be a jockey, upon nearing the player they will check for one of the following to mount prior attacking: adult chickens, adult ocelots, adult wolves, adult zombies, cows, pigs, sheep, spiders or cave spiders.|
|This page would benefit from the addition of one or more images.
Please remove this notice once you've added suitable images to the article. The specific instructions are: Zombies wearing "plate.png" in Classic, Husks, zombie villagers, baby zombies, etc. wearing a full set of each armor tier
Dying zombie mob in Bedrock Edition.
Dying zombie mob in Java Edition.
A zombie horde that spawned outside a village hammering at a door.
Three chicken jockeys near each other.
A baby zombie standing next to a baby husk. Note that neither of them burn in direct sunlight.[until 1.13]
A zombie spawned in a jungle temple
A baby zombie wearing a jack o'lantern on its head on Halloween. This glitch no longer happens in the new versions.
In Other Media
Zombie micromob (middle) on official LEGO Minecraft.
Zombie minifigure on official LEGO Minecraft.
Punched zombie from minecraft.net insider "How to Minecraft".
Official 8.5-inch Baby Zombie Plushie made by JINX.
- The inradius is based on the
followRangestat: base value is 35, ±5% random spawn bonus, then plus 0–50% random zombie-spawn bonus