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#4E9331 (green)

Namespaced ID
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Poison inflicts damage over time, reducing the player's health to Half Heart.svg, and cannot kill.

It can be cured with antidote.‌[Bedrock and Education editions only]


The amount of damage inflicted to the affected entity is shown in the table below:

Level Ticks per Half Heart.svg Heart.svg per second
1 25 0.4
2 12 0.8
3[note 1] 6 1.66
4[note 1] 3 3.33
5+[note 2] 1 10
  1. a b Due to damage immunity, the effective rate is 12 ticks (Heart.svg × 0.8 per second).
  2. Due to damage immunity, the effective rate is 10 ticks (Heart.svg × 1 per second).

The player's hearts turn yellow-green (Poisoned Heart.svg)(Poisoned Hardcore Heart.svg on hardcore mode). Damage is suppressed when the effected entity is at Half Heart.svg health, but can resume if healing occurs before the effect expires. Amplifiers outside the range 0–31 (corresponding to levels 1–32) are treated modulo 32 (as though reduced by 32 until they are within the range, or alternatively as the remainder from division by 32, i.e. 33 will be treated as 1.)


Cause Potency Length Notes
Potion of Poison I 0:45
Potion of Poison (extended) I 1:30
Potion of Poison II II 0:21
Splash Potion of Poison I 0:45 Witches will throw this splash potion if their target has 8Heart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svgHeart.svg health.
Splash Potion of Poison (extended) I 1:30
Splash Potion of Poison II II 0:21
Lingering Potion of Poison I 0:11
Lingering Potion of Poison (extended) I 0:22
Lingering Potion of Poison II II 0:05
Arrow of Poison I 0:05
Arrow of Poison (extended) I 0:11
Arrow of Poison II II 0:02
Cookie I 0:45 Only affects parrots.‌[JE & LCE only]
Poisonous Potato I 0:05 60% chance
Spider Eye I 0:05
Pufferfish IV 1:00
Suspicious Stew I 0:12 Must be crafted from a Lily of the Valley
Cave Spider I 0:07 Normal difficulty only.
Cave Spider I 0:15 Hard difficulty only.
Pufferfish I 0:03 (partially inflated)
0:05 (fully inflated)
Only when touched.

Immune mobs[edit]

Boss mobs, undead mobs, spiders, and cave spiders are unaffected by Poison. Witches are 85% resistant to damage from Poison in Java Edition and fully immune in Bedrock Edition.

Data values[edit]


Potion Namespaced ID[JE only] Numeric ID‌[BE only]
Poison poison 25
Poison (extended) long_poison 26
Poison II strong_poison 27
Effect Namespaced ID Numeric ID
Poison poison 19


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Availability Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Xbox PS Bedrock Nintendo
Taste of Your Own MedicinePoison a witch with a splash potion.Throw a splash potion of poison at a witch (by facing the witch and pressing the use key).YesYesYesYes20GSilver


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Internal ID
Advancement-fancy-raw.png A Furious CocktailHave every potion effect applied at the same timeLocal BreweryHave all of these 13 potion effects applied to the player at the same time.minecraft:nether/all_potions
Advancement-fancy-raw.png How Did We Get Here?Have every effect applied at the same timeA Furious CocktailHave all of these 26 effects applied to the player at the same time.minecraft:nether/all_effects


Java Edition Beta
1.8?Added Poison, but it is currently unobtainable as no potions exist yet.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 2Potions have been added, but are unobtainable without inventory editing.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3Potions have been revamped and made obtainable in the inventory.
1.1418w43a Changed effect icon texture.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.11.0build 1Added Poison, which obtained by eating rotten flesh, pufferfish,or being attacked by cave spider on normal and hard difficulty.
0.12.1build 1Eating rotten flesh no longer inflict poison.
Poison can be obtained from eating poisonous potato, spider eye, potion of poison as well as splash potion of poison.
0.14.0build 1Added witch that throw splash potion of poison while witch itself immune from poison.
0.15.0build 1Added arrow of poison which inflict poison effect.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha can be obtained from lingering potion of poison.
Bedrock Edition
1.11.0beta Changed effect icon texture.