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Raid farming is a means to obtain items dropped by raid mobs (pillagers, vindicators, witches, evokers, and ravagers), as well as special items dropped by these mobs during raids: emeralds, enchanted books, iron tools, and iron armor (of which half has enchantments).
Broadly the components of a raid farm are:
- a village (1 bed and 1 villager are sufficient)
- a surface on which the raid is forced to spawn (the ground, or an isolated surface above)
- a way to funnel or guide the raid mobs
- a killing area; that is, mob grinder to kill the mobs, or a holding area for the player to kill them and earn experience as well as loot.
- a pillager outpost converted to a pillager trap to allow the player to kill pillager captains that spawn in the outpost, thereby gaining the Bad Omen effect to trigger raids.