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Luck, Decay: No

All others: Yes



Data value

dec: 373 hex: 175 bin: 101110101

Namespaced ID


Potions are bottled substances. Most of them are brewable items, many of which give the consumer a time-limited effect when drunk.


Potion brewing chart (most efficient recipes, excludes splash and lingering potions).


Witches can drop potions of Healing, Fire Resistance, Swiftness, and Water Breathing, but only when they die while drinking that potion.

Wandering traders[edit]

Wandering traders have a chance to drop potions of Invisibility, but only when they die drinking the potion.


Glass bottles may be caught as junk when fishing.

Filling bottles[edit]

Using a glass bottle on a water source block or a cauldron that has water will turn it into a water bottle. Using a glass bottle on a cauldron that contains potion will turn it into a bottle of that potion.‌[Bedrock Edition only] Using a glass bottle on a cauldron also removes 13 of that cauldron's contents.


Almost all potions can be obtained by brewing, starting with the water bottle as the base.

The potion of Luck‌[JE & LCE only] and the potion of Decay‌[BE & LCE only] cannot be brewed. A potion of luck can be obtained via commands such as /give @s minecraft:potion{Potion:luck}, while a potion of decay can generate rarely in a cauldron in a swamp hut. Both are also available through the creative inventory.

Natural generation[edit]

Two Instant Health II potions can be found in a brewing stand on ships in end cities, and one splash potion of Weakness can be found in a brewing stand in igloo basements.

The cauldron in swamp huts contains a random potion, making it the only way to obtain potion of Decay in survival.‌[Bedrock Edition only]

In Bedrock Edition Potion of Regeneration can be found in 34.3% of buried treasure chests in stacks of 1.

In Bedrock Edition Potion of Water Breathing can be found in 46.9% of buried treasure chests in stacks of 1.


Potions can be used by pressing and holding use, similarly to eating food. Upon using, they will apply the corresponding status effect to the player.


Potions can be modified in five ways. The first is by adding glowstone to enhance the effect level. The second is by adding redstone to extend the duration of the effect. The third is by adding gunpowder to make a potion a splash potion. The fourth is by adding dragon's breath to turn a splash potion into a lingering potion. The fifth is by adding a fermented spider eye to corrupt the effect, if corruptable, turning it into a different one. The result of a corruption is usually the inverse of the original effect (for example: Swiftness to Slowness).

Corrupting an extended or enhanced potion usually results in a corrupted potion with the same modifier applied, if it is supported by the corrupted effect. Of the four corrupted potions, Harming is the only one which cannot be extended, and also the only one which can be enhanced.

Base potions[edit]

Base potions are potions that are created first to brew into other potions. Base potions have no effect when the player drinks them.

Icon Name Use
Water Bottle The starting point for every potion
Awkward Potion The base for all effect potions
(Potions of Weakness can alternatively be brewed directly from water bottles)
Thick Potion No use
Mundane Potion No use

Effect potions[edit]

Note that the duration of an enhanced potion is generally half the duration of its base potion, and that the duration of an extended potion is generally 2 23 the duration of its base potion.

Potions with positive effects[edit]

Icon Name Duration Effect Description
Potion of Regeneration 0:45 Regeneration Restores 18♥ × 9 health over time, 1♥ every 50 ticks (2.5 seconds).
Potion of Regeneration 1:30
2:00‌[LCE & BE only]
Restores 36♥ × 18 or 48♥ × 24[LCE & BE only] health over time, 1♥ every 50 ticks (2.5 seconds).
Potion of Regeneration II 0:22 Restores 18♥ × 9 health over time, 1♥ every 25 ticks (1.25 seconds).
Potion of Swiftness 3:00 Swiftness Increased speed by 20% and increased FOV (6.6 meters per second sprinting).
Potion of Swiftness 8:00
Potion of Swiftness II 1:30 Increased speed by 40% and increased FOV (8 meters per second sprinting).
Potion of Fire Resistance 3:00 Fire Resistance Gives immunity to damage from all heat-related damage
Potion of Fire Resistance 8:00
Potion of Healing Instant Instant Health Restores 4♥♥ health.
Potion of Healing II Instant Restores 8♥♥♥♥ health. (doubles with every additional level)
Potion of Night Vision 3:00 Night Vision Visually brightens everything to a light level of 15, brightens up water with a blue shine, brightens up lava with an orange shine (other players cannot see the enhanced lighting without this effect).
Potion of Night Vision 8:00
Potion of Strength 3:00 Strength Increases melee damage by 3♥♥.
Increased melee damage by 130%.‌[Bedrock Edition only]
Potion of Strength 8:00
Potion of Strength II 1:30 Increases melee damage by 6♥♥♥ (+ 3♥♥ per tier).
Increased melee damage by 260%. (+130 percentage points every tier)‌[Bedrock Edition only]
Potion of Leaping 3:00 Jump Boost Allows the player to jump higher and reduces fall damage.
Potion of Leaping 8:00
Potion of Leaping II 1:30 Further increases jump height (over 2 blocks) and reduces fall damage
Potion of Water Breathing 3:00 Water Breathing Prevents the oxygen bar from decreasing and slightly increases visibility while underwater.
Potion of Water Breathing 8:00
Potion of Invisibility 3:00 Invisibility

Makes player model disappear. Mobs will only detect and track the player at very close range, a range which is increased when the player wears armor. In splash form it is able to make mobs or other players invisible. Armor, items held in hand, arrows stuck into the player, a pig's saddle, a llama's carpet pattern, a shulker's yellow head and the eyes of spiders and enderman are not affected and are still visible.

Potion of Invisibility 8:00
Potion of Slow Falling 1:30 Slow Falling Makes the player fall at a much slower rate, and not take any damage when hitting the ground. This allows the player to jump across a gap of almost 6 blocks when sprinting with this effect. The player also cannot destroy any crops by jumping on them while experiencing the effects of this potion.
Potion of Slow Falling 4:00
Potion of Luck
[JE & LCE only]
5:00 Luck Increases the luck attribute by 1 point.

Potions with negative effects[edit]

Icon Name Duration Effect Description
Potion of Poison 0:45 Poison Causes up to 36♥ × 18 damage over time, but will not reduce health below 1♥.
Potion of Poison 1:30
2:00‌[LCE & BE only]
Causes up to 72♥ × 36 or 96♥ × 48[LCE & BE only] damage over time, but will not reduce health below 1♥.
Potion of Poison II 0:21.6
0:22.5‌[LCE & BE only]
Causes up to 38♥ × 19 damage over time, but will not reduce health below 1♥.
Potion of Weakness 1:30 Weakness Reduces melee damage by 4♥♥.
Reduces melee damage by 0.5 (0.25 heart).‌[Bedrock Edition only]
Potion of Weakness 4:00
Potion of Slowness 1:30 Slowness Slows players and mobs by 15%, to about 4.75 blocks per second sprinting.
Potion of Slowness 4:00
Potion of Slowness IV 0:20 Slows players and mobs by 60%, to about 2.25 blocks per second sprinting.
Potion of Levitation 0:30‌[LCE & BE only] Levitation Floats players and mobs into the air for thirty seconds. Doesn't do direct damage, but inflicts harm through fall damage.
Potion of Harming Instant Instant Damage Damages 6♥♥♥.
Potion of Harming II Instant Damages 12♥ × 6. (doubles with every additional level)
Potion of Decay
[LCE & BE only]
0:40 Wither Damages 1♥ every second, making a total of 40♥ × 20 damage
Grid Potion of Leaping.png

Potions with mixed effects[edit]

Icon Name Duration Use
Potion of the Turtle Master 0:20 Gives the player the status effects Slowness IV and Resistance III.
Potion of the Turtle Master
Potion of the Turtle Master II
0:20 Gives the player the status effects Slowness VI and Resistance IV.

Uncraftable Potion[edit]

In Java Edition, the uncraftable potion is a potion with no effect that is unobtainable in regular gameplay. It is also available in splash potion and lingering potion forms, as well as for tipped arrows.

It can be obtained using the following command: /give @s minecraft:potion{Potion:"minecraft:empty"}. It is also obtained any time a potion has invalid or missing potion effect tags, and thus serves as a placeholder.

Icon Name
Uncraftable Potion

Filling cauldrons[edit]

In Bedrock and Legacy Console editions, cauldrons can be filled up with water, dyed water, and potions. Tapping the cauldron with a potion or water bottle will add one level of the respective fluid to the cauldron. If the cauldron is already filled with a different fluid, the cauldron is emptied instead.

Custom effects[edit]

In Java Edition, potions can be obtained with any status effect using /give and the tag CustomPotionEffects, which is an array of effects for the potion. See Item format#Potion Effects for more information, and status effect for a list of effects and IDs.

Data values[edit]

Item data[edit]

Java Edition[edit]

  •  tag: The item's tag tag.
    •  CustomPotionEffects: The custom potion effects (status effects) this potion or tipped arrow has.
      • One of these for each effect.
        •  Id: The numeric ID of the effect.
        •  Amplifier: The amplifier of the effect, with level I having value 0. Negative levels are discussed here. Optional, and defaults to level I.
        •  Duration: The duration of the effect in ticks. Values 0 or lower are treated as 1. Optional, and defaults to 1 tick.
        •  Ambient: 1 or 0 (true/false) - whether or not this is an effect provided by a beacon and therefore should be less intrusive on the screen. Optional, and defaults to false. Due to a bug, it has no effect on splash potions.
        •  ShowParticles: 1 or 0 (true/false) - whether or not this effect produces particles. Optional, and defaults to true. Due to a bug, it has no effect on splash potions.
        •  ShowIcon: 1 or 0 (true/false) - true if effect icon is shown. false if no icon is shown.
    •  Potion: The name of the default potion effect. This name differs from the status effect name. For example, the value for an "Instant Health II" potion is "minecraft:strong_healing". A potion or tipped arrow getting its effects from this tag is named with the proper effect. The default value is "minecraft:empty", which gives it the "Uncraftable" name.
    •  CustomPotionColor: The item uses this custom color, and area-of-effect clouds, arrows, and splash and lingering potions use it for their particle effects. This color does not extend, however, to the particles given off by entities who ultimately receive the effect. The numeric color code are calculated from the Red, Green and Blue components using this formula: Red<<16 + Green<<8 + Blue. For positive values larger than 0x00FFFFFF, the top byte is ignored. All negative values produce white.

Normal potions use an NBT "Potion" tag to indicate the potion type. The values of the tag (to be prefixed with minecraft:) are:

Potion Regular Level II Extended
Uncraftable Potion empty
Water Bottle water
Mundane Potion mundane
Thick Potion thick
Awkward Potion awkward
Night Vision night_vision long_night_vision
Invisibility invisibility long_invisibility
Leaping leaping strong_leaping long_leaping
Fire Resistance fire_resistance long_fire_resistance
Swiftness swiftness strong_swiftness long_swiftness
Slowness slowness strong_slowness long_slowness
Water Breathing water_breathing long_water_breathing
Instant Health healing strong_healing
Harming harming strong_harming
Poison poison strong_poison long_poison
Regeneration regeneration strong_regeneration long_regeneration
Strength strength strong_strength long_strength
Weakness weakness long_weakness
Luck luck
The Turtle Master turtle_master strong_turtle_master long_turtle_master
Slow Falling slow_falling - long_slow_falling

Bedrock Edition[edit]

Potions use the following item data values to indicate the kind of potion:

Potion Regular Extended Enhanced
(Level II)
Water Bottle 0 N/A N/A
Mundane Potion 1 2 N/A
Thick Potion 3 N/A N/A
Awkward Potion 4 N/A N/A
Potion of Night Vision 5 6 N/A
Potion of Invisibility 7 8 N/A
Potion of Leaping 9 10 11
Potion of Fire Resistance 12 13 N/A
Potion of Swiftness 14 15 16
Potion of Slowness 17 18 N/A
Potion of Water Breathing 19 20 N/A
Potion of Healing 21 N/A 22
Potion of Harming 23 N/A 24
Potion of Poison 25 26 27
Potion of Regeneration 28 29 30
Potion of Strength 31 32 33
Potion of Weakness 34 35 N/A
Potion of Decay 36 N/A N/A
Potion of the Turtle Master 37 38 39
Potion of Slow Falling 40 41 N/A


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Availability Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Xbox PS Bedrock Nintendo
Local BreweryBrew a potionPick up a potion from a brewing stand potion slot. An already-created potion placed and removed qualifies.YesPS3YesYes15GSilver
PS4, PSVitaBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Internal ID
Advancement-plain-raw.png Local BreweryBrew a potionInto FirePick up an item from a brewing stand potion slot (Note that this does not need to be a potion. Water bottles or even empty bottles also trigger this advancement).minecraft:nether/brew_potion
Advancement-fancy-raw.png A Furious CocktailHave every potion effect applied at the same timeLocal BreweryHave all of these 13 potion effects applied to the player at the same time.minecraft:nether/all_potions
Advancement-fancy-raw.png How Did We Get Here?Have every effect applied at the same timeA Furious CocktailHave all of these 26 effects applied to the player at the same time.minecraft:nether/all_effects


Java Edition Beta
July 7, 2010Alchemy was first hinted by Notch when he explained why redstone ore disintegrates into "dust". He states that dust will be used later in potions.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 2Jeb tweeted a screenshot showing potion durations and glass bottles.[4]
Potions are brewed using cauldrons[1] by combining ingredients and other potions in cauldrons. Cauldrons, although they are functional and can be used to brew potions, were unavailable in this update.
In total, there are 161 possible potion combinations and 2,653 different types of potions.[2]
Jeb later tweeted that both he and Notch had come up with a different way to brew potions, which was revealed to be brewing stands.[3]
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3Brewing stands are implemented, replacing the (previously unimplemented) cauldrons' brewing functionality, so potions are now obtainable withouts mods.
1.3.112w22aPotions have been added to the creative inventory.
1.4.212w32aAdded Potion of Night Vision. It is unbrewable.
12w34aAdded Potion of Invisibility.
Potions of Night Vision are now brewable.
12w38aWitches will now cast potions at players and can rarely drop potions upon death.
12w39aPotions are now customizable using NBT editors or MCEdit.
1.6.1?Potions of weakness will now reduce damage by half hearts, instead of 1 heart as it was before.
?Potions of Healing and Regeneration have been nerfed (by 33.3% and 50%).
1.7.213w36aAdded Potion of Water Breathing.
Water bottles can now be obtained as one of the "junk" items from fishing.
1.814w27aAdded Potions of Leaping.
1.8.1pre1Potion of Leaping can now be extended.
1.915w31aNumeric IDs are now no longer used. Instead an NBT "Potion" tag is used, e.g. /give @p minecraft:potion 1 0 {Potion:"minecraft:swiftness"}. See here for the old numeric IDs.
Splash potions will now have a separate data value and ID name.
Added Mundane, Thick and Awkward potions to the creative inventory.
Mixed potions' colors will now blend.
Splash water bottles can now be used to extinguish fires.
15w33aLingering potions added.
Dragon's Breath added.
Duration of extended Potion of Poison, extended Potion of Regeneration, and Potion of Poison II reduced.
Potion of Strength has been changed from 130% increase to 3-point increase.
Potion of Weakness has been changed to 4-point decrease, was 0.5-point decrease.
15w44bPotion of Luck added.
Added the uncraftable potion.
1.1116w33aA water bottle is now able to add 1 water level to a cauldron.
16w38aThe uncraftable potion is now magenta, has no glint, and is obtained anytime a potion is specified with invalid or missing potion effect tags.
Due to the water bottle without tags being changed to the uncraftable potion, the brewing icon has also been changed to uncraftable potion in creative inventory.
The uncraftable potion has been removed from the creative inventory.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this item's numeral ID was 373.
18w07aAdded potion of the Turtle Master.
18w14aAdded potion of Slow Falling.
18w16aThe potion of the Turtle Master has been nerfed.
1.1419w06aWandering traders will now drink invisibility potions at night and milk buckets at dawn.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.12.1build 1Added potions.
0.13.0build 1Potion of Leaping is now obtainable in survival.
0.14.0build 1Potions can now be used to fill 1/3 layer of cauldron, filling cauldron with different liquid will empty the cauldron.
Using a glass bottle to a cauldron filled by a potion will now fill the glass bottle with that potion.
Witch Hut will now generate cauldrons filled with a random potion, making potions now obtainable in survival without brewing.
Potion of healing, fire resistance, water breathing, and swiftness can be obtained by killing witch while drinking potion
0.16.0build 4Added Potions of Decay.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha Potions of Healing II can now be found in a brewing stand inside end ships.
Bedrock Edition
1.4.0beta of Water Breathing and Potion of Regeneration can now be found inside buried treasure chests.
1.5.0beta potion of the Turtle Master.
1.6.0beta potion of Slow Falling.
1.11.0beta of invisibility can be obtained by killing wandering trader while drinking potion.
Legacy Console Edition
TU7CU11.0Patch 1Added potions.
TU141.04Added Potion of Night Vision and Potion of Invisibility.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Added Potion of Leaping and Potion of Water Breathing.
TU46CU361.38Patch 15Added lingering potions, dragon's breath, water splash potions, and Potion of Luck.
TU691.76Patch 38Added potion of the turtle master.
Added potion of slow falling.
Added potion of decay.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Added Potions.
1.3.12Added lingering potions.
Added potion of decay.


Issues relating to "Potion" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Taking a potion while already under the effects of the same potion does not add onto the effects time, but simply resets it. A potion effect will not "downgrade" if a lower level is activated. For example, if a player has Regeneration II, drinking a regular Potion of Regeneration will not have any effect.
  • A potion can reach a maximum tier of 127, but using the /effect command, effect levels can reach 255.
  • When a player drinks two potions by quickly switching to another potion immediately after drinking one, the second drinking animation will not be shown.
  • An Instant Damage IV potion is powerful enough to instantly kill players.
  • Potion of Poison II lasts for 22.5 seconds, but it is displayed as 22 seconds because the item hover display only shows rounded-down integer values.
  • All potions are renewable, as long as they can be brewed. The bottles can be obtained from a witch (as can some potions), glass can be purchased from librarian villagers to craft into bottles, and already filled ones can be fished up. All potion ingredients from then on have renewable ingredients, provided blocks of farmland, water and soul sand exist in the world.
  • Potions of Harming will not harm undead mobs (Zombies, Skeletons, etc.) and instead heals them. Likewise, Potions of Healing will damage undead mobs.
  • Potions of Regeneration will not harm undead mobs, but will not heal them either.
  • Potions of Poison will not heal undead mobs, but will not harm them either.
  • If a player uses a Potion of Night Vision in the End, the Endermen and end portal will appear to be white when far enough away.
  • The "Local Brewery" advancement uses the Regeneration Potion texture for its picture.
  • Potion of the Turtle Master is the only potion that gives multiple effects (Slowness and Resistance)


See also[edit]


External links[edit]