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Weather

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Weather shown in 2 biomes.

Weather in Minecraft consists of occasional precipitation and storms that are temporary but global.[1]

Behavior[edit]

A comparison of sky light levels during different types of weather.

The type of weather that occurs depends on several variable factors, including the temperature of the current biome, and the altitude in which it occurs.

The initial occurrence of inclement weather is predetermined per seed. For example, if the first storm occurs during the second day in one world, and another world is created with the same seed, a storm also occurs during the second day. The average storm lasts 0.5 – 1 day, and there is a 0.5–7.5 day delay between storms. Storms can be skipped entirely with the use of a bed.

Players who have cheats enabled can change the current weather if they wish, by entering one of the following commands: /weather rain <time> or /weather thunder <time>, and /weather clear <time> to clear the inclement weather. The <time> parameter is the duration of the weather in seconds. /toggledownfall also switches to inclement weather, or vice versa.

Effects[edit]

Inclement weather reduces the sky light level, depending on the severity of the storm. Because of this, villagers return to their homes until the storm passes.

The sky itself darkens, to the point where celestial bodies (including the sun, moon, and stars) are no longer visible. The clouds darken depending on the severity of the weather; note that the clouds themselves do not precipitate. Although the sun is not visible during rain, the glow associated with sunrise and sunset is still visible.

Rain[edit]

Rain occurs only in biomes with a temperature of 0.15–0.95. Rainstorms reduce the light level to 12 in full daylight.[2]

Rain extinguishes fires (including flaming arrows[3]). However, it does not extinguish fires on netherrack,[4] and it does not solidify lava. Mobs that are on fire are extinguished on contact with rain; this prevents skeletons and zombies from burning during the day. On the contrary, endermen and snow golems may die due to their weakness to water. Endermen teleport randomly until they find a dry place. Blazes that are brought into the Overworld die on contact with rain.

A view of hills during rain.

Other interesting effects caused by rain:

  • Fish are more abundant during rain.[5]
  • Wolves shake themselves dry if they are not moving (certain versions only).
  • Farmland becomes hydrated if it isn't already.[6]
  • Rain fills up cauldrons with water, albeit slowly.

Rain particles make noise when they hit a block, and this noise can be heard at any point within 16 blocks. These particles (along with the associated sound) can be disabled by setting Particles to "Minimal" in the Video Settings menu.‌[Java Edition only]

Snow[edit]

An example of snow falling.

Snowfall occurs only in biomes with a temperature less than 0.15, or above a sufficient altitude. Like rainstorms, snowstorms reduce the light level to 12 in full daylight.

As it snows, snow layers regenerate over all non-transparent blocks.[7] In the Bedrock Edition, these snow layers accumulate and grow over time. Snow does not cover transparent blocks.

Note that any entities on fire are not extinguished upon contact with snow.

A lightning bolt strikes a tree. A creeper can be seen walking through the woods. If it had been closer to the strike, it would have become charged.

Thunderstorm[edit]

Thunderstorms may occur in any biome. They darken the land even further than the above storms, reducing the light level to 10; however, the light level from the sky is treated as if it were 5, allowing hostile mobs to spawn at any time of the day.[8]

Lightning[edit]

Lightning occurs frequently during thunderstorms. It strikes randomly, creating fires where it strikes, igniting any nearby flammable materials, but the rain usually puts the fire out before it can spread. Note that lightning can strike only blocks that are exposed to the rain.

Lightning deals 5♥♥♥ damage to entities on normal difficulty, not including the damage done by the fire it causes. It turns creepers into charged creepers, villagers into witches, pigs into zombie pigmen, and mooshrooms into their brown variants.

Lightning may randomly spawn a "skeleton trap" skeletal horse, with a chance of 3.75–7.5% on Easy, 7.5–20% on Normal, and 11.25–33.75% on Hard, depending on the regional difficulty.

Thunder is a sound that occurs every time lightning strikes. It can be heard by the player up to 160,000 blocks away from the position of the lightning strike. Thunder is heard instantly, regardless the player's distance from the lightning strike itself.

Lightning may be manually summoned with the /summon lightning_bolt command. While it is summoned as an entity, it cannot be referred to by commands or selectors.

If the player throws a trident enchanted with channeling during a thunderstorm, it summons a lightning bolt at the thrown area.

Video[edit]

History[edit]

Rain pouring down in Classic
Java Edition Classic
October 22, 2009Rain showcased.
October 22, 2009Rain is now shown to be thinner.
?Rain was introduced purely for cosmetic purposes. The mechanics were simple, testing only if there is a block above to shelter the rain.
0.27 SURVIVAL TESTF5 now toggles rain.
0.29_01Rain can now be toggled only in Creative mode.
Java Edition Indev
February 18, 2010F5 no longer toggles rain.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.4Winter mode added. While generating a world, there is a 25% chance to get a snowy world, where snow falls continuously. This feature was eventually removed with the introduction of biomes.
v1.2.0?Removed Winter mode, and was replaced by biomes.
Java Edition Beta
1.5Weather was introduced. Rain, snowfall, and thunderstorms were implemented after a teaser video was released.[9] Rain looks identical to the rain in Classic, but also plays two different sound files.
Added the ability for lightning strikes to charge creepers and transform pigs into zombie pigmen.
1.5_01Fixed a bug where rain fell through certain blocks like glass, stairs and slabs.
1.6?Fixed a bug where the rain seemed to freeze when climbing down ladders until you reached the bottom or changed direction, possibly indicating that you climbed at same speed as the rain fell.
Fixed a bug where rain and snow fell underwater.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 PrereleaseSnowfall destroys redstone, torches, saplings, and minecart rails.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 5Fixed the above bug.
1.3.112w23aWeather transitioning was added.
1.7.2?The rendering brightness is now decreased during thunderstorms. Previously, the sky would darken, but the ground wouldn't appear to get darker, even though monsters could spawn.
The clouds and the sky now appear much darker during thunderstorms.
1.814w03aLightning now transforms villagers into witches.
14w30aLightning can now be manually summoned with the /summon LightningBolt command.
1.915w38aThere is a chance (depending on regional difficulty) that a lightning strike spawns a "skeleton trap" skeletal horse.
16w04aRain sounds updated. Now more ambient/quieter and sounds more realistic.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.12.1build 1Added weather and weather transitioning.
build 2Leaves in snowy taigas now appear frost covered when snowfall happens.
build 9Rain is now visible from under water.
Rain should cause less lag.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0?Weather can now be skipped by sleeping.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Added weather.
TU5Improved the rain edges (when looking up in rain).
TU25CU141.17Clouds are now black during thunderstorms, thus telling the difference between rain and thunderstorms.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Weather transitioning was added.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Weather" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Trivia[edit]

Rain falling into the void.
  • Rain and snow still falls above the clouds. Notch's explanation is that the gray above the clouds during a storm is another layer of clouds and the origin of the rain.[10]
  • Rain and snow are both considered the same weather effect by the game. This explains why there is no /weather snow command.
  • Rain and snow actually fall one block into the void (Layer -1). This can be seen in Creative Mode by floating in the Void. Note that no particles are emitted from the rain, due to the absence of a block below it.
  • Lightning does not have an image file associated with it. Thus, it is coded directly into the game engine, allowing for dynamic, realistic lightning.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]