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Tutorials/Redstone music

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This is a tutorial on how to make songs or special sounds with note blocks and redstone.

The Outlook[edit | edit source]

  • There are many ways to create note block songs, please note that some methods use external programs.
  • You can convert any song you want into note block. This can be used with and external application called Note Block Studio created by Davve.
  • First of all you need a midi version of your song. If your song is not midi, don't worry. There are many converters on the internet.
  • Second you should open your song which can be done by pressing 'Load' then find your .midi file and import it.
  • Then play it to see how it sounds. Also please note that in the top right, if it mentions that it is 'Not compatible'. Which you can fix by clicking the button and then pressing fix.
  • Now go to File → Export as Schematic, and choose your own options there.
  • While it is exporting download MCEdit, this will be the application to import the schematic into your Minecraft World.
  • Open your work in MCEdit and Import the Schematic you just exported and place it wherever you will in your world. Wait for it to load.
  • Press Ctrl+S to save your world. Close MCEdit, and open up your Minecraft world.

Basics[edit | edit source]

  • Punch a note block or use a redstone signal to play it
  • Tap with the place block button to change the pitch of the note block
  • Remember that redstone dust activates all of the blocks around it, not just one.
  • Always remember that you need a block of space above a note block.

Tips[edit | edit source]

  • Always remember to have no water nearby otherwise all of your redstone will get destroyed
  • If you have a lot of redstone, it might be helpful to color code or label what part does what in case it breaks.
  • You can write your own music using the piano at the bottom and you can change the instrument by pressing the buttons with a note block behind an other block.

Redstone[edit | edit source]

By placing repeaters and note blocks in lines, it is possible to play multiple times. Another way is to put note blocks under detector rails, so as you ride along you can play the song of your choice!

Translating Real Music to Minecraft Note Blocks[edit | edit source]

When making redstone music in vanilla Minecraft, it's very helpful to know how you can translate sheet music you find online into an actual note block circuit. The main two factors of music are rhythm and pitch. Rhythm is determined by how many repeaters you put before/after a note block, and how many ticks you set them to, and pitch is determined by how many times you right click a note block. Once you know how rhythm and pitches relate to ticks and note blocks, you can make an infinite number of songs.

Pitch[edit | edit source]

Pitch is one of the most important factors of music. Here is a table of how all notes in music that are able to be played on Minecraft, can be simulated with note blocks. When you see a number followed by the word "times," this is now many times you right-click that instrument to get that note.

String bass Bell Flute Chime Guitar Xylophone Harp/piano
F#1 0 times
G1 1 time
G#1 2 times
A1 3 times
Bb1 4 times
B1 5 times
C2 (low C) 6 times
C#2 7 times
D2 8 times
Eb2 9 times
E2 10 times
F2 11 times
F#2 12 times 0 times
G2 13 times 1 time
G#2 14 times 2 times
A2 15 times 3 times
Bb2 16 times 4 times
B2 17 times 5 times
C3 18 times 6 times
C#3 19 times 7 times
D3 20 times 8 times
Eb3 21 times 9 times
E3 22 times 10 times
F3 23 times 11 times
F#3 24 times 12 times 0 times
G3 13 times 1 time
G#3 14 times 2 times
A3 15 times 3 times
Bb3 16 times 4 times
B3 17 times 5 times
C4 (middle C) 18 times 6 times
C#4 19 times 7 times
D4 20 times 8 times
Eb4 21 times 9 times
E4 22 times 10 times
F4 23 times 11 times
F#4 0 times 24 times 12 times
G4 1 time 13 times
G#4 2 times 14 times
A4 3 times 15 times
Bb4 4 times 16 times
B4 5 times 17 times
C5 6 times 18 times
C#5 7 times 19 times
D5 8 times 20 times
Eb5 9 times 21 times
E5 10 times 22 times
F5 11 times 23 times
F#5 0 times 12 times 0 times 0 times 24 times
G5 1 times 13 times 1 times 1 times
G#5 2 times 14 times 2 times 2 times
A5 3 times 15 times 3 times 3 times
Bb5 4 times 16 times 4 times 4 times
B5 5 times 17 times 5 times 5 times
C6 (high C) 6 times 18 times 6 times 6 times
C#6 7 times 19 times 7 times 7 times
D6 8 times 20 times 8 times 8 times
Eb6 9 times 21 times 9 times 9 times
E6 10 times 22 times 10 times 10 times
F6 11 times 23 times 11 times 11 times
F#6 12 times 24 times 12 times 12 times
G6 13 times 13 times 13 times
G#6 14 times 14 times 14 times
A6 15 times 15 times 15 times
Bb6 16 times 16 times 16 times
B6 17 times 17 times 17 times
C7 18 times 18 times 18 times
C#7 19 times 19 times 19 times
D7 20 times 20 times 20 times
Eb7 21 times 21 times 21 times
E7 22 times 22 times 22 times
F7 23 times 23 times 23 times
F#7 24 times 24 times 24 times

Rhythm[edit | edit source]

Rhythm is another important factor of music, which is basically how long a note is held for. The next table shows how many redstone ticks, using repeaters, must go after a note block, depending on the tempo of the music, and what kind of rhythm the note is. Remember; the maximum number of ticks for one repeater is 4, so if you need more than 4 ticks, you will need more than 1 repeater. Also, the numbers you see on top is the tempo of the music, which is how many beats there are in a minute.

50 60 75 100 150
Sixteenth note/rest 3 ticks (No exact match) 2 ticks (No exact match) 1 tick
Triplet note/rest 4 ticks (No exact match) (No exact match) 2 ticks (No exact match)
Eighth note/rest 6 ticks 5 ticks 4 ticks 3 ticks 2 ticks
Quarter note/rest 12 ticks 10 ticks 8 ticks 6 ticks 4 ticks
Half note/rest 24 ticks 20 ticks 16 ticks 12 ticks 8 ticks
Dotted half note/rest 36 ticks 30 ticks 24 ticks 18 ticks 12 ticks
Whole note/rest 48 ticks 40 ticks 32 ticks 24 ticks 16 ticks

If you must have your song in a tempo where triplets have no exact match, you can substitute for 2 sixteenth notes followed by an eighth note, which at faster tempos, will sound similar to triplets.

Songs or Useful Sounds[edit | edit source]

Note blocks can be used to make sounds that may benefit playing, or to make your favorite songs.

(Note: All of the songs listed here that can be made into note blocks are in the public domain, meaning their copyright has expired.)

Doorbell[edit | edit source]

"Choo Choo" Train[edit | edit source]

Follow these steps so that you can make a sound similar to a train whistle:

  1. Place a button on the ground. Place redstone behind the button. Then, place a redstone piece on either side of the first redstone; one on the left, and one on the right.
  2. Place 3 repeaters, set to no delay, behind the redstone, facing away from you, so that if the redstone were to be powered, the repeaters would pick up the signal.
  3. Dig out the 3 blocks behind the repeaters and replace them with clay, so that when the note block is on top of the block, it will have a flute sound.
  4. Place note blocks on top of the clay. Right-click one 8 times, another 12 times, and the final one 16 times.
  5. Place 3 repeaters, side-by-side behind the note blocks, and set them to full delay, or 4 ticks. Place another row of repeaters behind them, and right-click them once, setting them to 2 ticks.
  6. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the three blocks behind the repeaters. When you press the button, now you should hear a train whistle.
  7. If you want, you can turn this into a railroad crossing sound. When a minecart runs over a detector rail near the crossing, have redstone wiring connected to the note block circuit.

Twinkle Twinkle Little Star[edit | edit source]

If you follow these steps, you will have just made the basic melody for the song: "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star."

  1. Choose which note block sound you would like to use. Piano/harp is probably the easiest sound to use, because the Overworld is naturally made up of grass and dirt.
  2. Place a note block, and right-click it 6 times. Attach a button to the front of the note block. Behind the note block, place a repeater set on full 4-tick delay, and another one behind that set on 2-tick delay. Repeat again, behind the structure you have made so far.
  3. Repeat step 2, including the part where you repeat the same pattern again, except this time, right-click the note blocks 13 times. Repeat this same thing yet again, this time right-clicking the note blocks 15 times. So far, you should have 6 note blocks. Try pressing the button. If it does not sound, make sure the repeaters are facing the right way. If it is out of tune, make sure you have tuned the note blocks correctly.
  4. Place a note block behind the last repeater, and right-click it 13 times. To conserve more space, the next 3 repeaters will actually go to the right of the note block. Place a repeater to the right of the note block, and then 2 more to the right of that repeater. All of the repeaters should be set to full 4-tick delay.
  5. Place a note block to the right of the repeater furthest to the right, and right-click it 11 times. Then, place a repeater in front of the note block, on full 4-tick delay, and another one in front of that one, on 2-tick delay, both repeaters facing towards you. Repeat, with the repeaters, like before, facing towards you.
  6. Repeat all of step 5, including the part where you repeat the same pattern again, except this time, right-click the note blocks 10 times. Then, repeat again, but this time, right-click the note blocks 8 times. Finally, place one final note block in front of the repeater closest towards you, and right-click it 6 times.
  7. Press the button, and it should sound like "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star." This is only the first part of the song, so if you want the rest of it, look up sheet music (which is easy to find). Here is the pitch/rhythm guide to Twinkle Twinkle Little Star:
    • C: Right-click note block 6 times
    • D: Right-click note block 8 times
    • E: Right-click note block 10 times
    • F: Right-click note block 11 times
    • G: Right-click note block 13 times
    • A: Right-click note block 15 times.
    • Quarter note (exclusively "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star"): 4 tick repeater + 2 tick repeater (6 redstone ticks)
    • Half note (exclusively "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star"): 4 tick repeater + 4 tick repeater + 4 tick repeater (12 redstone ticks)

The Star Spangled Banner[edit | edit source]

The following song is the first part of The United States National Anthem. Exact instructions are not included this time, so use your knowledge from the previous two songs, and look up notes/rhythms on the chart in the section titled "Translating Real Music to Minecraft Note Blocks," so that you can figure out how to tune the note blocks, how many repeaters go in between the note blocks, and what delay they are set to.

Tip: The tempo is 75, meaning that a quarter note is equal to 8 ticks, or 2 repeaters, both set to full delay.

The only instrument that has the full range of the song is harp/piano. This means that the block under each note block must be something other than wood, sand, gravel, soul sand, concrete, glass, stone, brick, gold, clay, packed ice, wool, or a bone block.

Follow the steps, in order, and use the chart in the section titled "Translating Real Music to Minecraft Note Blocks" to translate the pitches and rhythms into redstone music.

  • F4, Eighth note
  • D4, Eighth note
  • Bb3, Quarter note
  • D4, Quarter note
  • F4, Quarter note
  • Bb4, Half note
  • D5, Eighth note
  • C5, Eighth note
  • Bb4, Quarter note
  • D4, Quarter note
  • E4, Quarter note
  • F4, Half note
  • F4, Eighth note
  • F4, Eighth note
  • D5, Quarter note
  • C5, Quarter note
  • Bb4, Quarter note
  • A4, Half note
  • G4, Eighth note
  • A4, Eighth note
  • Bb4, Quarter note
  • Bb4, Quarter note
  • F4, Quarter note
  • D4, Quarter note
  • Bb3, Quarter note

Other things[edit | edit source]

  • You can use pistons to start/stop the song.
  • You can use buttons to start/stop instead of levers.
  • It is possible to make a song with a certain section that keeps repeating until a signal comes through and moves to the next thing. This is achievable by making a closed circuit using redstone, repeaters, and note blocks, and use a hopper timer to time when to open the circuit and continue the song.

See also[edit | edit source]