Sugar Cane

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Sugar Cane
Sugar Cane.png




Blast resistance



Any tool




Yes (64)





Data values

See Data values


See Data values

Sugar cane is a block found as 1–3-block-tall plants near water in the Overworld. As an item, it is an important crafting ingredient.


Sugar cane can be mined instantly with anything.

When the spot a sugar cane block is placed in becomes unsuitable, such as when the supporting block is removed, the sugar cane block will uproot and will drop as an item. Sugar cane will not immediately uproot when all adjacent water is removed, but will do so when it next receives a block update or random tick.

A sugar cane block will also be removed and drop itself as an item if a piston tries to push it (trying to pull it does nothing) or moves a block into its space.

Natural generation[edit]

Naturally-occurring sugar cane near a pond.

Sugar cane can generate naturally near water, as two (1118 chance), three (518 chance), or four (218 chance) blocks tall. Rare taller sugar canes can be found if generation chooses to generate another on top of one already generated.


Due to its water-displacing properties, sugar cane can interestingly be used to create underwater paths, allowing players to move at normal speed and breathe if it is two blocks in height.

Sugar cane takes on a different shade of green depending on the biome in which it is placed.

Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Paper Sugar Cane
Sugar Sugar Cane


An underground sugar cane farm

Sugar cane naturally grows to a height of three blocks, adding a block of height when the top sugar cane block has received 16 random ticks (i.e. on average every 18 minutes, but the actual rate can vary widely). In Bedrock Edition, New 3DS Edition and Legacy Console Edition, bone meal can be used to grow sugar canes to the maximum height.

Sugar cane must be planted on a grass block, dirt, sand, podzol, coarse dirt or red sand that is directly adjacent to water or frosted ice (not merely above or diagonal to water), or on top of another sugar cane block. The adjacent water block can be covered with another block, whether opaque or transparent, and sugar cane will still be able to be placed and grow next to it. Sugar canes grow regardless of light level, even in complete darkness.


Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

Sugar Cane ID name
Sugar Cane minecraft:sugar_cane

Bedrock Edition:

Sugar Cane ID Name Numeral ID
Block minecraft:reeds 83
Item 338

Block data[edit]

See also: Data values

In Bedrock Edition, sugar cane uses the following data values:

Value Meaning
0 Freshly planted sugar cane.
1 to 15 The data value is incremented at random intervals.
When it becomes 15, a new sugar cane block is created on top as long as the total height does not exceed 3.

Block states[edit]

See also: Block states
Name Value Description
 age0–15A freshly-planted cane – and a cane which has just grown cane above it – each have an age of 0.
The age is incremented at random intervals.
At age 15, a cane may try to grow more cane above it.


Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.11 Sugar CaneOld.png Reeds, (the previous name used for sugar cane(s)) were added in the Seecret Friday Update 6 and informally referred to as bamboo or papyrus by many players. Since reeds could be washed away with water currents or instantly destroyed by removing the water adjacent to them, automated reed farms could be made. They can be used to craft paper.
Java Edition Beta
1.2 Notch retconned reeds into sugar cane so that it can be crafted into sugar, included in the recipe for the cakes.
1.6 ?Arrows will no longer stick to sugar cane(s), and instead, they will pass through. However, snowballs will still come into contact with any sugar cane blocks, as if they are solid.
1.8 ?Sugar cane can now grow and be placed onto sand as long as they are adjacent to water. This update allows sugar canes to appear next to water ponds in desert biomes.
Its block form (Sugar cane) and item form (Sugar Canes) were both available in the Creative inventory.
Java Edition
1.7.2 13w36a Sugar Cane.png The color of sugar cane changes depending on the biome they're in.
13w37a The item form of block ID 83 (sugar cane) was removed from the game. It can no longer exist in inventories, only as a block in the world.
1.9 15w43a Sugar cane will no longer break, if its adjacent water is turned to frosted ice.
1.13 17w47a The ID has been changed from reeds to sugar_cane.
Renamed to sugar cane.
Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 83, and the item's 338.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Sugar CaneOld.png Added sugar cane.
0.5.0 Sugar cane can now be grown on sand.
0.9.0 ?Sugar Cane.png Sugar cane color changes depending on the biome.
0.12.1 build 1 Sugar cane is no longer available from the Nether reactor.
Pocket Edition
1.0 build 1 Sugar CaneOld.png Due to a bug, sugar canes will no longer change color depending on the biome.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.13 ?Sugar Cane.png The color of sugar canes again change depending on the biome.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Sugar canes added. They are solid, making it useful for growable walls.
TU2Sugar canes are no longer solid, and arrows pass through them.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3The color of sugar cane changes depending on the biome they're in.


Issues relating to "Sugar Cane" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • When a sugar cane is broken at the second level, the time resets (for example, if a two-block high sugar cane is broken, but is just about to grow to the third stage, it would reset that time).
  • By placing more sugar canes on top of a sugar cane plant, it is possible to create infinitely tall sugar canes. However, it will not naturally grow.
  • Sugar canes usually try to spawn more often on the Legacy Console Edition to ensure that the limited world have some sugar canes to find.
  • There was a common belief that sugar cane grows faster on sand than dirt. However, this has since been debunked.