Ores are rare stone blocks used to obtain resources.
Ores are primarily collected for crafting purposes, such as for tools and armor. Redstone is obtained from redstone ore, which can be used to create redstone circuits. Ore can also be combined to create a block of the material's type.
Obtaining resources from ores is as simple as mining them (this is not the case for iron and gold ores, which must be smelted). Coal, diamond, emerald, and nether quartz ores drop 1 unit corresponding raw materials. Redstone ore drops 4-5 redstone dust, and lapis lazuli ore drops 4-8 lapis lazuli. Note this can be increased greatly with fortune. All ore blocks except iron and gold require a Silk Touch pickaxe to drop themselves.
As a smelting ingredient
|Any raw ore + Any fuel|
All mineral blocks except quartz are crafted by putting 9 of the raw material items in a square. Quartz blocks are irreversibly crafted with 4 nether quartz and thus can be crafted in the inventory.
|Any processed ore|
All raw materials except quartz can be crafted from their mineral blocks.
|Most mineral blocks|
The following is the distribution of ores according to the altitude (layers are number of blocks above the lowest layer of bedrock). The highest layers that gold, redstone, diamond, and lapis lazuli can be found on are two layers lower.
|Coal[note 1]||Iron||Gold||Redstone||Lapis Lazuli||Diamond||Emerald[note 2]||Nether Quartz[note 3]|
|Most found in layers...||5-52||5-54||5-29||5-12||14-16[note 4]||5-12||5-29||15-120|
|Commonly up to layers...||128||64||29, 76[note 5]||12||23||12||29||120|
|Rare on layers...||129-131||65-67||31-33, 77-79[note 5]||13-15||31-33||13-15||30-32||124-125|
|None at or above...||132||68||34, 80[note 5]||16||34||16||33||126|
|Minimal pickaxe for drop||Wooden||Stone||Iron||Iron||Stone||Iron||Iron||Wooden|
|Found in...||Overworld||Overworld||Overworld, especially Badlands||Overworld||Overworld||Overworld||Overworld, in Mountain biomes only||The Nether|
- This refers to coal ore blocks spawned in ore veins and not as parts of fossils or mansion forges.
- Instead of multi-block veins, emerald ore is placed in scattered blocks.
- Quartz spawns equally in all parts of the Nether (not counting lava and bedrock.)
- Unlike other ores, lapis lazuli's frequency peaks around layer 15, and slowly tapers off above and below.
- In Badlands.
Redstone has the same layer and line-size statistics as Diamond, but is generated 8 times per chunk as opposed to 1.
|Java Edition Classic|
|May 21, 2009||Notch shows interest in adding iron ore.|
|0.0.14a||Added gold ore, iron ore, and coal ore.|
|These ores could be found exposed only in amounts ranging from roughly 10 to 30 in a vein.|
|October 24, 2009||A texture change for gold ore has now been teased by Notch.|
|0.27 SURVIVAL TEST||The texture of gold ore has now been changed.|
|Mining an ore now gives the corresponding block of it.|
|Java Edition Indev|
|0.31||2010-01-29||Added diamond ore.|
|Java Edition Infdev|
|March 20, 2010||Random ore is now placed randomly around the terrain.|
|March 27, 2010||Ores now replace stone upon a world reload.|
|March 30, 2010||The ore change of replacing stone upon a world reload has now been reverted.|
|Java Edition Alpha|
|v1.0.1||Added redstone ore.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|1.2||Added lapis lazuli ore.|
|1.8||?||The highest layer for some ores has now been lowered by 2.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||Coal, diamond, redstone, and lapis lazuli ore now also drop as ore blocks with Silk Touch.|
|May 21, 2012||The week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system. At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.|
|1.3.1||12w21a||For the release of 12w21a, the block was changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.|
|12w21b||The texture of emerald ore has now been changed.|
|12w22a||All ores except gold and iron (which give experience when smelted) now drop experience points when mined.|
|Emerald ore veins now always consists of single blocks.|
|1.5||13w01a||Added nether quartz ore.|
|1.8||14w29a||Ore generation is now a lot faster.|
|1.14||18w43a||The textures of all ores have now been changed.|
|18w50a||The texture of nether quartz ore has now been changed.|
|19w08a||The texture of diamond ore has now been changed.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|0.1.0||Added coal, iron, redstone, gold, lapis lazuli and diamond ores.|
|0.3.0||Coal ore now drops coal.|
|0.3.2||Diamond ore now drops a diamond.|
|Iron and gold ores are now smeltable into metal ingots.|
|0.4.0||Lapis lazuli ore now drops lapis lazuli .|
|0.8.0||build 2||Redstone ore now finally drops redstone dust.|
|0.9.0||build 1||Added emerald ore.|
|0.12.1||build 1||Added nether quartz ore.|
|Mining ores now gives experience.|
|1.10.0||beta 22.214.171.124||The textures of all ores have now been changed.|
|1.11.0||beta 126.96.36.199||The texture of diamond ore has now been changed.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU1||CU1||1.00||Patch 1||Added coal, iron, redstone, gold, lapis lazuli and diamond ores.|
|TU7||All ores except gold and iron (which give experience when smelted) now drops experience points when mined.|
|TU14||1.04||Added emerald ore & nether quartz ore.|
|PlayStation 4 Edition|
|1.90||The textures of all ores have now been changed.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
|0.1.0||Added coal, iron, redstone, gold, lapis lazuli, diamond, emerald and nether quartz ores.|
- snapshot 12w21a/b lang/en_US.lang: tile.oreRuby.name=Ruby Ore