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Materials

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Materials in Minecraft classify blocks into different types, more or less indicating what the block is "made of".

Materials[edit]

The following materials exist in Minecraft. Each material gives certain properties to the block, although individual blocks can and often will override them.

Material Map color Liquid? Solid?​[n 1] Block movement?​[n 2] Need tool?​[n 3] Can burn?​[n 4] Can replace?​[n 5] Piston​[n 6]
Air    None No No No No No Yes Pushed
Bamboo    143,119,72 No Yes Yes No Yes No Replace
Bamboo sapling    143,119,72 No Yes No No Yes No Replace
Barrier    None No Yes Yes Yes No No Blocked
Bubble column    64,64,255 Yes No No No No Yes Replace
Buildable glass    None No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Cactus    0,124,0 No Yes Yes No No No Replace
Cake    None No Yes Yes No No No Replace
Clay    164,168,184 No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Cloth decoration    199,199,199 No No No No Yes No Pushed
Coral    0,124,0 No Yes Yes No No No Replace
Decoration    None No No No No No No Replace
Dirt    151,109,77 No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Egg    0,124,0 No Yes Yes No No No Replace
Explosive    255,0,0 No Yes Yes No Yes No Pushed
Fire    None No No No No No Yes Replace
Glass    None No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Grass    127,178,56 No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Heavy metal    167,167,167 No Yes Yes Yes No No Blocked
Ice    160,160,255 No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Ice solid    160,160,255 No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Lava    255,0,0 Yes No No No No Yes Replace
Leaves    0,124,0 No Yes Yes No Yes No Replace
Metal    167,167,167 No Yes Yes Yes No No Pushed
Piston    112,112,112 No Yes Yes No No No Blocked
Plant    0,124,0 No No No No No No Replace
Portal    None No No No No No No Blocked
Replaceable plant    0,124,0 No No No No Yes Yes Replace
Replaceable water plant    64,64,255 No No No No No Yes Replace
Sand    247,233,163 No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Shulker shell    127,63,178 No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Snow    255,255,255 No Yes Yes Yes No No Pushed
Sponge    229,229,51 No Yes Yes No No No Pushed
Stone    112,112,112 No Yes Yes Yes No No Pushed
Structural air    None No No No No No Yes Pushed
Top snow    255,255,255 No No No Yes No Yes Replace
Vegetable    0,124,0 No Yes Yes No No No Replace
Water    64,64,255 Yes No No No No Yes Replace
Water plant    64,64,255 No No No No No No Replace
Web    199,199,199 No Yes No Yes No No Replace
Wood    143,119,72 No Yes Yes No Yes No Pushed
Wool    199,199,199 No Yes Yes No Yes No Pushed
  1. If yes, block dependent blocks can be placed on this block, and it is considered when spawning structures.
  2. If yes, entities cannot move through this block, and it usually suffocates them.
  3. If yes, breaking the block without using the correct tool drops nothing. Note that this only affects whether the block requires a tool to drop, not whether it can be broken or drops anything at all.
  4. Only used to determine if lava can set fire to blocks; not used for fire spreading.
  5. If yes, trying to place some other block in the spot occupied by this block will succeed.
  6. If "pushed", the block is pushed by pistons. If "replace", the block is broken by pistons. If "blocked", the block prevents pistons from extending.

Blocks[edit]

Material Blocks
Air Air, Void Air, Cave Air
Bamboo
Bamboo sapling Bamboo sapling
Barrier
Bubble column
Buildable glass
Cactus
Cake
Clay[n 1]
Cloth decoration
Coral Not applied to any blocks.
Decoration
Dirt
Egg
Explosive
Fire Fire
Glass Sea Lantern
Grass
Heavy metal
Ice
Ice solid
Lava
Leaves
Metal Command BlockRepeating Command BlockChain Command Block
Piston
Plant
Portal
Replaceable plant
Replacable water plant
Sand
Shulker shell
Snow
Sponge
Stone[n 2] Prismarine StairsPrismarinePrismarine SlabMagma BlockStonecutter
Structural air
Top snow
Vegetable
Water
Water plant
Web
Wood[n 1][n 2]
Wool
  1. a b Beehives, Bee Nests, Honey blocks, and Honeycomb Blocks are upcoming in Java Edition 1.15.
  2. a b Stairs and walls do not actually have a material, they instead inherit the material of the block they're made out of. This has no actual effect in-game.

Effects[edit]

This section is a stub, meaning that it lacks some important information. You can help by expanding it with further information relating to the topic.
  • Endermen will teleport depending on materials which block movement. They choose a random destination and then seek downwards until they find a block with a movement-blocking material.
  • Various things that spawn on the "surface" similarly check material movement-blocking to find the surface.
  • Paintings, banners, signs, cakes, and mob heads are placed on any solid material. This is why signs can be placed on each other without any visible connection.
  • Player spawning checks for obstruction based on material solidity.
  • Lava checks for a burnable material nearby when attempting to start fires. The fire itself uses its own list of flammable materials, which is why fire will start next to some wood blocks but will never consume the block.
  • Water and lava spread and currents generally depend on whether the block's materials blocks movement, while placement from a bucket depends on the block's solidity.
  • Fence gates must be placed above a block with a solid material.
  • When broken, ice will turn to water if above a block with a liquid or movement-blocking material.
  • Cacti break depending on the solidity of an adjacent block's material.
  • Farmland turns to dirt if a solid-material block is placed on top.
  • Rain and snowfall fall through blocks that have a non-liquid material that does not block movement.
  • Dungeon, lake, and Nether portal generation checks for solid materials, rather than solid blocks.
  • Solid-material blocks cannot be placed at Y=255, while non-solid-material blocks can.
  • Note blocks check materials to determine some instruments. They check for a material of stone, sand, glass, and wood, with the resulting instrument being the base drum, snare, glass, and bass, respectively.
  • Various tools check for materials to get breaking speeds.
  • Various blocks with different variants check the material to determine what sounds to play.
  • Doors and trapdoors often use the wood and metal materials to differentiate between wood and iron doors and trapdoors.