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First appearances

See History



Data value

dec: 442 hex: 1BA bin: 110111010



Java Edition.png

Shields are tools used for protecting the player against attacks.



Ingredients Crafting recipe
Any Planks +
Iron Ingot


Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Damaged Shield

The durability of the two shields is added together, plus an extra 5% durability. The repaired shield has no pattern.

Shields may also be repaired on an anvil by using planks. Shields repaired on anvils will retain their pattern.



Shields are used for blocking incoming attacks. Using one causes the player to slow to a sneaking pace, and after four ticks (0.2 seconds), blockable attacks coming from in front of the player will be negated, dealing no damage. When the shield blocks an attack which is 4 (Heart.svgHeart.svg) or stronger, it takes damage equal to the strength of the attack (rounded down) plus 1. Most non-damage effects of ranged attacks (such as being set on fire by a fireball, or poisoned by a poisonous arrow) are prevented, while being set on fire by a flaming arrow is not. Knockback from both melee attacks and projectiles is entirely nullified, while knockback from explosions is reduced to one block or less. When a melee attack is blocked, the attacker will be knocked back slightly, one block away.

The shield blocks any directional attacks coming from up to (but not including) 90° away from the horizontal direction the player is facing, i.e. it covers almost a full hemisphere in front of the player. The player's vertical rotation normally makes no difference to the direction of blocked attacks, however, a player facing straight up or straight down might be unable to block attacks from any direction. Similarly, an attack coming from directly above or directly below cannot be blocked as it has no horizontal direction.

Blockable attacks include mob/player melee attacks, arrows, fireballs, thrown items such as tridents and snowballs (all projectiles), damage from Thorns (also includes spines of pufferfish), and some explosions (e.g. creeper explosions or TNT ignited by another player are blockable, but not TNT ignited by yourself or by a redstone mechanism). Shields do not block guardian/elder guardian lasers, and like armor, any other magical damage.

If attacked by an axe, use of the shield has a chance to be disabled for 5 seconds. The shield also does not block for 0.25 seconds after being selected.

When hit by an arrow or trident, they will ricochet off the shield and may hit other entities. The shield also prevents the pieces of armor from being damaged.

Applying patterns[edit]

Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Shield +
Matching Banner

Applies the banner pattern to the shield. The banner is consumed.
The shield must have no preexisting patterns.
Does not change existing durability or enchantments on the shield.

Unlike with banners, shields cannot be repainted or washed in a cauldron. Shields have only half the resolution of banners, making patterns look slightly different. In the game files, the pattern textures can be found in a separate directory called entity/shield.

Shields with patterns can also be obtained using the same commands as banners, except banner has to be replaced with shield.


A shield can receive the following enchantments, but only through an anvil:


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Internal ID
Not Today, Thank You Deflect an arrow with a shield Suit Up Deflect a projectile with a shield. minecraft:story/deflect_arrow


Java Edition Beta
10 July 2011 During an interview, Jeb says that "shields for the left arm or sth" might be added.
Java Edition
1.9 15w33c Added shields, which replace the blocking functionality of swords, although blocking more damage.
Their original crafting recipe included wool, producing 16 possible colored shields; there was no blank, uncolored shield.
Any of the colored base shields could be crafted with a banner of the same base color, to produce a patterned shield.
15w34c When an attack is blocked by a shield, the attacker may be knocked back.
Being attacked with an axe may disable shield use for 5 seconds.
15w37a The crafting recipe was changed.
Crafting now produces a base wooden shield that can be crafted together with any banner.
Cooldown reduced from 0.5s to 0.25s.
Blocking now prevents some side effects.[verify]
Arrows now ricochet off shields
15w44a Shields can be repaired by combining with other shields. This removes any banner that had been applied.
15w45a Crafting a banner onto a shield now consumes the banner.
15w47b Added shield blocking sounds.
16w07a Added more variation of shield blocking sounds.
1.9-pre1 Increased durability from 181 to 337.
1.11 16w33a Crafting a shield with a banner no longer changes the durability, nor does it remove enchantments from it.
16w35a Shields now block 100% of damage/knockback dealt in melee combat.
1.13 17w47a Prior to The Flattening, this item's numeral ID was 442.


Issues relating to "Shield" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.