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Oak Wood Stairs.pngSpruce Wood Stairs.pngBirch Wood Stairs.pngJungle Wood Stairs.pngAcacia Wood Stairs.pngDark Oak Wood Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.pngRed Sandstone Stairs.pngCobblestone Stairs.pngBrick Stairs.pngStone Brick Stairs.pngNether Brick Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.pngPurpur Stairs.pngPrismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png


Partial (blocks light)



Blast resistance

Wood: 15
Stone: 30
Sandstone, Quartz, Red Sandstone: 4


This block can be broken with any tool, but an axe is the quickest


Cobblestone, Stone Brick, Wood, Purpur: Yes
All others: No


Yes (64)


Wood: Yes
Stone: No



Data values

See Data values


See Data values

Stairs are blocks that allow mobs and players to change elevation without jumping.

Obtaining[edit | edit source]

Stairs can be crafted, or can be found in villages, strongholds, nether fortresses, end cities and woodland mansions.

Breaking[edit | edit source]

Wood stairs drop themselves as items when broken with any tool, or with no tool, but an axe is fastest. Non-wood stairs drop themselves as items only if broken with a pickaxe.



Nether Brick

Stone Brick




Red Sandstone

Hardness 2 1.5 0.8 2

Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 10 7.5 4 3
Wooden 1.5 1.15 0.65 1.5
Stone 0.75 0.6 0.35 0.75
Iron 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5
Diamond 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4
Golden 0.25 0.2 0.1 0.25
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds.

Crafting[edit | edit source]

Wood stairs must be crafted entirely from one type and color of wood, and they retain the style of that wood's type and color.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Wood Stairs Matching Wood Planks
Cobblestone Stairs Cobblestone
Brick Stairs Bricks
Stone Brick Stairs Any Stone Bricks
Nether Brick Stairs Nether Brick
Sandstone Stairs Any Sandstone
Quartz Stairs Any Quartz Block
Red Sandstone Stairs Any Red Sandstone
Purpur Stairs Any Purpur Block Can use purpur block and pillar interchangeably.
Bedrock Edition only.
Purpur Stairs Purpur Block Can use purpur block only, not the pillar.
Java and Legacy Console Edition only.
Prismarine Stairs Prismarine [upcoming 1.13]
Prismarine Brick Stairs Prismarine Bricks +
[upcoming 1.13]
Dark Prismarine Stairs Dark Prismarine [upcoming 1.13]

Natural generation[edit | edit source]

Oak wood and cobblestone stairs generate naturally in plains villages, and sandstone stairs generate naturally in desert villages.

Cobblestone stairs also generate naturally in strongholds, as well as stone brick stairs.

Nether brick stairs generate naturally in nether fortresses.

Spruce wood stairs generate naturally in witch huts and in igloos.

Purpur stairs generate naturally in end cities.

Oak, dark oak and birch wood stairs as well as cobblestone stairs generate naturally in woodland mansions.

Usage[edit | edit source]

Walking[edit | edit source]

Walking up stairs is faster than jumping up the same distance. It also only costs 0.01 exhaustion from the player's hunger bar per horizontal meter walked on a stairway, versus 0.2 exhaustion per jump.

Placing[edit | edit source]

Stairs ReconfigurationLeft: Original facing when separate. Right: Changed shape when adjacent (top: inner corner; bottom: outer corner).

To place stairs, use a stairs item while pointing at a surface facing the space the stairs should occupy. Stairs will place with the half-block side closest to the player.

Stairs can be placed either right side up or upside-down:

  • Pointing at a block top or the bottom half of a block side will place the stairs right side up.
  • Pointing at a block bottom or the top half of a block side will place the stairs upside-down.

Stairs will change their shape to join with adjacent stairs (of any material):

  • When a stairs' half-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will wrap into an "L" shape to join the other stairs (it creates an "inner corner").
  • When a stairs' full-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will shorten to join only the other stairs' full-block side (it creates an "outer corner").

Right side up stairs won't join with upside-down stairs and vice versa.

Fuel[edit | edit source]

Wooden stairs can be used as a fuel in furnaces, smelting 1.5 items per block.

Data values[edit | edit source]

Stairs are defined by their ID and block data. Stairs also have a block state which is expected to replace the functionality of block data in a future version.

ID[edit | edit source]

A stairs' ID specifies its material:

Name ID Name Block ID
Oak Wood Stairs oak_stairs 53
Cobblestone Stairs stone_stairs 67
Brick Stairs brick_stairs 108
Stone Brick Stairs stone_brick_stairs 109
Nether Brick Stairs nether_brick_stairs 114
Sandstone Stairs sandstone_stairs 128
Spruce Wood Stairs spruce_stairs 134
Birch Wood Stairs birch_stairs 135
Jungle Wood Stairs jungle_stairs 136
Quartz Stairs quartz_stairs 156
Acacia Wood Stairs acacia_stairs 163
Dark Oak Wood Stairs dark_oak_stairs 164
Red Sandstone Stairs red_sandstone_stairs 180
Prismarine Stairs prismarine_stairs  ?
Prismarine Bricks Stairs prismarine_bricks_stairs  ?
Dark Prismarine Stairs dark_prismarine_stairs  ?
Purpur Stairs purpur_stairs 203

Block data[edit | edit source]

See also: Data values

A stairs' block data specifies its facing and whether it is upside-down:

Bits Description
A two-bit field containing a value from 0 to 3 specifying the direction of the stairs' full-block side:
  • 0: East
  • 1: West
  • 2: South
  • 3: North
0x4 Set if stairs are upside-down
0x8 (unused)

Block state[edit | edit source]

See also: Block states
Name Value Description

The direction the stairs' full-block side faces.

When placed in-game by a player, this matches the direction the player faces.

Top if the stairs are upside-down.

"straight" is the default stairs shape.

"inner" is an "inside corner" stair shape, with two full-block and two stair-shaped side faces.

"outer" is an "outside corner" stair shape, with two stair-shaped and two half-block side faces.

"left" and "right" specify in which direction is the higher part of the step.

Video[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]


Added wood and stone stairs. Wooden stairs do not burn up. Both icon textures in the inventory were just flat Wood plank and Cobblestone textures.
1.0.1 Stair texture is finally changed to a solid two step texture, which is glitched.
1.2.0 Before this version, stairs would determine their orientation based on the surrounding blocks (changing if they were changed). They would attempt to face a block adjacent to the stairs, so as to create a climbable surface towards that block. However, this was often more annoying than helpful, and was therefore changed to be placed facing the player.
1.2.2 Stairs now had the odd property of being transparent to light; when placed one or more spaces above the ground with air beneath, sunlight or other light sources would shine through and light the blocks beneath/behind the stairs exactly as if nothing opaque were present between them. Other atmospheric effects such as snowfall did not penetrate stair blocks, making them an unusually effective material for creating roofing which kept weather out, but still let daylight in. Snow could not accumulate on top of stair blocks, grass was able to grow on the block directly underneath a stair block, and grass wouldn't disappear if a stair block was placed on top of it. Any stair block placed in Alpha 1.2.0_02 to Beta 1.5 would keep this property in later versions until it or an adjacent block is changed or removed, causing a lighting update.
1.6 Wooden stairs and fences are now flammable.
Fixed light transparency from Alpha 1.2.2. Reversed the inventory icon for stairs to show a more recognizable figure.

Added brick and stone brick stairs. Stone brick stairs could drop one of either mossy stone brick or cracked stone brick when broken due to the data value carrying over. Mining a stair block would yield the stair's source material, rather than a stair block, thus wasting material.
1.8.1 Stone brick stairs now always drop regular Stone Brick.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9-pre1
Added Nether brick stairs.
Beta 1.9-pre6 Mining a stair block now drops the stair block instead of the stair's source material.
1.2.1 12w08a Added upside-down stairs. Before they were added, edited data values of 4 through 15 would create invisible stairs that could be walked through; these higher values are now used for upside-down stairs.
1.3.1 12w21a
Added sandstone stairs.
12w22a Cobblestone stairs now generate in jungle temples.
12w25a Redstone, repeaters, torches, levers, pressure plates and rails can now be placed on stairs positioned upside down.

Added wooden stairs for the remaining three wood types (birch, spruce and jungle).
12w26a Added crafting recipes for birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs.
1.4.2 12w34a Stairs now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
12w39a Stairs interact properly with lighting now.
Smooth lighting on stairs is slightly bugged.
1.5 13w02a
Added quartz stairs.
13w05a Fixed stairs lighting when Smooth Lighting is on.
13w05b Stairs no longer stop sprinting.
1.7.2 1.7-pre

Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
1.8 14w21b Upside down sandstone and quartz stairs each had their top and bottom textures switched.[1]
14w31a Renamed "Stone Stairs" to "Cobblestone Stairs".
Added red sandstone stairs.
1.9 June 22, 2015Jeb reveals purpur stairs on Instagram, with the words "MINECON 2015 HYPE!"
Added purpur stairs.
Stairs are now rotated 90° in the inventory.
15w43a Spruce wood stairs act as corners of a table generated within igloo basements.
1.11 16w39a Oak, birch and dark oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs now generate in woodland mansions.
1.12 17w15a Torches can now be placed on the full-block sides of stairs.
Iron bars, glass panes and fences adjacent to the full-block side of a stair will now visually connect.
Carpet and snow layers can now be placed on top of upside-down stairs.
1.13 17w47a Renamed <wood type> wood stairs to <wood type> stairs.

Added stairs for prismarine variants.
Pocket Edition Alpha

Added wooden (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
Added brick stairs.

Added Nether brick, sandstone, stone brick and quartz stairs.
Corner stairs and upside-down stairs added.
0.8.0 build 2

Birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs added.
0.9.0 build 1

Added acacia and dark oak wood stairs.
Stone brick stairs now naturally generate in strongholds.
Cobblestone and oak wood stairs now naturally generate in villages.
?Changed tooltip from [woodtype] Stairs to [woodtype] Wood Stairs.
0.11.0 build 1 Acacia and dark oak wooden stairs are now flammable.
Quartz stairs can be crafted in Survival mode.
0.14.0 build 1
Added red sandstone stairs.
Pocket Edition
1.0 build 1
Added purpur stairs.
Spruce wood stairs act as corners of a table generated within igloo basements.
1.1 build 1 Oak, birch and dark oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs now generate in woodland mansions.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Patch 1

Added wood (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.

Added stone brick stairs and brick stairs.
Added Nether brick stairs.

Added spruce and birch wood stairs and sandstone stairs.
Added jungle wood stairs.
Stairs now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
Stairs can be placed upside down. Items can be placed directly on upside down stairs.
TU13Jungle wood stairs are now flammable.
Added quartz stairs.
Changed placement of upside down stairs and slabs.

Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3
Added Red Sandstone Stairs.
Renamed "Stone Stairs" into "Cobblestone Stairs".
TU46CU361.38Patch 15
Added purpur stairs.
TU54CU441.52Patch 24Patch 4Torches can now be placed on the full-block sides of stairs.
Iron bars, glass panes and fences adjacent to the full-block side of a stair will now visually connect.
Carpet and snow layers can now be placed on top of upside-down stairs.

Issues[edit | edit source]

Issues relating to “Stairs” are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Promotional Content