Nether Portal (block)

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Nether Portal
Portal BE.png



Yes (11)

Blast resistance






Catches fire from lava




Data value

dec: 90 hex: 5A bin: 1011010


See Data values

The nether portal block is the translucent part of the nether portal which teleports the player to and from the Nether.


The nether portal block can be placed using the /setblock command, and is generated when lighting a nether portal.

In Java Edition, it cannot be obtained as an item, but in Bedrock Edition, it may be obtained via inventory editing.


In Java Edition, nether portal blocks can only stably exist within a nether portal structure, unlike end portal blocks. When the block is updated and detects it is not part of such a structure, it will disappear.

The Nether portal animation.

Nether portal blocks can be used to teleport into and out of the Nether. When a player in the Overworld or the Nether stands in a nether portal block for 4 seconds, the player is taken to the other dimension. The player can step out of a portal before it completes its animation to abort the teleport. However, in Creative mode there is no wait time—the player will immediately transfer between dimensions. If there is already an active portal within range (125 blocks) in the other world, the player will appear in that portal. Otherwise, a portal will be created at or near the corresponding coordinates. If a single portal block is placed using commands, it can still be used to travel to the Nether.

Nether portal blocks make distinctive sounds of whimpering and cries, and emit purple particles resembling snowflakes (the same purple particles are produced by endermen, endermites, ender pearls, and the ender chest). Portal blocks emit light of level 11, rather dimmer than a torch and not quite sufficient to prevent mob spawning on top of a freestanding portal.

Much like water or lava, portal blocks cannot be broken by tools except in Creative. However, portal blocks can be destroyed by explosions (even weak ones) and can be replaced by placing water or lava. If any portal block is destroyed, the whole portal is deactivated as adjacent portal blocks are updated and detect that the portal structure is no longer complete.

Portal blocks cannot be moved by pistons, nor can a piston push a block into a portal.

A portal block set in the End will behave exactly like in the Overworld, calculating coordinates in the Nether with the same 1:8 ratio. They teleport players to the Nether in Java Edition, and to the Overworld in Bedrock Edition.


Sound Subtitle Namespaced ID Subtitle ID Source Pitch Volume Attenuation distance
Block breaking subtitles.block.generic.hit Blocks 0.5 0.25 16
Block broken subtitles.block.generic.break Blocks 0.8 1.0 16
Block placed Blocks 0.8 1.0 16
Footsteps subtitles.block.generic.footsteps Blocks 1.0 0.15 16
No subtitle (Plays when fallen on from a height) Blocks 0.75 0.5 16
Portal whooshes block.portal.ambient subtitles.block.portal.ambient ? ? ? 10
No subtitle block.portal.trigger (Plays when standing in portal) ? ? ? 16
No subtitle (Plays when loading dimension) ? ? ? 16

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

Block Namespaced ID
Nether Portal nether_portal

Bedrock Edition:

Block Namespaced ID Numeric ID
Nether Portal portal 90

Block states[edit]

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
axisx xThe portal's long edge runs east–west.
zThe portal's long edge runs north–south.

Bedrock Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
axisx unknown[more information needed]
xThe portal's long edge runs east–west.
zThe portal's long edge runs north–south.


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The specific instructions are: Nether portals (and nether portal blocks as the pages share histories) during "preview", Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4 nether portals (and nether portal block) and Texture Update nether portals (and nether portal block).
Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0October 4, 2010A poster on Notch's blog announced a new "hell world," and hinted that it would utilize portals for fast travels.
October 22, 2010Originally, ghasts were intended to spawn from Nether portals (referred to as "gates") in the Overworld. However, this ability has not yet been implemented.[1]
October 29, 2010Notch sent a preview of the Halloween Update to two gaming companies; their articles[2][3] detailed the usage of nether portals, used for entering what was then known as "the Slip".
previewAdded nether portals.
v1.2.2aThe player can now create a nether portal by pressing F4 (presumably a developer testing function).
v1.2.2bThe F4 cheat has now been removed from nether portals.
Java Edition Beta
1.6?Before this, nether portals could be created in multiplayer servers, but did not function to teleport players to The Nether, thus multiplayer servers required modding to access the Nether. Now, nether portals work in multiplayer.
Java Edition
1.0.0?It is now possible to smash nether portals by simply punching them.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4The nether portal has now been changed, having a slightly darker look.
?It is no longer possible to deactivate nether portals with water or lava. Both stop before hitting the portal and act as if the portal were a solid block; placing water instead of fire in the portal automatically deactivates the portal anyway.
1.2.112w08aThe player can now (again) smash a nether portal in creative by punching it. It makes the same sound as glass being destroyed.
?The Overworld's height limit has now been raised to 256, but portals from the Nether can not find portals above Y=128.
1.3.112w18atravel.ogg no longer plays when using a nether portal.
12w22aZombie pigmen now rarely spawn from nether portals in the Overworld.
?Portals from the Nether now search the entire height of the Overworld.
1.4.212w34aEntities can now travel through portals.
12w38aThe Nether now loads faster when traveling through a nether portal in survival mode and loads immediately when in creative mode.
1.513w02aNether portals now use the following textures in resource packs: textures/blocks/portal.png and textures/blocks/obsidian.png.
1.7.2September 11, 2013Dinnerbone releases images of larger and different shaped nether portals, also mentions the ability to light a portal from any block, not just the bottom row.[4]

Both the sign and circular nature of the portal in the second image are references to Stargate, Col. Jack O'Neill was often heard mentioning his hatred for cliches.

13w37aPortals can now be activated from any block within the portal, not just the bottom (when any fire block appears inside the frame).
There are now new nether portal building rules: portals can now be built at a minimum of 4×5, and a maximum of 23×23.
Nether portals now use block data values (later changed to block state) to determine their orientation. Old portals created in 1.6.4 and earlier have a tendency to close when upgrading.
13w41a[Nether portals, water and ice are now visible through each other.
1.814w25aThe item form of the nether portal block has now been removed from the game. It can no longer exist in inventories, only as a block in the world.
1.916w02aNether portals now play travel.ogg again.
15w49aThe wither and ender dragon can no longer travel through nether portals.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 90.
pre5The block id of nether portals has now been changed to nether_portal.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.12.1build 1Added nether portals.
Nether portals can be built at a minimum of 4×5, and a maximum of 23×23.
?The sounds of nether portals have now been updated to match Java.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Added nether portals.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3There are now new nether portal building rules: Any rectangular shape from 4×5 to 23×23.
If the nether portal in the Nether is big enough, ghasts can now travel through.
Nether portals can now be activated by any fire block within the frame.


Issues relating to "Nether Portal (block)" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • The thinner sides of the Nether portal block are transparent.