Emerald Ore

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Emerald Ore
Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png




Blast resistance






Yes (64)



Catches fire from lava


Data value

dec: 129 hex: 81 bin: 10000001

Namespaced ID


Emerald ore is the rarest mineral block in the game, which drops emerald when mined.


Natural generation[edit]

Mineral veins[edit]

Emerald ore can generate in the Overworld in the form of mineral veins. Emerald ore attempts to generate 11 times per chunk in veins of size 1, from altitudes 0 to 32, within one of the following biomes, or within a chunk which is at least partially occupied by one of these biomes:


The emerald ore block itself (rather than its emerald drops) can be obtained by mining it with an iron or diamond pickaxe with the Silk Touch enchantment.

Block Emerald Ore
Hardness 3
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 15
Wooden 7.5
Stone 3.75
Iron 0.75
Diamond 0.6
Golden 1.25
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Haste § Instant mining.


Emerald ore drops 1 emerald and 3-7 experience when mined with an iron pickaxe or better. Mining with a Fortune enchanted pickaxe will increase possible yields by 1 per level (1-4 emeralds per ore with level III). If mined with any other tool, it drops 5-7 experience.

Smelting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Emerald Emerald Ore +
Any fuel

This recipe awards 1 experience.


Sound Subtitle Namespaced ID Subtitle ID Source Pitch Volume Attenuation distance
Block breaking block.stone.hit subtitles.block.generic.hit Blocks 0.5 0.25 16
Block broken block.stone.break subtitles.block.generic.break Blocks 0.8 1.0 16
Block placed block.stone.place subtitles.block.generic.place Blocks 0.8 1.0 16
Footsteps block.stone.step subtitles.block.generic.footsteps Blocks 1.0 0.15 16
No subtitle block.stone.fall (Plays when fallen on from a height) Blocks 0.75 0.5 16



Java Edition
May 21, 2012The week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system.[1] At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.[2]
1.3.112w21aRuby Ore.png Added emerald ore.
The announced ore has been changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore has remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.[3] As this item was not announced before the snapshot was released, most translations call emerald "diamond".
Emerald ore generates in veins of up to 10 blocks.
12w21bEmerald Ore JE1 BE1.png The texture of emerald ore has now been corrected. The previous ruby texture remains as "ruby.png". Translations of emerald as diamond have also corrected.
An analysis of a 500×500 extreme hills biome with [[1]] gives the following ore distributions: The graphs show that the distribution of all ores except for lapis lazuli is even in a certain range and falls off sharply at the borders. While the total amount of emerald is with 3386, even higher than the amount of diamonds (2997), the ore is spread out over double the height range, meaning that at a certain level the chance for finding an ore was just about half of the chance of finding a diamond ore, effectively making it twice as rare when tunnel mining.
12w22aEmerald ore is no longer generated naturally.[4] This is due to the large number of complaints by players about emerald ore's rarity, despite Jeb's wishes for it to only be a "nice find." If this change had occurred, it would have still been available in the creative mode menu.[5] However, Jeb eventually decided against it and added emerald ore back into natural generation after more community response.[6] Jeb later decided to keep emeralds spawning as he thought it would be a "nice surprise"; emerald ore now only generates in veins of 1. Because of this, it is much more practical to obtain emeralds through trading.
Inventory sprites for blocks have now flipped from left to right, changing to .
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 129.
1.1418w43aEmerald Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has now been changed.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.9.0build 1Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
Emerald ore can be mined with a stone pickaxe instead of an iron one.
0.12.1build 1Mining emerald ore will now drop experience orbs.
Emerald ore can now be collected with Silk Touch, dropping the block itself.
Emerald ore will now drop extra emeralds with the Fortune enchantment.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta emerald ore now requires an iron pickaxe.
1.10.0beta Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has now been changed.
Legacy Console Edition
TU14CU11.04Patch 1Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
1.90Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has now been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.


Issues relating to "Emerald Ore" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Even though emerald ore is rarer than diamond ore, emerald ore is generally found more often in mountains biomes than diamond ore, as the emerald ore blocks are generated in a more scattered fashion.
  • It is possible to have two or more emerald ore blocks generate adjacent to each other, though this is very rare.
  • As emeralds are far easier to obtain by trading with villagers, the player may wish to use the silk touch enchantment to collect the far harder to get ore.