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See § Loot


See § Raid Group

A raid is an in-game event in which waves of various mobs, mainly illagers, spawn and attack a village. It is triggered when a player with the Bad Omen status effect enters a village.


A player with the Bad Omen status effect triggers a raid upon entering a chunk with at least one villager and a claimed bed, or one of the 8 chunks surrounding it in a square. In Java Edition, a villager with a claimed bell or job site block can also trigger a raid, even if no claimed beds are present.

Bad Omen is obtained when a player kills an illager captain, which can be found at pillager outposts, woodland mansions or in patrols. If a player kills multiple captains in Java Edition, the Bad Omen accumulates up to Bad Omen V, causing members of the raiding party to have an increased chance of having enchanted weapons. Killing a patrol captain gives 1–5 Bad Omen levels, while killing an outpost captain always gives 1 level. In Bedrock Edition, the Bad Omen effect does not stack by killing multiple captains.

Raids can be triggered in the Overworld and End, but In Java Edition, Raids will not work in the Nether.[1]



When a player with Bad Omen effect enters a 3×3×3 subchunk region around a village center, the effect disappears and the raid starts. The raid center is set as the average of the coordinates of all the claimed points-of-interest in the village within a spherical radius of 64 blocks of the player at the time the raid is triggered. A bossbar labeled "Raid" appears and begins charging. The bossbar is visible to players up to 96 blocks away (spherical) from the raid center. In Java Edition, the bar is red and represents the total remaining health of the raid mobs, while in Bedrock Edition, the bar is purple, and represents the number of remaining mobs. The number of mobs still alive display when there are fewer than three remaining. A horn sounds at the start of each wave (and in Bedrock Edition, during the wave), from the direction of the wave spawn and 13 blocks away from the player, and the village bell rings while the bossbar charges (in Java Edition, villagers ring the bell, while in Bedrock Edition it rings by itself). Each subsequent wave is larger, with more mobs, including pillagers, witches, evokers, ravagers, and vindicators.


In Java Edition, illagers and witches not spawned as part of the raid (e.g. from a patrol) may join the raid and be counted by the bossbar, provided they are within 96 blocks of the village center. Illusioners can also join the raid. Raid captains may also join but do not trigger a new raid when killed.[verify]

In Bedrock Edition, illagers cannot join raids. If a new raid is triggered after all beds are destroyed and then replaced, previously remaining illagers are not counted in the new raid bossbar.


When a wave captain is killed in Java Edition, other illagers in the raid try to pick up the banner dropped by the previous leader; the illager that retrieves the banner becomes the new wave captain.

A player does not receive the Bad Omen effect when killing the patrol captain within a village. The captain is always a vindicator upon spawning, if possible.

Raid wave spawning[edit]

The raid spawns several waves of raider mobs. To find a valid spawn target location at the beginning of each raid wave, there are 3 spawn attempt phases with 20 attempts per phase. For each attempt, a random location is chosen a certain radius away from the raid center (64 blocks in the first phase, 32 in the second, and 0 in the third) at a random horizontal angle, with fractional results rounded down. Additionally, a random 0–4 is added to X and Z coordinates. In effect, the three spawn attempt areas are two rings and a 5×5 square. The target height is always on top of the topmost non-air block. For spawn location to be valid, the block underneath must have a solid opaque top face or be snow. Valid spawn blocks include full blocks, upside-down slabs/stairs, soul sand, and packed/blue ice, but not glass, leaves, light-emitting blocks, trapdoors, regular ice, or carpet. (In Bedrock Edition the raid can spawn on any block except leaves and scaffolding[verify]). Any light level is fine and player proximity does not matter. The location must not be within a village boundary (except for phase 3) and must be in an entity-ticking chunk. If no valid location is found in one phase, the next phase is tried. If all three phases fail, the raid ends. Once a valid location is found, the horn sounds and all raider mobs for that wave spawn there at once. They then spread out and move toward the village. Once all raiders are killed, there is a 15-second cooldown before the next wave. However, if the last raider happens to move outside a spherical radius of 112 blocks from raid center, or the entire wave spawns outside that radius (which can happen with large differences in Y-level), then the next wave spawns immediately. Raiders that are part of a raid do not despawn naturally and do not contribute to the mob cap, but resume despawning once the raid is over or they leave it.

Raid wave composition[edit]

Java Edition[edit]

The number of waves depends on difficulty: There are 3 waves in Easy difficulty,[verify] 5 in Normal, and 7 in Hard. In Hard, there is a chance of 1 additional pillager and/or vindicator spawning. If the player's Bad Omen level is II or higher, there will be one additional wave to spawn (e.g. 4 in Easy, 6 in Normal, and 8 in Hard) with the same strength as the final wave.

Easy difficulty

When triggered with Bad Omen I, illager weapons are unenchanted. Bad Omen levels II through VI each increases the possibility of low-level enchantments. There is a 1/4 chance of spawning an additional pillager and a 1/4 chance of spawning an additional vindicator each wave.

Number of mobs in each wave
Mob Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3
Pillager 4 - 5 3 - 4 3 - 4
Vindicator 2 - 3 0 - 1
Ravager 1
Normal difficulty

There is a 1/2 chance of spawning an additional pillager per wave, 1/2 chance of spawning an additional vindicator on each wave, and a 1/2 chance of spawning an additional witch during waves 2 and 5.

Number of mobs in each wave
Mob Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 4 Wave 5
Pillager 4 - 5 3 - 4 3 - 4 4 - 5 4 - 5
Vindicator 0 - 1 2 - 3 0 - 1 1 - 2 4 - 5
Ravager 1
Witch 0 - 1 3 0 - 1
Evoker 1
Ravager + Pillager 1
Hard difficulty

With Bad Omen I, illager weapons have a 10% chance to hold mid-level enchantments. With Bad Omen VI, there is a 70% chance of this.[check the code] There are two attempts to spawn an additional pillager with a 1/2 success rate, two attempts to spawn an additional pillager with a 1/2 success rate, and a 1/2 to spawn an additional witch starting on wave 3, excluding wave 4.

Number of mobs in each wave
Mob Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 4 Wave 5 Wave 6 Wave 7
Pillager 4 - 6 3 - 5 3 - 5 4 - 6 4 - 6 4 - 6 2 - 4
Vindicator 0 - 2 2 - 4 0 - 2 1 - 3 4 - 6 2 - 4 5 - 7
Ravager 1
Witch 0 - 1 3 0 - 1 0 - 1 2 - 3
Evoker 1 1 2
Ravager + Pillager 1
Ravager + Vindicator 1
Ravager + Evoker 1

Bedrock Edition[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, the number of waves depends on difficulty, regardless of Bad Omen level without any additional waves. There are 3 waves in Easy difficulty, 5 in normal, and 7 in hard difficulty. They spawn with enchanted weapons at level 5 on easy and at levels 5-19 in other difficulties.

Number of mobs in each wave
Mobs Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 4 Wave 5 Wave 6 Wave 7
Pillager 4 3 3 3 5
Vindicator 2 4 2 6
Ravager 1 1
Witch 3 1
Evoker 1 1 2
Ravager + Pillager 1 1
Ravager + Evoker 1
Ravager + Vindicator N/A


All mobs in a raid drop their own regular loot.

Special Drops

The raid captain drops

In Java Edition[edit]

Pillagers, vindicators, and evokers drop their regular loot.

In Bedrock Edition[edit]

In addition to regular loot, pillagers and vindicators can drop:

Additionally, depending on difficulty, they have a 65% chance of dropping on easy and normal, while 80% chance of dropping on hard:


  • Iron equipment from raider drops has 50% chance of being enchanted with random enchantment(s) at a low-to-medium level.
  • Iron equipment from raider drops is always damaged.
  • Emerald is both a regular raid drop and an additional drop.
    • Only emerald drops are affected by looting enchantment, increased by 1% per looting level.

Bad Omen[edit]

In Java Edition, besides triggering a raid, the Bad Omen status effect's level of the triggering player also affects the raid mechanism. When the Bad Omen level is higher than one, an additional wave spawns with the same strength as the final wave. With a higher level of Bad Omen to a raid, the illagers in the raid have a higher chance of being equipped with enchanted weapons or armor. When the raid ends in a victory, the players receive Hero of the Village effect at the same level as the Bad Omen level of the raid. Players can also drink milk to remove any level of the Bad Omen effect.


If the attacked village no longer registers as a village (i.e. all villagers were killed or all claimed beds were destroyed), or 40 minutes have passed since the raid starts, the raid ends, the Raid bar displays "Raid - Defeat", and all of the illagers celebrate: the evokers, pillagers and vindicators raise their hands, the pillagers jump up and down‌[Java Edition only]or raise their hands‌[Bedrock Edition only], and all of them emit "celebration sounds".

If all illagers are killed in the final wave, any player who has killed an illager in the raid receives the Hero of the Village effect, the villagers shoot off fireworks, and the Raid bar displays "Raid - Victory".

In Bedrock Edition if the village being attacked by a raid no longer registers as a village (i.e. all villagers were killed or all claimed beds were destroyed), the raid ends, the Raid bar instantly disappears, and all of the illagers celebrate: the evokers, vindicators, and pillager raise their hands, and all of them (including witch and ravager) emit "celebration sounds".

Raids cannot end naturally if at least one baby villager remains, due to illagers being passive to baby villagers and destroy beds, except for the “Johnny” vindicator.‌[Bedrock Edition only]


In Java Edition during a raid, villagers emit "sweat particles". At least one villager rushes to the village meeting point and rings the bell to alert other villagers to get inside their houses during the warmup of an upcoming raid wave.

After successfully defending a village from a raid, the villagers emerge from their houses and celebrate, by setting off firework rockets and cheering.


In Java Edition, witches participating in a raid often help other illagers by splashing a Potion of Regeneration or Healing. Witches do not attack villagers and do not throw harmful potions at them.[3]

In Bedrock Edition, witches participating in a raid do not heal other illagers, but still attack the player and iron golems.

Mobs not counted[edit]

Vexes summoned by evokers do not count as part of the raid. Killing them has no effect on the raiding bar, and the raid ends in victory even if there are vexes remaining.


If a raid goes on for too long (roughly an hour) the raiding bar disappears and a message appears saying "raid expired", although expired the still living pillagers stay until killed.


SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Ominous horn blaresIllagers?

NBT structure[edit]

Main article: raids.dat format


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
Feeling Ill.pngFeeling IllDefeat an Evoker30GSilver
Kill the Beast!.pngKill the Beast!Defeat a Ravager.30GSilver
We're being attacked!.pngWe're being attacked!Trigger a Pillager Raid.Walk in a village with the Bad Omen effect applied.20GBronze
Sound the Alarm!.pngSound the Alarm!Ring the bell with a hostile enemy in the village.20GBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID


Voluntary Exile
Kill a raid captain.
Maybe consider staying away from villages for the time being...
AdventureKill an entity in the #raiders entity tag wearing an ominous banner.adventure/voluntary_exile


Hero of the Village
Successfully defend a village from a raidVoluntary ExileNote: This is a hidden advancement, meaning that it can be viewed by the player only after completing it.adventure/hero_of_the_village


Java Edition
1.1418w47aAdded raids.
18w49aThere are now two waves per Bad Omen level.
Players now have to complete a wave before the next one starts.
The raid boss bar now slowly fills up when a raid is triggered or when a wave is cleared.
18w50aPatrol captains now give 1–3 bad omen levels when killed. Outpost captains always give 1 only.
Captains can now spawn at outposts.
Ravagers start at wave 2, witches at wave 4, evokers at wave 5.
19w13aPatrol captains now give 1–6 bad omen levels when killed.
Players now get the Hero of the Village effect after completing raids.
1.14.3Pre-Release 3Raids can now be enabled or disabled by using the command /gamerule disableRaids.
September 29, 2019Illusioners were mentioned as potential candidates for addition to raids in Java Edition 1.16, in analogy to the implementation of brown mooshrooms as announced a year earlier.
Bedrock Edition
1.11.0beta raids, available only through experimental gameplay.
Raids are currently unused at this time and use a pink boss bar color.
beta can now be triggered by the player, making them no longer unused.
A bell-ringing sound can now be heard during raids.
beta now get the Hero of the Village effect after completing raids.
beta now get Bad Omen if a village is no longer registered as a village during a raid.
beta message now appears when a raid expires after 2-3 in-game days.
Maximum distance of raiding illager spawn from the village has been increased and now depends on render distance and a suitable block, which is up to 1024.
1.13.0beta successful village raid celebration.
Players no longer receive Bad Omen when all villagers die or all beds are destroyed during a raid.
PlayStation 4 Edition
1.91Added raids.


Issues relating to "Raid" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • If the player leaves a village during a raid, obtains another level of Bad Omen, and returns to the village, then the effect is nullified and has no effect on the progressing raid.
  • The horn sound that blares at the start of each wave is created by a corkscrew didgeridoo.[4]
  • A Ravager with vindicator rider (in .json code) is an unused mob In Bedrock Edition.
  • Vexes are not counted as part of the raid despite being summoned by an Evoker. A raid can be completed with leftover vexes.
  • Playing a goat horn makes the same sound as when a raid wave begins.


See also[edit]