Java Edition guides/Caves & Cliffs

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Caves & Cliffs
Edition

Java Edition

Official name

Caves and Cliffs

Released versions

This guide is a simplified overview of all changes in the Caves and Cliffs update (Java Edition 1.17.x releases), which assumes at least some familiarity with the Nether Update (Java Edition 1.16.x releases).

Mobs[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Habitat Drops Note
Axolotl Lucy Axolotl JE1.pngWild Axolotl JE1.pngGold Axolotl JE1.pngCyan Axolotl JE1.pngBlue Axolotl JE1.png TBA TBA

Changed[edit]

Name Image Changed
Shulker Shulker.png
  • If a shulker is hit by another shulker's projectile, it now has a chance of spawning a new shulker.

Blocks[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Obtaining Tool Required Uses
Amethyst Cluster Small Amethyst Bud (U) JE1.pngMedium Amethyst Bud (U) JE1.pngLarge Amethyst Bud (U) JE1.pngAmethyst Cluster (U) JE1.png
  • Grows on top of Budding Amethyst Blocks.
  • Fully Grown Amethyst Clusters drop Amethyst Shards.
Pickaxe (Iron or better)
Block of Amethyst Block of Amethyst JE3.png
  • Generates inside of Amethyst Geodes.
Pickaxe (Iron or better)
  • Used for decoration.
Budding Amethyst Budding Amethyst JE3.png
  • Generates inside of Amethyst Geodes.
  • Cannot be obtained.
Pickaxe (drops nothing)
Calcite Calcite JE2.png
  • Generates in the middle layer of Amethyst Geodes.
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Tuff Tuff JE1.png
  • Generates on the outer layer of Amethyst Geodes.
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Copper Ore Copper Ore JE1.png
  • Found in the Overworld from Y=4 to Y=63.
Pickaxe (Stone or better)
Copper Block Copper Block JE1.pngLightly Weathered Copper Block JE1.pngSemi-Weathered Copper Block JE1.pngWeathered Copper BlocK JE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Copper Ingot

Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used for decoration.
  • Advances to the next stage of Weathering every 50-82 In game days.
  • Can crafted together with Honeycomb to become waxed, which will stop it from weathering.
Cut Copper Cut Copper JE2.pngLightly Weathered Cut Copper JE1.pngSemi-Weathered Cut Copper JE1.pngWeathered Cut Copper JE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Copper Block
Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used for decoration.
  • Advances to the next stage of Weathering every 50-82 In game days.
  • Can crafted together with Honeycomb to become waxed, which will stop it from weathering.
Cut Copper Stairs Cut Copper Stairs (N) JE2.pngLightly Weathered Cut Copper Stairs (N) JE1.pngSemi-Weathered Cut Copper Stairs (N) JE1.pngWeathered Cut Copper Stairs (N) JE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cut Copper
Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used for decoration.
  • Advances to the next stage of Weathering every 50-82 In game days.
  • Can crafted together with Honeycomb to become waxed, which will stop it from weathering.
Cut Copper Slab Cut Copper Slab JE2.pngLightly Weathered Cut Copper Slab JE1.pngSemi-Weathered Cut Copper Slab JE1.pngWeathered Cut Copper Slab JE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cut Copper
Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used for decoration.
  • Advances to the next stage of Weathering every 50-82 In game days.
  • Can crafted together with Honeycomb to become waxed, which will stop it from weathering.
Lightning Rod Lightning Rod (U) JE2.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Copper Ingot

Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used to absorb/attract lightning, possibly to avoid fires or for use in farms.
Tinted Glass Tinted Glass JE2.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Amethyst Shard +
Glass
Any
  • Glass that doesn't allow light to pass through.
Candle Candle JE1.pngTwo Candles.pngThree Candles.pngFour Candles.pngWhite Candle.pngTwo White Candles.pngThree White Candles.pngFour White Candles.pngOrange Candle.pngTwo Orange Candles.pngThree Orange Candles.pngFour Orange Candles.pngMagenta Candle.pngTwo Magenta Candles.pngThree Magenta Candles.pngFour Magenta Candles.pngLight Blue Candle.pngTwo Light Blue Candles.pngThree Light Blue Candles.pngFour Light Blue Candles.pngYellow Candle.pngTwo Yellow Candles.pngThree Yellow Candles.pngFour Yellow Candles.pngLime Candle.pngTwo Lime Candles.pngThree Lime Candles.pngFour Lime Candles.pngPink Candle.pngTwo Pink Candles.pngThree Pink Candles.pngFour Pink Candles.pngGray Candle.pngTwo Gray Candles.pngThree Gray Candles.pngFour Gray Candles.pngLight Gray Candle.pngTwo Light Gray Candles.pngThree Light Gray Candles.pngFour Light Gray Candles.pngCyan Candle.pngTwo Cyan Candles.pngThree Cyan Candles.pngFour Cyan Candles.pngPurple Candle.pngTwo Purple Candles.pngThree Purple Candles.pngFour Purple Candles.pngBlue Candle.pngTwo Blue Candles.pngThree Blue Candles.pngFour Blue Candles.pngBrown Candle.pngTwo Brown Candles.pngThree Brown Candles.pngFour Brown Candles.pngGreen Candle.pngTwo Green Candles.pngThree Green Candles.pngFour Green Candles.pngRed Candle.pngTwo Red Candles.pngThree Red Candles.pngFour Red Candles.pngBlack Candle.pngTwo Black Candles.pngThree Black Candles.pngFour Black Candles.pngCandle (lit).pngTwo Candles (lit).pngThree Candles (lit).pngFour Candles (lit).pngWhite Candle (lit).pngTwo White Candles (lit).pngThree White Candles (lit).pngFour White Candles (lit).pngOrange Candle (lit).pngTwo Orange Candles (lit).pngThree Orange Candles (lit).pngFour Orange Candles (lit).pngMagenta Candle (lit).pngTwo Magenta Candles (lit).pngThree Magenta Candles (lit).pngFour Magenta Candles (lit).pngLight Blue Candle (lit).pngTwo Light Blue Candles (lit).pngThree Light Blue Candles (lit).pngFour Light Blue Candles (lit).pngYellow Candle (lit).pngTwo Yellow Candles (lit).pngThree Yellow Candles (lit).pngFour Yellow Candles (lit).pngLime Candle (lit).pngTwo Lime Candles (lit).pngThree Lime Candles (lit).pngFour Lime Candles (lit).pngPink Candle (lit).pngTwo Pink Candles (lit).pngThree Pink Candles (lit).pngFour Pink Candles (lit).pngGray Candle (lit).pngTwo Gray Candles (lit).pngThree Gray Candles (lit).pngFour Gray Candles (lit).pngLight Gray Candle (lit).pngTwo Light Gray Candles (lit).pngThree Light Gray Candles (lit).pngFour Light Gray Candles (lit).pngCyan Candle (lit).pngTwo Cyan Candles (lit).pngThree Cyan Candles (lit).pngFour Cyan Candles (lit).pngPurple Candle (lit).pngTwo Purple Candles (lit).pngThree Purple Candles (lit).pngFour Purple Candles (lit).pngBlue Candle (lit).pngTwo Blue Candles (lit).pngThree Blue Candles (lit).pngFour Blue Candles (lit).pngBrown Candle (lit).pngTwo Brown Candles (lit).pngThree Brown Candles (lit).pngFour Brown Candles (lit).pngGreen Candle (lit).pngTwo Green Candles (lit).pngThree Green Candles (lit).pngFour Green Candles (lit).pngRed Candle (lit).pngTwo Red Candles (lit).pngThree Red Candles (lit).pngFour Red Candles (lit).pngBlack Candle (lit).pngTwo Black Candles (lit).pngThree Black Candles (lit).pngFour Black Candles (lit).png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
String +
Honeycomb

Any
  • Can be used as a light source but it needs to be lit with flint and steel.
  • Can be placed in groups of four
  • Can be placed on top of a cake to make a candle cake.
Powder Snow Powder Snow JE1 BE1.png
  • Can be placed using a Powder Snow Bucket.
Shovel
  • Mobs and players will sink into it and take freezing damage.
Dripstone Block Dripstone Block JE1.png Pickaxe
  • Is a Decorative Block
Pointed Dripstone Pointed Dripstone Base (D) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Middle (D) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Frustum (D) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Tip (D) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Tip Merge (D) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Base (U) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Middle (U) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Frustum (U) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Tip (U) JE1.pngPointed Dripstone Tip Merge (U) JE1.png
  • Generates in dripstone cave biomes.
Any
  • Pointed Dripstone Stalagmites deal damage to any entity that falls or jumps on top of it.
  • Pointed Dripstone Stalactites fall when the block above it is broken, dealing damage to any entity it hits.
  • Pointed Dripstone Stalactites drip water, or lava if a lava is above the Stalactite. These drips will slowly fill up cauldrons with either water or lava.
  • Pointed Dripstone can be broken with Tridents.
Sculk Sensor Sculk Sensor JE1.gif
  • TBA
Hoe
  • Detects vibrations made from nearby entites or blocks and emits a redstone signal.
  • Can only detect certain things, such as entites walking or flapping or blocks being placed or broken.
  • Will not detect vibrations made behind a block of wool.

Changed[edit]

Name Image Changed
Cake Candle Cake.png
  • Can now have candles placed on them.
Cauldron Cauldron (filled with lava) JE1.pngCauldron (filled with powder snow) JE1.png
  • Can now be filled with lava and powder snow.
Dirt Path Grass Path JE2 BE2.png
  • Can now be created from dirt, coarse dirt, podzol and mycelium.
  • Renamed from Grass Path
All Rails Rail (NS) JE3 BE2.pngOff Powered Rail (NS) JE2 BE2.pngOff Detector Rail (NS) JE2 BE2.pngOff Activator Rail (NS) JE2 BE2.pngRail (NS) JE3 BE2.pngOn Powered Rail (NS) JE2 BE2.pngOn Detector Rail (NS) JE2 BE2.pngOn Activator Rail (NS) JE2 BE2.png
  • Can now be waterlogged.

Items[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Obtaining Uses
Amethyst Shard Amethyst Shard JE2.png
  • Obtained by breaking fully grown Amethyst Clusters.
  • Can be used to create Spyglasses and Tinted Glass.
  • Four Amethyst Shards can create an Amethyst Block
Bundle Bundle JE2.pngBundle Filled JE2.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
String +
Rabbit Hide

  • Can be used to carry a stack's worth of items in one slot of the player's inventory.
Copper Ingot Copper Ingot JE2.png
Ingredients Smelting recipe
Copper Ore +
Any fuel


0.7
  • Can be used to create Copper Blocks, Lightning Rods
  • Can also be used to create the Spyglass.
Spyglass Spyglass JE2.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Amethyst Shard +
Copper Ingot

  • When used it zooms in, which allows the user to see long distances.
Powder Snow Bucket Powder Snow Bucket JE1.png
  • Obtained by using a bucket on a snow cauldron.
  • Can be used to place Powder Snow.
Bucket of Axolotl Bucket of Axolotl JE1.png
  • Obtained by using a bucket on an Axolotl.
  • Can be used to spawn an Axolotl.
Spawn Eggs for all new mobs Axolotl Spawn Egg JE1.png
  • Obtained from the creative inventory.
  • Can be used to spawn the corresponding mob.

Changed[edit]

Name Image Changed
Clock Clock JE3.gif
  • Has been given a new Texture.
Compass Compass JE3.gif
  • Has been given a new Texture.

Structures[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Generates Chests Mobs Description
Amethyst Geode Amethyst Geode.png
  • Underground
  • No
  • No
  • A round chamber consisting of an amethyst and budding amethyst inner wall, a tuff outer wall, and a layer of calcite in between.
Dripstone Cluster Dripstone cluster.png
  • No
  • No
  • A large vertical cluster of dripstone blocks.

Biomes[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Description Structures
Dripstone caves Dripstone Caves.png
  • Does not generate in normal worlds, it is only available in buffet worlds with "Single Biome" and "Dripstone caves" enabled.
  • Contains lots of dripstone blocks and pointed dripstone on the floor and ceiling.
  • There are large columns made of dripstone blocks extending from the ceiling to the floor of the cave.
  • Also contains many pools of water.