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Not to be confused with Village & Pillage.
Plains Small House 3.pngDesert Small House 5.pngSavanna Small House 7.pngTaiga Small House 3.pngSnowy Small House 6.png
Consists of

See § Structure

Can generate in
existing chunks


A village is a group or complex of buildings and other structures that generate naturally in the Overworld. A village is inhabited by villagers, cats, iron golems, passive livestock mobs, occasional zombie villagers, and wandering traders with their trader llamas. A village is a source of resources to the player, obtained from trading, chests, and materials found in the village. Villages are also targets of raid attacks by illagers.


A visual of a plains village.
A taiga village showing distinguishing design features, such as roofs made of spruce logs.

Villages generate naturally in plains, savanna, taiga, snowy tundra, and desert biomes. In Bedrock Edition, they also generate in snowy taiga, sunflower plains, taiga hills, and snowy taiga hills biomes. The type of the village, and therefore the style of all structures within it, is determined by the biome at the village center or meeting point. If the meeting point does not generate in one of the above biomes, the village defaults to plains style.

The following table shows the village styles corresponding to different biomes.

Village style Biome
Desert Desert
Plains Plains
Sunflower plains[BE only]
Savanna Savanna
Taiga Taiga
Taiga hills[BE only]
Snowy taiga[BE only]
Snowy taiga hills[BE only]
Snowy Snowy tundra

The number of villagers spawned depends on the number of beds in the village. Villagers spawn only in houses that have beds, while job site buildings (with no beds) always generate without villagers.

If a building or pathway generates over open-air, circular or square platforms of grass or sand (depending on the terrain) generates below the structure, which can cause surface oddities. This can be clearly seen when a village building generates over an ocean. Farms generate a few blocks of open space above them if they happen to generate inside a hill.

Some villages generate as abandoned; see § Abandoned villages below.


Upon generation
  • Villagers (spawn in regular villages only)
  • Iron Golems (spawn in regular villages only; one spawns near a village meeting point)
  • Zombie Villagers (spawn in zombie villages only)
  • Horses (spawn in regular villages)
  • Pigs (spawn in regular villages)
  • Cows (spawn in regular villages)
  • Sheep (spawn in regular villages)
  • Cats (spawn naturally inside villages, one for every four beds for a maximum of five)
  • Wandering Traders (one spawns periodically at a village meeting point)
  • Trader Llamas (two spawn periodically at a village meeting point alongside a wandering trader)
  • Iron Golems (In Bedrock Edition, they spawn periodically around the village center if there are at least 10 villagers and 20 beds in a village, for a maximum of two. In Java Edition, they spawn periodically if the villager spawning them has slept)
During events



Main article: Raid

A player who kills an illager captain receives the Bad Omen effect for 100 minutes. Like other status effects, Bad Omen can also be cleared by dying or drinking milk. Entering a village boundary while the effect is active triggers a raid, in which groups of illagers spawn and attack the village.

Zombie sieges[edit]

Main article: Zombie siege

Zombie sieges‌[Java Edition only] are in-game events where many zombies spawn in a village, regardless of how well lit or walled off a village is. They have a 10% chance of occurring at midnight every night or during thunderstorms when a village has at least 20 valid beds.


A snowy tundra village.
Loft houses


The number of buildings making up a village can vary, and not every village consists of all building types at once. Apart from the meeting point, which is unique and systematic, the number of buildings of each type is randomly generated and increased in superflat[Java Edition only] worlds. The number of lamp posts and decorative structures (hay bales, melon patch, pumpkin patch, snow and ice patches) has no restriction, as they are generated where no other buildings can be placed. Paths are found between the buildings of the village and often extend beyond them.

Structures are chosen randomly from a pool of possible buildings. No one building has a greater chance to appear than another.

Architecture style, and blocks making up the village structures, vary according to village type. Not every building can generate in a single village, although some blocks can be found in any village, such as job site blocks and food items.

In Bedrock Edition buildings have different probabilities of generating, depending on village type; for example, a weaponsmith shop is more likely to appear in a Taiga village than other villages.[1]


Village paths without any buildings nearby, generated in a Buffet world type with cave generation before Village and Pillage.

Villages generate paths between the buildings and extending outside of the village. Village paths generate at the level of existing terrain, potentially going up steep hills or down ravines without regard for whether an entity could actually traverse the path. Paths do not go below sea level and replace only grass blocks (with air above), water, lava, sand, sandstone, and red sandstone; all other blocks are ignored and the blocks underneath are considered for replacement instead. Villagers use these paths to travel across the village.

In plains, savanna, taiga, and snowy villages, paths are comprised of grass paths and grass. Savanna villages also generate farmland and crops in some paths. Grass paths that generate over water are replaced by the village style's planks type. Desert villages generate with smooth sandstone paths.

In Buffet worlds with cave generation, paths may generate on a separate layer from the rest of the buildings. In floating island generation, paths may not generate at all.

Trees, lamp posts, and other decorative structures can generate in the middle of paths as obstructions.[2]


Main article: Village/Loot

Abandoned villages[edit]

A zombie village.

A village has a chance of generating as an abandoned village (formerly zombie village). This chance is 2% in Java Edition, and appears to be 25%-30% in Bedrock Edition.[3][4]

In an abandoned village, all generated villagers are instead zombie villagers, and all doors and light sources are missing. The zombie villagers do not despawn, and they have no resistance to sunlight. In abandoned villages, some cobblestone blocks are replaced by mossy cobblestone, random blocks (particularly wood) are replaced by cobwebs, and all glass panes are replaced by brown stained glass panes. Abandoned villages also spawn stray cats, as well as the usual village livestock.


Main article: Village mechanics

A village always consists of at least one acceptable bed and one villager. Rarely, a village structure can generate without beds, thus not qualifying as a village. Upon creation, a village center is defined as a bed claimed by the first villager (a village leader), or the gathering site block (a bell), and the village's size is the greater of 32 blocks or the distance to the furthest bed from the center. Any villager, village golem, siege-spawned zombie, or raid-spawned Illagers can pathfind back into the village if they find themselves farther than that many blocks from the center.

Villages are established by the number of valid beds in the village. In Bedrock Edition, a "valid bed" is a bed unobstructed by other blocks so that it can be used for sleeping.

The maximum population of a village is the number of valid beds. If the population drops below that point (due to death or removal), but there are at least two villagers left who can reach each other, the villagers mate and breed until the population is at the maximum.

Bedrock Edition[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, a village is created when at least one villager links to one bed. Once those conditions are met, a village of the size of 64×24×64 blocks is created. The location of these village boundaries are defined and centered on a point of interest (POI) block. POIs can also be job site blocks or bells. By default, the village boundaries are centered on the first bed claimed, but may change unpredictably from villager to villager. The village boundaries may expand from various actions. Contrary to popular belief, a villager leader does not exist.

Gathering site[edit]

Villages have gathering sites where villagers may mingle. A gathering site is defined as a bell located within the village boundary. A wandering trader may spawn at a gathering site, accompanied by trader llamas.

Job site blocks[edit]

Job site blocks are blocks such as grindstones, smithing tables, and lecterns, which are used by villagers. Villagers with the corresponding professions spend their time in front of their job site block, except for nitwits, baby villagers and unemployed villagers (villagers without profession overlays). Upon claiming a job site block, green particles appear above both the villager and the job site block, and the villager takes up the profession of the job site block if unemployed. Villagers that have already been traded with can claim only job site blocks related to their profession. Employed villagers that are not linked to a job site block are unable to restock their trades. Villagers cannot link to a job site block that has already been claimed by another villager. There are fifteen job site blocks in the game, each linking to their respective villager profession.


For the mechanic for individual villagers, see Gossiping.

A player's popularity starts at zero and ranges between −30 and 30 in Java Edition, and between -30 and 10 in Bedrock Edition. In Java Edition, the following can alter a player's popularity:

Popularity of Actions
Action Popularity Change
Hero of the Village +10
Upgrading a Villager to Expert/Master +4
Upgrading a Villager to Journeyman +3
Upgrading a Villager to Apprentice +2
Trading with a villager for the last offer slot on their list +1
Attacking a villager -1
Killing a villager -2
Attacking a baby villager -3
Killing a baby villager -5

In Bedrock Edition, the following can alter a player's popularity:[5]

Popularity of Actions
Action Popularity Change
Curing a zombie villager +10
A villager joins its first village +5
Upgrading a villager to its next level +1
Spending time in a village (does not increase popularity above 0) +1
Attacking a villager -1
Killing a villager (adult or baby) -2
Attacking a baby villager -3
Killing a village's iron golem -5[verify]

When a player acts directly on a villager, particles around that villager indicate the change in popularity. A player's popularity does not reset on death, and players cannot alter other players' popularity. Popularity is stored per village; a player may have high popularity in one village and a low one in another. Additionally, because popularity is stored per village, if the entire village is destroyed, any accumulated popularity, positive or negative, is also eliminated.

If a player has −15 popularity or less, any naturally spawned iron golems for that village become hostile toward that player until the player's popularity increases by trading with the villagers.

Golems constructed by the player, however, are always passive toward the player.


February 21, 2010NPC villages and "monster towns" are mentioned.
July 1, 2011A picture of villages was released by Notch before Beta 1.8 was released. In the early screenshot, villages were partly made of moss stone.
July 13, 2011An early interview with Notch discussed his plans for the village.
August 10, 2011Notch originally worked on villages by himself, but eventually gave the task to Jeb, so that he could work on other things.
August 11, 2011Jeb has said that during early tests of villages, the lava in a blacksmith often set the village on fire.
August 26, 2011Villages were shown to the public during the PAX 2011 demo, including the interiors.
Java Edition Beta
1.8Pre-releaseVillages added.
They were originally intended to be populated with pigmen.[6]
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 PrereleaseVillagers have been added to villages. They have 'TESTIFICATE' written above their heads.
1.112w01aSuperflat added, allowing bigger villages.
Blacksmith buildings in villages now hold chests with loot.
1.2.112w07aVillagers now repopulate villages based on how many houses there are available.
Zombie sieges can now occur once a village has reached a certain size.
The player may now add houses to villages, provided they are enclosed with a roof and wooden door.
12w08aLarger villages now spawn iron golems to defend them.
1.3.112w21aDesert villages are now made of sandstone instead of wood and cobblestone.
1.4.212w32aVillages now track the "popularity" of individual players by username.
12w36aPotatoes and carrots can now be found in NPC villages.
1.513w03aChanges to water-block generation now make wells proper infinite water sources.
13w06aThe lamppost glitch in villages has been fixed.
1.7.213w36aSavanna biome added, which villages can now generate in.
1.814w03aGravel roads in villages now have cobblestone underneath, to prevent them from collapsing into caves.
14w04aDoors are now added to the closest village.
14w25aZombie sieges have been re-implemented.
14w30aWells in desert villages are now made of sandstone instead of cobblestone.
1.915w31aFarms now include beetroot crops.
1.1016w20aVillage structures are no longer restricted by biome boundaries, meaning that a village that starts in a valid biome can now spread into an adjacent invalid biome.
Villages now generate in taiga biomes (but not their variants), and are made of spruce wood.
Savanna villages are now made of acacia wood rather than oak. Acacia logs replace cobblestone in all structures except churches.
Paths no longer generate below sea level, and they are made with different material depending on the existing terrain.
Grass paths now generate rather than gravel paths, when generated on grass blocks.
Paths made of planks now generate over water and lava to form bridges.
Villages now have a 2% chance of generating as a zombie village, which are inhabited only by zombie villagers, and generate without any doors or torches.
16w21aBlacksmiths now generate with cobblestone in all biomes, rather than acacia logs in savannas and sandstone in deserts.
pre1Zombie villagers generated in zombie villages no longer despawn.
Wooden fences are now substituted with the correct wood type for the biome.
Paths no longer replace most blocks, instead considering the blocks underneath, preventing them from generating in treetops or bridging ravines.
1.1418w47aAdded raids, in which groups of illagers attack villages after a player kills an illager patrol leader then enters a village.
November 28, 2018A hotfix for all 1.14 snapshots is released, updating the main menu with a panorama of the new villages.
18w48aUpdated the plains village look.
18w49aAdded snowy tundra villages.
Updated the savanna village look.
18w50aUpdated the taiga and desert village looks.
19w04aRe-added zombie villages in desert and taiga biomes.
19w06aDesert blacksmith buildings have been removed.
Improved village blacksmith building generation to prevent them from catching on fire from lava inside them.
19w07aRe-added zombie villages in plains and savanna biomes.
Added snowy tundra zombie villages.
19w08aVillages now spawn with at least one iron golem.
19w11aVillage detection is now based on beds, job sites, and meeting points instead of doors.
1.14.1Pre-Release 1Many structures are tweaked to have better lighting.
1.16Pre-release 2"Jellie" cats now spawn naturally in villages.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.9.0build 1Added villages. They generate with gravel, wooden or sandstone bridges.
build 2Desert villages are now made of sandstone.
build 4Villages are now rare.
build 7Villages are now more common.
0.11.0build 1Grass path blocks now replace gravel paths in villages.
0.12.1build 1Larger villages now spawn iron golems to defend them.
build 8Farms now include beetroot crops.
0.14.0build 3The door-to-villager ratio in villages has been increased (was previously 1:1).
0.15.0build 1Added savanna and taiga village variants.
Villages can now generate in cold taiga and ice plains biomes. Buildings are made out of spruce wood like taiga villages.
Villages now have a 2% chance of generating as zombie villages. Buildings in zombie villages include cobweb and moss stone.
0.16.0?Farms no longer generate crops in ice plains and cold taiga villages.
0.16.2Chests can now generate inside large houses in ice plains and cold taiga villages containing farming supplies.
Bedrock Edition
1.8.0beta now spawn in villages.
1.10.0beta the look of plains, desert, savanna, taiga, snowy tundra, and snowy taiga villages.
Taiga villages are now more common.
Villages are now set by the number of beds in the village instead of doors.
Villages now have gathering sites in which a wandering trader can appear.
Villages now have job sites where villagers go to work.
Removed zombie villages.[verify]
1.11.0beta now always spawn at least one iron golem.
Changed some structures; plains tannery now include a single cauldron, some poorly lit areas have torches, lava is no longer a fire hazard, added floors in some floorless houses.
Changed village generation by rebalancing the number of houses (buildings with beds) and job sites (buildings with job site blocks). Sand now also has sandstone support below.
Plains farms and plains toolsmith houses can now generate in new plains villages.
Animals now spawn in the village stables, animal pens, shepherd houses, and butcher houses.
Added chest loot to non-plains village variants.
Added raids, in which groups of illagers attack villages.
beta with bad omen now trigger a raid when in villages.
1.13.0beta zombie villages.
Legacy Console Edition
TU5CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Added villages.
TU9Blacksmith buildings in villages now hold chests with loot.
TU14 1.04 Added desert villages.
???Wells in desert villages are now made of sandstone instead of cobblestone.
TU31CU19 1.22 Patch 3Savanna biome added, which villages can now generate in.
Gravel roads in villages now have cobblestone underneath, to prevent them from collapsing into caves.
TU43CU33 1.36 Patch 13Villages can now generate in cold taiga and ice plains biomes, constructed with spruce wood.
Villages now generate with grass paths instead of gravel.
Villages in savanna biomes now generate with acacia wood.
TU46CU36 1.38 Patch 15Villages now generate naturally in the taiga biome.
TU58CU49 1.60 Patch 281.0.8Villages generated in the desert or the savanna biome now replace the most sandstone/acacia wood with cobblestone.
TU60CU51 1.64 Patch 301.0.11Villages now generate naturally in cold taiga and snow plains biomes generating with spruce wood.
Desert villages no longer generate with cobblestone, including blacksmith and church buildings.
Tables in villages now have brown carpet instead of a pressure plate.
1.91 Added raids, in which groups of illagers attack villages after a player kills an illager patrol leader then enters a village.
Updated the look of plains, desert, savanna, taiga, snowy tundra, and snowy taiga villages.
Village detection is now based on beds, job sites, and meeting points instead of doors.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Added villages.


Issues relating to "Village" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


A close look of the architecture of a zombie village from a plains biome. In the background there is a savanna and a desert.
  • According to Jeb, originally they wanted a system for a village to expand in the population if the player improves it. But they found that it was computationally expensive to evaluate what constituted a house, so to make it simple, they decided that a door with an inside and outside counts as a house; however, the house was later changed to beds.[7]
  • Prior to Village and Pillage, the farms in villages would avoid overhanging by filling in the area below them with dirt when they spawned. When a farm overhangs a ravine, a tall rectangular dirt structure generates underneath. Buildings would fill the area below them with cobblestone, often resulting in the same behavior.
  • Occasionally, surface ravines generate through villages, causing missing pathways or even entire buildings sunken into the ravine. This also applies to cave entrances and other surface oddities.
  • In rare cases, players can find a tiny village consisting of one house, or even just one job site-building (a building with job site blocks) without any houses (building with beds), causing the village to not spawn any villagers.
  • The plains village is the only type of village with much of its architecture resembling its old counterpart prior to Village & Pillage.
  • In the Java Edition, village paths used to generate grass paths only when generated on grass blocks and used gravel in other cases. This is no longer the case due to a bug.[8]


MINECON Earth 2018[edit]

Pre–Village and Pillage[edit]

Bedrock Edition[edit]

Odd generation[edit]

Pre–Village and Pillage[edit]