Stairs

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Please remove this notice once you've added a suitable image to the article. The specific instructions are: Red Sandstone Stairs look different in Bedrock Edition; see MCPE-20677
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This page would benefit from the addition of an image.
Please remove this notice once you've added a suitable image to the article. The specific instructions are: New stairs added in 1.9 look different in Bedrock Edition

Stairs are blocks that allow mobs and players to change elevation without jumping.

Obtaining[edit]

Stairs can be crafted, or can be found in villages, strongholds, temples, nether fortresses, end cities and woodland mansions.

Breaking[edit]

Wood stairs drop themselves as items when broken with any tool, or with no tool, but an axe is fastest. Non-wood stairs drop themselves as items only if broken with a pickaxe.

Block Brick
Cobblestone
Nether Brick
Stone Brick
Purpur
Quartz
Sandstone
Red Sandstone
Wooden
Hardness 2 1.5 0.8 2
Tool
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 10 7.5 4 3
Wooden 1.5 1.15 0.65 1.5
Stone 0.75 0.6 0.35 0.75
Iron 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5
Diamond 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4
Golden 0.25 0.2 0.1 0.25
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds.

Crafting[edit]

Wood stairs must be crafted entirely from one type and color of wood, and they retain the style of that wood's type and color.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Wood Stairs Matching Planks
Cobblestone Stairs Cobblestone
Brick Stairs Bricks
Stone Brick Stairs Any Stone Bricks
Nether Brick Stairs Nether Bricks
Sandstone Stairs Any Sandstone
Red Sandstone Stairs Any Red Sandstone
Sandstone Stairs
(Bedrock Edition 1.9)
Sandstone
Red Sandstone Stairs
(Bedrock Edition 1.9)
Red Sandstone
Quartz Stairs Any Quartz Block
Purpur Stairs Any Purpur Block [Java and Bedrock editions only]
Purpur Stairs Purpur Block [Legacy Console Edition only]
Prismarine Stairs or
Prismarine Brick Stairs or
Dark Prismarine Stairs
Prismarine or
Prismarine Bricks or
Dark Prismarine
Stone Stairs
(1.14)
Stone
Andesite Stairs or
Polished Andesite Stairs
(1.14)
Andesite or
Polished Andesite
Diorite Stairs or
Polished Diorite Stairs
(1.14)
Diorite or
Polished Diorite
Granite Stairs or
Polished Granite Stairs
(1.14)
Granite or
Polished Granite
Mossy Stone Brick Stairs
(1.14)
Mossy Stone Bricks
Mossy Cobblestone Stairs
(1.14)
Mossy Cobblestone
Smooth Sandstone Stairs
(1.14)
Smooth Sandstone
Smooth Red Sandstone Stairs
(1.14)
Smooth Red Sandstone
Smooth Quartz Stairs
(1.14)
Smooth Quartz
Red Nether Brick Stairs
(1.14)
Red Nether Bricks
End Stone Brick Stairs
(1.14)
End Stone Bricks

Natural generation[edit]

Oak wood and cobblestone stairs generate naturally in plains villages.

Acacia wood stairs generate naturally in savanna villages.

Sandstone stairs generate naturally in some warm underwater ruins.

Cobblestone and stone brick stairs generate naturally in strongholds.

Nether brick stairs generate naturally in nether fortresses.

Stone Brick stairs generate naturally in some cold underwater ruins.

Spruce wood stairs generate naturally in witch huts, in igloos,in taiga village and snowy taiga and snowy tundra villages.

Purpur stairs generate naturally in end cities.

Oak, dark oak and birch wood stairs as well as cobblestone stairs generate naturally in woodland mansions.

Oak, birch, spruce, jungle, acacia, and dark oak wood stairs can generate naturally in shipwrecks.

Dark Oak and Mossy cobblestone stairs can generate in pillager outposts.‌[upcoming 1.14]

Diorite stairs generate in mason houses in snowy tundra villages.‌[upcoming 1.14]

Sandstone and smooth sandstone stairs generate in desert villages.‌[upcoming 1.14]

Usage[edit]

Walking[edit]

Walking up stairs is faster than jumping up the same distance. It also only costs 0.01 exhaustion from the player's hunger bar per horizontal meter walked on a stairway, versus 0.2 exhaustion per jump.

Placing[edit]

Stairs ReconfigurationLeft: Original facing when separate. Right: Changed shape when adjacent (top: inner corner; bottom: outer corner).

To place stairs, use a stairs item while pointing at a surface facing the space the stairs should occupy. Stairs will place with the half-block side closest to the player.

Stairs can be placed either right side up or upside-down:

  • Pointing at a block top or the bottom half of a block side will place the stairs right side up.
  • Pointing at a block bottom or the top half of a block side will place the stairs upside-down.

Stairs will change their shape to join with adjacent stairs (of any material):

  • When a stairs' half-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will wrap into an "L" shape to join the other stairs (it creates an "inner corner").
  • When a stairs' full-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will shorten to join only the other stairs' full-block side (it creates an "outer corner").

Right side up stairs won't join with upside-down stairs and vice versa.

Fuel[edit]

Wooden stairs can be used as a fuel in furnaces, smelting 1.5 items per block.

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

Name ID Name
Oak Stairs oak_stairs
Cobblestone Stairs cobblestone_stairs
Brick Stairs brick_stairs
Stone Brick Stairs stone_brick_stairs
Nether Brick Stairs nether_brick_stairs
Sandstone Stairs sandstone_stairs
Spruce Stairs spruce_stairs
Birch Stairs birch_stairs
Jungle Stairs jungle_stairs
Quartz Stairs quartz_stairs
Acacia Stairs acacia_stairs
Dark Oak Stairs dark_oak_stairs
Red Sandstone Stairs red_sandstone_stairs
Purpur Stairs purpur_stairs
Prismarine Stairs prismarine_stairs
Prismarine Brick Stairs prismarine_brick_stairs
Dark Prismarine Stairs dark_prismarine_stairs
Stone Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] stone_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Granite Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] granite_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Polished Granite Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] polished_granite_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Diorite Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] diorite_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Polished Diorite Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] polished_diorite_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Andesite Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] andesite_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Polished Andesite Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] polished_andesite_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Red Nether Brick Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] red_nether_brick_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
End Stone Brick Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] end_stone_brick_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Mossy Stone Brick Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] mossy_stone_brick_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Mossy Cobblestone Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] mossy_cobblestone_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Smooth Sandstone Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] smooth_sandstone_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Smooth Red Sandstone Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] smooth_red_sandstone_stairs[upcoming 1.14]
Smooth Quartz Stairs‌[upcoming 1.14] smooth_quartz_stairs[upcoming 1.14]

Bedrock Edition:

Name ID Name Block ID
Oak Wood Stairs oak_stairs 53
Cobblestone Stairs stone_stairs 67
Brick Stairs brick_stairs 108
Stone Brick Stairs stone_brick_stairs 109
Nether Brick Stairs nether_brick_stairs 114
Sandstone Stairs sandstone_stairs 128
Spruce Wood Stairs spruce_stairs 134
Birch Wood Stairs birch_stairs 135
Jungle Wood Stairs jungle_stairs 136
Quartz Stairs quartz_stairs 156
Acacia Wood Stairs acacia_stairs 163
Dark Oak Wood Stairs dark_oak_stairs 164
Red Sandstone Stairs red_sandstone_stairs 180
Purpur Stairs purpur_stairs 203
Prismarine Stairs prismarine_stairs 257
Prismarine Brick Stairs prismarine_brick_stairs 259
Dark Prismarine Stairs dark_prismarine_stairs 258
Stone Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] normal_stone_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Granite Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] granite_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Polished Granite Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] polished_granite_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Diorite Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] diorite_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Polished Diorite Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] polished_diorite_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Andesite Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] andesite_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Polished Andesite Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] polished_andesite_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Red Nether Brick Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] red_nether_brick_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
End Stone Brick Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] end_brick_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Mossy Stone Brick Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] mossy_stone_brick_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Mossy Cobblestone Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] mossy_cobblestone_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Smooth Sandstone Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] smooth_sandstone_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Smooth Red Sandstone Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] smooth_red_sandstone_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?
Smooth Quartz Stairs‌[upcoming BE 1.9] smooth_quartz_stairs[upcoming BE 1.9] ?

Block data[edit]

See also: Data values

In Bedrock Edition, stairs use the following data values:

Bits Description
0x1
0x2
A two-bit field containing a value from 0 to 3 specifying the direction of the stairs' full-block side:
  • 0: East
  • 1: West
  • 2: South
  • 3: North
0x4 Set if stairs are upside-down
0x8 (unused)

Block states[edit]

See also: Block states
Name Value Description
 facingeast
north
south
west
The direction the stairs' full-block side faces.
When placed in-game by a player, this matches the direction the player faces.
 halfbottom
top
Top if the stairs are upside-down.
 shapeinner_left
inner_right
outer_left
outer_right
straight
"straight" is the default stairs shape.
"inner" is an "inside corner" stair shape, with two full-block and two stair-shaped side faces.
"outer" is an "outside corner" stair shape, with two stair-shaped and two half-block side faces.
"left" and "right" specify in which direction is the higher part of the step.
 waterloggedfalse
true
Whether or not there's water in the same place as these stairs.

Video[edit]

History[edit]

Java Edition Infdev
June 29, 2010 Oak Stairs Revision 1.pngCobblestone Stairs Revision 1.png Added oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs.
Wooden stairs do not burn.
Both icon textures for stairs in the inventory are simply flat planks and cobblestone textures.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.1 Stair inventory textures have been finally changed to a solid two step texture, which are glitched.
v1.2.0 ?Before this version, stairs would determine their orientation based on the surrounding blocks (changing if they were changed). They would attempt to face a block adjacent to the stairs, so as to create a climbable surface towards that block. However, this was often more annoying than helpful, and was therefore changed to be placed facing the player.
v1.2.2 Stairs will now have the odd property of being transparent to light; when placed one or more spaces above the ground with air beneath, sunlight or other light sources would shine through and light the blocks beneath or behind the stairs exactly as if nothing opaque are present between them.
Other atmospheric effects such as snowfall will not penetrate stair blocks, making them an unusually effective material for creating roofing which kept weather out, but still let daylight in.
Snow cannot accumulate on top of stair blocks, grass is able to grow on the block directly underneath a stair block, and grass will disappear if a stair block was placed on top of it. Any stair block placed in Alpha v1.2.0_02 to Beta 1.5 would keep this property in later versions until it or an adjacent block is changed or removed, causing a lighting update.
Java Edition Beta
1.0 Items were given in-game names. The two types of stairs were named "Wooden Stairs" and "Stone Stairs", respectively.
1.6 ?Wooden stairs and fences are now flammable.
The light transparency from Alpha v1.2.2 has been fixed.
Reversed the inventory icon for stairs to show a more recognizable figure.
1.7 Cobblestone Stairs.png Updated cobblestone's texture, and by extension the stairs.
1.8 ?Brick Stairs Revision 1.pngStone Brick Stairs.png Added brick and stone brick stairs.
Stone brick stairs will drop either stone bricks, cracked stone bricks, mossy stone bricks or a type of stone bricks, which looks regular, but does not stack, when broken due to the data value carrying over.
Mining a stair block will now yield the stair's source material, rather than a stair block, thus wasting material.
1.8.1 Stone brick stairs will now always drop regular stone bricks.
Java Edition
1.0.0 Beta 1.9 Prerelease Nether Brick Stairs.png Added nether brick stairs.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 5 Brick Stairs.png Changed the texture of bricks, and by extension brick stairs.
Oak Stairs.png Updated planks's texture, and by extension the stairs.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6 Mining a stair block will now drop the stair block, instead of the stair's source material.
1.2.1 12w08a Added upside-down stairs. Before they were added, edited data values of 4 through 15 would create invisible stairs that could be walked through; these higher values are now used for upside-down stairs.
1.3.1 12w21a Sandstone Stairs Revision 1.png Added sandstone stairs.
12w22a Cobblestone stairs will now generate in jungle temples.
12w25a Redstone dust, repeaters, torches, levers, pressure plates and rails can now be placed on stairs positioned upside down.
Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngJungle Stairs.png Added wooden stairs for the remaining three wood types (birch, spruce and jungle).
12w26a Added crafting recipes for birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs.
1.4.2 12w34a Stairs will now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
12w39a Stairs will now interact properly with lighting.
Smooth lighting on stairs is currently slightly bugged.
1.5 13w02a Quartz Stairs.png Added quartz stairs.
13w05a Fixed stairs lighting when Smooth Lighting is on.
13w05b Stairs will now no longer stop sprinting.
?Sandstone Stairs.png The texture of sandstone stairs have been changed slightly.
1.7.2 1.7-pre Acacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
1.8 14w21b Upside down sandstone and quartz stairs each have now had their top and bottom textures switched.[1]
14w31a Renamed "Stone Stairs" to "Cobblestone Stairs".
14w32a Red Sandstone Stairs.png Added red sandstone stairs.
1.9 June 22, 2015Jeb reveals purpur stairs on Instagram, with the words "MINECON 2015 HYPE!"
15w31a Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
Stairs are now rotated 90° in the inventory.
15w43a Spruce wood stairs act as corners of a table will now generate within igloo basements.
1.11 16w39a Oak, birch and dark oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs will now generate in woodland mansions.
1.12 17w15a Torches can now be placed on the full-block sides of stairs.
Iron bars, glass panes and fences adjacent to the full-block side of a stair will now visually connect.
Carpet and snow layers can now be placed on top of upside-down stairs.
1.13 17w47a The cobblestone stairs ID has now been changed from stone_stairs to cobblestone_stairs.
Renamed <wood type> wood stairs to <wood type> stairs.
Prior to The Flattening, these blocks' numeral IDs were 53, 67, 108, 109, 114, 128, 134, 135, 136, 156, 163, 164, 180 and 203.
18w07a Prismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png Added stairs for prismarine variants.
18w09a Stone brick and sandstone stairs will now generate in underwater ruins.
18w10c Water can now be placed on the same block as stairs.
April 17, 2018Dinnerbone confirms that 1.14 will contain many new stairs and slabs.
1.13 18w20a Renamed "Prismarine Bricks Stairs" to "Prismarine Brick Stairs."
1.13.1 18w32a Purpur stairs can now be crafted with purpur pillars.
October 8, 2018LadyAgnes tweets a photo of granite, andesite, and diorite stairs. Confirming in the tweet that polished variants would be coming soon.
October 10, 2018Dinnerbone tweets that there will be 14 new stair blocks.
Upcoming Java Edition
1.14 18w43a Andesite Stairs.pngPolished Andesite Stairs.pngDiorite Stairs Revision 1.pngPolished Diorite Stairs Revision 1.pngGranite Stairs.pngPolished Granite Stairs.pngMossy Stone Brick Stairs.pngMossy Cobblestone Stairs.pngStone Stairs Revision 1.pngSmooth Sandstone Stairs Revision 1.pngSmooth Red Sandstone Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.pngRed Nether Brick Stairs.pngEnd Stone Brick Stairs.png Added andesite, polished andesite, diorite, polished diorite, granite, polished granite, mossy stone brick, mossy cobblestone, smooth sandstone, smooth red sandstone, smooth quartz, stone, red nether brick and end stone brick stairs.
18w44a Andesite Stairs.pngPolished Andesite Stairs.pngDiorite Stairs.pngStone Stairs.pngSmooth Sandstone Stairs.png The textures for andesite, polished andesite, diorite, polished diorite, stone, smooth sandstone stairs have now been changed.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Oak Stairs.pngCobblestone Stairs.png Added wooden (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
0.3.0 Brick Stairs.png Added brick stairs.
0.6.0 Nether Brick Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.pngStone Brick Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.png Added nether brick, sandstone, stone brick and quartz stairs.
Corner stairs and upside-down stairs have now been added.
0.8.0 build 2 Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngJungle Stairs.png Birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs added.
0.9.0 build 1 Acacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak wood stairs.
Stone brick stairs will now naturally generate in strongholds.
Cobblestone and oak wood stairs will now naturally generate in villages.
?The tooltip has now been changed from [woodtype] Stairs to [woodtype] Wood Stairs.
0.11.0 build 1 Acacia and dark oak wooden stairs are now flammable.
Quartz stairs can now be crafted in survival mode.
0.12.1 build 1 Nether Brick Stairs.png Added nether brick stairs.
0.13.0 build 1 Sandstone stairs will now generate in desert temples.
0.14.0 build 1 Red Sandstone Stairs.png Added red sandstone stairs.
0.14.2 Nether Brick Stairs.png Brightened the nether brick stairs texture as a result of brightening the nether bricks texture.
0.15.0 build 1 Cobblestone stairs will now generate in jungle temples.
Savanna villages will now generate with acacia wood stairs instead oak stairs.
Spruce wood stairs will now generate in taiga, snowy tundra and snowy taiga villages.
Pocket Edition
1.0 alpha 0.17.0 Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
Spruce wood stairs act as corners of a table will now generate within igloo basements.
1.1 alpha 1.1.0.0 Oak, birch and dark oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs will now generate in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.4 beta 1.2.13.8 Prismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png Added stairs for prismarine variants.
beta 1.2.14.2 Wooden stairs can now generate in shipwrecks.
beta 1.2.20.1 Stone brick stairs and sandstone stairs can now generate naturally in some underwater ruins.
Upcoming Bedrock Edition
1.9 beta 1.9.0.0 Added stone, andesite, polished andesite, diorite, polished diorite, granite, polished granite, mossy stone brick, mossy cobblestone, smooth sandstone, smooth red sandstone, smooth quartz, red nether brick, and end stone brick stairs.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Patch 1Oak Stairs.png[verify]Cobblestone Stairs.png [verify] Added wood (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
TU5Stone Brick Stairs.pngBrick Stairs.png Added stone brick stairs and brick stairs.
TU7Nether Brick Stairs.png Added Nether brick stairs.
TU9Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.png Added birch and spruce wood stairs and sandstone stairs.
TU12Jungle Stairs.png Added jungle wood stairs.
Stairs will now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
Stairs can now be placed upside down.
Items can now be placed directly on upside down stairs.
TU13Jungle wood stairs are now flammable.
TU141.04Quartz Stairs.png Added quartz stairs.
The placement of upside down stairs and slabs has now been changed.
TU27CU151.18Acacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Red Sandstone Stairs.png Added Red Sandstone Stairs.
Renamed "Stone Stairs" into "Cobblestone Stairs".
TU46CU361.38Patch 15Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
TU54CU441.52Patch 24Patch 4Torches can now be placed on the full-block sides of stairs.
Iron bars, glass panes and fences adjacent to the full-block side of a stair will now visually connect.
Carpet and snow layers can now be placed on top of upside-down stairs.
TU691.76Patch 38Prismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png Added stairs for prismarine variants.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
1.7.10 Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Stairs" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]