Ore

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All of the current ores.

Ores are rare stone blocks used to obtain resources.

Usage[edit]

Ores isolated down to bedrock

Ores are primarily collected for crafting purposes, such as for tools and armor. Redstone is obtained from redstone ore, which can be used to create redstone circuits. Ore can also be combined to create a block of the material's type.

This graph shows the actual amount of ore found in a relatively small but untapped world.

Obtaining resources from ores is as simple as mining them (this is not the case for iron and gold ores, which must be smelted). Coal, diamond, emerald, and nether quartz ores drop 1 unit corresponding raw materials. Redstone ore drops 4-5 redstone dust, and lapis lazuli ore drops 4-8 lapis lazuli. Note this can be increased greatly with fortune. All ore blocks except iron and gold require a Silk Touch pickaxe to drop themselves.

As a smelting ingredient[edit]

Ingredients Smelting recipe
Any raw ore + Any fuel























Further uses[edit]

All mineral blocks except quartz are crafted by putting 9 of the raw material items in a square. Quartz blocks are irreversibly crafted with 4 nether quartz and can be crafted in the inventory.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Any processed ore

















































































All raw materials except quartz can be crafted from their mineral blocks.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Most mineral blocks

Availability[edit]

The following is the distribution of ores according to the altitude (layers are number of blocks above the lowest layer of bedrock). The highest layers that gold, redstone, diamond, and lapis lazuli can be found on are two layers lower.[1] The graph on the right shows the ore distribution.

Ore type Most found on... Commonly found up to... Rare on layers... None at or above... Lowest tier of pickaxe needed for drop Found in...

Coal
[note 1]
Layers 5-52 Layer 128 Layer 129-131 Layer 132
Wooden

The Overworld

Iron
Layers 5-54 Layer 64 Layer 65-67 Layer 68
Stone

The Overworld

Lapis Lazuli
Layers 14-16[note 2] Layer 23 Layer 31-33 Layer 34
Stone

The Overworld

Gold
Layers 5-29 Layer 29 Layer 31-33 Layer 34
Iron

The Overworld

Gold
Layers 32-63 Layer 76 Layer 77-79 Layer 80
Iron

The Overworld
, in Badlands biomes only

Diamond
Layers 5-12 Layer 12 Layer 13-15 Layer 16
Iron

The Overworld

Redstone
Layers 5-12 Layer 12 Layer 13-15 Layer 16
Iron

The Overworld

Emerald
[note 3]
Layers 5-29 Layer 29 Layer 30-32 Layer 33
Iron

The Overworld
, in Mountains biomes only

Nether Quartz
[note 4]
Layers 15-120 Layer 120 Layer 124-125 Layer 126
Wooden

The Nether
  1. This refers to coal ore blocks spawned in ore veins and not as parts of fossils or mansion forges.
  2. Unlike other ores, lapis lazuli's frequency peaks around layer 15, and slowly tapers off above and below.
  3. Instead of multi-block veins, emerald ore is placed in scattered blocks.
  4. Quartz spawns equally in all parts of the Nether (not counting lava and bedrock.)

Redstone has the same layer and line-size statistics as Diamond, but is generated 8 times per chunk as opposed to 1.

Table[edit]

Coal Iron Redstone Gold Lapis Lazuli Diamond Emerald Nether Quartz
Ore block Coal Ore.png Iron Ore.png Redstone Ore.png Gold Ore.png Lapis Lazuli Ore.png Diamond Ore.png Emerald Ore.png Nether Quartz Ore.png
Refined resource Coal.png Iron Ingot.png Redstone Dust.png Gold Ingot.png Lapis Lazuli.png Diamond.png Emerald.png Nether Quartz.png
Mineral block Block of Coal.png Block of Iron.png Block of Redstone.png Block of Gold.png Lapis Lazuli Block.png Block of Diamond.png Block of Emerald.png Block of Quartz.png

Video[edit]

History[edit]

Classic
May 21, 2009 Notch shows interest in adding iron ore.
0.0.14a Iron Ore.png Coal Ore.png Gold Ore Revision 1.png Added gold ore, iron ore, and coal ore.
They could only be found exposed in amounts ranging from roughly 10 to 30 in a vein.
October 24, 2009 Texture change for gold teased.
0.27 SURVIVAL TEST Gold Ore.png Changed the texture of gold ore.
Mining an ore gives the corresponding block of it.
Indev
0.31 Diamond Ore.png Added diamond ore.
Infdev
March 20, 2010 Random ore is placed randomly around the terrain.
March 27, 2010 Ores now replace stone upon a world reload.
March 30, 2010 Reverted above change.
Alpha
v1.0.1 Redstone Ore.png Added redstone ore.
Beta
1.2 Lapis Lazuli Ore.png Added lapis lazuli ore.
1.8 ? The highest layer for some ores was lowered by 2.
Official release
1.0.0 Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4 Coal, diamond, redstone, and lapis lazuli can now also drop as ore blocks with Silk Touch.
1.3.1 12w21a Ruby Ore.png On May 21, 2012, the week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system.[2] At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.[3] For the release of 12w21a, the block was changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.[4]
12w21b Emerald Ore.png Changed texture to emerald.
12w22a All ores except gold and iron (which give experience when smelted) drop experience points when mined.
Emerald ore veins now always consist of single blocks.
1.5 13w01a Nether Quartz Ore.png Added nether quartz ore.
1.8 14w29a Ore generation is now a lot faster.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Coal Ore.pngIron Ore.pngRedstone Ore.pngLapis Lazuli Ore.pngGold Ore.pngDiamond Ore.png Added coal, iron, redstone, gold, lapis and diamond ores.
0.3.0 Coal ore now drops coal.
0.3.2 Diamond ore now drops a diamond.
Iron and gold ores are now smeltable into metal ingots.
0.4.0 Lapis lazuli ore now drops the dye.
0.8.0 ? Redstone ore now finally drops redstone dust.
0.9.0 ? Emerald Ore.png Added emerald ore.
0.12.1 ? Nether Quartz Ore.png Added nether quartz ore.
Mined ores now give experience.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]


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