Language

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The choice of languages is a feature that allows changing languages for people who are not familiar with English. The language menu is accessible via a button in the main menu to the left of the options button, and from the options menu.

Available languages[edit]

List of languages in the order they appear in the menu:

# (JE) # (BE) Name Language Locale Code Official language in Added in
JE BE
1 Afrikaans Afrikaans af_za South Africa 12w01a (1.1)
2 اللغة العربية Arabic ar_sa North Africa + Middle East 12w01a (1.1)
3 Asturianu Asturian ast_es Asturias (Spanish Autonomous Community) 1.7.4
4 Azərbaycanca Azerbaijani az_az Azerbaijan, Dagestan 1.7.10
5 Башҡортса Bashkir ba_ru Bashkortostan (Russia), Russia 1.14.3-pre3 (1.14.3)
6 Boarisch Bavarian bar Bavaria [more information needed]
7 Беларуская Belarusian be_by Belarus 1.9
8 23 Български Bulgarian bg_bg Bulgaria 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
9 Brezhoneg Breton br_fr France 1.9
10 Brabants Brabantian brb Netherlands 1.13.1-pre1 (1.13.1)
11 Bosanski Bosnian bs_ba Bosnia and Herzegovina [more information needed]
12 Català Catalan ca_es Spain (Catalonia) & Andorra 12w01a (1.1)
13 21 Čeština Czech cs_cz Czech Republic 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
14 Cymraeg Welsh cy_gb Wales 11w49a (1.1)
15 2 Dansk Danish da_dk Denmark, Faroe Islands 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
16 Österreichisches Deitsch Austrian German de_at Austria 1.10
17 Schwiizerdutsch Swiss German de_ch Switzerland [more information needed]
18 3 Deutsch German de_de Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Belgium 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
19 22 Ελληνικά Greek el_gr Greece, Cyprus. 12w01a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
20 English (Australia) Australian English en_au Australia 12w21b (1.3.1)
21 English (Canada) Canadian English en_ca Canada 11w49a (1.1)
22 4 English (United Kingdom) British English en_gb Great Britain, India, Singapore, Ireland... 11w49a (1.1) ?
23 English (New Zealand) New Zealand English en_nz New Zealand 1.9
24 Pirate Speak Pirate English en_pt The Seven Seas (Web language) 12w01a (1.1)
25 ɥsᴉꞁᵷuƎ (ɯopᵷuᴉꞰ pǝʇᴉuՈ) British English (upside down) en_ud Britain 1.9.2
26 5 English (US) American English en_us USA Java Edition Classic 0.0.9a or earlier Pre-release
27 Anglish English puristic enp None [more information needed]
28 Shakespearean English Early Modern English (Wikipedia) enws None [more information needed]
29 Esperanto Esperanto eo_uy Constructed language (International) 12w05a (1.2)
30 Español (Argentina) Argentinian Spanish es_ar Argentina 11w49a (1.1)
31 Español (Chile) Chilean Spanish es_cl Chile [more information needed]
32 6 Español (España) Spanish es_es Spain 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
33 7 Español (México) Mexican Spanish es_mx Mexico 1.1 ?
34 Español (Uruguay) Uruguayan Spanish es_uy Uruguay 1.1 Added: Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
Removed: ?
35 Español (Venezuela) Venezuelan Spanish es_ve Venezuela 12w01a (1.1)
36 Andalûh Andalusian esan Andalusia, Ceuta, Melilla, Gibraltar ? (1.16)
37 Eesti Estonian et_ee Estonia 11w49a (1.1)
38 Euskara Basque eu_es Basque Country 12w01a (1.1)
39 فارسی Persian fa_ir Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan 1.7.2
40 18 Suomi Finnish fi_fi Finland 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
41 Filipino Filipino fil_ph Philippines 1.7.2
42 Føroyskt Faroese fo_fo Faroe Islands 1.9
43 8 Français québécois Canadian French fr_ca Canada 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
44 9 Français French fr_fr France, Belgium, Monaco, Switzerland, .... 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
45 Frängisch East Franconian fra_de Germany (Franconia) 1.13.1
46 Frysk Frisian fy_nl The Netherlands 1.9
47 Gaeilge Irish ga_ie Ireland 12w21b (1.3.1)
48 Gàidhlig Scottish Gaelic gd_gb Scotland, Canada 1.9.2
49 Galego Galician gl_es Galicia (Spain) 1.1
50 Gutrazda Gothic got_de Oium, Dacia, Pannonia, Dalmatia, Italy, Gallia Narbonensis, Gallia Aquitania, Hispania, Crimea, North Caucasus (no native speakers; language used by Goths). 1.14.3-pre3 (1.14.3)
51 Gaelg Manx gv_im Isle of Man 1.7.4
52 ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi Hawaiian haw_us Hawaii 1.10
53 עברית Hebrew he_il Israel 11w49a (1.1)
54 हिन्दी Hindi hi_in India, Fiji 1.1
55 Hrvatski Croatian hr_hr Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina 11w49a (1.1)
56 11 Magyar Hungarian hu_hu Hungary 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
57 Հայերեն Armenian hy_am Armenia 13w38c (1.7)
58 1 Bahasa Indonesia Indonesian id_id Indonesia 12w21b (1.3.1) 1.1 (build 1)
59 Igbo Igbo ig_ng Nigeria [more information needed]
60 Ido Ido io_en Constructed language ? (1.11)
61 Íslenska Icelandic is_is Iceland 11w49a (1.1)
62 Medžuslovjasky Interslavic isv Constructed language (Slavic countries) ? (1.16)
63 10 Italiano Italian it_it Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City State. 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
64 26 日本語 Japanese ja_jp Japan 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
65 la .lojban. Lojban jbo_en Constructed language 1.9
66 ქართული Georgian ka_ge Georgia 12w01a (1.1)
67 Taqbaylit Kabyle kab_kab Algeria [more information needed]
68 Қазақша Kazakh kk_kz Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan [more information needed]
69 ಕನ್ನಡ Kannada kn_in India [more information needed]
70 29 한국어 Korean ko_kr South Korea 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
71 Kölsch/Ripoarisch Kölsch/Ripuarian ksh Germany (Rhineland), Belgium, Netherlands 1.9
72 Kernewek Cornish kw_gb Cornwall 13w02a (1.5)
73 Latina Latin la_va Vatican (no native speakers, was the language of Roman Empire during Antiquity) 13w38c (1.7)
74 Lëtzebuergesch Luxembourgish lb_lu Luxembourg, Germany, France, Belgium 13w38c (1.7)
75 Limburgs Limburgish li_li The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany 1.9
76 LOLCAT LOLCAT lol_us The Kingdom of Cats (Web language) 1.9
77 Lietuvių Lithuanian lt_lt Lithuania 11w49a (1.1)
78 Latviešu Latvian lv_lv Latvia 12w01a (1.1)
79 Te Reo Māori Māori mi_nz New Zealand 1.7.10
80 Македонски Macedonian mk_mk North Macedonia 1.9
81 Монгол Mongolian mn_mn Mongolia 1.10
82 Kanien’kéha Mohawk moh_ca Canada, United States 1.13.1
83 Bahasa Melayu Malay ms_my Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei 12w01a (1.1)
84 Malti Maltese mt_mt Malta 12w07a (1.2)[1]
85 Platdüütsk Low German nds_de Germany, The Netherlands 1.7.4
86 Vlaams Dutch, Flemish nl_be Belgium, The Netherlands [more information needed]
87 12 Nederlands Dutch nl_nl The Netherlands, Belgium, Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Suriname. 11w49a (1.1) 1.0.3 (build 1)
88 Norsk nynorsk Norwegian Nynorsk nn_no Norway 11w49a (1.1)
13 Norsk Bokmål Norwegian Bokmål nb_no Norway Added: 11w49a (1.1)
Removed: 13w02a (1.5)
1.1 (build 1)
90 Nuučaan̓uł Nuu-chah-nulth nuk Pacific Northwest Coast (Canada) 1.13.1-pre2 (1.13.1)
91 Occitan Occitan oc_fr Occitania (Val d'Aran in Spain, southern tier of France, several alpine valleys of Piedmont) 13w38c (1.7)
92 Ojibwemowin Ojibwe oj_ca Canada: Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Colombia

United States: Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana

[more information needed]
93 Övdalsk Elfdalian ovd Älvdalen (Sweden) [more information needed]
94 14 Polski Polish pl_pl Poland 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
95 15 Português (Brasil) Brazilian Portuguese pt_br Brazil 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
96 16 Português (Portugal) Portuguese pt_pt Portugal, Angola, Mozambique, ... 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
97 Quenya Quenya (Form of Elvish from LOTR) qya_aa Constructed language (Lord of the Rings: Aman) 1.1
98 Română Romanian ro_ro Romania, Moldova, Transnistria 12w01a (1.1)
99 24 Русский Russian ru_ru Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, .... 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
100 Sicilianu Sicilian scn Sicily, Calabria [more information needed]
101 Davvisámegiella Northern Sami sme Norway, Sweden, Finland 1.8
102 17 Slovenčina Slovak sk_sk Slovakia 12w01a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
103 Slovenščina Slovenian sl_si Slovenia 11w49a (1.1)
104 Af-Soomaali Somali so_so Somalia 1.9
105 Shqip Albanian sq_al Albania, North Macedonia, Kosovo 1.9
106 Српски Serbian sr_sp Serbia (Kosovo), Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina 12w01a (1.1)
107 19 Svenska Swedish sv_se Sweden, Finland 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
108 Oschdallgaierisch Allgovian German swg Germany 1.10
109 Säggs'sch Upper Saxon German sxu Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia [more information needed]
110 Ślōnskŏ Silesian szl Upper Silesia (Poland) [more information needed]
111 தமிழ் Tamil ta_in Sri Lanka, India, Singapore [more information needed]
112 ภาษาไทย Thai th_th Thailand 12w01a (1.1)
113 tlhIngan Hol Klingon tlh_aa Constructed language (Star Trek: the Klingon Empire) 12w01a (1.1)
114 20 Türkçe Turkish tr_tr Turkey 11w49a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
115 Татарча Tatar tt_ru Tatarstan (Russia) 1.13.1
116 Talossan Talossan tzl_tzl Constructed Language 1.9
117 25 Українська Ukrainian uk_ua Ukraine, Transnistria. 12w01a (1.1) 1.1 (build 1)
118 Català (Valencià) Valencian val_es Spain 1.7.4
119 Vèneto Venetian vec_it Italy, Slovenia, Croatia [more information needed]
120 Tiếng Việt Vietnamese vi_vn Vietnam 1.1
121 ייִדיש Yiddish yi_de United States, Germany, Israel, various European nations. 19w34a (1.15)
122 Yorùbá Yoruba yo_ng Nigeria [more information needed]
123 27 简体中文 (中国) Chinese Simplified (China) zh_cn China, Singapore 11w49a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
124 28 繁體中文 (台灣) Chinese Traditional (Taiwan) zh_tw Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau. 12w01a (1.1) Alpha 0.11.0 (build 1)
125 Filipino


Tagalog tl_ph The Philippines 1.7.2


Font[edit]

Split-arrows.png
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Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm
Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
! @ # $ £ % ^ & * ( ) _ - + = ~ [ ] { } | \ : ; " ' , < > . ? /

Minecraft's default font is made up of a grid of dots. Each character supported by the font is between 1 and 6 dots wide, although most are 5.[more information needed] It has some of the Unicode characters. These characters are stored in ascii.png, accented.png and nonlatin_european.png file. If a character is typed (e.g. in chat, on a sign, in a book, etc.) that isn't either in these files, the font changes to Minecraft's "Unicode font" (stored in unicode_page_nn.png) that has thinner lines. The "Unicode font" supports the "BMP" (Basic Multilingual Plane) section of Unicode characters, from 0000 to FFFF (decimal 65535), which is also limited, because it's only a part of Unicode characters, not all of them.‌[Java Edition only] The font currently supports the Latin, Greek, Cyrillic and Armenian alphabets (with support for Georgian potentially upcoming), as well as the Hebrew abjad.

For a list of characters that Minecraft retextures to display in chat, please see this command. Not all lines appear, so check the logs.

History[edit]

Here is a table that summarizes the modifications of languages through the updates:

Java Edition
Version Added Removed Total
Release Snapshot
1.1 11w49a 35 36
12w01a 17 3 50
(1.1 release) 6 56
1.2.1 12w05a 1 57
12w07a 1 58
1.3.1 12w21b 3 61
1.5 13w02a 2 1 62
1.7.2 13w38c 4 ? 66
Java Edition 1.7.4 3 ? 69
Java Edition 1.7.10 1 ? 70
Java Edition 1.8 1 - 71
Java Edition 1.9 13 - 84
Java Edition 1.9.2 25 April 2016 2 86
Java Edition 1.10 4 90
Java Edition 1.11 1 91
Java Edition 1.12 2 1 92
Java Edition 1.13 19 111
Java Edition 1.13.1 4 115
Java Edition 1.14.3 1.14.3-pre3 2 117
Java Edition 1.15 19w34a 1 118
Pocket Edition
Version Added Removed Total
Release Build
0.11.0 build 1 13 14
? 1 15
? 1 14
1.0.3 alpha 1.0.3.0 1 15
1.1.0 alpha 1.1.0.0 13 28

Upcoming languages[edit]

Upcoming and still-in-progress translations are listed on the official Minecraft translation project page.

Removed languages[edit]

Austrian German was removed from Minecraft temporarily in version 12w01a because it was too similar to German. However, it has been re-included to the game again in version 1.10.

Java Edition
Name Language Locale Code Official language in Added in Removed in Reason
Español (La) Latino-American Spanish es_LA South America 11w49a (1.1) 12w01a (1.1) Replaced by Argentinian, Mexican, Venezuelan, Uruguayan, and Chilean Spanish translations.
Norsk Bokmål Norwegian nb_NO Norway 11w49a (1.1) 13w02a (1.5) Added 'Norsk' (no_NO) instead.
Norsk bokmål Norwegian Bokmål no_no Norway 11w49a (1.1) 20w14a or before that
Pocket Edition
Name Language Locale Code Official language in Added in Removed in Reason
Español (Uruguay) Uruguayan Spanish es_YU Uruguay 0.11.0 (build 1) ?

Translating[edit]

Issues[edit]

  • In some languages, the text is too long and overflows the button it is written on.
  • Minecraft doesn't support combining characters, leading to some characters displaying improperly, e.g. diacritics appear as a separate character in some languages like Hindi, Tamil, or Yiddish.
  • Splash texts are not translated and therefore always show up in English regardless of language setting.
    • As of 1.6.1, a custom (not just translated) splash text can be used by using a resource pack.
  • Minecraft's language option is only for text display. In some languages (such as Chinese, Japanese and so on) players cannot input text in their languages. This is because Minecraft doesn't support the input method of the language. Some users can still use mods that support it.
  • Alternative language input was partially resolved in 15w34c and 17w43a when MC-2781 was fixed, but still is not functional for all systems.

Trivia[edit]

  • Minecraft is available in seven constructed languages:
    • Anglish; a language based on modern English but with all non-Germanic loan words removed,
    • Esperanto; devised as an international language now estimated to be spoken by about 2,000,000 people worldwide,
    • Ido; a language derived from Esperanto,
    • Interslavic; a language based on Slavic languages created to facilitate communication between Slavs,
    • Klingon; an alien language from Star Trek devised by linguist Marc Okrand,
    • Lojban; a language created by the Logical Language Group,
    • Quenya; one of the Elvish languages devised by J.R.R. Tolkien,
    • Talossan; a language created for the Talossa micronation.
  • It is also available in the joke "languages" of
    • LOLCAT; English written in the way a stereotypical Lolcat talks,
    • Pirate Speak; English written in the way a stereotypical pirate talks,
    • Shakespearean English; English based on the literary style of William Shakespeare.
    • Upside down English,
  • It is possible to add a custom language pack by modifying the minecraft.jar file, or, as of 13w16a, copying it to the assets/lang folder. In 1.6.1 (Java Edition 13w24a), this functionality was added to resource packs.
  • Before, obfuscated text would choose random characters of only the same width. Now, it's no longer the case, as all supported characters are taken into account.
  • Many glyphs are supported by the Minecraft font, but not all of them. GNU Unifont is used for several languages that use detailed characters, like Chinese or Tamil.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. Maltese added in 11w49a but removed in 12w01a. It was then re-added in 12w07a.