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Blast resistance



Any tool




Yes (64)





Data value

dec: 06 hex: 6 bin: 110


See § Data values

A sapling is one of seven types of plant; six of which can be grown into a tree and one which grows into bamboo.


Saplings can be broken using any tool, and (with the exception of bamboo saplings) will always drop themselves.


When leaves are broken by any tool except shears, they will have a 5% chance of dropping a sapling, except for jungle leaves, which have a 2.5% chance of dropping a sapling.

The Fortune enchantment increases the rate to 6.25% (2.78% for jungle leaves) at level I, 8.33% (3.125% for jungle leaves) at level II, and 10% (4.17% for jungle leaves) at level III.

Natural generation[edit]

Oak saplings can be found in 25.6% of village blacksmith chests in stacks of 3–7.

In Bedrock Edition all saplings can be found in 16.7% of bonus chests in stacks of 4.

Dark oak saplings generate naturally in a certain room in woodland mansions. They are also found inside a chest in that room

Potted spruce sapling generate in some taiga and snowy taiga village houses.‌[upcoming: JE 1.14 & BE 1.10]


Each type of sapling is sold by wandering trader for 5 emeralds.‌[upcoming: JE 1.14 & BE 1.10]


Growing trees[edit]

Saplings come in seven varieties, one for each of six trees: oak, birch, spruce, jungle, acacia, and dark oak. There is also the bamboo sapling, linked to the bamboo plant.

Tree saplings can grow into trees when placed on dirt, podzol or a grass block. Oak, birch, and (normal) spruce can also grow on farmland, and 2×2 trees only check for dirt or grass under the northwestern-most sapling. The sapling requires a light level of at least 9, and require a certain amount of space around the sapling, based on its type:

  • Oak needs at least 5 spaces above
  • Birch needs at least 6 spaces above
  • Spruce needs at least 7 spaces above when placing a single sapling
    • Giant spruce needs at least 14 spaces above when planted as 4 saplings in a 2×2 square
  • Jungle needs at least 5 spaces above when placing a single sapling
    • Giant jungle needs at least 11 spaces above and 1 space adjacent when planted as 4 saplings in a 2×2 square
  • Acacia needs at least 6 spaces above
  • Dark oak needs at least 7 spaces above and must be planted as 4 saplings in a 2×2 square

Bone meal can be used to speed up the growth of the sapling, and to grow the tree without sufficient light.

Tree saplings have two growth stages (with no visible difference between them) before growing into trees. When a tree is to be grown, a height is chosen and then the ground and space are checked; if the ground is bad or there is not space for the chosen height, the tree will not grow.

Oak saplings will grow through dirt, replacing it with wood trunks.

Single and giant trees will not grow when they have an adjacent block next to them above ground, including half blocks. Single trees will allow objects to be placed at their diagonals without impeding growth, giant trees will not. Oak trees ignore adjacent blocks and will grow anyway, provided there is enough space above.


Any kind of tree sapling can be placed in a flower pot.


Tree saplings can be used as a fuel in furnaces, smelting 0.5 items per sapling.


Placing saplings into a composter has a 30% chance of raising the compost level by 1.‌[upcoming: JE 1.14]

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

Block Name ID
Oak Sapling oak_sapling
Spruce Sapling spruce_sapling
Birch Sapling birch_sapling
Jungle Sapling jungle_sapling
Acacia Sapling acacia_sapling
Dark Oak Sapling dark_oak_sapling

Bedrock Edition:

Block Name ID Numeric ID
Sapling sapling 6

Block data[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, saplings use the following data values:

Bits Values
A three-bit field storing a value of 0 to 5 specifying the type of sapling:
  • 0: Oak Sapling
  • 1: Spruce Sapling
  • 2: Birch Sapling
  • 3: Jungle Sapling
  • 4: Acacia Sapling
  • 5: Dark Oak Sapling
0x8 Set if sapling is ready to grow into a tree.

Block states[edit]

Name Value Description
Specifies the sapling's growth stage.


Java Edition Pre-classic
rd-161348 Oak Sapling Revision 1.png Saplings were added to the game.
Java Edition Classic
0.0.11a Oak Sapling Revision 2.png Changed texture from original.
0.0.13a Oak Sapling Revision 1.png The texture was changed back to the original.
August 25, 2009Showed saplings growing into trees.
0.24_SURVIVAL_TEST Added tree growth.[needs testing]
Java Edition Indev
0.31 Oak Sapling Revision 3.png Changed texture.
Java Edition Infdev
April 20, 2010 Saplings can grow into fancy trees instead of the original pattern.
June 7, 2010 Saplings grow into regular trees again.
Java Edition Beta
1.5 Birch Sapling.pngSpruce Sapling.pngAdded birch and spruce saplings. Before, trees only dropped oak saplings, regardless of the tree.
Saplings can now be used as fuel in furnaces.
Java Edition
1.1 12w01a Oak Saplings can be found in the new village blacksmith chests.
1.2.1 12w04a Oak Sapling Revision 4.png Changed texture of oak saplings.
Jungle Sapling.pngAdded Jungle saplings.
1.3.1 12w17a Saplings now have names based on their type of tree.
1.4.2 12w34a Added the ability to place saplings in flower pots.
1.7.2 13w43a Acacia Sapling.pngDark Oak Sapling.pngAdded Acacia and Roofed Oak saplings.
1.7-pre Renamed Roofed Oak to Dark Oak.
?Blocks can be replaced with wood by growing dark oak saplings. If pre-existing parts of a dark oak tree exist, the tree may randomly grow downwards, replacing any block in the way with wood.
1.8.2 pre4 Blocks can no longer be replaced using dark oak saplings.
1.11 16w39a Dark oak and birch saplings now generate in woodland mansions.
1.13 17w47a The different type block states for the sapling ID have been split up into their own IDs.
Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 6.
Upcoming Java Edition
1.14 19w03a Placing a sapling into the new composter block added in 1.14 has a 10% chance of raising the compost level by 1.
19w05a Saplings now have a 30% chance of increasing the compost level in a composter by 1.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.3.2 Added oak, birch and spruce saplings.
0.9.0 build 1 Added jungle, acacia and dark oak saplings.
build 5 Spruce saplings can be used to grow mega spruce trees.
Pocket Edition
1.1.0 alpha Dark oak and birch saplings now generate in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0 beta Sapling can be found in bonus chest.
Upcoming Bedrock Edition
1.10.0 beta Saplings can be bought from wandering traders.
Potted spruce sapling can be found in taiga and snowy taiga village mason houses.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Added oak saplings.
TU9Added birch and spruce saplings.
TU12Added jungle saplings.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Added acacia and dark oak saplings.


Issues relating to "Sapling" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • If the player stands on the same block as a placed tree sapling, the tree will still grow over the player, which will cause suffocation as it pushes the player out of the block.
  • Saplings can grow without the required amount of light if bone meal is used.