Ore

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All of the current ores.

Ores are uncommon rock-type blocks used to obtain specific resources.

Usage[edit]

Ores isolated down to bedrock

Ores are primarily collected for crafting purposes, such as for tools and armor. Redstone is obtained from redstone ore, which can be used to create redstone circuits. Ore can also be combined to create a block of the material's type.

This graph shows the actual amount of ores found in a relatively small but untapped world as of Java Edition 1.12.2
This graph shows the actual amount of ancient debris found in a relatively small but untapped world as of Java Edition 20w06a

Obtaining resources from ores is as simple as mining them (this is not the case for iron, ancient debris, and gold ores, which must be smelted). Coal, diamond, emerald, and nether quartz ores drop 1 unit corresponding raw materials. Redstone ore drops 4-5 redstone dust, and lapis lazuli ore drops 4-9 lapis lazuli. Note this can be increased greatly with Fortune. All ore blocks except iron, ancient debris and gold require a Silk Touch pickaxe to drop themselves.

As a smelting ingredient[edit]

Ingredients Smelting recipe
Any raw ore + Any fuel


0.10.70.210.7110.212

Ores can be smelted faster using a blast furnace.


Note: Smelting ores that still drop their resources when directly mined is not as efficient, since smelting gives less experience and only 1 piece of the resource, especially the ones that drop multiple pieces when mined.

Further uses[edit]

All mineral blocks except quartz are crafted by putting 9 of the raw material items in a square. Quartz blocks are irreversibly crafted with 4 nether quartz and thus can be crafted in the inventory.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Any processed ore

All raw materials except quartz can be crafted from their mineral blocks.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Most mineral blocks

Iron and Gold ingots can be converted into nuggets and vice-versa.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Metal Ingots
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Metal Nuggets

Lapis Lazuli can be crafted into a dye, or even used as one in Bedrock Edition.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Lapis Lazuli


Netherite scraps, obtained by smelting ancient debris, is used alongside gold ingots to create netherite ingots. This is the only mineral used alongside another mineral to create an alloy. Netherite tools and armor also require you to first have diamond tools and armor.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Gold Ingot, Netherite Scrap

Availability[edit]

The following is the distribution of ores according to the altitude (layers are number of blocks above the lowest layer of bedrock) in the Overworld and the Nether. The highest layers that gold, redstone, diamond, and lapis lazuli ore can be found on are two layers lower.[1]

Overworld[edit]

Coal[a] Iron Lapis Lazuli Gold Redstone[b] Diamond Emerald[c]
Ore block Coal Ore JE2 BE2.png Iron Ore JE3.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE2 BE2.png Gold Ore JE3 BE2.png Redstone Ore JE2 BE2.png Diamond Ore JE3 BE3.png Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png
Refined resource Coal JE4 BE3.png Iron Ingot JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli JE2 BE2.png Gold Ingot JE3 BE2.png Redstone Dust JE2 BE2.png Diamond JE3 BE3.png Emerald JE3 BE3.png
Manufactured Iron Nugget JE1 BE1.png Blue Dye JE1 BE1.png Gold Nugget JE3 BE2.png
Mineral block Block of Coal JE3 BE2.png Block of Iron JE4 BE3.png Lapis Lazuli Block JE3 BE3.png Block of Gold JE6 BE3.png Block of Redstone JE2 BE2.png Block of Diamond JE6 BE3.png Block of Emerald JE4 BE3.png
Minimal pickaxe for drop Wooden Stone Iron
Found in biome... Any Any Badlands Any Mountains
Abundance Very Common Common Rare Uncommon Common Uncommon Rare Very Rare
Most found in layers... 5-52 5-54 14-16[d] 5-29 5-12 5-29
Commonly up to layers... 128 64 23 29 76 12 29
Rare on layers... 129-131 65-67 31-33 31-33 77-79 13-15 30-32
None at or above... 132 68 34 34 80 16 33
Can Replace

Stone
Andesite
Diorite
Granite

Stone

[more information needed]

The Nether[edit]

Nether Quartz[e] Nether Gold Ancient Debris
Ore block Nether Quartz Ore JE3 BE2.png Nether Gold Ore JE2 BE1.png Ancient Debris JE1 BE1.png
Refined resource Nether Quartz JE2 BE2.png Gold Nugget JE3 BE2.png Gold Ingot JE3 BE2.png Netherite Scrap JE2 BE1.png
Manufactured Gold Ingot JE3 BE2.png Netherite Ingot JE1.png
Mineral block Block of Quartz JE3 BE2.png Block of Gold JE6 BE3.png Block of Netherite JE1 BE1.png
Minimal pickaxe for drop Wooden Diamond
Abundance Very Common Common Very Rare
Found in biome... Any Nether
Most found in layers... 10-114 15 6-21[f]
Commonly up to layers... 120 [more information needed] 21
Rare on layers... 123-125 [more information needed] 22-119
None at or above... 128 117 120
Can Replace Netherrack

Netherrack
Basalt
Blackstone

Removed ores[edit]

Coal (0.26 ST) Ruby[g]
Ore block Coal Ore JE1 BE1.png Ruby Ore.png
Refined resource Smooth Stone Slab Bottom JE1.png Ruby.png
Minimal pickaxe for drop Wood Iron
Found in biome... Any Mountains
Abundance Very Common Very Rare
Most found in layers... [more information needed] 5-29
Commonly up to layers... [more information needed] [more information needed]
Rare on layers... [more information needed] 30-32
None at or above... [more information needed] 33
Can Replace Stone

[more information needed]

  1. This refers to coal ore blocks spawned in ore veins and not as parts of fossils or mansion forges.
  2. Redstone has the same layer and line-size statistics as Diamond, but is generated eight times per chunk as opposed to once.
  3. Instead of multi-block veins, emerald ore is placed in scattered blocks.
  4. Unlike most other ores, lapis lazuli's frequency peaks around layer 15, and slowly tapers off above and below.
  5. Nether quartz spawns equally in all parts of the Nether.
  6. Unlike most other ores, ancient debris' frequency peaks at layer 15, and quickly tapers off above and below.
  7. Ruby was removed and replaced with Emerald.

History[edit]

Java Edition Classic
May 21, 2009Notch shows interest in adding ore.
0.0.14aCoal Ore JE1 BE1.png Iron Ore JE1 BE1.png Gold Ore JE1.png Added coal, iron, and gold ores.
These ores could be found exposed only in amounts ranging from roughly 10 to 30 in a vein.
October 24, 2009A texture change for gold ore has been teased by Notch.
0.27 SURVIVAL TESTGold Ore JE2 BE1.png The texture of gold ore has been changed.
Mining an ore now gives the corresponding block of it.
Java Edition Indev
0.3120100129Diamond Ore JE1 BE1.png Added diamond ore.
20100201-2Ores can no longer be mined without a pickaxe.
Java Edition Infdev
20100320Random ore is now placed randomly around the terrain.
20100327Ores now replace stone upon a world reload.
20100330The ore change of replacing stone upon a world reload has been reverted.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.1Redstone Ore JE1 BE1.png Added redstone ore.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Lapis Lazuli Ore JE1 BE1.png Added lapis lazuli ore.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4Coal, lapis lazuli, redstone, and diamond ore now also drop as ore blocks with Silk Touch.
May 21, 2012The week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system.[2] At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.[3]
1.3.112w21aRuby Ore.png For the release of 12w21a, the block was changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.[4]
12w21bEmerald Ore JE1 BE1.png The texture of emerald ore has been changed.
12w22aAll ores except iron and gold (which give experience when smelted) now drop experience points when mined.
1.513w01aNether Quartz Ore JE1 BE1.png Added nether quartz ore.
1.1418w43aCoal Ore JE2 BE2.png Iron Ore JE3.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE2 BE2.png Gold Ore JE3 BE2.png Redstone Ore JE2 BE2.png Diamond Ore JE2 BE2.png Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png Nether Quartz Ore JE2.png The textures of all ores have been changed.
18w50aNether Quartz Ore JE3 BE2.png The texture of nether quartz ore has been changed.
19w08aDiamond Ore JE3 BE3.png The texture of diamond ore has been changed.
1.14.1Pre-Release 1Iron Ore JE3.png The texture of iron ore has been changed.
1.1620w06aAncient Debris JE1 BE1.png Added ancient debris.
20w11aNether Gold Ore JE1.png Added nether gold ore.
20w12aNether gold ore now drops gold nuggets instead of itself.
20w13aNether Gold Ore JE2 BE1.png The texture of nether gold ore has been changed.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Coal Ore JE1 BE1.png Iron Ore JE1 BE1.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE1 BE1.png Gold Ore JE2 BE1.png Redstone Ore JE1 BE1.png Diamond Ore JE1 BE1.png Added coal, iron, lapis lazuli, gold, redstone and diamond ores.
0.3.0Coal ore now drops coal.
0.3.2Diamond ore now drops a diamond.
Iron and gold ores are now smeltable into ingots.
0.4.0Lapis lazuli ore now drops lapis lazuli .
0.8.0build 2Redstone ore now drops redstone dust.
0.9.0build 1Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
0.12.1build 1Nether Quartz Ore JE1 BE1.png Added nether quartz ore.
Mining ores now gives experience.
Bedrock Edition
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Coal Ore JE2 BE2.png Iron Ore JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE2 BE2.png Gold Ore JE3 BE2.png Redstone Ore JE2 BE2.png Diamond Ore JE2 BE2.png Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png Nether Quartz Ore JE3 BE2.png The textures of all ores have been changed.
1.11.0beta 1.11.0.5Diamond Ore JE3 BE3.png The texture of diamond ore has been changed.
1.16.0beta 1.16.0.51Ancient Debris JE1 BE1.png Added ancient debris.
beta 1.16.0.57Nether Gold Ore JE2 BE1.png Added nether gold ore.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.00Patch 11.0.1Coal Ore JE1 BE1.png Iron Ore JE1 BE1.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE1 BE1.png Gold Ore JE2 BE1.png Redstone Ore JE1 BE1.png Diamond Ore JE1 BE1.png Added coal, iron, lapis lazuli, gold, redstone, and diamond ores.
TU7All ores except iron and gold (which give experience when smelted) now drops experience points when mined.
TU141.04Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Nether Quartz Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald and nether quartz ores.
1.90Coal Ore JE2 BE2.png Iron Ore JE3.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE2 BE2.png Gold Ore JE3 BE2.png Redstone Ore JE2 BE2.png Diamond Ore JE2 BE2.png Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png Nether Quartz Ore JE3 BE2.png The textures of all ores have been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Coal Ore JE1 BE1.png Iron Ore JE1 BE1.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE1 BE1.png Gold Ore JE2 BE1.png Redstone Ore JE1 BE1.png Diamond Ore JE1 BE1.png Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Nether Quartz Ore JE1 BE1.png Added coal, iron, lapis lazuli, gold, redstone, diamond, emerald and nether quartz ores.

Gallery[edit]

Trivia[edit]

  • Ancient debris has two ways to generate, similar to gold ore.
  • Emerald ore is actually rarer than ancient debris.

References[edit]