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Stairs

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Stairs
Oak Stairs.pngBirch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngJungle Stairs.pngAcacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.pngRed Sandstone Stairs.pngCobblestone Stairs.pngBrick Stairs.pngStone Brick Stairs.pngNether Brick Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.pngPurpur Stairs.pngPrismarine Stairs.gifPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png

















Transparency

Partial (blocks light)

Luminance

No

Blast resistance

Wood: 15
Stone: 30
Sandstone, Quartz, Red Sandstone: 4

Tools



Renewable

Cobblestone, Stone Brick, Wood, Purpur: Yes
All others: No

Stackable

Yes (64)

Flammable

Wood: Yes
Stone: No

Drops

Itself

Data values

See Data values

Name

See Data values

Stairs are blocks that allow mobs and players to change elevation without jumping.

Obtaining[edit]

Stairs can be crafted, or can be found in villages, strongholds, nether fortresses, end cities and woodland mansions.

Breaking[edit]

Wood stairs drop themselves as items when broken with any tool, or with no tool, but an axe is fastest. Non-wood stairs drop themselves as items only if broken with a pickaxe.

Block
Brick


Cobblestone


Nether Brick

Stone Brick


Purpur

Quartz


Sandstone


Red Sandstone

Wood
Hardness 2 1.5 0.8 2
Tool



Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 10 7.5 4 3
Wooden 1.5 1.15 0.65 1.5
Stone 0.75 0.6 0.35 0.75
Iron 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5
Diamond 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4
Golden 0.25 0.2 0.1 0.25
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds.

Crafting[edit]

Wood stairs must be crafted entirely from one type and color of wood, and they retain the style of that wood's type and color.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Wood Stairs Matching Wood Planks
Cobblestone Stairs Cobblestone
Brick Stairs Bricks
Stone Brick Stairs Any Stone Bricks
Nether Brick Stairs Nether Brick
Sandstone Stairs Any Sandstone
Quartz Stairs Any Quartz Block
Red Sandstone Stairs Any Red Sandstone
Purpur Stairs Any Purpur Block Can use purpur block and pillar interchangeably.
Bedrock Edition only.
Purpur Stairs Purpur Block Can use purpur block only, not the pillar.
Java and Legacy Console Edition only.
Prismarine Stairs
(1.13)
Prismarine
Prismarine Brick Stairs
(1.13)
Prismarine Bricks
Dark Prismarine Stairs
(1.13)
Dark Prismarine

Natural generation[edit]

Oak wood and cobblestone stairs generate naturally in plains villages, and sandstone stairs generate naturally in desert villages.

Cobblestone stairs also generate naturally in strongholds, as well as stone brick stairs.

Nether brick stairs generate naturally in nether fortresses.

Spruce wood stairs generate naturally in witch huts and in igloos.

Purpur stairs generate naturally in end cities.

Oak, dark oak and birch wood stairs as well as cobblestone stairs generate naturally in woodland mansions.

Usage[edit]

Walking[edit]

Walking up stairs is faster than jumping up the same distance. It also only costs 0.01 exhaustion from the player's hunger bar per horizontal meter walked on a stairway, versus 0.2 exhaustion per jump.

Placing[edit]

Stairs ReconfigurationLeft: Original facing when separate. Right: Changed shape when adjacent (top: inner corner; bottom: outer corner).

To place stairs, use a stairs item while pointing at a surface facing the space the stairs should occupy. Stairs will place with the half-block side closest to the player.

Stairs can be placed either right side up or upside-down:

  • Pointing at a block top or the bottom half of a block side will place the stairs right side up.
  • Pointing at a block bottom or the top half of a block side will place the stairs upside-down.

Stairs will change their shape to join with adjacent stairs (of any material):

  • When a stairs' half-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will wrap into an "L" shape to join the other stairs (it creates an "inner corner").
  • When a stairs' full-block side is adjacent to the side of another stairs, the stairs' full-block side will shorten to join only the other stairs' full-block side (it creates an "outer corner").

Right side up stairs won't join with upside-down stairs and vice versa.

Fuel[edit]

Wooden stairs can be used as a fuel in furnaces, smelting 1.5 items per block.

Data values[edit]

Stairs are defined by their ID and block data. Stairs also have a block state which is expected to replace the functionality of block data in a future version.

ID[edit]

A stairs' ID specifies its material:

Name ID Name Block ID[until 1.13]
Oak Wood Stairs oak_stairs 53
Cobblestone Stairs stone_stairs[until 1.13]
cobblestone_stairs[upcoming 1.13]
67
Brick Stairs brick_stairs 108
Stone Brick Stairs stone_brick_stairs 109
Nether Brick Stairs nether_brick_stairs 114
Sandstone Stairs sandstone_stairs 128
Spruce Wood Stairs spruce_stairs 134
Birch Wood Stairs birch_stairs 135
Jungle Wood Stairs jungle_stairs 136
Quartz Stairs quartz_stairs 156
Acacia Wood Stairs acacia_stairs 163
Dark Oak Wood Stairs dark_oak_stairs 164
Red Sandstone Stairs red_sandstone_stairs 180
Prismarine Stairs prismarine_stairs  ?
Prismarine Brick Stairs prismarine_brick_stairs  ?
Dark Prismarine Stairs dark_prismarine_stairs  ?
Purpur Stairs purpur_stairs 203

Block data[edit]

See also: Data values

A stairs' block data specifies its facing and whether it is upside-down:

Bits Description
0x1
0x2
A two-bit field containing a value from 0 to 3 specifying the direction of the stairs' full-block side:
  • 0: East
  • 1: West
  • 2: South
  • 3: North
0x4 Set if stairs are upside-down
0x8 (unused)

[until 1.13]

Block state[edit]

See also: Block states
Name Value Description

 facing
north
south
east
west
The direction the stairs' full-block side faces.

When placed in-game by a player, this matches the direction the player faces.


 half
top
bottom
Top if the stairs are upside-down.

 shape
straight
inner_left
inner_right
outer_left
outer_right
"straight" is the default stairs shape.

"inner" is an "inside corner" stair shape, with two full-block and two stair-shaped side faces.

"outer" is an "outside corner" stair shape, with two stair-shaped and two half-block side faces.

"left" and "right" specify in which direction is the higher part of the step.

Video[edit]

History[edit]

Infdev
June 29, 2010 Oak Stairs Revision 1.pngCobblestone Stairs Revision 1.png Added oak wood stairs (then known as "wooden stairs") and cobblestone stairs (then known as "stone stairs"). Wooden stairs do not burn.


Both icon textures in the inventory were just flat Wood plank and Cobblestone textures.
Alpha
v1.0.1

Stair inventory texture is finally changed to a solid two step texture, which is glitched.
v1.2.0 Before this version, stairs would determine their orientation based on the surrounding blocks (changing if they were changed). They would attempt to face a block adjacent to the stairs, so as to create a climbable surface towards that block. However, this was often more annoying than helpful, and was therefore changed to be placed facing the player.
v1.2.2 Stairs now had the odd property of being transparent to light; when placed one or more spaces above the ground with air beneath, sunlight or other light sources would shine through and light the blocks beneath/behind the stairs exactly as if nothing opaque were present between them. Other atmospheric effects such as snowfall did not penetrate stair blocks, making them an unusually effective material for creating roofing which kept weather out, but still let daylight in. Snow could not accumulate on top of stair blocks, grass was able to grow on the block directly underneath a stair block, and grass wouldn't disappear if a stair block was placed on top of it. Any stair block placed in Alpha v1.2.0_02 to Beta 1.5 would keep this property in later versions until it or an adjacent block is changed or removed, causing a lighting update.
Beta
1.6 Wooden stairs and fences are now flammable.
Fixed light transparency from Alpha v1.2.2.


Reversed the inventory icon for stairs to show a more recognizable figure.
1.7 Cobblestone Stairs.png Updated cobblestone's texture, and by extension the stairs.
1.8 ? Brick Stairs Revision 1.pngStone Brick Stairs.png Added brick and stone brick stairs. Stone brick stairs could drop either stone bricks, cracked stone bricks, mossy stone bricks or a type of stone bricks which looks regular but does not stack, when broken due to the data value carrying over. Mining a stair block would yield the stair's source material, rather than a stair block, thus wasting material.
1.8.1 Stone brick stairs now always drop regular Stone Brick.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9 Prerelease Nether Brick Stairs.png Added Nether brick stairs.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 5 Brick Stairs.png Changed the texture of bricks, and by extension brick stairs.
Oak Stairs.png Updated planks's texture, and by extension the stairs.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6 Mining a stair block now drops the stair block instead of the stair's source material.
1.2.1 12w08a Added upside-down stairs. Before they were added, edited data values of 4 through 15 would create invisible stairs that could be walked through; these higher values are now used for upside-down stairs.
1.3.1 12w21a Sandstone Stairs.png Added sandstone stairs.
12w22a Cobblestone stairs now generate in jungle temples.
12w25a Redstone, repeaters, torches, levers, pressure plates and rails can now be placed on stairs positioned upside down.
Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngJungle Stairs.png Added wooden stairs for the remaining three wood types (birch, spruce and jungle).
12w26a Added crafting recipes for birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs.
1.4.2 12w34a Stairs now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
12w39a Stairs interact properly with lighting now.
Smooth lighting on stairs is slightly bugged.
1.5 13w02a Quartz Stairs.png Added quartz stairs.
13w05a Fixed stairs lighting when Smooth Lighting is on.
13w05b Stairs no longer stop sprinting.
1.7.2 1.7-pre Acacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
1.8 14w21b Upside down sandstone and quartz stairs each had their top and bottom textures switched.[1]
14w31a Renamed "Stone Stairs" to "Cobblestone Stairs".
14w32a Red Sandstone Stairs.png Added red sandstone stairs.
1.9 June 22, 2015 Jeb reveals purpur stairs on Instagram, with the words "MINECON 2015 HYPE!"
15w31a Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
Stairs are now rotated 90° in the inventory.
15w43a Spruce wood stairs act as corners of a table generated within igloo basements.
1.11 16w39a Oak, birch and dark oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs now generate in woodland mansions.
1.12 17w15a Torches can now be placed on the full-block sides of stairs.
Iron bars, glass panes and fences adjacent to the full-block side of a stair will now visually connect.
Carpet and snow layers can now be placed on top of upside-down stairs.
Upcoming Java Edition
1.13 17w47a The cobblestone stairs ID has been changed from stone_stairs to cobblestone_stairs.
Renamed <wood type> wood stairs to <wood type> stairs.
18w07a Prismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.png Added stairs for prismarine variants.
18w09a Stone brick and sandstone stairs now generate in underwater ruins.
18w10c Water can now be placed on the same block as stairs.
18w20a Renamed "Prismarine Bricks Stairs" to "Prismarine Brick Stairs."
1.14 April 17th, 2018 Dinnerbone confirms that 1.14 will contain many new stairs and slabs.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Oak Stairs.png[verify]Cobblestone Stairs.png[verify] Added wooden (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
0.3.0 Brick Stairs.png Added brick stairs.
0.6.0 Nether Brick Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.pngStone Brick Stairs.pngQuartz Stairs.pngAdded Nether brick, sandstone, stone brick and quartz stairs.
Corner stairs and upside-down stairs added.
0.8.0 build 2 Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngJungle Stairs.png Birch, spruce and jungle wood stairs added.
0.9.0 build 1 Acacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak wood stairs.
Stone brick stairs now naturally generate in strongholds.
Cobblestone and oak wood stairs now naturally generate in villages.
? Changed tooltip from [woodtype] Stairs to [woodtype] Wood Stairs.
0.11.0 build 1 Acacia and dark oak wooden stairs are now flammable.
Quartz stairs can be crafted in Survival mode.
0.14.0 build 1 Red Sandstone Stairs.png Added red sandstone stairs.
0.14.2 32px Brightened the nether brick stairs texture as a result of brightening the nether bricks texture.
Pocket Edition
1.0 build 1 Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
Spruce wood stairs act as corners of a table generated within igloo basements.
1.1 build 1 Oak, birch and dark oak wood stairs and cobblestone stairs now generate in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.13 build 3 Prismarine Stairs.pngPrismarine Brick Stairs.pngDark Prismarine Stairs.pngAdded stairs for prismarine variants.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1 CU1 1.0 Patch 1 Patch 1 Oak Stairs.png[verify]Cobblestone Stairs.png[verify] Added wood (original oak) and cobblestone stairs.
TU5 Stone Brick Stairs.pngBrick Stairs.png Added stone brick stairs and brick stairs.
TU7 Nether Brick Stairs.png Added Nether brick stairs.
TU9 Birch Stairs.pngSpruce Stairs.pngSandstone Stairs.png Added birch and spruce wood stairs and sandstone stairs.
TU12 Jungle Stairs.png Added jungle wood stairs.
Stairs now automatically change shape into corner stairs depending on location.
Stairs can be placed upside down. Items can be placed directly on upside down stairs.
TU13 Jungle wood stairs are now flammable.
TU14 1.04 Quartz Stairs.png Added quartz stairs.
Changed placement of upside down stairs and slabs.
TU27 CU15 1.18 Acacia Stairs.pngDark Oak Stairs.png Added acacia and dark oak stairs.
TU31 CU19 1.22 Patch 3 Red Sandstone Stairs.png Added Red Sandstone Stairs.
Renamed "Stone Stairs" into "Cobblestone Stairs".
TU46 CU36 1.38 Patch 15 Purpur Stairs.png Added purpur stairs.
TU54 CU44 1.52 Patch 24 Patch 4 Torches can now be placed on the full-block sides of stairs.
Iron bars, glass panes and fences adjacent to the full-block side of a stair will now visually connect.
Carpet and snow layers can now be placed on top of upside-down stairs.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Stairs" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]


Promotional Content