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#4E9331 (green)

Effect ID
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Poison Inflicts damage over time, reducing the player's health to Half Heart.svg, and cannot kill.


The amount of damage inflicted to the affected entity is shown in the table below:

Level Ticks per Half Heart.svg Heart.svg per second
1 25 0.4
2 12 0.8
3 6* 1.66*
4 3* 3.33*
5+ 1* 10*
  • Due to damage immunity, the effective rate is 12 ticks (Heart.svg × 0.8 per second) at levels 3 and 4 and 10 ticks (Heart.svg × 1 per second) at level 5.

The player's hearts turn yellow-green (Poisoned Heart.svg × 10)(Poisoned Hardcore Heart.svg × 10 on hardcore mode) . Damage is suppressed while the player or mob is already at Half Heart.svg health, but can resume if healing occurs before the effect expires. Amplifiers outside the range 0–31 (corresponding to levels 1–32) are treated modulo 32 (as though reduced by 32 until they are within the range, or alternatively as the remainder from division by 32, i.e. 33 will be treated as 1.)


Cause Potency Length Notes
Potion of Poison I 0:45
Potion of Poison (extended) I 1:30
Potion of Poison II II 0:21
Splash Potion of Poison I 0:45 Witches will throw this splash potion at their target.
Splash Potion of Poison (extended) I 1:30
Splash Potion of Poison II II 0:21
Lingering Potion of Poison I 0:11
Lingering Potion of Poison (extended) I 0:22
Lingering Potion of Poison II II 0:05
Arrow of Poison I 0:05
Arrow of Poison (extended) I 0:11
Arrow of Poison II II 0:02
Cookie I 0:45 Only affects parrots.‌[JELCE only]
Poisonous Potato I 0:05 60% chance
Spider Eye I 0:05
Pufferfish IV 1:00
Suspicious Stew I 0:11 Must be crafted from a Lily of the Valley
Cave Spider I 0:07 Normal difficulty only.
Cave Spider I 0:15 Hard difficulty only.
Pufferfish I 0:03 (partially inflated)
0:05 (fully inflated)
Only when touched.‌[JELCE only]

Immune mobs[edit]

Undead mobs, spiders and cave spiders are unaffected by this status effect. Witches are highly resistant to poison, but not fully immune.

Data values[edit]


Potion Name ID‌[JE only] Numeric ID‌[BE only]
Poison poison 25
Poison (extended) long_poison 26
Poison II strong_poison 27
Effect Name ID Numeric ID
Poison poison 19


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Internal ID
Advancement-fancy-raw.pngA Furious CocktailHave every potion effect applied at the same timeLocal BreweryHave all of these 13 potion effects applied to you at the same time.minecraft:nether/all_potions
Advancement-fancy-raw.pngHow Did We Get Here?Have every effect applied at the same timeA Furious CocktailHave all of these 23 effects applied to you at the same time. In Java Edition 1.14,‌[upcoming] additionally have these 2 effects applied at the same time.minecraft:nether/all_effects


Java Edition Beta
1.8 ?Added Poison, but it is currently unobtainable as no potions exist yet.
Java Edition
1.0.0 Beta 1.9 Prerelease 2 Potions have been added, but are unobtainable without inventory editing.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3 Potions have been revamped and made obtainable in the inventory.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.11.0 build 1 Added Poison, which obtained by eating rotten flesh, pufferfish,or being attacked by cave spider on normal and hard difficulty.
0.12.1 build 1 Eating rotten flesh no longer inflict poison.
Poison can be obtained from eating poisonous potato, spider eye, potion of poison as well as splash potion of poison.
0.14.0 build 1 Added witch that throw splash potion of poison while witch itself immune from poison.
0.15.0 build 1 Added arrow of poison which inflict poison effect.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0 alpha Poison can be obtained from lingering potion of poison.