Sugar Cane

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Sugar Cane
Sugar Cane.png
Plains Sugar Cane.pngRiver Sugar Cane.pngDesert Sugar Cane.pngForest Sugar Cane.pngMountains Sugar Cane.pngGreen Swamp Sugar Cane.pngOlive Swamp Sugar Cane.pngDark Forest Sugar Cane.png




Blast resistance



Any tool




Yes (64)





Data values

See § Data values

Namespaced ID

See § Data values

Sugar cane is a block found as 1–4-block-tall plants near water in the Overworld. As an item, it is an important crafting ingredient.


Sugar cane can be mined instantly with anything.

When the spot a sugar cane block is placed in becomes unsuitable, such as when the supporting block is removed, the sugar cane block uproots and drops as an item. Sugar cane does not immediately uproot when all adjacent water is removed, but does so when it next receives a block update or random tick. In Bedrock Edition, sugar cane uproots immediately after all adjacent water is removed.

A sugar cane block drops itself as an item if a piston tries to push it (trying to pull it does nothing) or moves a block into its space.

Natural generation[edit]

Naturally-occurring sugar cane near a pond.

Sugar cane can generate naturally near water, as two (1118 chance), three (518 chance), or four (218 chance) blocks tall. Rare taller sugar canes can be found if generation chooses to generate another on top of one already generated.

Sugar canes are five times more likely to generate in desert biome variants than in other biomes.


Wandering traders can sell sugar cane for an emerald.‌[BEJE & PS4 only]


Due to its water-displacing properties, sugar cane can interestingly be used to create underwater paths, allowing players to move at normal speed and breathe if it is two blocks in height.

Sugar cane takes on a different shade of green depending on the biome in which it is placed.

Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Paper Sugar Cane
Sugar Sugar Cane


An underground sugar cane farm

Sugar cane can generate naturally up to four blocks tall, but short plants grow only to a height of three blocks, adding a block of height when the top sugar cane block has received 16 random ticks (i.e. on average every 18 minutes, but the actual rate can vary widely). In Bedrock Edition, New 3DS Edition and Legacy Console Edition, bone meal can be used to grow sugar canes to the maximum height.

Sugar cane must be planted on a grass block, dirt, sand, podzol, coarse dirt or red sand that is directly adjacent to water or frosted ice (not merely above or diagonal to water), or on top of another sugar cane block. The adjacent water block can be covered with another block, whether opaque or transparent, and sugar cane can still be placed and grow next to it. Sugar cane grows regardless of light level, even in complete darkness.


Placing sugar cane into a composter has a 50% chance of raising the compost level by 1.

List of colors[edit]

[more information needed]


Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

Sugar Cane Name ID
Sugar Cane sugar_cane

Bedrock Edition:

Sugar Cane Namespaced ID Numeric ID
Block reeds 83
Item 338

Block data[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, sugar cane uses the following data values:

Value Meaning
0 Freshly planted sugar cane.
1 to 15 The data value is incremented at random intervals.
When it becomes 15, a new sugar cane block is created on top as long as the total height does not exceed 3.

Block states[edit]

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
A freshly-planted cane – and a cane which has just grown cane above it – each have an age of 0.
The age is incremented at random intervals.
At age 15, a cane may try to grow more cane above it.


Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.11Sugar CaneOld.pngSugar Cane Item Revision 1.png Reeds, (the previous name used for sugar cane(s)) were added in the Seecret Friday Update 6 and informally referred to as bamboo or papyrus by many players. Since reeds could be washed away with water currents or instantly destroyed by removing the water adjacent to them, automated reed farms could be made. They can be used to craft paper.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Notch retconned reeds into sugar cane so that it can be crafted into sugar, included in the recipe for the cakes.
1.6?Arrows no longer stick to sugar cane(s), and instead, they pass through. However, snowballs still come into contact with any sugar cane blocks, as if they are solid.
1.8?Sugar cane can now grow and be placed onto sand as long as they are adjacent to water. This update allows sugar canes to appear next to water ponds in desert biomes.
Its block form (Sugar cane) and item form (Sugar Canes) were both available in the Creative inventory.
Java Edition
1.7.213w36aSugar Cane.png The color of sugar cane now changes depending on the biome they're in.
13w37aThe item form of block ID 83 (sugar cane) was removed from the game. It can no longer exist in inventories, only as a block in the world.
1.915w43aSugar cane no longer breaks if its adjacent water is turned to frosted ice.
1.1317w47aThe ID has been changed from reeds to sugar_cane.
Renamed to sugar cane.
Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 83, and the item's 338.
1.1418w43aSugar Cane Item.png Changed the item's texture.
19w03aPlacing sugarcane into the new composter has a 20% chance of raising the compost level by 1.
19w05aSugar cane now has a 50% chance of increasing the compost level in a composter by 1.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Sugar CaneOld.png Added sugar cane. It is not known if this or Sugar Canes was their initial name. They are available in the inventory in the now-unobtainable block form, as opposed to the item, and it is not known when this changed.
0.5.0Sugar cane can now be grown on sand.
0.9.0build 1Sugar Cane.png Sugar cane color now changes depending on the biome.
0.12.1build 1Sugar cane is no longer available from the Nether reactor.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha CaneOld.png Due to a bug, sugar canes no longer change color depending on the biome.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.13beta Cane.png The color of sugar canes again change depending on the biome.
1.10.0beta cane can now be bought from wandering traders.
1.11.0beta canes can now be used to fill up composters.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Sugar canes added. They are solid, making it useful for growable walls. It is not known if or when they were renamed to "Sugar Cane".
TU2Sugar canes are no longer solid, and arrows pass through them.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3The color of sugar cane now changes depending on the biome they're in.


Issues relating to "Sugar Cane" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • When a sugar cane is broken at the second level, the time resets (for example, if a two-block high sugar cane is broken, but is just about to grow to the third stage, it would reset that time).
  • By placing more sugar canes on top of a sugar cane plant, it is possible to create very tall sugar canes (up to y=255, the maximum height for building), although they do not naturally grow this high.
  • Sugar canes usually try to spawn more often on the Legacy Console Edition to ensure that the limited world have some sugar canes to find.
  • Before sugar cane received an official name, they were sometimes referred to as bamboo, a block added 9 years later. Other names were "reeds" and "papyrus".