From Minecraft Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search




Blast resistance






Yes (64)



Catches fire from lava




Data value

dec: 49 hex: 31 bin: 110001

Namespaced ID


Alex Wiltshire Mojang avatar.png

Strong almost beyond compare and able to stand huge blasts, glossy, black obsidian is forged in the very fires of the earth. What a block!

Alex Wiltshire[1]
Jasper Boerstra Mojang avatar.jpg

Obsidian is tough to design in Minecraft because: This is obsidian. Very specular, brittle, see-through on thin edges, very dark, very smooth. texture is largely defined by specular and shape. In MC, it's a purple colored 'rock' with a few spots!

Jasper "JAPPA" Boerstra[2]

Obsidian is a dark block known for its high blast resistance and strength.


Naturally occurring obsidian.
Water pouring onto lava springs, forming obsidian.

Obsidian drops 1 obsidian when mined with a diamond pickaxe. Otherwise, it will drop nothing.

Block Obsidian
Hardness 50
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 250
Wooden 125
Stone 62.5
Iron 41.7
Diamond 9.4
Golden 20.85
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Haste § Instant mining.

Enchanting a pickaxe with "Efficiency" and using a beacon with Haste both drastically decrease the mining time. See the obsidian farming tutorial for more information.

Lava and water[edit]

Using a water spring to mine obsidian.

Obsidian is formed when flowing water hits a lava source block, and can be found naturally where water from a spring or lake has flowed over a nearby lava pool.

Natural generation[edit]

Obsidian can be created when a Nether portal is generated in the Nether or the Overworld. This portal can then be mined, providing a way of obtaining obsidian renewably.

When a player enters the End, a platform of 25 obsidian blocks is generated for the player to spawn on. This platform can then be mined, and will be regenerated when the player reenters the End. Solid pillars of obsidian can also be found on the surface, which will regenerate when the ender dragon is respawned. Obsidian also generates as a part of end ship in end cities.

Obsidian also occurs naturally where underwater springs flow onto lava, often at layer 10 or lower.

Obsidian also generates in woodland mansions in a tree shape with a diamond block in the middle of it.


Obsidian can be found in 8.0% of fortress chests in stacks of 2–4, and in 25.6% of village weaponsmith chests in stacks of 3–7.

Ender chests[edit]

When an ender chest is mined with a pickaxe without the Silk Touch enchantment, it drops 8 obsidian.


Obsidian can be used to build explosion resistant structures. At 6,000, obsidian's explosion resistance is the highest the player can obtain in Survival mode, other than anvils, which have the same blast resistance. Obsidian cannot be pushed by pistons. Obsidian is also notoriously known in servers as a defense block. It is common in many builds as building armor and is essential for protection.

Nether portals[edit]

Obsidian can be used to create a nether portal frame, which can then be ignited using fire. The frame must be a vertical rectangle any size from 4×5 to 23×23. Note that the corners of the frame are not required.

Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Beacon Glass +
Nether Star +

Enchantment Table Book +
Diamond +

Ender Chest Obsidian +
Eye of Ender


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Availability Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Xbox PS Bedrock Nintendo
EnchanterUse a book, obsidian and diamonds to construct an enchantment tablePick up an enchantment table from a crafting table output.YesPS3YesYes20GSilver
PS4, PSVitaBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Internal ID
Advancement-plain-raw.png Ice Bucket ChallengeForm and mine a block of ObsidianHot StuffHave a block of obsidian in your inventory.minecraft:story/form_obsidian
Advancement-plain-raw.png EnchanterEnchant an item at an Enchanting TableDiamonds!minecraft:story/enchant_item


Java Edition Classic
October 24, 2009Showed obsidian.
0.28Obsidian Revision 1.png Added obsidian.
Obsidian is extremely tough to break and would drop one or two cobblestone blocks when broken.[verify]
Java Edition Infdev
Infdev2010-02-27Obsidian can now be used to mark the positions of the cardinal directions. This creates two intersecting planes extending just above the surface of the solid material that surrounds them.
2010-03-13The two obsidian intersecting planes have now been removed.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0previewThe nether portal has now been introduced, which is made using obsidian.
Java Edition Beta
1.8Pre-releaseObsidian can now be mined with an iron pickaxe (has since been removed) or moved by endermen.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3The enchantment table has now been introduced, which is crafted using obsidian.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6Obsidian mining time has now been decreased from 15 to 2.5 seconds.
?Obsidian mining time has now been increased from 2.5 to 9.4 seconds.
1.112w01aObsidian can now be found in village chests.
1.3.112w21aThe ender chest has now been introduced, which is crafted using obsidian.
12w22aInventory sprites for blocks have now been flipped from left to right, changing to Obsidian Revision 1.png.
1.4.212w36aThe beacon block has now received a crafting recipe, which uses obsidian.
12w38aThe wither's “blue wither skull” projectile has now been introduced, which produces a special explosion that can destroy obsidian.
1.7.213w36aObsidian can now be destroyed with explosives by summoning a fireball with custom data.
1.814w25a“Infiniobsidian” glitch (allowing conversion of redstone into obsidian) has been fixed during the implementation of the new block metadata format.
14w30aObsidian can now be found inside chests in nether fortresses.
1.915w31aObsidian will now generate as part of the end cities.
15w43aThe obsidian yield from nether fortress chests has now been slightly decreased.
1.1116w39aObsidian will now generate in woodland mansions.
July 18, 2017Obsidian (Texture Update pre-release 1).png Jeb tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.
July 19, 2017Obsidian (Texture Update pre-release 2).png Jeb tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.
July 11, 2018Obsidian (Texture Update pre-release 3).png Jasper Boerstra tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.
?Obsidian TextureUpdate Revision Something.png This texture was used at some point.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 49.
18w09aObsidian will now generate in some underwater ruins.
1.1418w43aObsidian TextureUpdate Revision 1.png Obsidian's texture has now been changed.
18w44aObsidian.png Obsidian's texture has now been changed, once again.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Obsidian Revision 1.png Added obsidian.
0.5.0Glowing obsidian has been added, which drops a block of regular obsidian when mined.
The newly added nether reactor structure will generate a “spire” of obsidian when activated.
0.6.0The “spires” generated by nether reactors are now made of netherrack, instead of obsidian.
0.9.0build 1Obsidian can now be found in villages within blacksmith chests.
0.12.1build 1Obsidian can now be used to form nether portals.
Obsidian is now used to craft enchantment tables.
0.13.0build 2Obsidian will now require 6.5 seconds to mine, rather than 3.
0.16.0build 1Obsidian is now used to craft beacons.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha is now used to craft ender chests.
Obsidian will now generate naturally in the End as obsidian platforms, obsidian pillars and some parts of end ships in end cities.
1.1.0alpha will now generate in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.4.0beta will now generate in some underwater ruins.
1.10.0beta Obsidian's texture has now been changed.
Obsidian can now be found in village weaponsmith chests.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Obsidian Revision 1.png Added obsidian.
PlayStation 4 Edition
1.90Obsidian.png Changed the texture of obsidian.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Obsidian Revision 1.png Added Obsidian.


Issues relating to "Obsidian" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Obsidian is one of the hardest blocks to destroy in Minecraft. In reality, obsidian is glass-like in texture and quite fragile.
  • In real life, obsidian is an extrusive igneous rock like andesite, meaning that they are both formed from lava that has cooled down.
  • Destroying an obsidian block with a diamond pickaxe, while underwater, without standing on solid ground would take 3 minutes and 54 seconds (without the pickaxe, it takes 4 minutes and 10 seconds). Either way, the player will run out of air long before the block is mined (unless a potion of water breathing is used).
  • Destroying an obsidian block without a pickaxe, while underwater, without standing on solid ground, while under Mining Fatigue 3 from an Elder Guardian will take 50*5*5*5*370, or 2312500 seconds, or 26 days, 18 hours, 21 minutes, and 40 seconds. The derivation is from hardness times 5 (from not using a tool that can harvest the obsidian block) times 5 (from being underwater) times 5 (from not standing on solid ground) times 370 (from mining fatigue).
  • It is a common misconception that enough TNT will destroy obsidian. Even though its explosion resistance rating is finite, additional TNT or other explosives will have no more effect on an individual block than only one (it would take 71.25 times the explosive power of TNT to destroy a block of obsidian). It is possible to hack or use /summon an explosion strong enough to destroy obsidian, but no such explosion appears naturally.
    • The Blue Wither Skull's ability to destroy obsidian is a special feature; its explosion is otherwise no stronger than a ghast's fireball.


See also[edit]