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|Catches fire from lava||
Rails are non-solid blocks that provide a path along which minecarts can travel.
- 1 Obtaining
- 2 Usage
- 3 Sounds
- 4 Data values
- 5 Achievements
- 6 Video
- 7 History
- 8 Issues
- 9 Trivia
- 10 Gallery
- 11 See also
- 12 References
Rails can be mined with anything, but pickaxes are the quickest.
|Breaking time[note 1]|
- Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.
|Iron Ingot +
To place a rail, use a rail item while pointing at a surface facing the space the rail should occupy. A rail can be placed on:
- the top of any full solid opaque block (stone, dirt, blocks of gold, etc.), including full-block mechanism components (command blocks, dispensers, droppers, note blocks, and redstone lamps)
- the top of a hopper, upside-down slab, or upside-down stairs.
- any of the above underwater (but in Java edition it immediately breaks).
A rail cannot be attached to the side or bottom of any block, but attempting to make such an attachment may cause the rail to attach to the top of a block under the destination space. For example, if a fence is on the ground, attempting to attach a rail to the side of the fence causes the rail to be attached to the top of the ground next to the fence instead.
More information regarding placement on transparent blocks can be found at Opacity/Placement.
A placed rail configures itself to be straight or curved according to rail blocks around it.
- If there are no other rails adjacent, or if placed beside an existing stretch of track of any type, then in Bedrock Edition the new rail orients itself as a straight north–south track, and in Java Edition the new rail orients itself in the direction the player is facing.
- A new rail placed at the end of an existing stretch of track continues the existing track in the same direction, either east–west or north–south.
- If there are two adjacent rails on its level, or one level up or down, the newly placed rail configures itself as straight or curved as needed to connect the other two.
- If placed between three adjacent rails (forming a T-junction) the newly placed rail configures itself as curved to join two of the sides.
Existing tracks one block up and down are considered for adjacency in the same manner, and the new piece of track gets laid as a curve, but unless space is left for sloping track sections, minecarts can continue past the curve only on level or one-block-down corners. In one-block-up corners, the cart ends up buried in the ground.
Some placement of rails produces track layouts that cause minecarts to collide and enter blocks.
- If placed to form a 4-way intersection with no curved section, it does not form a cross-roads connection.
- If placed between four adjacent rails to form a curved intersection it always curves south-to-east.
Existing sections of track may be re-oriented, become sloping, or even change into curved sections when the new rail is placed adjacent to it:
- An existing straight, north-south rail re-orients to east-west when a new rail is placed at the east or west sides.
- If placed next to an existing rail that is one block up or down, the new rail slants up or down to join it. Rail "prefers", in order: west, east, south, and north. Other configurations can be created by placing and removing rails.
- If a track is placed perpendicular to an existing length of track, it appears as a straight rail, but in fact, it is curved according to the patterns for tee junctions as seen above; mine carts going through the intersection turn the corner. Breaking and re-laying track so that the intersection block is laid last causes intersection block to be updated as a curved section.
Separate tracks laid adjacent, but at the next level lower or higher can sometimes cause issues. However, normally they do not interact with the switched rail.
A minecart travels straight through a T-shaped intersection when entering from the "back of" the curved rail. It follows the curve when entering from either of the other two legs.
A minecart passes straight through a 4-way intersection constructed to have no curved rail. When entering the 4-way from east or west a cart turns according to the south-east rule.
At non-curve track intersections, minecarts always travel downhill if they can. This is known as the downhill rule and overrides the south-east rule.
Ramp clearance/one-way effect
A block placed above the track at the downhill end of a ramp prevents minecarts from traveling down the slope, but not up. For a minecart to move down a diagonal tunnel, there must be clearance sufficient for a player to walk it.
If a straight track piece leads to a curve block and isn't attached to the curve, a minecart runs over the gap and continue to go straight over the curve. This is not applicable to other types of rails.
Notably, the minecart can exceed the normal 8 m/s speed limit while it jumps over the gap. For example, by placing intersections on every other block of a straight track, it is possible to travel (uncomfortably) at 10 m/s in a straight direction.
As with straight T-intersections and 4-way intersections, the practice of making a minecart jump tracks can be used to make one-way entries onto a track. On curve intersections the behavior is more intuitive, because the cart simply proceeds in the direction it is already going, allowing designs that don't rely on knowledge of the south-east rule.
A minecart with no rider at full speed can climb 10 blocks on unpowered track. This suggests that a powered track is needed at a height of only 10 blocks to keep a cart climbing. However, the cart slows so much that it can reach only another 5 blocks high with 2 lengths of powered track starting at 9 blocks high. The minimum number of powered rails to keep the cart climbing is 3 every 6 blocks.
Carts with a rider, or minecarts with chests, have more momentum and so climb higher than carts that are unloaded. With a rider, a minecart can climb at least 24 blocks before needing powered rails to go higher. Also, to ascend from 0 to max speed, the player needs 7 powered rails.
|Sound||Subtitle||Source||Description||Namespaced ID||Translation key||Volume||Pitch||Attenuation distance|
|Block broken||Blocks||Breaking the block||1.0||1.2||16|
|None[sound 1]||Blocks||Falling on the block with fall damage||None[sound 1]||0.5||1.25||16|
|Block breaking||Blocks||Mining the block||0.25||0.75||16|
|Block placed||Blocks||Placing the block||1.0||1.2||16|
|Footsteps||Blocks||Walking on the block||0.15||1.5||16|
|?||Breaking the block||?||1.2|
|?||Falling on the block with fall damage||?||?|
|?||Mining the block||?||0.75|
|?||Jumping from the block||?||?|
|?||Falling on the block without fall damage||?||?|
|?||Walking on the block||?||?|
|?||Placing the block||?||1.2|
|Name||Namespaced ID||Item tags (JE)||Translation key|
|Name||Namespaced ID||Numeric ID||Translation key|
In Bedrock Edition, a rail's block data specifies the directions to which it connects.
|0||Straight rail connecting to the north and south.|
|1||Straight rail connecting to the east and west.|
|2||Sloped rail ascending to the east.|
|3||Sloped rail ascending to the west.|
|4||Sloped rail ascending to the north.|
|5||Sloped rail ascending to the south.|
|6||Curved rail connecting to the south and east.|
|7||Curved rail connecting to the south and west.|
|8||Curved rail connecting to the north and west.|
|9||Curved rail connecting to the north and east.|
|Name||Default value||Allowed values||Description|
|shape||The two directions a rail connects to.|
For example, a
|A rail that ascends toward the direction noted.|
For example, an
|Name||Default value||Allowed values||Description|
|rail_direction||The rail is not ascending.|
|A rail ascends.|
|Icon||Achievement||In-game description||Actual requirements (if different)||Gamerscore earned||Trophy type (PS)|
|On A Rail||Travel by minecart to a point at least 500m in a single direction from where you started.||Travel by minecart to a point at least 500 blocks from where the player started. Distance is measured in a straight line.||40G||Gold|
|Java Edition Infdev|
|June 18, 2010||Added rails in the first "Seecret Friday Update" to Infdev.|
|?||Sloped rails are being dropped if the block on the side was destroyed.|
|Java Edition Alpha|
|v1.2.0||?||The textures of rails and curved rails have been changed slightly.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|1.6||?||Before this update, parallel tracks would be used to create minecart boosters.|
|1.8||Pre-release||Rails are now found in the new mineshaft chests.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease||Rails are now destroyed by snowfall (bug).|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||Some rail behavior is now affected following the change of the south-west rule to south-east rule.|
|1.3.1||12w25a||Rails can now be placed on upside-down slabs and stairs.|
|1.5||13w04a||Mobs no longer walk over rails, if they are not currently standing on one.|
|1.9||15w44a||The average yield from mineshaft chests has been increased by more than 20 times.|
|Mobs no longer spawn on rails.|
|1.11||16w32b||All rail types' hitbox heights have been decreased from a full block to a half block.|
|16w39a||Rails now generate in woodland mansions.|
|1.13||17w47a||Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 66.|
|1.14||18w43a||The texture of rails has been changed.|
|19w12b||Rails can now be placed on glass, ice, glowstone and sea lantern.|
|1.15||19w39a||Placing a new, unconnected section of rails now orients them in the direction the player is facing, rather than always north-south.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|0.8.0||build 2||Added rails.|
|0.9.0||build 1||Rails now generate in abandoned mineshafts.|
|0.14.0||build 1||Rails can now be found in mineshaft chests.|
|1.1.0||alpha 220.127.116.11||Rails now generate in woodland mansions.|
|1.4.0||beta 18.104.22.168||Rails can now be placed underwater.|
|1.10.0||beta 22.214.171.124||The texture of rails has been changed.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU1||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||1.0.1||Added rails.|
|1.90||The texture of rails has been changed.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
- When walking on a block that has a rail on top, the player hears the sound of the block they are walking on, but if they jump (while still walking), they hear the sound of iron.
- Rails are 750 mm (approx. 2-foot 5-inch) narrow gauge (the gauge is the distance between the rails).
- Mobs can't walk across rails.
- A chest of rails has a total length of 64 × 27 = 1728 meters, which is slightly more than 1 mile (1.074 miles, 0.933 nautical miles).
- Rails do not touch the block they are placed on. The flat texture can actually be seen to hover over their supporting block.
A randomly generated misplaced rail found in an abandoned mineshaft.
A railroad stop without any redstone switching mechanisms, based purely on the one-way curve intersection behavior.