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Blast resistance






Yes (64)



Catches fire from lava

Probably not



Data value

dec: 65 hex: 41 bin: 1000001

Namespaced ID



Sometimes the fans are right, too. Like ladders. I did not want ladders in Minecraft at all. Ladders are never fun. They’re not fun in Minecraft either. But they’re a very good utility. It’s an easy way to get straight up without having stairs going back and forth. So I added them anyway because the fans convinced me.


Ladders are wooden blocks used for climbing walls either vertically or horizontally. They can only be placed on the sides of other blocks.


Ladders can be broken using any tool, but an axe is the quickest.

Block Ladder
Hardness 0.4
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 0.65
Wooden 0.35
Stone 0.2
Iron 0.1
Diamond 0.1
Golden 0.05
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Haste § Instant mining.

Natural generation[edit]

Ladders occur naturally in library rooms of strongholds and in intersection rooms with a wooden ceiling. Ladders can also be found in villages structures such as a plains and taiga temples, a plains small house, a desert fletcher house, and a desert medium house. They may also be found in igloos, leading to the basement, end ships on the pillar leading up to the crows nest and woodland mansions rail room.


Ingredients Crafting recipe



Ladders provide a way to cushion a player's impact after a free fall. Upon entering a ladder's area of effect, the player's speed is reduced instantly to normal ladder descent speed and no damage is taken. Falling onto the narrow top surface of the ladder incurs falling damage as normal.

Holding the sneak key while climbing a ladder causes the player to grab hold of the ladder and not fall off. While the player is holding on to a ladder, mining speed decreases.‌[Java and Bedrock editions only]

Any mob can climb a ladder in the same way a player does: by pushing against it. Mobs are not smart enough to use ladders deliberately — they won't stay on a ladder to get somewhere, but a ladder directly in their straight-line path (or if they turn in the process) lets them climb up.


Ladders can be placed on any full solid block face, with the unaccountable exceptions of the block of redstone and the observer.[2]

In Java Edition, ladders displace lava blocks to create an air pocket and can be used instead of glass to let lava light shine through a ceiling. They also displace flowing water, a ladder placed inside a water source block) becomes waterlogged and does not create an air pocket.

In Bedrock Edition, ladders displace only flowing liquids. A ladder placed inside a block of non-flowing liquid (like a water source block) becomes waterlogged and does not create an air pocket.

How ladders work[edit]

A ladder takes effect whenever the player's lower half is in the block occupied by a ladder. These effects are:

  • If the player pushes against a wall, the player moves upward at about 5/2 meters per second instead of horizontally. (Thus inside a 1×1 ladder shaft, the player can use any movement key to move upward.)
  • If a player moving perpendicular to the ladder block enters the ladder block, the player begins to move upwards, but then falls off the ladder shortly afterward if the player continues to move horizontally.
  • The player's maximum downward speed is reduced to a "descending ladder" speed.
  • The player's horizontal movement friction is the same as on ice. (That is, moving around in the tiny space the player is in while still hanging on the ladder at the same level.)


A ladder can be used as fuel in furnaces, smelting 1.5 items per ladder.‌[Java and Legacy Console editions only]

Data values[edit]

Block data[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, ladders use the following data values:

Bits Values

A three-bit field storing a value from 2 to 5:

  • 2: Ladder facing north
  • 3: Ladder facing south
  • 4: Ladder facing west
  • 5: Ladder facing east

Invalid values default to 2.

0x8 Unused.

Block states[edit]

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
The direction from the block the ladder is attached to, to the ladder.
Whether or not there's water in the same place as this ladder.


Java Edition Infdev
June 7, 2010Ladder (2D).png Added ladders. In an interview with Rock, Paper, Shotgun, Notch stated that he never originally wanted to add ladders because they're never fun, and that the fans convinced him to do it.[1]
Ladders could be placed on every other block and still be climbable because the player could climb a ladder when any part of the body was on it, not just the lowest part.
The ladder crafting recipe produced one ladder per 7 sticks.
Java Edition Beta
1.4Pressing the sneak key now stops the player from moving down the ladder.
1.5The player can no longer climb ladders spaced every other block.
The crafting recipe now produces 2 ladders, thus the Java Edition 1.5 changes from 2013 did not change the number of sticks needed to make a ladder of a given height.
1.6Ladders can no longer be placed on glowstone.
Java Edition
1.112w01aRemoved collision boxes for ladders.
1.2.112w03aRe-added collision boxes for ladders.
1.2-preThe crafting recipe now produces 3 ladders per 7 sticks, as opposed to 1 during Infdev and 2 during Java Edition 1.1.
1.4.212w38aAdded a sound for climbing up ladders.
1.513w02aAdded death messages for ladders: "Player fell off a ladder".
1.814w31aLadders are now mined faster using axes.
1.915w31aThe ladder's bounding box is now 316 block (formerly 216).
15w43aA length of ladder generates as part of the shaft from igloos leading to their basements.
1.1116w33aLadders can now be used to fuel furnaces.
16w39aLadders now generate in woodland mansions.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 65.
18w10dWater can now be placed on the same block as ladders.
1.1419w13aLadders can be placed on glowstone.
?Ladder texture changed to Ladder.png
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Ladder.png Added ladders.
0.9.0build 10Made the ladder collision box slightly thinner.
0.11.0?Mobs can now climb ladders.
0.12.1build 1Added a sound for climbing up ladders.
With sneaking added, it is now possible to sit on a ladder without moving.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha length of ladder generates as part of the shaft from igloos leading to their basements.
1.1.0alpha now generate in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.4.0beta can now be placed on the same block as ladders.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Ladder.png Added ladders.
TU12Crafting recipe now yields 3 ladders instead of 2.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Added Ladder.


Issues relating to "Ladder" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • It is possible to use ladders one block apart in a corner by placing every other ladder on alternating side of the corner. This method requires jumping and shifting sides constantly.
  • By holding the jump key, players can still use water ladders that have ladders placed every other block.
  • If you stop yourself on a ladder and place a sign, you still stay in midair without having to hold Shift since the game is paused in singleplayer. This does not work in multiplayer since the game is not paused.
  • Attempting to place a ladder on a spot another ladder occupies may instead place the ladder somewhere nearby (because of the ladder's hitbox).
  • It is possible to remove a ladder while standing on a ladder and holding the sneak key, but it can take a long time because the countdown for breaking the ladder often resets.
  • Consuming food, blocking with a shield, or pulling back a bow, do not slow you down while climbing ladders (unlike when walking, sprinting, and swimming).
  • Like vines, ladders slow you down when walked through.
  • A player on a slab in front of the ladder must jump to get on the ladder despite only being 1/2 block down.
  • You can hold down the jump button while climbing a ladder to make the climbing speed faster.‌[Bedrock Edition only]