User:MYL25/Brewing

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Brewing "grid" (Ingredients are placed at the top. Bottles placed underneath)

Brewing, in Minecraft, is the process of creating potions and splash potions by mixing various ingredients into water bottles with a brewing stand.

Brewing Potions[edit]

Potion brewing chart (excludes splash potions)

Basics[edit]

By placing bottles in the lower three slots of the brewing interface and an ingredient in the upper slot, you can distill the ingredient into the bottles and brew potions which may be consumed to grant an effect to the player.

Every potion starts with a water bottle, made by filling a glass bottle at a water source or a filled cauldron. The next step is to add a primary ingredient to create a base potion, which is usually Nether Wart, to create an Awkward Potion which has no effect. By brewing a second ingredient into a base potion in the same manner, you can create a potion with a working effect. A third ingredient may be added to make the effect more potent or longer lasting, or turn the effect harmful. Gunpowder can be added to a potion at any stage to convert it to a splash potion, which can be thrown to disperse its effect in a radius. Each brewing step takes 20 seconds.

Brewing can create very useful and lifesaving potions. A good number of them are useful in combat by aiding the player or weakening opponents while others can save the player's life if used quickly, such as Fire Resistance and Healing. Gathering Blaze Rods and Nether Wart can prove challenging, but once set up, most potion ingredients are fairly plentiful and brewing will be a rewarding task.

  • Start by gathering Nether Wart. Awkward Potions can be brewed into every possible potion, unless you intend to brew a Potion of Weakness, in which case it's more efficient to brew Fermented Spider Eye directly into a water bottle.
  • There are four modifier ingredients: Redstone Dust makes it last longer, Glowstone Dust makes it stronger (but shorter-lasting), Fermented Spider Eye reverses or "corrupts" the effect, and gunpowder converts it to a splash potion.
  • Brewing stands have three slots for three bottles and a slot fot the ingredient and can brew three potions at once. A single ingredient is enough to brew into all three bottles, so an efficient potion-maker should always brew in batches of three.
  • For even more efficiency, keep in mind this works even if the potions are of different types; you can brew an ingredient into three different types of potions, and each will result just as if you had brewed them individually.

Equipment[edit]

Name Icon Description
Brewing Stand Used to add ingredients into water bottles.
Cauldron Each one can hold a bucket of water (after placement).
Will fill 3 glass bottles.
Glass Bottle Container for all kinds of potions.
Water Bottle The starting base for all potions.
Made by filling a glass bottle from a cauldron or water source.

Ingredients[edit]

Base Ingredients[edit]

Base ingredients are the starting point of all potions. Nether Wart is the primary ingredient added to water bottles at this stage, as it is required to make most of the potions. All other base ingredients will only allow the creation of variations of Potion of Weakness.

Name Icon When added makes
Nether Wart Nether Wart Seeds Awkward Potion
Glowstone Dust Thick Potion
Redstone Mundane Potion
(extended)
Fermented Spider Eye Potion of Weakness

Secondary Ingredients[edit]

Secondary ingredients imbue an Awkward Potion with a particular effect but do not alter potion duration or intensity. When added directly to a water bottle, any of these ingredients will produce a Mundane Potion (with the exception of fermented spider eye, which results in a Potion of Weakness).

Name Icon Effect
Magma Cream Fire Resistance
Sugar Speed
Glistering Melon Instant Health
Spider Eye Poison
Ghast Tear Regeneration
Blaze Powder Strength
Fermented Spider Eye Weakness
Golden Carrot Night Vision
Pufferfish Water Breathing

Modifiers[edit]

Modifiers change the potion's properties. The "longer duration" and "more potent" versions of a potion can be forever interchanged.

Name Icon When added
Redstone Increases duration
Glowstone Dust Increases potency
Gunpowder Turns into a splash
Fermented Spider Eye
Corrupts effect (see below)

Corrupting Effect: Fermented Spider Eyes will change a potion's base effect, often reversing it or producing a negative potion.

  • A "corrupted" potion usually does the opposite of the original potion.
  • Potions of Invisibility are considered a "corrupted" version of the Potions of Night Vision.
    • Instead of seeing at maximum brightness, you turn invisible.

Potions[edit]

Primary[edit]

All primary potions are created by brewing a single ingredient with a water bottle. Mundane Potions and Potions of Weakness (along with their variants) can be combined with gunpowder to create their throwable (splash potion) counterparts.

Potion Base Reagent Effect Precursor to

Awkward Potion

Water Bottle
Nether Wart Seeds
Nether Wart
None Potion of Healing
Potion of Fire Resistance
Potion of Poison
Potion of Regeneration
Potion of Strength
Potion of Swiftness

Mundane Potion
(extended)

Water Bottle

Redstone
None Potion of Weakness
(extended)

Mundane Potion

Water Bottle

Ghast Tear,

Glistering Melon,

Blaze Powder,

Magma Cream,

Sugar,
or

Spider Eye
None Potion of Weakness

Thick Potion

Water Bottle

Glowstone Dust
None Potion of Weakness

Potion of Weakness

Water Bottle

Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by damage. Note that this makes the player unable to do any damage without a weapon. Potion of Weakness
(extended)

Secondary[edit]

Secondary potions are created by brewing an ingredient with a primary potion and can be combined with gunpowder to create their throwable splash potion counterparts.

Positive[edit]

Potion Base Reagent Effect Duration
(minutes)

Potion of Healing

Awkward Potion

Glistering Melon
Restores per potion. Instant

Potion of Fire Resistance

Awkward Potion

Magma Cream
Gives immunity to damage from fire, lava, and ranged Blaze attacks. 3:00

Potion of Regeneration

Awkward Potion

Ghast Tear
Restores health over time by approximately every 2.4 seconds.[note 1] 0:45

Potion of Strength

Awkward Potion

Blaze Powder
Adds 130% damage to all melee attacks, with or without weapons. 3:00

Potion of Swiftness

Awkward Potion

Sugar
Increases player's movement speed, sprinting speed, and jumping length by approximately 20%. 3:00

Potion of Night Vision

Awkward Potion

Golden Carrot
Makes everything appear to be at max light level, including underwater areas. 3:00

Potion of Water Breathing

Awkward Potion

Pufferfish
Does not deplete the oxygen bar when underwater. 3:00

Negative[edit]

Potion Base Reagent Effect Duration
(minutes)

Potion of Poison

Awkward Potion

Spider Eye
Poisons the player for the given time, reducing the health to at most, at a rate of approximately every 1.5 seconds. 0:45

Potion of Weakness

Awkward Potion,

Thick Potion,
or

Mundane Potion

Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by damage. 1:30

Potion of Weakness
(extended)

Mundane Potion
(extended)

Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by damage. 4:00

Tertiary[edit]

Tertiary potions are created by brewing an ingredient with a secondary potion or another tertiary potion and can be combined with gunpowder to create their throwable splash potion counterparts.

Positive[edit]

Potion Base Reagent Effect Duration
(minutes)

Potion of Fire Resistance
(extended)

Potion of Fire Resistance
(base or reverted)

Redstone
Gives immunity to damage from fire, lava, and ranged Blaze attacks. 8:00

Potion of Healing II

Potion of Healing
(base or reverted)

Glowstone Dust
Restores per potion. Instant

Potion of Regeneration
(extended)

Potion of Regeneration
tier I or II

Redstone
Restores health over time by approximately every 2.4 seconds.[note 1] 2:00

Potion of Regeneration II

Potion of Regeneration
(base or extended)

Glowstone Dust
Restores health over time by approximately every 1.2 seconds.[note 1] 0:16

Potion of Strength
(extended)

Potion of Strength
tier I or II

Redstone
Adds 130% damage to all melee attacks, with or without weapons. 8:00

Potion of Strength II

Potion of Strength
(base or extended)

Glowstone Dust
Adds 260% damage to all melee attacks, with or without weapons. 1:30

Potion of Swiftness
(extended)

Potion of Swiftness
tier I or II

Redstone
Increases player's movement, sprinting speed, and jumping length by approximately 20%. 8:00

Potion of Swiftness II

Potion of Swiftness
(base or extended)

Glowstone Dust
Increases player's movement, sprinting speed, and jumping length by approximately 40%. 1:30

Potion of Night Vision
(extended)

Potion of Night Vision

Redstone
Makes everything appear to be at max light level, including underwater areas. 8:00

Potion of Invisibility

Potion of Night Vision

Fermented Spider Eye
Renders the player invisible. Equipped/wielded items are still visible. 3:00

Potion of Invisibility
(extended)

Potion of Night Vision
(extended)

Fermented Spider Eye
Renders the player invisible. Equipped/wielded items are still visible. 8:00

Potion of Invisibility
(extended)

Potion of Invisibility

Redstone
Renders the player invisible. Equipped/wielded items are still visible. 8:00

Potion of Water Breathing
(extended)

Potion of Water Breathing
(base or reverted)

Redstone
Does not deplete the oxygen bar when underwater. 8:00

Negative[edit]

Potion Base Reagent Effect Duration
(minutes)

Potion of Harming

Potion of Healing
or

Potion of Poison

Fermented Spider Eye
Inflicts of damage. Instant

Potion of Harming II

Potion of Healing II
or

Potion of Poison II

Fermented Spider Eye
Inflicts of damage. Instant

Potion of Harming II

Potion of Harming
(base or reverted)

Glowstone Dust
Inflicts of damage. Instant

Potion of Poison
(extended)

Potion of Poison
tier I or II

Redstone
Poisons the player for the given time,
reducing the health to a minimum of , at a rate of approximately per two seconds.
2:00

Potion of Poison II

Potion of Poison
(base or extended)

Glowstone Dust
Poisons the player for the given time,
reducing the health to a minimum of , at a rate of approximately per second.
0:22

Potion of Slowness

Potion of Fire Resistance
or

Potion of Swiftness

Fermented Spider Eye
Player's movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time. 1:30

Potion of Slowness
(extended)

Potion of Slowness
(base or reverted)

Redstone
Player's movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time. 3:00

Potion of Slowness
(extended)

Potion of Fire Resistance
(extended)
or

Potion of Swiftness
(extended)

Fermented Spider Eye
Player's movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time. 3:00

Potion of Weakness

Potion of Strength
or

Potion of Regeneration

Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by damage. 1:30

Potion of Weakness
(extended)

Potion of Strength
(extended)
or

Potion of Regeneration
(extended)

Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by damage. 4:00

Potion of Weakness
(extended)

Potion of Weakness
(base or reverted)

Redstone
Reduces all melee attacks by damage. 4:00

Reverted[edit]

There are two general methods to create reverted potions, one of which involve the addition of fermented spider eyes. Reversion, in general, references changing a longer, upgraded potion into a its original weaker potion (for example, changing from a potion of poison (extended) into a potion of harming (reverted) by adding fermented spider eye).

The first method involves adding glowstone (typically) to an already upgraded tertiary potion (seen in Section 5.3.1 or 5.3.2 above). Since these tertiary potions have already been modified with redstone (typically), they can change to their original (revert) unmodified states depending on which modifier was added previously. Not all potions will revert (or react, for that matter) when glowstone powder or redstone dust is added to an upgraded tertiary potion (for example, adding redstone to an already redstone-extended potion will not yield a new potion).

The second method involves the addition of fermented spider eyes, followed by glowstone (usually). Method two works by adding fermented spider eye to an extended positive potion (i.e. an extended tertiary potion). In almost all cases, this will corrupt the potion (corruption is described in Section 4.3 above) and produce a negative potion of equal strength (in this case, extended). Then, glowstone (depending on the recipe) is added to the extended negative potion. Since these negative tertiary potions (regardless of origin) have already been modified with redstone, the addition of glowstone will revert the potion to a potion of lesser duration.

A good example of this process at work is the reversion of the potion of weakness. A potion of weakness can be made two ways. The first method is by adding fermented spider eye to a mundane potion (water bottle + ghast tear/glistering melon/blaze powder/magma cream/sugar/spider eye), then adding redstone to produce potion of weakness (extended). The second method is by adding (again) fermented spider eye to either a potion of strength or a potion of regeneration. Potions of strength and regen, in their base or extended forms, will produce potions of weakness with equal magnitude (for the sake of this example, fermented spider eye is added to potion of strength (extended) to produce potion of weakness (extended)).

Now, there should be two Potions of Weakness (4:00). Glowstone dust is added to the Potion of Weakness (Ext) which reverts the potion into a normal duration (1:30) Potion of Weakness. The act of reducing the duration from 4:00 to 1:30 is reversion. In the inventory, reverted potions will look identical to their base potion, much like mundane and mundane (extended). Their usage is also identical to their base potions, with the exception of turning into reverted potions rather than base potions.

Glowstone[edit]

Potion Base Reagent Effect Duration
(minutes)

Potion of Fire Resistance
(reverted)

Potion of Fire Resistance
(extended)

Glowstone Dust
Gives immunity to damage from fire, lava, and ranged Blaze attacks. 3:00

Potion of Slowness
(reverted)

Potion of Slowness
(extended)

Glowstone Dust
Player's movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time. 1:30

Potion of Weakness
(reverted)

Potion of Weakness
(extended)

Glowstone Dust
Reduces all melee attacks by damage. 1:30

Potion of Water Breathing
(reverted)

Potion of Water Breathing
(extended)

Glowstone Dust
Does not deplete the oxygen bar when underwater. 3:00

Redstone[edit]

Potion Base Reagent Effect Duration
(minutes)

Potion of Healing
(reverted)

Potion of Healing II

Redstone
Restores per potion. Instant

Potion of Harming
(reverted)

Potion of Harming II

Redstone
Inflicts of damage. Instant

Fermented Spider Eye[edit]

Potion Base Reagent Effect Duration
(minutes)

Potion of Harming
(reverted)

Potion of Healing
(reverted)
or

Potion of Poison
(extended)

Fermented Spider Eye
Inflicts of damage. Instant

Potion of Slowness
(reverted)

Potion of Fire Resistance
(reverted)
or

Potion of Swiftness II

Fermented Spider Eye
Player's movement is slowed to a crouch for the given time. 1:30

Potion of Weakness
(reverted)

Potion of Strength II
or

Potion of Regeneration II

Fermented Spider Eye
Reduces all melee attacks by damage. 1:30

Recipes[edit]

The following are the most efficient recipes to brew each potion. If two ingredients may be brewed in any order relative to each other, they are separated by a double arrow (↔).

Weakness
Fermented Spider Eye
Weakness Ext
Fermented Spider Eye Redstone
Strength
Nether Wart Blaze Powder
Strength Ext
Nether Wart Blaze Powder Redstone
Strength II
Nether Wart Blaze Powder Glowstone Dust
Regeneration
Nether Wart Ghast Tear
Regeneration Ext
Nether Wart Ghast Tear Redstone
Regeneration II
Nether Wart Ghast Tear Glowstone Dust
Swiftness
Nether Wart Sugar
Swiftness Ext
Nether Wart Sugar Redstone
Swiftness II
Nether Wart Sugar Glowstone Dust
Slowness
Nether Wart Sugar Fermented Spider Eye
Nether Wart Magma Cream Fermented Spider Eye
Slowness Ext
Nether Wart Sugar Fermented Spider Eye Redstone
Nether Wart Magma Cream Fermented Spider Eye Redstone
Healing
Nether Wart Glistering Melon
Healing II
Nether Wart Glistering Melon Glowstone Dust
Harming
Nether Wart Glistering Melon Fermented Spider Eye
Nether Wart Spider Eye Fermented Spider Eye
Harming II
Nether Wart Glistering Melon Fermented Spider Eye Glowstone Dust
Nether Wart Spider Eye Fermented Spider Eye Glowstone Dust
Poison
Nether Wart Spider Eye
Poison Ext
Nether Wart Spider Eye Redstone
Poison II
Nether Wart Spider Eye Glowstone Dust
Fire Resistance
Nether Wart Magma Cream
Fire Resistance Ext
Nether Wart Magma Cream Redstone
Night Vision
Nether Wart Golden Carrot
Night Vision ext
Nether Wart Golden Carrot Redstone
Invisibility
Nether Wart Golden Carrot Fermented Spider Eye
Invisibility ext
Nether Wart Golden Carrot Fermented Spider Eye Redstone

Video[edit]

History[edit]

Potions brewing in cauldrons (1.9 pre2).

Initially, the cauldron was where potions were brewed. Code in Beta 1.9 pre2 revealed that potions were brewed by adding water to the cauldron followed by certain ingredients. Correctly combined ingredients would confer purely beneficial potion effects, and incorrect combinations added negative effects. The system was complicated, lacked a GUI, and formed many duplicate potions (i.e. two potions that were exactly the same could be made in several different ways), so Notch and Jeb came up with a new brewing method using a brewing stand.[1] Brewing was greatly streamlined and simplified when a brewing GUI was added and most duplicate potions were removed (the total possible potions went down from 150 combinations to only 25 different potions in 31 combinations). However, this new system made some potion effects available in earlier 1.9 pre-releases inaccessible (e.g. Nausea, Blindness and Invisibility).

Throwable splash potions were introduced in Beta 1.9 Pre4 and brewed by placing gunpowder and any potion together in a brewing stand. This pre-release also introduced Glistering Melon as an ingredient to replace the instant health effect conferred by the Ghast Tear, which then added the effect of regeneration instead. This version also converted certain ingredients into base-secondary ingredients (the Spider Eye, Glistering Melon and Blaze Powder made Mundane Potion when brewed into a water bottle in addition to their previous functions), bringing the potion total to 28 different potions in 35 combinations.

In Minecraft 1.1, the time to brew potions was decreased to 20 seconds.

Potion Types[edit]

Based on information found in minecraft.jar/lang/en_US.lang, the current potion types are listed below:

  • Potion of Swiftness
  • Potion of Slowness
  • Potion of Strength
  • Potion of Weakness
  • Potion of Healing
  • Potion of Harming
  • Potion of Regeneration
  • Potion of Fire Resistance
  • Potion of Poison
  • Potion of Night Vision
  • Potion of Invisibility

Due to changes in the brewing system, the following potions are currently not accessible:

  • Potion of Haste
  • Potion of Dullness
  • Potion of Leaping
  • Potion of Nausea
  • Potion of Blindness
  • Potion of Hunger
  • Potion of Decay
  • Potion of Resistance

Some potions also do not have a real name in minecraft (i.e. Potion of potion.healthBoost.postFix) and are currently not accessible

  • Potion of potion.healthBoost.postFix
  • Potion of potion.absorption.postFix
  • Potion of potion.saturation.postFix

Trivia[edit]

Splash potion brewed using gunpowder.
  • As long as at least one of the three bottom spaces is filled, the brewing will continue, and additional bottles of water or potion can be added. However, if the ingredient is removed, or the bottom 3 slots are emptied at any time during the process, the process will stop and nothing will have been brewed.
  • The three potions do not necessarily have to be the same.
  • Upgrading effect of potion that has no time parameter (i.e. Instant Health, Harming) with glowstone dust has no downsides.
  • Upgrading one of the above's level II effect using glowstone will seemingly revert it to the original (metadata-wise, this is not the case).
  • Upgrading a potion that has no level II effect (i.e. Fire Resistance, Slowness, Weakness) with redstone has no downsides.
  • Upgrading one of the above's extended potion using redstone will seemingly revert it to the original (metadata-wise, this is not the case).
  • Although Jeb said that in the 1.9 pre-release 3 there were 161 possible different potion combinations with 2,653 in the future, in the actual third pre-release only 22 different potions could be made without the use of external programs. Of those, 19 potions had one of 8 different effects.
  • The Mundane Potion made from redstone has a different metadata (64) than the mundane potion made from any other ingredient (8192). Unlike Mundane 64, Mundane 8192 can be made into a Splash Mundane Potion by adding gunpowder that is, like its base potion, without any effect.
  • There are many Potions that were left behind from 1.9 pre-releases that fill up different metadatas that otherwise cannot be brewed or obtained without a SMP server command or inventory editor. These potions include but are not limited to: Bungling Potion, Buttering Potion, Debonair Potion, Refined Potion.
  • Splash potions can be fired by dispensers.
  • More water can be taken to the Nether in one trip by filling water buckets, carrying a stack of glass bottles, and using a cauldron. This is because stackable glass bottles do not stack once they have been filled with water.
  • Undead mobs (zombies, skeletons, zombie pigmen, and Withers) are unaffected by splash potions of poison and regeneration, take damage from instant health splash potions, and gain health from instant damage.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. a b c Stacks with regeneration from having a full or mostly full Food Bar.

References[edit]

External links[edit]