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Breaking

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The player punches trees and gets a log. (Click to view animation)

Breaking, digging, punching, or mining is a common activity in Minecraft, performed (by default) by holding the left mouse button or right trigger while the cursor is pointing at a block, or by long-pressing on the block on touch screens. Breaking is used to create passages, tunnels and clear away unwanted blocks, and is the primary way of acquiring blocks for future placement or crafting.

Basics of breaking[edit]

Breaking is accomplished by holding down the destroy button while the cursor is over a block. If the player is within range of the target, the player's hand begins swinging, making a repetitive "thump" noise as the player hits the block, and cracks appear.

In Java Edition, this range is 5 blocks in Creative mode, and 4.5 blocks otherwise. In Bedrock Edition, the range is 5 blocks when using a keyboard/mouse or controller input, and when using touch input, the range is 12 blocks in Creative mode and 6 blocks otherwise.

Blocks are marked with a wireframe cube outline, making the current target easily visible. After the cracks completely cover the block, it breaks and depending on the type of block and the tool being wielded, it may be harvested for resources.

Although many blocks can be harvested with bare hands, certain ones require the use of a tool. In particular, to obtain resources from stone or metal-type blocks, the player must use a pickaxe. For harder blocks like iron ore or obsidian, a pickaxe made from a higher-tier material is required. The player can also use shovels and axes to speed up the breaking of dirt and wood-type blocks (respectively), although, with the exception of snow, they are not required to get the resource drop. The downside is that tools have durability, and so they eventually wear out.

The progress for breaking a block is reset if the target block changes while breaking. Progress is also reset whenever the mouse button is released. The player can move freely while breaking blocks. The player can even dig while jumping, swimming, or riding, although this reduces the breaking speed.

Speed[edit]

The player's digging speed is controlled by three factors: the block being broken, the item the player is currently wielding, and the mining penalties affecting the player. Every block has a hardness value, which determines the base amount of breaking time if the player hits it with their bare hands.

The base time in seconds is the block's hardness multiplied by 1.5 if the player can harvest the block with the current tool, or 5 if the player cannot.

Assuming that the player can harvest the block, the next check is whether the player's tool increases the breaking speed for the block. See Best tools for a full list.

If the tool helps, then it increases digging speed by a constant multiplier, given in the following table:

Material Nothing Wood Stone Iron Diamond Netherite Gold Shears Sword
Multiplier 12× 1.5× (5× on wool, 15× on cobwebs and leaves) 1.5× (15× on cobwebs)

If a proper tool is used, this multiplier is further increased by the Efficiency enchantment. If the level of Efficiency is not 0, then the level squared plus 1 is added to the tool speed. For example, Efficiency I adds 2 to the value, while Efficiency V adds 26. The speed is also increased by (20×level)% per level of Haste, while Mining Fatigue decreases it by 70% for level I, 91% for level II, 99.73% for level III, and 99.919% for all other levels.

If the player's head is underwater and they are not wearing a helmet with the Aqua Affinity enchantment, breaking a block takes 5 times as long. If the player's feet are not touching the ground, an additional 5x penalty is added; this causes players floating in water to break blocks 25x slower than if they had been standing on land.

The total time to break a block is always a multiple of 120 of a second, or 1 game tick; any remainder is rounded up to the next tick.

Instant breaking[edit]

When breaking a block, a tool and its enchantments do its speed value as "damage" to a block every game tick, and when that value equals or exceeds the block's hardness times, the block breaks. If the tool and enchantments immediately equal or exceeds the hardness times 30, the block breaks with no delay; otherwise, 14 second delay occurs before the next block begins to break.

For example, a player with Haste II holding an Efficiency V diamond pickaxe can break stone instantly, as the damage is (8+26(1+0.4)=47.6, which is greater than the base hardness of stone (1.5) times 30 (which is 45). Players in creative mode always break blocks instantly regardless of tools or status effects, except for when wielding a sword, in which the player is unable to break anything.

Calculation[edit]

Combining all of the information above yields the following pseudo code to calculate how long in seconds a player takes to mine a certain block.

if (canHarvest)
  seconds = blockHardness * 1.5
else
  seconds = blockHardness * 5

if (isBestTool)
  speedMultiplier = toolMultiplier

  if (toolEfficiency and canHarvest)
    speedMultiplier += efficiencyLevel ^ 2 + 1
else
  speedMultiplier = 1

if (hasteEffect)
  speedMultiplier *= 1 + (0.2 * hasteLevel)

if (miningFatigue)
  speedMultiplier /= 3 ^ miningFatigueLevel

seconds /= speedMultiplier

if (inWater)
  seconds *= 5

if (not onGround)
  seconds *= 5

return seconds

Best tools[edit]

Fastest tools to mine specific blocks:

Tool Material Blocks Notes
Bucket Liquid
Axe Plants Shears are required to collect vines.
Wood
Pickaxe
Ice Ice, packed ice and blue ice require Silk Touch to drop as an item.
Frosted ice never drops as an item.
Metal I Pickaxe is required to collect a block.
Metal II Stone, iron, diamond, or netherite pickaxe is required to collect a block.
Metal III Iron, diamond, or netherite pickaxe is required to collect a block.
Metal IV Diamond or netherite pickaxe is required to collect a block.
Piston
Other Shulker Box can be mined with bare hand, but pickaxes mine faster.
Chemistry equipment ‌[BE & EE only] All these blocks, except lab table, can be mined without a pickaxe, but it takes a long time.
Rail These blocks can also be washed away by water.‌[Java Edition only]
Rock I Pickaxe is required to collect a block.
Silk Touch is needed to collect an ender chest, or it drops obsidian.
Mining a monster spawner drops 15-43 experience, but the monster spawner itself does not drop.
Rock II Stone, iron, diamond, or netherite pickaxe is required to collect a block.
Rock III Iron, diamond, or netherite pickaxe is required to collect a block.
Rock IV Diamond or netherite pickaxe is required to collect a block. For Glowing Obsidian, Silk Touch is needed to collect the block, or it drops regular obsidian.
Shears Leaves Shears or any Silk Touch-enchanted tools are required to collect leaves.
Leaves drop their alternative items if any other tool is used.
Web Can also be washed away by water.
Sword or water is required to collect string. Shears or Silk Touch enchantment are required to collect cobweb.
Wool
Shovel Ground Must have Silk Touch enchantment to drop grass block, mycelium or podzol and not get dirt as a result.
Snow Shovel is required to collect snowballs from snow-type blocks.
Sword Web Can also be washed away by water.
Sword or water is required to collect string. Shears or Silk Touch enchantment are required to collect cobweb.
Plants
Hoe ? Shears are required to collect leaves.
Any (all tools are equally efficient) Circuits
Glass For glass, glass panes, glowstones, sea lanterns, stained glass and stained glass panes to drop themselves, they must be mined with a tool enchanted with Silk Touch.
Other Carpet can also be washed away by water.
Dragon egg cannot be mined directly because hitting it causes it to teleport. Mining is possible only if its entire teleportation radius is filled with blocks.
Plants . In Adventure mode, requires the Sand block to be broken under the Cactus with a shovel.
Any (instantly breaks; doesn't damage tools) Circuits These blocks can also be washed away by water.
Breaking tripwire without shears causes the mechanism to turn on and off quickly.
Other Torches can be washed away by water.
Plants These blocks, except sugar cane, can also be washed out by water.
Fern and tall grass must be mined with shears; or they randomly drop seeds. Dead bushes must be mined with shears to drop themselves; if anything else is used, only sticks drop.
None (unbreakable) Commands only
Other Nether Portal can be broken by placing water in place of it. Invisible Bedrock is simply targeted through like air and liquids.

Blocks by hardness[edit]

The following table shows the time it takes to break each type of block. Values with a red background indicate that it cannot be harvested by that quality of tool. If there is no tool that helps speed up mining that block, the "tool" column is left empty. A few blocks are harvested faster with shears or a sword. These speeds are listed in the last two columns if different than "nothing".

Note that some blocks don't drop anything even when mined with the proper tool; these are marked with a yellow background.

Any blocks with a breaking time of 0.05 seconds or less can be broken without the 14 second delay. See instant breaking above.

[edit values]

Block Hardness Tool Breaking time[note 1]
Default Wooden Stone Iron Diamond Netherite Golden Shears Sword
Allow ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Deny ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Barrier
Bedrock
Border ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Command Block
End Gateway
End Portal
End Portal Frame
Invisible Bedrock
Jigsaw Block
Nether Portal
Structure Block
Lava[note 2] 100 150
Water[note 2] 100 150
Mud[note 2] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Obsidian 50 250 125 62.5 41.7 9.4 8.35 20.85
Block of Netherite 50 250 125 62.5 41.7 9.4 8.35 20.85
Crying Obsidian 50 250 125 62.5 41.7 9.4 8.35 20.85
Glowing Obsidian ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Respawn Anchor 50 250 125 62.5 41.7 9.4 8.35 20.85
Ancient Debris 30 150 75 37.5 25 5.65 5 12.5
Ender Chest 22 110 16.5 8.25 5.5 4.15 3.7 2.75
Hardened Glass 10 15
Hardened Glass Pane 10 15
Anvil 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Block of Coal 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Block of Diamond 5 25 12.5 6.25 1.25 0.95 0.85 2.1
Block of Emerald 5 25 12.5 6.25 1.25 0.95 0.85 2.1
Block of Iron 5 25 12.5 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 2.1
Block of Redstone 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Chain 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Enchantment Table 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Iron Bars 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Iron Door 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Iron Trapdoor 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Monster Spawner 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Bell 5 25 3.75 1.9 1.25 0.95 0.85 0.65
Cobweb 4 20 0.4 0.4
Dispenser 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Dropper 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Furnace 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Observer 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Stonecutter 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Blast Furnace 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Smoker 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Lantern 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Lodestone 3.5 17.5 2.65 1.35 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.45
Beacon 3 4.5
Block of Gold 3 15 7.5 3.75 0.75 0.6 0.5 1.25
Coal Ore 3 15 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Dragon Egg[note 3] 3 4.5
Diamond Ore 3 15 7.5 3.75 0.75 0.6 0.5 1.25
Emerald Ore 3 15 7.5 3.75 0.75 0.6 0.5 1.25
End Stone 3 15 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Gold Ore 3 15 7.5 3.75 0.75 0.6 0.5 1.25
Hopper 3 15 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Iron Ore 3 15 7.5 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 1.25
Lapis Lazuli Block 3 15 7.5 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 1.25
Lapis Lazuli Ore 3 15 7.5 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 1.25
Nether Quartz Ore 3 15 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Redstone Ore 3 15 7.5 3.75 0.75 0.6 0.5 1.25
Wooden Trapdoors 3 4.5 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Wooden Doors 3 4.5 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Nether Gold Ore 3 15 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Conduit 3 4.5
Chalkboard ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Nether Reactor Core ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
USB Charger Block[note 4] 3 15 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Blue Ice 2.8 14 2.1 1.05 0.7 0.55 0.5 0.35
Chest 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Compound Creator[note 5] 2.5 12.5 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Crafting Table 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Cartography Table 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Lectern 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Fletching Table 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Smithing Table 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Loom 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Barrel 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Element Constructor[note 5] 2.5 12.5 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Heat Block 2.5 12.5 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Lab Table[note 5] 2.5 12.5 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Material Reducer[note 5] 2.5 12.5 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Trapped Chest 2.5 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Bone Block 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Brick Stairs 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Bricks 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Cauldron 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Cobblestone 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Cobblestone Stairs 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Cobblestone Slab 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Cobblestone Wall 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Polished Blackstone 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Grindstone 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Shulker Box 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Fences 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Fence Gates 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Jukebox 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Campfire 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Mossy Cobblestone 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Nether Bricks 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Red Nether Bricks 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Nether Brick Fence 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Nether Brick Stairs 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Stone Slabs 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Logs 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Planks 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Purpur Slab 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Wooden Slabs 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Wooden Stairs 2 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Concrete 1.8 9 1.35 0.7 0.45 0.35 0.35 0.25
Andesite 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Blackstone 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Polished Blackstone Bricks 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Gilded Blackstone 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Coral Block 1.5 2.25 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Bookshelf 1.5 2.25 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Dark Prismarine 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Diorite 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Granite 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Piston 1.5 2.25 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Prismarine 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Prismarine Bricks 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Stone 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Stone Bricks 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Smooth Stone 2 10 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Purpur Block 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Purpur Pillar 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Purpur Stairs 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Stone Brick Stairs 1.5 7.5 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Glazed Terracotta 1.4 7 1.05 0.55 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2
Terracotta 1.25 6.25 0.95 0.5 0.35 0.25 0.25 0.2
Basalt 1.25 6.25 0.95 0.5 0.35 0.25 0.25 0.2
Bamboo 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.05
Banners 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Jack o'Lantern 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15 1
Melon 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15 1
Mob Head 1 1.5
Nether Wart Block 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Pumpkin 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15 1
Sign 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Stems 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Nylium 1 5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Shroomlight 1 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Block of Quartz 0.8 4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1
Note Block 0.8 1.25 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1
Quartz Stairs 0.8 4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1
Red Sandstone 0.8 4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1
Red Sandstone Stairs 0.8 4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1
Sandstone 0.8 4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1
Sandstone Stairs 0.8 4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1
Wool 0.8 1.25 0.25
Infested Block 0.75 1.15
Rail 0.7 1.05 0.55 0.3 0.2 0.15 0.15 0.1
Activator Rail 0.7 1.05 0.55 0.3 0.2 0.15 0.15 0.1
Detector Rail 0.7 1.05 0.55 0.3 0.2 0.15 0.15 0.1
Powered Rail 0.7 1.05 0.55 0.3 0.2 0.15 0.15 0.1
Beehive 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Clay 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Composter 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Farmland 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Grass Block 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Grass Path 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Gravel 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Honeycomb Block 0.6 0.9
Mycelium 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Sponge 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Wet Sponge 0.6 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Brewing Stand 0.5 2.5 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Stone Button 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cake 0.5 0.75
Coarse Dirt 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Concrete Powder 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Dirt 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hay Bale 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ice 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lever 0.5 0.75
Turtle Egg 0.5 0.75
Magma Block 0.5 2.5 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Packed Ice 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Frosted Ice 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Podzol 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sand 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Soul Sand 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Stone Pressure Plate 0.5 2.5 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Weighted Pressure Plates 0.5 2.5 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Wooden Pressure Plates 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Soul Soil 0.5 0.75
Dried Kelp Block 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Target 0.5 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cactus 0.4 0.65
Ladder 0.4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.05
Chorus Flower 0.4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.05
Chorus Plant 0.4 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.05
Netherrack 0.4 2 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.05
Bee Nest 0.3 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.05 0.05
Glass 0.3 0.45
Glass Pane 0.3 0.45
Glowstone 0.3 0.45
Redstone Lamp 0.3 0.45
Sea Lantern 0.3 0.45
Stained Glass 0.3 0.45
Stained Glass Panes 0.3 0.45
Bed 0.2 0.35
Cocoa 0.2 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.2
Daylight Detector 0.2 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Mushroom Blocks 0.2 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Leaves[note 6] 0.2 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.2
Snow Block 0.2 1 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Vines 0.2 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.35 0.2
Carpet 0.1 0.2
Snow 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Air[note 2] 0 0.05
Beetroots 0 0.05
Buttercup ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Carrots 0 0.05
Colored Torches 0 0.05
Coral 0 0.05
Coral Fan 0 0.05
Dead Bush 0 0.05 0.05
Element 0 0.05
End Rod 0 0.05
Fire 0 0.05
Flower Pot 0 0.05
Flowers 0 0.05
Fungi 0 0.05
Grass[note 7] 0 0.05 0.05
Honey Block 0 0.05
Kelp 0 0.05
Lily Pad 0 0.05
Melon Stem 0 0.05
Mushrooms 0 0.05
Nether Sprouts 0 0.05
Nether Wart 0 0.05
Potatoes 0 0.05
Pumpkin Stem 0 0.05
Redstone Comparator 0 0.05
Redstone Repeater 0 0.05
Redstone Torch 0 0.05
Redstone Wire 0 0.05
Roots 0 0.05
Saplings 0 0.05
Seagrass 0 0.05 0.05
Scaffolding 0 0.05
Sea Pickle 0 0.05
Slime Block 0 0.05
Structure Void 0 0.05
Sugar Cane 0 0.05
Sweet Berries 0 0.05
TNT 0 0.05
Torch 0 0.05
Tripwire 0 0.05
Tripwire Hook 0 0.05
Twisting Vines[note 8] 0 0.05
Underwater TNT 0 0.05
Underwater Torch 0 0.05
Weeping Vines[note 8] 0 0.05
Wheat 0 0.05
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.
  2. a b c d These blocks cannot be targeted (the block behind them is mined instead), so they cannot be broken, even though in code they have a finite hardness.
  3. The dragon egg can be mined directly only when there aren't any air blocks available for it to teleport to. However, the dragon egg can be collected by other means.
  4. No version exists with both netherite tools and this block, but the breaking speed can be inferred from hardness.
  5. a b c d Chemistry tables are slow to break by hand, similar to blocks that require a pickaxe to mine. However, they still drop as items.
  6. Leaves drop themselves only if destroyed via a silk touch-enchanted tool or shears; otherwise, they drop saplings and sticks, or apples if it is an oak tree.
  7. Grass drops itself only when broken with shears; using any other tool randomly drops seeds.
  8. a b These blocks have a 13 chance of dropping themselves.

Video[edit]

History[edit]

Java Edition Classic
June 14, 2009Notch discussed how breaking blocks would work in Survival mode: "Selecting the pickaxe and clicking on a tile will destroy it, but different tiles will take differently long to remove. Stone will be tougher than dirt, and so. Either way, the delay won't be long. Perhaps one full second for stone."
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4Efficiency enchantment added, which mines blocks faster.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6The mining time of many blocks were made a lot faster, including redstone ore, stone bricks, nether bricks, iron bars, doors, monster spawners and obsidian.
Several blocks' tool weaknesses have been fixed, such as crafting tables now mining faster with an axe and rails now mining faster with a pickaxe.
Mined stairs of any materials drop a stair block now instead of a block form of its material.
1.3.112w22aMining ores (except gold ore and iron ore) rewards the player with experience orbs.
12w23aYou can see the block breaking animation when other players break blocks.
1.4.612w50aThe Efficiency enchantment no longer applies when mining blocks of the wrong type (ex: Efficiency pickaxes don't increase the mining speed of dirt). This is a consequence of the new rule "the mining speed of a block is increased only when it is mined with the correct tool".
?Switching tools resets a block's brokenness.
1.8?The proper tool now increases the breaking speed of a block even if it is not the correct grade.
Pocket Edition Alpha
?Breaking sounds of blocks drastically changed, from being identical to those of Alpha-esque updates to sounds that were much different depending on if the game was being played on iOS or Android.
0.7.2Buckets can no longer be used to literally mine water and lava.[1]
0.12.1build 12Breaking sounds are now the same as on PC. Prior to this update, the breaking sounds of most blocks differed greatly on iOS and Android.

Trivia[edit]

  • In the code, blocks use a hardness value of -1 in order to make blocks unbreakable.
  • The breaking animation is intentionally programmed by the developers to appear off-center on certain blocks such as chests and signs.[2]

References[edit]