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The sun is a celestial body that provides light and life for the Minecraft world.
The sun and moon rise in the east and set in the west.
When the Player creates a new world, the time is set to dawn and the sun starts on the horizon. As time passes, it slowly moves across the sky. As the sun sets, the moon rises. Overall, daytime lasts 10 minutes (in real time).
Sunlight refers to the light which illuminates all blocks directly below the sky, and which do not have a shadow cast over them by an opaque block or by inclement weather. Clouds themselves do not cast shadows; however, during inclement weather (rain and snow), the sky darkens and reduces the amount of sunlight in the world. During these storms the ambient light value during the day is reduced to 12 from the usual 15, and in thunderstorms the light level is reduced to 10 although treated as 5, allowing hostile mobs to spawn.
When the sun rises and sets, blocks exposed to sunlight change their light level depending on the angle of the sun, giving the effect of gradually getting lighter at dawn and gradually getting darker at dusk. However, shadows of blocks are not affected by the position of the sun in the sky, making sundials impossible.
Illumination decreases with depth underground until ultimately there is no illumination all. A gap or a vertical shaft in the ceiling of a cavern allows sunlight to filter in.
Sunlight can be used to turn dirt blocks into grass blocks, as long as there is an illuminated grass block adjacent to the dirt. Grass blocks spread quickest when exposed to sunlight, which is at the high-point of the day, time 6000.
Effects on mobs
Except for bats, which require light level 4 or darker to spawn, passive mobs require light level 9 or higher to spawn; therefore, they do not spawn after sunset.
Hostile mobs, in contrast, do not spawn in direct sunlight at light level 7 or above. Skeletons, zombies, and phantoms are set on fire upon entering an area fully illuminated by sunlight, and they try to avoid such areas. They do not burn while in water, in the rain, wearing a helmet, or in the shade. Spiders become neutral while in direct sunlight, until attacked by the player. Endermen teleport away from players in sunlight. All other hostile mobs, such as creepers, slimes, and silverfish, are completely unaffected by sunlight.
Boss mobs do not take damage from sunlight; they spawn regardless of the light level.
|Java Edition Indev|
|?||During the beta period, the Minecraft sun used to rise in the north, not in the east, and it was used to set in the south, not in the west. This was a bug, but was left in the game.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||The sun now rises in the east, and sets in the west.|
|The sun was changed from being square to having a more rounded look to it.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6||The sun is now square-shaped again.|
|Previously, the sun textures used to be in /terrain in the minecraft.jar. They are now contained in /environment.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|0.7.3||Added the sun.|
|0.8.0||?||Entities and shadows are affected by the position of the sun.|
|0.10.0||build 1||The sun is now larger.|
|The sun now sets in creative mode.|
|Sunrises and sunsets no longer require chunk updates.|
|build 7||The clouds and the terrain are now tinted red during sunset.|
|1.1.0||?||The sun and moon now rise in the east and set in the west.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU1||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||Added the sun.|
|TU5||Improved sunrise and sunset.|
- The sun is visibly larger during sunrise and sunset.
- If the player is underwater or underground and looks at the sun, it appears the same as the sun at sunset. This is due to the way the sun is rendered when in direct exposure to the sky.
- Standing or flying at a height above the terrain of approximately 1.4× the render distance, the sun appears opposite to the moon in the sky, making it seem almost as if the player is in space.
In Bedrock Edition, when looking toward the sun. The sky gets slightly darker and the sun slightly larger. (You may need to click the image to see it better.)