Stairs

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Stairs
Oak Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngBirch Stairs.pngJungle Stairs.pngAcacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.pngRed Sandstone Stairs.pngCobblestone Stairs.pngBrick Stairs.pngStone Brick Stairs.pngNether Brick Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.pngPurpur Stairs.pngPrismarine Stairs.gifPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.pngStone Stairs.pngAndesite Stairs.pngPolished Andesite Stairs.pngDiorite Stairs.pngPolished Diorite Stairs.pngGranite Stairs.pngPolished Granite Stairs.pngMossy Stone Brick Stairs.pngMossy Cobblestone Stairs.pngSmooth Sandstone Stairs.pngSmooth Red Sandstone Stairs.pngSmooth Quartz Stairs.pngRed Nether Brick Stairs.pngEnd Stone Brick Stairs.png
Prismarine Stairs
Transparent

Partial (blocks light)

Luminance

0

Blast resistance

Wood: 15
Stone: 30
Sandstone, Quartz, Red Sandstone: 4

Tools

Renewable

Andesite, Granite and Diorite: No
Bricks and Red Sandstone: Yes‌[JE & BE only]
Sandstone: No‌[BE & LCE only]
Sandstone: Yes‌[JE only]
Smooth Quartz: Yes
Nether Brick and Red Nether Brick: Yes‌[BE & LCE only]
All others: Yes

Stackable

Yes (64)

Flammable

Wood: Yes
Stone: No

Drops

Itself

Data values

See § Data values

Namespaced ID

See § Data values

Stairs are blocks that allow mobs and players to change elevation without jumping.

Obtaining[edit]

Stairs can be crafted, or can be found in villages, strongholds, temples, fortresses, end cities and woodland mansions.

Breaking[edit]

Wood stairs drop themselves as items when broken with any tool, or with no tool, but an axe is fastest. Non-wood stairs drop themselves as items only if broken with a pickaxe.

Block Brick
Cobblestone
Nether Brick
Stone Brick
Purpur
Quartz
Sandstone
Red Sandstone
Wooden
Hardness 2 1.5 0.8 2
Tool
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 10 7.5 4 3
Wooden 1.5 1.15 0.65 1.5
Stone 0.75 0.6 0.35 0.75
Iron 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5
Diamond 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4
Golden 0.25 0.2 0.1 0.25
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Haste § Instant mining.

Crafting[edit]

Wood stairs must be crafted entirely from one type and color of wood, and they retain the style of that wood's type and color.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Wood Stairs Matching Planks
Cobblestone Stairs Cobblestone
Brick Stairs Bricks
Stone Brick Stairs Any Stone Bricks
Nether Brick Stairs Nether Bricks
Sandstone Stairs Sandstone
Red Sandstone Stairs Red Sandstone
Quartz Stairs Any Quartz Block
Purpur Stairs Any Purpur Block
Prismarine Stairs or
Prismarine Brick Stairs or
Dark Prismarine Stairs
Prismarine or
Prismarine Bricks or
Dark Prismarine
Stone Stairs Stone
Andesite Stairs or
Polished Andesite Stairs
Andesite or
Polished Andesite
Diorite Stairs or
Polished Diorite Stairs
Diorite or
Polished Diorite
Granite Stairs or
Polished Granite Stairs
Granite or
Polished Granite
Mossy Stone Brick Stairs Mossy Stone Bricks
Mossy Cobblestone Stairs Mossy Cobblestone
Smooth Sandstone Stairs Smooth Sandstone
Smooth Red Sandstone Stairs Smooth Red Sandstone
Smooth Quartz Stairs Smooth Quartz
Red Nether Brick Stairs Red Nether Bricks
End Stone Brick Stairs End Stone Bricks

Natural generation[edit]

  • Oak and cobblestone stairs generate naturally in plains villages.
  • Acacia stairs generate naturally in savanna villages.
  • Sandstone stairs generate naturally in some warm underwater ruins.
  • Cobblestone and stone brick stairs generate naturally in strongholds.
  • Nether brick stairs generate naturally in nether fortresses.
  • Stone brick stairs generate naturally in some cold underwater ruins.
  • Spruce stairs generate naturally in witch huts and in igloo basements.
  • Spruce and diorite stairs generate in snowy tundra villages.
  • Spruce and cobblestone stairs generate in taiga and snowy taiga villages.
  • Purpur stairs generate naturally in end cities.
  • Oak, dark oak and birch stairs as well as cobblestone stairs generate naturally in woodland mansions.
  • Oak, birch, spruce, jungle, acacia, and dark oak stairs can generate naturally in shipwrecks.
  • Dark oak, cobblestone, and mossy cobblestone stairs can generate in pillager outposts.
  • Sandstone, smooth sandstone, and granite stairs generate in desert villages.

Stonecutting[edit]

Name Ingredients Cutting recipe
Stone Stairs Stone
Stone Brick Stairs or
Mossy Stone Brick Stairs
Stone or
Stone Bricks or
Mossy Stone Bricks
Granite Stairs or
Polished Granite Stairs
Granite or
Polished Granite
Diorite Stairs or
Polished Diorite Stairs
Diorite or
Polished Diorite
Andesite Stairs or
Polished Andesite Stairs
Andesite or
Polished Andesite
Cobblestone Stairs or
Mossy Cobblestone Stairs
Cobblestone or
Mossy Cobblestone
Sandstone Stairs or
Smooth Sandstone Stairs
Sandstone or
Smooth Sandstone
Red Sandstone Stairs or
Smooth Red Sandstone Stairs
Red Sandstone or
Smooth Red Sandstone
Prismarine Stairs or
Prismarine Brick Stairs or
Dark Prismarine Stairs
Prismarine or
Prismarine Bricks or
Dark Prismarine
PrismarineInvicon Prismarine Stairs.gifPrismarine Stairs
Quartz Stairs or
Smooth Quartz Stairs
Block of Quartz or
Smooth Quartz
Purpur Stairs Purpur Block
Brick Stairs Bricks
Nether Brick Stairs or
Red Nether Brick Stairs
Nether Bricks or
Red Nether Bricks
End Stone Brick Stairs End Stone or
End Stone Bricks

Usage[edit]

Walking[edit]

Walking up stairs is faster than jumping up the same distance. It also only costs 0.01 exhaustion from the player's hunger bar per horizontal meter walked on a stairway, versus 0.2 exhaustion per jump.

Placing[edit]

Stairs ReconfigurationLeft: Original facing when separate. Right: Changed shape when adjacent (top: inner corner; bottom: outer corner).

To place stairs, use a stairs item while pointing at a surface facing the space the stairs should occupy. Stairs will place with the half-block side closest to the player.

Stairs can be placed either right side up or upside-down:

  • Pointing at a block top or the bottom half of a block side will place the stairs right side up.
  • Pointing at a block bottom or the top half of a block side will place the stairs upside-down.

Stairs will change their shape to join with adjacent stairs (of any material):

  • When a stairs' half-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will wrap into an "L" shape to join the other stairs (it creates an "inner corner").
  • When a stairs' full-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will shorten to join only the other stairs' full-block side (it creates an "outer corner").

Right side up stairs won't join with upside-down stairs and vice versa.

Fuel[edit]

Wooden stairs can be used as a fuel in furnaces, smelting 1.5 items per block.

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

Name Namespaced ID
Oak Stairs oak_stairs
Cobblestone Stairs cobblestone_stairs
Brick Stairs brick_stairs
Stone Brick Stairs stone_brick_stairs
Nether Brick Stairs nether_brick_stairs
Sandstone Stairs sandstone_stairs
Spruce Stairs spruce_stairs
Birch Stairs birch_stairs
Jungle Stairs jungle_stairs
Quartz Stairs quartz_stairs
Acacia Stairs acacia_stairs
Dark Oak Stairs dark_oak_stairs
Red Sandstone Stairs red_sandstone_stairs
Purpur Stairs purpur_stairs
Prismarine Stairs prismarine_stairs
Prismarine Brick Stairs prismarine_brick_stairs
Dark Prismarine Stairs dark_prismarine_stairs
Stone Stairs stone_stairs
Granite Stairs granite_stairs
Polished Granite Stairs polished_granite_stairs
Diorite Stairs diorite_stairs
Polished Diorite Stairs polished_diorite_stairs
Andesite Stairs andesite_stairs
Polished Andesite Stairs polished_andesite_stairs
Red Nether Brick Stairs red_nether_brick_stairs
End Stone Brick Stairs end_stone_brick_stairs
Mossy Stone Brick Stairs mossy_stone_brick_stairs</code
Mossy Cobblestone Stairs mossy_cobblestone_stairs</code
Smooth Sandstone Stairs smooth_sandstone_stairs
Smooth Red Sandstone Stairs smooth_red_sandstone_stairs
Smooth Quartz Stairs smooth_quartz_stairs

Bedrock Edition:

Name Namespaced ID Numeric ID
Oak Wood Stairs oak_stairs 53
Cobblestone Stairs stone_stairs 67
Brick Stairs brick_stairs 108
Stone Brick Stairs stone_brick_stairs 109
Nether Brick Stairs nether_brick_stairs 114
Sandstone Stairs sandstone_stairs 128
Spruce Wood Stairs spruce_stairs 134
Birch Wood Stairs birch_stairs 135
Jungle Wood Stairs jungle_stairs 136
Quartz Stairs quartz_stairs 156
Acacia Wood Stairs acacia_stairs 163
Dark Oak Wood Stairs dark_oak_stairs 164
Red Sandstone Stairs red_sandstone_stairs 180
Purpur Stairs purpur_stairs 203
Prismarine Stairs prismarine_stairs 257
Dark Prismarine Stairs dark_prismarine_stairs 258
Prismarine Brick Stairs prismarine_bricks_stairs 259
Granite Stairs granite_stairs 424
Diorite Stairs diorite_stairs 425
Andesite Stairs andesite_stairs 426
Polished Granite Stairs polished_granite_stairs 427
Polished Diorite Stairs polished_diorite_stairs 428
Polished Andesite Stairs polished_andesite_stairs 429
Mossy Stone Brick Stairs mossy_stone_brick_stairs 430
Smooth Red Sandstone Stairs smooth_red_sandstone_stairs 431
Smooth Sandstone Stairs smooth_sandstone_stairs 432
End Stone Brick Stairs end_brick_stairs 433
Mossy Cobblestone Stairs mossy_cobblestone_stairs 434
Stone Stairs normal_stone_stairs 435
Red Nether Brick Stairs red_nether_brick_stairs 439
Smooth Quartz Stairs smooth_quartz_stairs 440

Block data[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, stairs use the following data values:

Bits Description
0x1
0x2
A two-bit field containing a value from 0 to 3 specifying the direction of the stairs' full-block side:
  • 0: East
  • 1: West
  • 2: South
  • 3: North
0x4 Set if stairs are upside-down
0x8 (unused)

Block states[edit]

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
facingnortheast
north
south
west
The direction the stairs' full-block side faces.
When placed in-game by a player, this matches the direction the player faces.
halfbottombottom
top
Top if the stairs are upside-down.
shapestraightinner_left
inner_right
outer_left
outer_right
straight
"straight" is the default stairs shape.
"inner" is an "inside corner" stair shape, with two full-block and two stair-shaped side faces.
"outer" is an "outside corner" stair shape, with two stair-shaped and two half-block side faces.
"left" and "right" specify in which direction is the higher part of the step.
waterloggedfalsefalse
true
Whether or not there's water in the same place as these stairs.

History[edit]

Java Edition Infdev
June 29, 2010Oak Stairs Revision 1.pngCobblestone Stairs Revision 1.png Added oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs.
Wooden stairs do not burn.
Both icon textures for stairs in the inventory are simply flat planks and cobblestone textures.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.1 Stair inventory textures have been finally changed to a solid two step texture, which are glitched.
v1.2.0?Before this version, stairs would determine their orientation based on the surrounding blocks (changing if they were changed). They would attempt to face a block adjacent to the stairs, so as to create a climbable surface towards that block. However, this was often more annoying than helpful, and was therefore changed to be placed facing the player.
v1.2.2Stairs will now have the odd property of being transparent to light; when placed one or more spaces above the ground with air beneath, sunlight or other light sources would shine through and light the blocks beneath or behind the stairs exactly as if nothing opaque are present between them.
Other atmospheric effects such as snowfall will not penetrate stair blocks, making them an unusually effective material for creating roofing which kept weather out, but still let daylight in.
Snow cannot accumulate on top of stair blocks, grass is able to grow on the block directly underneath a stair block, and grass will disappear if a stair block was placed on top of it. Any stair block placed in Alpha v1.2.0_02 to Beta 1.5 would keep this property in later versions until it or an adjacent block is changed or removed, causing a lighting update.
Java Edition Beta
1.0Items were given in-game names. The two types of stairs were named "Wooden Stairs" and "Stone Stairs", respectively.
1.6?Wooden stairs and fences are now flammable.
The light transparency from Alpha v1.2.2 has been fixed.
Reversed the inventory icon for stairs to show a more recognizable figure.
1.7Cobblestone Stairs.png Updated cobblestone's texture, and by extension the stairs.
1.8?Brick Stairs Revision 1.pngStone Brick Stairs.png Added brick and stone brick stairs.
Stone brick stairs will drop either stone bricks, cracked stone bricks, mossy stone bricks or a type of stone bricks, which looks regular, but does not stack, when broken due to the data value carrying over.
Mining a stair block will now yield the stair's source material, rather than a stair block, thus wasting material.
1.8.1Stone brick stairs will now always drop regular stone bricks.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 PrereleaseNether Brick Stairs.png Added nether brick stairs.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 5Brick Stairs.png Changed the texture of bricks, and by extension brick stairs.
Oak Stairs.png Updated planks's texture, and by extension the stairs.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6Mining a stair block will now drop the stair block, instead of the stair's source material.
1.2.112w08aAdded upside-down stairs. Before they were added, edited data values of 4 through 15 would create invisible stairs that could be walked through; these higher values are now used for upside-down stairs.
1.3.112w21aSandstone Stairs Revision 1.png Added sandstone stairs.
12w22aCobblestone stairs will now generate in jungle temples.
12w25aRedstone dust, repeaters, torches, levers, pressure plates and rails can now be placed on stairs positioned upside down.
Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngJungle Stairs.png Added wooden stairs for the remaining three wood types (birch, spruce and jungle).
12w26aAdded crafting recipes for birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs.
1.4.212w34aStairs will now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
12w39aStairs will now interact properly with lighting.
Smooth lighting on stairs is currently slightly bugged.
1.513w02aQuartz Stairs.png Added quartz stairs.
13w05aFixed stairs lighting when Smooth Lighting is on.
13w05bStairs will now no longer stop sprinting.
?Sandstone Stairs.png The texture of sandstone stairs have been changed slightly.
1.7.21.7-preAcacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
1.814w21bUpside down sandstone and quartz stairs each have now had their top and bottom textures switched.[1]
14w31aRenamed "Stone Stairs" to "Cobblestone Stairs".
14w32aRed Sandstone Stairs.png Added red sandstone stairs.
1.9June 22, 2015Jeb reveals purpur stairs on Instagram, with the words "MINECON 2015 HYPE!"
15w31aPurpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
Stairs are now rotated 90° in the inventory.
15w43aSpruce wood stairs act as corners of a table will now generate within igloo basements.
1.1116w39aOak, birch and dark oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs will now generate in woodland mansions.
1.1217w15aTorches can now be placed on the full-block sides of stairs.
Iron bars, glass panes and fences adjacent to the full-block side of a stair will now visually connect.
Carpet and snow layers can now be placed on top of upside-down stairs.
April 17, 2018Dinnerbone confirms that Java Edition 1.14 will contain many new stairs and slabs.
1.1317w47aThe cobblestone stairs ID has now been changed from stone_stairs to cobblestone_stairs.
Renamed <wood type> wood stairs to <wood type> stairs.
Prior to The Flattening, these blocks' numeral IDs were 53, 67, 108, 109, 114, 128, 134, 135, 136, 156, 163, 164, 180 and 203.
18w07aPrismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png Added stairs for prismarine variants.
18w09aStone brick and sandstone stairs will now generate in underwater ruins.
18w10cWater can now be placed on the same block as stairs.
18w20aRenamed "Prismarine Bricks Stairs" to "Prismarine Brick Stairs."
1.13.118w32aPurpur stairs can now be crafted with purpur pillars.
October 8, 2018LadyAgnes tweets a photo of granite, andesite, and diorite stairs. Confirming in the tweet that polished variants would be coming soon.
October 10, 2018Dinnerbone tweets that there will be 14 new stair blocks.
1.1418w43aAndesite Stairs.pngPolished Andesite Stairs.pngDiorite Stairs Revision 1.pngPolished Diorite Stairs Revision 1.pngGranite Stairs.pngPolished Granite Stairs.pngMossy Stone Brick Stairs.pngMossy Cobblestone Stairs.pngStone Stairs Revision 1.pngSmooth Sandstone Stairs Revision 1.pngSmooth Red Sandstone Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.pngRed Nether Brick Stairs.pngEnd Stone Brick Stairs.png Added andesite, polished andesite, diorite, polished diorite, granite, polished granite, mossy stone brick, mossy cobblestone, smooth sandstone, smooth red sandstone, smooth quartz, stone, red nether brick and end stone brick stairs.
18w44aAndesite Stairs.pngPolished Andesite Stairs.pngDiorite Stairs.pngStone Stairs.pngSmooth Sandstone Stairs.png The textures for andesite, polished andesite, diorite, polished diorite, stone, smooth sandstone stairs have now been changed.
19w03cRemoved some redundant faces.[2]
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Oak Stairs.pngCobblestone Stairs.png Added wooden (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
0.3.0Brick Stairs.png Added brick stairs.
0.6.0Nether Brick Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.pngStone Brick Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.png Added nether brick, sandstone, stone brick and quartz stairs.
Corner stairs and upside-down stairs have now been added.
0.8.0build 2Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngJungle Stairs.png Birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs added.
0.9.0build 1Acacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak wood stairs.
Stone brick stairs will now naturally generate in strongholds.
Cobblestone and oak wood stairs will now naturally generate in villages.
?The tooltip has now been changed from [woodtype] Stairs to [woodtype] Wood Stairs.
0.11.0build 1Acacia and dark oak wooden stairs are now flammable.
Quartz stairs can now be crafted in survival mode.
0.12.1build 1Nether Brick Stairs.png Added nether brick stairs.
0.13.0build 1Sandstone stairs will now generate in desert temples.
0.14.0build 1Red Sandstone Stairs BE.png Added red sandstone stairs.
0.14.2Nether Brick Stairs BE.png Brightened the nether brick stairs texture as a result of brightening the nether bricks texture.
0.15.0build 1Cobblestone stairs will now generate in jungle temples.
Savanna villages will now generate with acacia wood stairs instead oak stairs.
Spruce wood stairs will now generate in taiga, snowy tundra and snowy taiga villages.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha 0.17.0.1Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
Spruce wood stairs act as corners of a table will now generate within igloo basements.
1.1.0alpha 1.1.0.0Oak, birch and dark oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs will now generate in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.4.0beta 1.2.13.8Prismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png Added stairs for prismarine variants.
beta 1.2.14.2Wooden stairs can now generate in shipwrecks.
beta 1.2.20.1Stone brick stairs and sandstone stairs can now generate naturally in some underwater ruins.
1.9.0beta 1.9.0.0 Andesite Stairs.pngPolished Andesite Stairs.pngDiorite Stairs Revision 1.pngPolished Diorite Stairs Revision 1.pngGranite Stairs.pngPolished Granite Stairs.pngMossy Stone Brick Stairs.pngMossy Cobblestone Stairs.pngStone Stairs Revision 1.pngSmooth Sandstone Stairs Revision 1.pngSmooth Red Sandstone Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.pngRed Nether Brick Stairs.pngEnd Stone Brick Stairs.png Added stone, andesite, polished andesite, diorite, polished diorite, granite, polished granite, mossy stone brick, mossy cobblestone, smooth sandstone, smooth red sandstone, smooth quartz, red nether brick, and end stone brick stairs.
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Changed stairs textures.
Cobblestone, mossy cobblestone, and dark oak stairs now generate in pillager outposts.
Granite and smooth sandstone stairs now generate in desert villages.
Diorite stairs now generate in snowy tundra villages.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Patch 1Oak Stairs.png[verify]Cobblestone Stairs.png [verify] Added wood (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
TU5Stone Brick Stairs.pngBrick Stairs.png Added stone brick stairs and brick stairs.
TU7Nether Brick Stairs.png Added Nether brick stairs.
TU9Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.png Added birch and spruce wood stairs and sandstone stairs.
TU12Jungle Stairs.png Added jungle wood stairs.
Stairs will now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
Stairs can now be placed upside down.
Items can now be placed directly on upside down stairs.
TU13Jungle wood stairs are now flammable.
TU141.04Quartz Stairs.png Added quartz stairs.
The placement of upside down stairs and slabs has now been changed.
TU27CU151.18Acacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Red Sandstone Stairs.png Added Red Sandstone Stairs.
Renamed "Stone Stairs" into "Cobblestone Stairs".
TU46CU361.38Patch 15Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
TU54CU441.52Patch 24Patch 4Torches can now be placed on the full-block sides of stairs.
Iron bars, glass panes and fences adjacent to the full-block side of a stair will now visually connect.
Carpet and snow layers can now be placed on top of upside-down stairs.
TU691.76Patch 38Prismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png Added stairs for prismarine variants.
PlayStation 4 Edition
1.83Andesite Stairs.pngPolished Andesite Stairs.pngDiorite Stairs Revision 1.pngPolished Diorite Stairs Revision 1.pngGranite Stairs.pngPolished Granite Stairs.pngMossy Stone Brick Stairs.pngMossy Cobblestone Stairs.pngStone Stairs Revision 1.pngSmooth Sandstone Stairs Revision 1.pngSmooth Red Sandstone Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.pngRed Nether Brick Stairs.pngEnd Stone Brick Stairs.png Added andesite, polished andesite, diorite, polished diorite, granite, polished granite, mossy stone brick, mossy cobblestone, smooth sandstone, smooth red sandstone, smooth quartz, stone, red nether brick and end stone brick stairs.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
1.7.10Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Stairs" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]