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Blast resistance






Yes (64)





Data value

dec: 65 hex: 41 bin: 1000001



Notchface.png Sometimes the fans are right, too. Like ladders. I did not want ladders in Minecraft at all. Ladders are never fun. They’re not fun in Minecraft either. But they’re a very good utility. It’s an easy way to get straight up without having stairs going back and forth. So I added them anyway because the fans convinced me.

Ladders are wooden blocks used for climbing walls either vertically or horizontally. They can only be placed on the sides of other blocks.


Ladders can be broken using any tool, but an axe is the quickest.

Block Ladder
Hardness 0.4
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 0.65
Wooden 0.35
Stone 0.2
Iron 0.1
Diamond 0.1
Golden 0.05
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Haste#Instant mining.

Natural generation[edit]

Ladders occur naturally in library rooms of strongholds and in intersection rooms with a wooden ceiling. Ladders can also be found in villages; specifically, in churches and houses with roofs which have fence railings. They may also be found in igloos, leading to the basement, end ships on the pillar leading up to the crows nest and woodland mansions.


Ingredients Crafting recipe



  • Ladders provide a way to safely cushion a player's impact after a free fall. Upon entering a ladder's area of effect, the player's speed is reduced instantly to normal ladder descent speed and no damage is taken. Care must be taken to avoid landing on the narrow top surface of the ladder, as this will incur falling damage as normal.
  • Holding the sneak key while climbing a ladder will grab hold of the ladder, to prevent you from falling off. When the player is holding on to a ladder, the rate which blocks are mined decreases. ‌[Java, and Bedrock editions only]
  • Any mob can climb a ladder in the same way a player does: by pushing against it. Mobs are not smart enough to deliberately use ladders — they won't stay on a ladder to get somewhere, but a ladder directly in their straight-line path (or if they turn in the process) will let them climb up.


Like torches, a ladder occupies one block from the side on which it is placed and cannot be placed on glass, leaves, ice, slabs, glowstone, or sea lanterns.

In Java Edition, ladders resist water and will create an air pocket. They also resist lava, and can be used instead of glass to let lava light shine through a ceiling. If the player places a ladder in lava or water just on the ground not near a wall, the air pocket will be present, but invisible.

In Bedrock Edition, ladders will resist only flowing liquids. A ladder placed inside a block of non-flowing liquid (like a water source block) will be waterlogged and won't create an air pocket.

How ladders work[edit]

A ladder takes effect whenever the player's lower half is in the block occupied by a ladder. These effects are:

  • If the player pushes against a wall, the player moves upward at about 5/2 meters per second instead of horizontally. (Thus inside a 1×1 ladder shaft, the player can use any movement key to move upward.)
  • If the player is moving perpendicular to the ladder block and enters the ladder block, the player will begin to move upwards, but will most likely fall off the ladder shortly after, because the player will continue to move horizontally.
  • The player's maximum downward speed is reduced to a “descending ladder” speed.
  • The player's horizontal movement friction is the same as on ice. (That is, moving around in the tiny space the player is in while still hanging on the ladder at the same level.)


A ladder can be used as fuel in furnaces, smelting 1.5 items per ladder.‌[Java, and Legacy Console editions only]

Data values[edit]

Block data[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, ladders use the following data values:

Bits Values

A three-bit field storing a value from 2 to 5:

  • 2: Ladder facing north
  • 3: Ladder facing south
  • 4: Ladder facing west
  • 5: Ladder facing east

Invalid values default to 2.

0x8 Unused.

Block states[edit]

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
The direction from the block the ladder is attached to, to the ladder.
Whether or not there's water in the same place as this ladder.



Java Edition Infdev
June 7, 2010 Ladder.png Added ladders. In an interview with Rock, Paper, Shotgun, Notch stated that he never originally wanted to add ladders because they're never fun, and that the fans convinced him to do it.[1]
Ladders could be placed on every other block and still be climbable because the player could climb a ladder when any part of the body was on it, not just the lowest part.
The ladder crafting recipe produced one ladder per 7 sticks.
Java Edition Beta
1.4 Pressing the sneak key now stops the player from moving down the ladder.
1.5 The player can no longer climb ladders spaced every other block.
The crafting recipe now produces 2 ladders, thus the 1.5 changes did not change the number of sticks needed to make a ladder of a given height.
1.6 ?Ladders can no longer be placed on glowstone. It is not known when they were initially able to be.[when?]
Java Edition
1.1 12w01a Removed collision boxes for ladders.
1.2.1 12w03a Re-added collision boxes for ladders.
1.2-pre The crafting recipe now produces 3 ladders per 7 sticks, as opposed to 1 during Infdev and 2 during 1.1.
1.4.2 12w38a Added a sound for climbing up ladders.
1.5 13w02a Added death messages for ladders: "Player fell off a ladder".
1.8 14w31a Ladders are now mined faster using axes.
1.9 15w31a The ladder's bounding box is now 316 block (formerly 216).
15w43a A length of ladder generates as part of the shaft from igloos leading to their basements.
1.11 16w33a Ladders can now be used to fuel furnaces.
16w39a Ladders now generate in woodland mansions.
1.13 17w47a Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 65.
18w10d Water can now be placed on the same block as ladders.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Ladder.png Added ladders.
0.9.0 build 10 Made the ladder collision box slightly thinner.
0.11.0 ?Mobs can now climb ladders.
0.12.1 build 1 Added a sound for climbing up ladders.
With sneaking added, it is now possible to sit on a ladder without moving.
Pocket Edition
1.0 alpha A length of ladder generates as part of the shaft from igloos leading to their basements.
1.1 alpha Ladders now generate in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.4 beta Water can now be placed on the same block as ladders.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Ladder.png Added ladders.
TU12Crafting recipe now yields 3 ladders instead of 2.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0 Added Ladder.


Issues relating to "Ladder" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • It is possible to use ladders one block apart in a corner by placing every other ladder on the other side of the corner. This method is a bit hard to use, as you will need to jump and shift sides constantly.
  • By holding the jump key, players can still use water ladders that have ladders placed every other block.
  • If you stop yourself on a ladder and place a sign, you will still stay in midair without having to hold Shift since the game is paused in singleplayer. This does not work in multiplayer since the game is not paused.
  • Attempting to place a ladder on a spot another ladder occupies may instead place the ladder somewhere nearby (because of the ladder's hitbox).
  • It is possible to remove a ladder while standing on a ladder and holding the sneak key, but it can take a long time because the countdown for breaking the ladder often resets.
  • Block mining speed is considerably reduced if you are in a ladder. ‌[Java, and Bedrock editions only]
  • Unlike walking, sprinting, and swimming; consuming food, blocking with a shield, and pulling back a bow do not slow you down while climbing ladders.
  • Like vines, ladders slow you down when walked through.
  • If the player is on a slab in front of the ladder, they will have to jump to get on the ladder despite only being 1/2 a block down.