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Mule.pngSaddled Mule.pngChested Mule.pngSaddled Chested Mule.png
Baby Mule.png
Health points

15♥ × 7.5 to 30♥ × 15



Hitbox size

Height: 1.6 Blocks
Width: 1.3965 Blocks
Height: 0.8 Blocks
Width: 0.6982 Blocks


When a horse and donkey breed

Items usable on

A mule is a tameable mob that can be ridden when tamed.


Mules do not spawn naturally, but they can spawn through cross-breeding a horse with a donkey. Mules cannot breed with other mules. 20% of mule spawn eggs produce foals.


Mules are the offspring of horses and donkeys and are closer to (but not quite) the size of a normal horse. Their ears, coats, and manes are like those of a donkey, though mules' coats are darker and reddish-brown. Like donkeys, mules cannot be equipped with armor but can be equipped with chests. Mules cannot have foals, much like mules in real life.

Unlike almost all other mobs, mules with equipped saddles or chests do not render these when under the effect of Invisibility. This is a bug, but Mojang decided not to fix it.[1]


Upon death, mules drop:

  • 0–2 Leather. The maximum amount is increased by 1 per level of Looting, for a maximum of 0-5 with Looting III.
  • 1–3, when killed by a player or tamed wolf.

If equipped with a chest or saddle, they drop those items, as well as any contents of the chest.


Mules can be equipped with chests and used as pack animals.

They can be pulled along and tied up using a lead, and can be towed, swimming behind a boat by using a lead.


Tamed mules have the following slot available:

  • Saddle Slot: For equipping a saddle.

Mules can also be equipped with chests, however, these do not have a dedicated inventory slot. Foals cannot be equipped with anything.

Equipment can be placed on a mule by holding it and then right-clicking on the mule, or by accessing its inventory. A mule's inventory can be accessed by mounting the mule and opening the player inventory or by sneaking and then right-clicking on the mule. A mule starts out with just a saddle slot, but if it is given a chest, it acquires 15 more inventory slots that can hold anything the player wishes.

Chests can be given to a mule by using it with the chest in hand, and the chest cannot be removed except by killing the mule. Upon death, the mule drops the attached chest and its contents.


See also: Transportation

Once a mule is tamed and saddled, the player can control it with standard directional controls, jump, and the mouse. The player dismounts using the dismount control.

When riding a mule, the hunger bar is replaced by the mule's health in survival or adventure mode.‌[Java Edition only] It uses a slightly different heart texture than the player's health bar. The experience bar is replaced by the mule jump bar.

A player can use any item while riding a mule, including drinking or throwing potions; activating doors or redstone devices; using chests, crafting tables, and furnaces; breaking and placing blocks (although it is slightly slower); and attacking with melee weapons or bows.

A ridden mule automatically runs up any one block high slope. The mule and rider can safely fit through a space as low as 2.75 blocks high. Lower clearance risks suffocating the rider if the rider's head enters a non-transparent block. The mule itself can enter gaps as low as 1.625 blocks high, but may itself take suffocation damage when clearance is less than 1.75 blocks. Mules cannot fit through a 1-block-wide gap.

The maximum speed of mules, when created by breeding a horse and a donkey, varies between 4.8375 blocks/second and 14.5125 blocks/second (compared to the player's walking speed, which is about 4.3 blocks/second). About 68% of mules are able to go faster than a minecart. Any mule spawned with its spawn egg always has a speed of 7.525 blocks/second, which is slower than a minecart at full speed. A fast mule can be combined with speed potions and the Nether to make the mule easily the fastest practical way to travel in Minecraft (around 130 m/s Overworld-equivalent in the Nether). Mules are slow-moving backward, and about as fast as the player when moving sideways.

A ridden mule can be made to jump and holding the control charges for a higher leap. Mules are not affected by jump boost beacons or potions. The standard dismount control dismounts from the mule, as does going in water deeper than two blocks. Just like the player, mules take fall damage when falling from heights.

It is impossible for a player to use a Nether portal while on a mule. It is possible, however, to enter the portal on the mule and then dismount, sending the mule through the portal on its own, or use a lead to position the mule, then push it through the portal.


All mules roam idly, occasionally stopping to rear, swish their tails, or lower their heads as though eating the grass. Unlike sheep, the eating animation does not actually cause any grass to be consumed. Mules turn to look at any player that comes near. Any mule, even a wild one, allows itself to be attached to a lead without protest. However, if the player attempts to saddle an untamed mule, it rears and flails its front hooves. Mules remain passive, even when hit.

Mules also make braying noises.

Mules, like most mobs, can ride in a minecart and boat. Unlike other passive mobs, mules slowly regenerate health.


Adult mules can be tamed: with an empty hand, mount the mule repeatedly; when it no longer bucks the player and shows hearts, it is tamed. It is necessary to tame a mule in order to give it equipment or ride it for any length of time.

Taming depends on the mule's "temper". Mules begin with a temper of 0 out of 100. When a player is riding the mule, a random number between 0 and 99 is chosen. The mule becomes tame if this number is less than the temper, otherwise, the temper is increased by 5 and the player is bucked off. Temper can also be increased by feeding the mule.

While riding an untamed mule, a galloping sound is audible, more or less rapid to give a general idea of the mule's speed. It is unknown whether there is any indication of jump height before taming.

Like all tame animals, a death message is displayed to their owner if they are killed.


Mules cannot be bred together.


Feeding a mule food can alter its behavior, cause it to grow (if it is not yet an adult; foals normally take 20 minutes to fully mature if not fed), and/or restore its health. The table below lists the effects of the various foods mules eat.

To feed a mule, hold a valid food item and press use on the mule. If the food is invalid, the player simply mounts the mule. Mules can be fed only when feeding would have an effect, similar to other animals.

Food Heals Speeds growth by Increases temper Notes
Sugar 1♥ 30 sec +3
Wheat 2♥ 20 sec +3
Apple 3♥♥ 1 min +3
Golden Carrot 4♥♥ 1 min +5
Golden Apple 10♥♥♥♥♥ 4 min +10
Hay Bale 20♥ × 10 3 min N/A Hay bales cannot be fed to untamed adult mules.


See also: Tutorials/Horses

Mules have three "equine stats" that vary from mule to mule: health, (maximum) movement speed, and jump strength. These stats are created once the mule is born or spawned, and are not affected by food.

Spawned values[edit]

When spawned in any way except breeding – for instance, using commands or using spawn eggs – mules are assigned their stats within certain ranges, specific according to their horse type.


A mule's health ranges from 15–30, but tends toward the average of 22–23. Displayed hearts are health, divided by two, rounded down. A mule with a non-even number of health points (15, 17, 19, etc.) does not show the last half-heart. If the mule has lost one fewer health point than the inflicted damage and did not regenerate, it has an odd number of health points, otherwise, it has an even number of health points.

Movement speed[edit]

Spawned mules' speed is always 0.175; the player's normal walking speed is 0.1. The speed listed does not include any status effect that affects the speed of a horse or a player. Bred mules have speed based on their parent's speeds, like all other horse breeding.

See transportation to compare the speeds of various transportation methods.

Jump strength[edit]

Spawned mules' jump strength is usually 0.5, which is enough to clear 1 916 blocks. Other jump strengths can be found in bred mules, depending on the statistics of the parents (as explained later).

Bred values[edit]

When breeding a horse and a donkey, the foal's stats are determined by averaging both parent's stats with a third set, randomly determined as horses' stats are (i.e. add both parents' stats with the random value and divide by 3). Any value for speed and jump strength applicable for a horse spawned naturally or with a spawn egg can be used for the third set.


SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Mule hee-haws??entity.mule.ambientsubtitles.entity.mule.ambient??16
Mule neighs??entity.mule.angrysubtitles.entity.mule.angry??16
Mule Chest equips??entity.mule.chestsubtitles.entity.mule.chest??16
Mule dies??entity.mule.deathsubtitles.entity.mule.death??16
Mule hurts??entity.mule.hurtsubtitles.entity.mule.hurt??16

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Mulemule entity.minecraft.mule

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key

Entity data[edit]

See also: Chunk format

Mules have entity data associated with them that contain various properties.

  • Entity data
    • Tags common to all entities see Template:Nbt inherit/entity/template
    • Tags common to all mobs see Template:Nbt inherit/mob/template
    • Additional fields for mobs that can breed see Template:Nbt inherit/breedable/template
    •  Bred: 1 or 0 (true/false) – Unknown. Remains 0 after breeding. If true, causes it to stay near other horses with this flag set.
    •  EatingHaystack: 1 or 0 (true/false) – true if the horse is grazing.
    •  Tame: 1 or 0 (true/false) – true if the horse is tamed.
    •  Temper: Ranges from 0 to 100; increases with feeding. Higher values make a horse easier to tame.
    •  Owner: The UUID of the player that tamed the horse, stored as four ints. Has no effect on behavior. Does not exist if there is no owner.
    •  ArmorItem: The armor item worn by this horse. May not exist.
    •  SaddleItem: The saddle item worn by this horse. May not exist. (Non-player mobs cannot control a tamed horse if it has no saddle.)
    •  ChestedHorse: 1 or 0 (true/false) - true if the horse has chests. A chested horse that is not a donkey or a mule crashes the game.
    •  Items: List of items. Only exists if ChestedHorse is true.
      • An item, including the Slot tag. Slots are numbered 2 to 16 for donkeys and mules, and none exist for all other horses.


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
Saddle UpTame a horse.20GBronze
Artificial SelectionBreed a mule from a horse and a donkey.30GBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID


The Parrots and the Bats
Breed two animals togetherHusbandryhusbandry/breed_an_animal


Best Friends Forever
Tame an animalHusbandryhusbandry/tame_an_animal


Two by Two
Breed all the animals!The Parrots and the BatsBreed pairs of each of these 19 mobs. A trader llama does not count as a llama, and a mule must be the result of breeding a horse and a donkey for this advancement as they are not breed-able together. Other breed-able mobs, if any, can be bred, but are ignored for this advancement.husbandry/bred_all_animals



Java Edition
1.6.113w16aMule Revision 1.png Baby Mule Revision 1.png Added mules, assisted by DrZhark (John Olarte), creator of the Mo' Creatures mod, whose horses are a baseline for Minecraft's mule models.[2]
13w16bMules are now slower and no longer glide so much.
13w18aHorse saddles have now been removed. Mules are now ridden using the saddle.
13w19aThe access to the mule inventory by sneaking and interacting has now been enabled.
13w21aAdded new GUI for mules, to control their saddles and inventories.
13w22aAdded new sound effects for mules.
1.814w26cWheat's acceleration of baby mule growth has now been reduced.
1.915w47bAdded sounds for mules eating food given by a player.
1.1016w20aAdded mule spawn egg.
pre2The mule spawn egg has now been removed.
1.1116w32aMules now have a separate ID from horses: mule.
The mule spawn egg has now been re-added.
1.1317w45aMule 17w45a.png Baby Mule 17w45a.png The models of mules have now been changed.
17w46aMule 17w46a.png Mule 17w46a.png The new models of mules have now been slightly tweaked.
18w03aMule Revision 3.png Baby Mule Revision 4.png The models of mules have now been updated again.
1.1418w43bMule.png Baby Mule.png The textures of mules have now been changed.
1.1620w15aTamed mules can now be saddled by dispensers.
Dispensers can now put chests on tamed mules.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.15.0build 1Mule Revision 1.png Baby Mule Revision 1.png Added mules.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.6beta Revision 3.png Baby Mule Revision 4.png The models of mules have now been changed to Java Edition 17w45a's mule models.
1.10.0beta Baby Mule.png The textures of mules have now been changed.
Legacy Console Edition
TU19CU7 1.12 Patch 11.0.1Mule Revision 1.png Baby Mule Revision 1.png Added mules.
TU22CU10 1.15 Added quick move to the mule inventory.
TU31CU19 1.22 Patch 3Baby mule growth can now be accelerated using wheat.
TU43CU33 1.36 Patch 13Added sounds for mules.
TU60CU51 1.64 Patch 301.0.11Mule Revision 3.png Baby Mule Revision 4.png The models of mules have now been changed to Java Edition 17w45a's mule models.
1.90 Mule.png Baby Mule.png The textures of mules have now been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Mule Revision 1.png Mule Revision 1.png Added mules.


Issues relating to "Mule" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • A player who picks up leather dropped by an adult mule receives the "Cow Tipper" achievement. This is due to the achievement being given when a player picks up any piece of leather instead of being given when killing a cow.
  • If a player pulling a mule with a lead enters a boat, the mule swims after them at the same speed as the boat.
  • A player riding a mule is dragged along if their mule is being pulled by a lead, and can even be lifted up in the air in the same way.
  • On multiplayer, it is possible to determine which of two mules (owned and ridden by different players) is faster. Each rider needs to apply a lead to the other mule, then play 'tug of war'. The stronger mule is faster.
  • In the Bedrock Edition mules can be transported in a boat by riding the mule and jumping into the boat then dismounting (leaving the mule behind in the boat) and activating the boat from underneath/underwater. Attempting to activate the boat in order to pilot it from above results in the player being mounted on the mule again rather than being placed inside the boat to pilot it.
  • In real life, a horse/donkey hybrid is referred to as a mule if its parents were a jack (male donkey) and a mare (female horse). If its parents are a stallion (male horse) and a jenny (female donkey), it is referred to as a hinny.
  • The inability to breed mules is realistic - in real life, as with many hybrids, mules are generally sterile.


See also[edit]