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Leaves.pngSpruce Leaves.pngBirch Leaves.pngJungle Leaves.pngLeaves.pngLeaves.png
Oak Leaves (Fast).pngSpruce Leaves (Fast).pngBirch Leaves (Fast).pngJungle Leaves (Fast).pngAcacia Leaves (Fast).pngDark Oak Leaves (Fast).png


Partial (diffuses sky light)



Blast resistance






Yes (64)




  • Sapling

  • Apple
    (0–1) (from oak and dark oak leaves)
Data values
dec: 18 hex: 12 bin: 10010
Acacia/Dark Oak
dec: 161 hex: A1 bin: 10100001

See Data values

Duncan Geere Mojang avatar.png Leaves were one of Minecraft's earliest additions, arriving alongside logs, ores and sand way back in 2009 in version 0.0.14a_01. They've changed a lot over time, first being tweaked to drop saplings, then to decay when deprived of their trunk, then to drop apples, then even to have water drip through them when it's raining!
Duncan Geere[1]

Leaves are blocks which grow as part of trees.


Leaves can only be obtained with shears or Silk Touch enchanted tools.

Hardness 0.2
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 0.35
Shears 0.05
Sword 0.2
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds.

Natural generation[edit]

Leaves occur naturally on trees throughout the Overworld. Oak leaves also generate in woodland mansions.


Leaves from trees spontaneously decay (disappear) when they receive a block tick, if they are not connected to any wood block, either directly or via other leaf block, with a maximum distance of 4 blocks. Player-placed leaf blocks will never decay.

Leaves which decay or are destroyed without using shears usually drop nothing, but yield saplings 5% (1/20) of the time. Jungle leaves drop saplings 2.5% (1/40) of the time. Oak and dark oak leaves also have a 0.5% (1/200) chance of dropping an apple. Rates are increased by the Fortune enchantment. Leaves that are burned do not yield saplings or apples.

Leaves take on a different shade of green depending on the biome in which they are placed.

Leaves are always transparent to light but cannot be seen through when the graphics mode is set to "Fast"; the transparent regions are instead black. They diffuse sky light, causing the shadows they cast under trees.

Data values[edit]


See also: Data values

Leaves use two different block IDs. They use minecraft:leaves (block 18) for oak, spruce, birch and jungle; and they use minecraft:leaves2 (block 161) for dark oak and acacia. Leaves use block data[until 1.13] or block states to determine their type[until 1.13] and state.

Name ID name Block ID

Leaves (oak to jungle)
minecraft:leaves[until 1.13] 18[until 1.13]

Leaves (acacia to dark oak)
minecraft:leaves2[until 1.13] 161[until 1.13]

Oak Leaves
minecraft:oak_leaves[upcoming 1.13]

Spruce Leaves
minecraft:spruce_leaves[upcoming 1.13]

Birch Leaves
minecraft:birch_leaves[upcoming 1.13]

Jungle Leaves
minecraft:jungle_leaves[upcoming 1.13]

Acacia Leaves
minecraft:acacia_leaves[upcoming 1.13]

Dark Oak Leaves
minecraft:dark_oak_leaves[upcoming 1.13]

Block data[edit]

Block 18[until 1.13]

DV Description

0 Oak Leaves

1 Spruce Leaves

2 Birch Leaves

3 Jungle Leaves

4 Oak Leaves (no decay)

5 Spruce Leaves (no decay)

6 Birch Leaves (no decay)

7 Jungle Leaves (no decay)

8 Oak Leaves (check decay)

9 Spruce Leaves (check decay)

10 Birch Leaves (check decay)

11 Jungle Leaves (check decay)

12 Oak Leaves (no decay and check decay)

13 Spruce Leaves (no decay and check decay)

14 Birch Leaves (no decay and check decay)

15 Jungle Leaves (no decay and check decay)

Block 161[until 1.13]

DV Description

0 Acacia Leaves

1 Dark Oak Leaves

4 Acacia Leaves (no decay)

5 Dark Oak Leaves (no decay)

8 Acacia Leaves (check decay)

9 Dark Oak Leaves (check decay)

12 Acacia Leaves (no decay and check decay)

13 Dark Oak Leaves (no decay and check decay)

Block states[edit]

See also: Block states

Block 18 (minecraft:leaves)

Name Value Description

trueThe block will be checked for decay.
falseThe block will not be checked for decay for a while.
Set to this value if the block fails a decay check.

trueThe block can decay.
Set to this value when grown as part of a tree.
falseThe block cannot decay.
Set to this value when placed by a player.

 variant[until 1.13]

Block 161 (minecraft:leaves2)

Name Value Description

trueThe block will be checked for decay.
falseThe block will not be checked for decay for a while.
Set to this value if the block fails a decay check.

trueThe block can decay.
Set to this value when grown as part of a tree.
falseThe block cannot decay.
Set to this value when placed by a player.

 variant[until 1.13]
Dark Oak


0.0.14a_01 LeavesPre0.0.9a.PNG Leaves were first added to the game.
0.0.15a LeavesAlpha.png The texture of leaves was changed.
0.24 (August 25, 2009) Leaves now drop saplings.
December 23, 2009 Leaves give off shadows.
1.0.6_01 Leaves decay again when not connected to the ground or to a tree trunk.
Seecret Friday 9 Torches can no longer be placed on tree leaves, but only in fancy mode.
1.2.0 Leaves.png With the addition of biomes, the color of leaves was changed.
1.2.1 Leaf particle colors now reflect the biome instead of the gray scale texture.
1.2.3 Re-introduced leaf decay.
1.2.3_01 Leaf decay disabled due to an infinite loop in the code.
1.0 Reintroduced leaf decay with the new behavior.
1.2 Birch Leaves.png Spruce Leaves.png Birch and spruce trees introduced. Trees pre-dating this update would include multiple types of leaves, as the data indicating leaf type was previously used for decay calculations.
1.6 Many disparities between the properties of leaves in Fast and Fancy graphics have been fixed.
1.7 Implemented shears to collect leaves. Before, leaves could only be obtained via inventory hacking, or the /give command in multiplayer.
1.8 Leaf blocks placed by the player or an Enderman no longer decay like normal leaves do.
Official release
1.1 11w48a Oak leaves have a small chance of dropping an apple.
1.2.1 12w03a Jungle Leaves.png Added jungle leaves. Oak trees pre-dating Beta 1.2 could include some jungle leaves, as the data indicating leaf type had previously been used for decay calculations.
1.3.1 12w18a Jungle leaves have a small chance of dropping cocoa beans.
12w19a Jungle leaves no longer drop cocoa beans.
12w21a Water slowly drips through them when it's raining.
1.7.2 13w43a Leaves.png Leaves.png Acacia and dark oak leaves were added.
1.11 16w39a Leaves now generate in woodland mansions.
1.13 17w47a The different variant block states for both the leaves and leaves2 IDs have been split up into their own IDs.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Added leaves.
0.8.0 build 2 Birch leaves now have the proper texture.
Color of leaves changed.
Added jungle leaves to Creative.
0.9.0 build 1 Added acacia and dark oak leaves.
Jungle leaves can now be obtained in survival mode as part of jungle trees.
Jungle leaves are now permanently opaque.
Smooth lighting added for leaves.
Leaves will now release spiders, creating a higher amount of spiders in tree-rich biomes at night (version exclusive).
0.12.1 build 1 Version exclusive: Leaves in snowy biomes now appear frost-covered.
Pocket Edition
1.1 build 1 Leaves now generate in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.2 build 7 Jungle leaves are now transparent on higher-end devices when Fancy leaves are turned on.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Added leaves.
TU5Leaf blocks placed by the player no longer decay like normal leaves do.
TU9Added birch and spruce leaves.
TU12Added jungle leaves.
TU141.04Water drip particles appear underneath if it's raining.
Leaves from the Post Multiplayer Creative Mode Release 0.0.15a. The leaves from this version don't decay when standing by themselves.

Original leaf decay algorithm[edit]

In Alpha, leaves would decay using an algorithm that checks whether it has a solid or leaf block underneath it or is adjacent to a solid block. If it doesn't, it must be connected to a leaf block that is also supported as long as it is no further than five blocks away from said support.


Issues relating to “Leaves” are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.


  • Occasionally, leaves will grow through other blocks, acting as though they are still connected to the tree. They may also completely replace blocks they try to grow into.
  • Leaves do not prevent chests from being opened.
  • Some trees seem to occasionally drop apples or saplings without being destroyed due to creation of leaf blocks not supported by wood.
  • The frost texture in Minecraft: Bedrock Edition is not an instant transition. Instead, the leaves slowly shift from their original color to the frosty one.
  • Leaves disappear when pushed by pistons.


  1. "Block of the Week: Leaves" – Minecraft.net, August 18, 2017
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