Language

From Minecraft Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Clock.png
This article needs updating.
Description: Newer languages, specifically Shakespearean English, need to be added - see Talk:Language#Ido and possibly newer languages
Java Edition.pngMclogo.svgLegacy Console Edition.png

The choice of languages is a feature that allows changing languages for people who are not familiar with English. The language menu is accessible via a button in the main menu to the left of the options button, and from the options menu.

Previously, language packs were needed in order to change the in game language. Language packs are obsolete, due to the official implementation of other languages.

Each language also has a font, although most languages share the same font.[1]

Available languages[edit]

There are 116 languages, which are, in the order they appear in the menu:

# (JE) # (BE) Name Language Locale Code Official language in Added in
JE BE
1 Afrikaans Afrikaans af_za South Africa 12w01a (1.1)
2 اللغة العربية Arabic ar_sa North Africa + Middle East 12w01a (1.1)
3 Asturianu Asturian ast_es Asturias (Spanish province) 1.7.4
4 Azərbaycanca Azerbaijani az_az Azerbaijan, Dagestan 1.7.10
5 Беларуская Belarusian be_by Belarus 1.9
6 23 Български Bulgarian bg_bg Bulgaria 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
7 Brezhoneg Breton br_fr France 1.9
8 Braobans Brabantian brb Netherlands 1.13.1-pre1 (1.13.1)
9 Bosanski Bosnian bs_BA Bosnia and Herzegovina [more information needed]
10 Català Catalan ca_es Spain (Catalonia) & Andorra 12w01a (1.1)
11 21 Čeština Czech cs_cz Czech Republic 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
12 Cymraeg Welsh cy_gb Wales 11w49a (1.1)
13 2 Dansk Danish da_dk Denmark, Faroe Islands 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
14 Österreichisches Deitsch Austrian German de_at Austria 1.10
15 Schwiizerdutsch Swiss German de_ch Switzerland [more information needed]
16 3 Deutsch German de_de Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Belgium 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
17 22 Ελληνικά Greek el_gr Greece, Cyprus. 12w01a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
18 English (Australia) Australian English en_au Australia 12w21b (1.3.1)
19 Canadian English Canadian English en_ca Canada 11w49a (1.1)
20 4 English (UK) British English en_gb Great Britain, India, Singapore, Ireland... 11w49a (1.1) ?
21 New Zealand English New Zealand English en_nz New Zealand 1.9
22 Pirate Speak Pirate English en_7s None (Web language) 12w01a (1.1)
23 ɥsᴉꞁᵷuƎ (ɯopᵷuᴉꞰ pǝʇᴉuՈ) British English (upside down) en_ud Britain 1.9.2
24 5 English (US) American English en_us USA Pre 0.0.0 Pre-release
25 Anglish English puristic enp None [more information needed]
26 Shakespearean English Early Modern English (Wikipedia article) en_ws None [more information needed]
27 Esperanto Esperanto eo Constructed language (International) 12w05a (1.2)
28 Español (Argentina) Argentinian Spanish es_ar Argentina 11w49a (1.1)
29 Español Chilean Spanish es_CL Chile [more information needed]
30 6 Español (España) Spanish es_es Spain 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
31 7 Español (México) Mexican Spanish es_mx Mexico 1.1 ?
32 Español (Uruguay) Uruguayan Spanish es_uy Uruguay 1.1 Added: Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
Removed: ?
33 Español (Venezuela) Venezuelan Spanish es_ve Venezuela 12w01a (1.1)
34 Eesti Estonian et_ee Estonia 11w49a (1.1)
35 Euskara Basque eu_es Basque Country 12w01a (1.1)
36 فارسی Persian fa_ir Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan 1.7.2
37 18 Suomi Finnish fi_fi Finland 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
38 Filipino Filipino fil_ph Philippines 1.7.2
39 Føroyskt Faroese fo_fo Faroe Islands 1.9
40 8 Français québécois Canadian French fr_ca Canada 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
41 9 Français French fr_fr France, Belgium, Monaco, Switzerland, .... 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
42 Frysk Frisian fy_nl The Netherlands 1.9
43 Gaeilge Irish ga_ie Ireland 12w21b (1.3.1)
44 Gàidhlig Scottish Gaelic gd_gb Scotland 1.9.2
45 Galego Galician gl_es Galicia (Spain) 1.1
46 Gaelg Manx gv_im Isle of Man 1.7.4
47 ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi Hawaiian haw Hawaii 1.10
48 עברית Hebrew he_il Israel 11w49a (1.1)
49 हिन्दी Hindi hi_in India, Fiji 1.1
50 Hrvatski Croatian hr_hr Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina 11w49a (1.1)
51 11 Magyar Hungarian hu_hu Hungary 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
52 Հայերեն Armenian hy_am Armenia 13w38c (1.7)
53 1 Bahasa Indonesia Indonesian id_id Indonesia 12w21b (1.3.1) 1.1 (build 1)
54 Igbo Igbo ig_ng Nigeria [more information needed]
55 Ido Ido io Constructed language ? (1.11)
56 Íslenska Icelandic is_is Iceland 11w49a (1.1)
57 10 Italiano Italian it_it Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City State. 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
58 26 日本語 Japanese ja_jp Japan 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
59 la .lojban. Lojban jbo Constructed language 1.9
60 ქართული Georgian ka_ge Georgia 12w01a (1.1)
61 Taqbaylit Kabyle kab_dz Algeria [more information needed]
62 ಕನ್ನಡ Kannada kn_in India [more information needed]
63 29 한국어 Korean ko_kr South Korea and North Korea 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
64 Kölsch/Ripoarisch Kölsch/Ripuarian ksh_de Germany (Rhineland), Belgium, Netherlands 1.9
65 Kernewek Cornish kw_gb Cornwall 13w02a (1.5)
66 Latina Latin la_va Vatican (no native speakers, was the language of Roman Empire during Antiquity) 13w38c (1.7)
67 Lëtzebuergesch Luxembourgish lb_lu Luxembourg, Germany, France, Belgium 13w38c (1.7)
68 Limburgs Limburgish li_li The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany 1.9
69 LOLCAT LOLCAT lol_aa None (Web language) 1.9
70 Lietuvių Lithuanian lt_lt Lithuania 11w49a (1.1)
71 Latviešu Latvian lv_lv Latvia 12w01a (1.1)
72 Te Reo Māori Māori mi_nz New Zealand 1.7.10
73 Македонски Macedonian mk_mk Macedonia 1.9
74 Монгол Mongolian mn_mn Mongolia 1.10
75 Kanien’kéha, Mohawk moh_us Canada, United States 1.13.1
76 Bahasa Melayu Malay ms_my Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei 12w01a (1.1)
77 Malti Maltese mt_mt Malta 12w07a (1.2)[2]
78 Platdüütsk Low German nds_de Germany, The Netherlands 1.7.4
79 Vlaams Dutch, Flemish nl_be Belgium, The Netherlands [more information needed]
80 12 Nederlands Dutch nl_nl The Netherlands, Belgium, Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Suriname. 11w49a (1.1) 1.0.3 (build 1)
81 Norsk Nynorsk Norwegian Nynorsk nn_no Norway 11w49a (1.1)
Norsk Bokmål Norwegian no_no Norway 11w49a (1.1)[3]
82 13 Norsk Bokmål Norwegian Bokmål nb_no Norway Added: 11w49a (1.1)
Removed: 13w02a (1.5)
1.1 (build 1)
83 Nuučaan̓uł Nuu-chah-nulth nuk Pacific Northwest Coast (Canada) 1.13.1-pre2 (1.13.1)
84 Occitan Occitan oc_fr Occitania (Val d'Aran in Spain, southern tier of France, several alpine valleys of Piedmont) 13w38c (1.7)
85 Ojibwemowin Ojibwe oj_ca Canada: Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Colombia

United States: Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana

[more information needed]
86 Övdalsk Elfdalian ovd_se Älvdalen (Sweden) [more information needed]
87 14 Polski Polish pl_pl Poland 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
88 15 Português (Brasil) Brazilian Portuguese pt_br Brazil 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
89 16 Português (Portugal) Portuguese pt_pt Portugal, Angola, Mozambique, ... 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
90 Quenya Quenya (Form of Elvish from LOTR) qya_aa Constructed language (Lord of the Rings: Aman) 1.1
91 Română Romanian ro_ro Romania, Moldova, Transnistria 12w01a (1.1)
92 24 Русский Russian ru_ru Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, .... 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
93 Davvisámegiella Northern Sami sme Norway, Sweden, Finland 1.8
94 17 Slovenčina Slovak sk_sk Slovakia 12w01a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
95 Slovenščina Slovenian sl_si Slovenia 11w49a (1.1)
96 Af-Soomaali Somali so_so Somalia 1.9
97 Shqip Albanian sq_al Albania 1.9
98 Српски Serbian sr_sp Serbia (Kosovo), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro 12w01a (1.1)
99 19 Svenska Swedish sv_se Sweden, Finland 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
100 Oschdallgaierisch Allgovian German swg Germany 1.10
101 Säggs'sch Upper Saxon German sxu Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia [more information needed]
102 Ślōnskŏ gŏdka Silesian szl Upper Silesia (Poland) [more information needed]
103 தமிழ் Tamil ta_IN Sri Lanka, India, Singapore [more information needed]
104 ภาษาไทย Thai th_th Thailand 12w01a (1.1)
105 tlhIngan Hol Klingon tlh_aa Constructed language (Star Trek: the Klingon Empire) 12w01a (1.1)
106 20 Türkçe Turkish tr_tr Turkey 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
107 Татарча Tatar tt_ru Tatarstan (Russia) 1.13.1
108 Talossan Talossan tzl_tzl Constructed Language 1.9
109 25 Українська Ukrainian uk_ua Ukraine, Transnistria. 12w01a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
110 Catala (Valencià) Valencian ca-val_es Spain 1.7.4
111 Vèneto Venetian vec_it Italy, Slovenia, Croatia [more information needed]
112 Tiếng Việt Vietnamese vi_vn Vietnam 1.1
113 Frängisch Franconian vmf_de Franconia 1.13.1
114 Yorùbá Yoruba yo_ng Nigeria [more information needed]
115 27 简体中文 Chinese (Simplified) zh_cn China, Singapore 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
116 28 繁體中文 Chinese (Traditional) zh_tw Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau. 12w01a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)


Font[edit]

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
! @ # $  % ^ & * ( ) _ - + = ~ [ ] { } | \ : ; " ' , < > . ? /

Minecraft's default font is made up of a grid of dots. Each character supported by the font is between 1 and 6 dots wide, although most are 5. It has some of the Unicode characters. These characters are stored in ascii.png, scented.png and nonlatin_european file. If a character is typed (e.g. in chat, on a sign, in a book, etc.) that isn't either in these files, the font will change to Minecraft's "Unicode font" (stored in unicode_page_nn.png) that has thinner lines. The "Unicode font" supports the "BMP" (Basic Multilingual Plane) section of Unicode characters, from 0000 to FFFF (decimal 65535), which is also limited, because it's only a part of Unicode characters, not all of them.‌[Java Edition only]

History[edit]

Here is a table that summarizes the modifications of languages through the updates:

Java Edition
Version Added Removed Total
Release Snapshot
1.1 11w49a 35 36
12w01a 17 3 50
(1.1 release) 6 56
1.2.1 12w05a 1 57
12w07a 1 58
1.3.1 12w21b 3 61
1.5 13w02a 2 1 62
1.7.2 13w38c 4 ? 66
1.7.4 3 ? 69
1.7.10 1 ? 70
1.8 1 - 71
1.9 13 - 89
1.9.2 25 April 2016 2 91
1.10 4 95
1.11 1 96
1.12 2 1 97
1.13 19 112
1.13.1 4 116
Pocket Edition
Version Added Removed Total
Release Build
0.11.0 build 1 13 14
? 1 15
? 1 14
1.0.3 build 1 1 15
1.1 build 1 13 29

Upcoming languages[edit]

Upcoming and still-in-progress translations are listed on the official Minecraft translation project page.

Removed languages[edit]

Austrian German was removed from Minecraft temporarily in version 12w01a because German was too similar to Austria German. However, it has been re-included to the game again in version 1.10.

Java Edition
Name Language Locale Code Official language in Added in Removed in Reason
Español (La) Latino-American Spanish es_LA South America 11w49a (1.1) 12w01a (1.1) Replaced by Argentinian, Mexican, Venezuelan, Uruguayan, and Chilean Spanish translations.
Norsk Bokmål Norwegian nb_NO Norway 11w49a (1.1) 13w02a (1.5) Added 'Norsk' (no_NO) instead.
Filipino Tagalog tl_PH The Philippines 1.7.2 1.7.4?
Pocket Edition
Name Language Locale Code Official language in Added in Removed in Reason
Español (Uruguay) Uruguayan Spanish es_YU Uruguay 0.11.0 (build 1) ?

Translating[edit]

Issues[edit]

  • In some languages, the text is too long and overflows the button it is written on.
  • Splash texts are not translated and therefore always show up in English regardless of language setting.
    • As of 1.6.1, a custom (not just translated) splash text can be used by using a resource pack.
  • Minecraft's language option is only for text display. In some languages (such as Chinese, Japanese and so on) players cannot input text in their languages. This is because Minecraft doesn't support the Input method of the language. Some users can still use Mods which support it.
  • Alternative language input was partially resolved in 15w34c and 17w43a when MC-2781 was fixed, but still is not functional for all systems.

Trivia[edit]

  • Minecraft is available in five constructed languages: Esperanto (devised as an international language now estimated to be spoken by between 100,000 and 2,000,000 people worldwide), Klingon (an alien language from Star Trek devised by linguist Marc Okrand), Quenya (one of the Elvish languages devised by J.R.R. Tolkien), Lojban (a language created by the Logical Language Group), and Anglish (A language based on modern English but with all non-Germanic lone words removed). It is also available in the joke "languages" of Pirate Speak (English written in the way a stereotypical pirate talks), LOLCAT (English written in the way a stereotypical Lolcat talks), upside down English, and Shakespearean English (English based on the literary style of William Shakespeare). Latin is not a constructed language, but it is almost unused in modern times, except in Vatican City for some documents.
  • It is possible to add a custom language pack by modifying the minecraft.jar file, or, as of 13w16a, copying it to the assets/lang folder. In 1.6.1 (13w24a), this functionality was added to resource packs.
  • Random text will only choose random characters with the same width as the original.
  • Certain letters with certain accents are supported by the font, but not all of them. GNU Unifont is used for many languages like Czech or Pirate.
  • The only 6-dot-wide characters are ®, ~, and @.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. Chinese, Japanese, and Korean shares the use of Han characters. See wikipedia:CJK Unified Ideographs.
  2. Maltese added in 11w49a but removed in 12w01a. It's re-added in 12w07a.
  3. File 'no_NO.lang' is found in 11w49a, but it's not selectable from language menu. no_NO is added to language menu in 13w02a.