Ore

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All of the current ores.

Ores are rare stone blocks used to obtain resources.

Usage[edit]

Ores isolated down to bedrock

Ores are primarily collected for crafting purposes, such as for tools and armor. Redstone is obtained from redstone ore, which can be used to create redstone circuits. Ore can also be combined to create a block of the material's type.

This graph shows the actual amount of ore found in a relatively small but untapped world.

Obtaining resources from ores is as simple as mining them (this is not the case for iron and gold ores, which must be smelted). Coal, diamond, emerald, and nether quartz ores drop 1 unit corresponding raw materials. Redstone ore drops 4-5 redstone dust, and lapis lazuli ore drops 4-8 lapis lazuli. Note this can be increased greatly with fortune. All ore blocks except iron and gold require a Silk Touch pickaxe to drop themselves.

As a smelting ingredient[edit]

Ingredients Smelting recipe
Any raw ore + Any fuel


Further uses[edit]

All mineral blocks except quartz are crafted by putting 9 of the raw material items in a square. Quartz blocks are irreversibly crafted with 4 nether quartz and thus can be crafted in the inventory.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Any processed ore

All raw materials except quartz can be crafted from their mineral blocks.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Most mineral blocks

Availability[edit]

The following is the distribution of ores according to the altitude (layers are number of blocks above the lowest layer of bedrock). The highest layers that gold, redstone, diamond, and lapis lazuli can be found on are two layers lower.[1]

Coal[note 1] Iron Gold Redstone Lapis Lazuli Diamond Emerald[note 2] Nether Quartz[note 3]
Ore block Coal Ore JE2 BE2.png Iron Ore JE3 BE2.png Gold Ore JE3 BE2.png Redstone Ore JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE2 BE2.png Diamond Ore JE3 BE3.png Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png Nether Quartz Ore JE3 BE2.png
Refined resource Coal.png Iron Ingot.png Gold Ingot.png Redstone Dust.png Lapis Lazuli.png Diamond.png Emerald.png Nether Quartz.png
Mineral block Block of Coal JE3 BE2.png Block of Iron JE4 BE4.png Block of Gold JE6 BE3.png Block of Redstone JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli Block JE3 BE3.png Block of Diamond JE6 BE3.png Block of Emerald JE4 BE3.png Block of Quartz Revision 3.png
Most found in layers... 5-52 5-54 5-29 5-12 23 5-12 5-29 15-120
Commonly up to layers... 128 64 29, 76[note 4] 12 31-33 12 29 120
Rare on layers... 129-131 65-67 31-33, 77-79[note 4] 13-15 34 13-15 30-32 124-125
None at or above... 132 68 34, 80[note 4] 16 34 16 29 126
Minimal pickaxe for drop Wooden Stone Iron Iron Stone Iron Iron Wooden
Found in... Overworld Overworld Overworld, especially Badlands Overworld Overworld Overworld Overworld, in Mountain biomes only The Nether
  1. This refers to coal ore blocks spawned in ore veins and not as parts of fossils or mansion forges.
  2. Instead of multi-block veins, emerald ore is placed in scattered blocks.
  3. Quartz spawns equally in all parts of the Nether (not counting lava and bedrock.)
  4. a b c In Badlands.

Redstone has the same layer and line-size statistics as Diamond, but is generated 8 times per chunk as opposed to 1.

History[edit]

Java Edition Classic
May 21, 2009Notch shows interest in adding iron ore.
0.0.14aIron Ore JE1 BE1.png Coal Ore JE1 BE1.png Gold Ore JE1.png Added gold ore, iron ore, and coal ore.
These ores could be found exposed only in amounts ranging from roughly 10 to 30 in a vein.
October 24, 2009Texture change for gold ore teased.
0.27 SURVIVAL TESTGold Ore JE2 BE1.png Changed the texture of gold ore.
Mining an ore now gives the corresponding block of it.
Java Edition Indev
0.312010-01-29Diamond Ore JE1 BE1.png Added diamond ore.
Java Edition Infdev
March 20, 2010Random ore is now placed randomly around the terrain.
March 27, 2010Ores now replace stone upon a world reload.
March 30, 2010The ore change of replacing stone upon a world reload has been reverted.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.1Redstone Ore JE1 BE1.png Added redstone ore.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Lapis Lazuli Ore JE1 BE1.png Added lapis lazuli ore.
1.8?The highest layer for some ores has been lowered by 2.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4Coal, diamond, redstone, and lapis lazuli ore now also drops as ore blocks with Silk Touch.
1.3.112w21aRuby Ore.png On May 21, 2012, the week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system.[2] At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.[3] For the release of 12w21a, the block was changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.[4]
12w21bEmerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Changed texture of emerald ore.
12w22aAll ores except gold and iron (which give experience when smelted) now drop experience points when mined.
Emerald ore veins now always consists of single blocks.
1.513w01aNether Quartz Ore JE1 BE1.png Added nether quartz ore.
1.814w29aOre generation is now a lot faster.
1.1418w43aCoal Ore JE2 BE2.png Iron Ore JE3 BE2.png Redstone Ore JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE2 BE2.png Gold Ore JE3 BE2.png Diamond Ore JE2 BE2.png Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png Nether Quartz Ore JE2.png Changed the textures of all ores.
18w50aNether Quartz Ore JE3 BE2.png Changed the texture of nether quartz ore.
19w08aDiamond Ore JE3 BE3.png Changed the texture of diamond ore.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Coal Ore JE1 BE1.pngIron Ore JE1 BE1.pngRedstone Ore JE1 BE1.pngLapis Lazuli Ore JE1 BE1.pngGold Ore JE2 BE1.pngDiamond Ore JE1 BE1.png Added coal, iron, redstone, gold, lapis lazuli and diamond ores.
0.3.0Coal ore now drops coal.
0.3.2Diamond ore now drops a diamond.
Iron and gold ores are now smeltable into metal ingots.
0.4.0Lapis lazuli ore now drops lapis lazuli .
0.8.0build 2Redstone ore now finally drops redstone dust.
0.9.0build 1Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
0.12.1build 1Nether Quartz Ore JE1 BE1.png Added nether quartz ore.
Mining ores now gives experience.
Bedrock Edition
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Coal Ore JE2 BE2.png Iron Ore JE3 BE2.png Redstone Ore JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE2 BE2.png Gold Ore JE3 BE2.png Diamond Ore JE2 BE2.png Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png Nether Quartz Ore JE3 BE2.png Changed the textures of all ores.
1.11.0beta 1.11.0.5Diamond Ore JE3 BE3.png Changed the texture of diamond ore.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.00Patch 1Coal Ore JE1 BE1.pngIron Ore JE1 BE1.pngRedstone Ore JE1 BE1.pngLapis Lazuli Ore JE1 BE1.pngGold Ore JE2 BE1.pngDiamond Ore JE1 BE1.png Added coal, iron, redstone, gold, lapis lazuli and diamond ores.
TU7All ores except gold and iron (which give experience when smelted) now drops experience points when mined.
TU141.04Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Nether Quartz Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore & nether quartz ore.
PlayStation 4 Edition
1.90Coal Ore JE2 BE2.png Iron Ore JE3 BE2.png Redstone Ore JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli Ore JE2 BE2.png Gold Ore JE3 BE2.png Diamond Ore JE2 BE2.png Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png Nether Quartz Ore JE3 BE2.png Changed the textures of all ores.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Coal Ore JE1 BE1.pngIron Ore JE1 BE1.pngRedstone Ore JE1 BE1.pngLapis Lazuli Ore JE1 BE1.pngGold Ore JE2 BE1.pngDiamond Ore JE1 BE1.pngEmerald Ore JE1 BE1.pngNether Quartz Ore JE1 BE1.png Added coal, iron, redstone, gold, lapis lazuli, diamond, emerald and nether quartz ores.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]