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Axe

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Axe
Wooden Axe JE2 BE2.pngStone Axe JE2 BE2.pngIron Axe JE5 BE2.pngGolden Axe JE3 BE2.pngDiamond Axe JE2 BE2.pngNetherite Axe JE2.png
Rarity

Common

Durability

Wood: 59
Stone: 131
Iron: 250
Golden: 32
Diamond: 1561
Netherite: 2031

Renewable

Netherite: No
All others: Yes

Stackable

No

An axe is a tool used to hasten the collection of wood-based items. It is also used as a weapon for melee attacks.

Obtaining[edit]

Crafting[edit]

Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Any Planks or
Any Cobblestone or Blackstone or
Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
Diamond +
Stick

The axe's material can be placed either to the left or the right of the sticks.
Damaged Matching Axe


The durability of the two axes is added together, plus an extra 5% durability.

Upgrading[edit]

Ingredients Smithing recipe
Diamond Axe +
Netherite Ingot
Upgrade Gear


Repairing[edit]

Grinding[edit]

Ingredients Grinding recipe Description
2x Damaged Wooden Axe or
2x Damaged Stone Axe or
2x Damaged Iron Axe or
2x Damaged Golden Axe or
2x Damaged Diamond Axe or
2x Damaged Netherite Axe
The durability of the two axes is added together, plus an extra 5% durability.

Unit repair[edit]

An axe can be repaired in an anvil by adding units of the tiers' repair material, with each repair material restoring 25% of the axe's maximum durability, rounded down.

Mobs[edit]

Equipment[edit]

A vindicator spawns with an iron axe and has an 8.5% chance (9.5% with Looting I, 10.5% with Looting II and 11.5% with Looting III) of dropping it upon death by the player. It usually has some amount of damage and is sometimes enchanted.

‌In Bedrock Edition 1.16.20 and Java Edition 1.16.2[upcoming], a piglin brute spawns with a golden axe and has an 8.5% chance (9.5% with Looting I, 10.5% with Looting II and 11.5% with Looting III) of dropping it upon death by the player.

Raids[edit]

In Bedrock Edition Vindicator and pillagers that spawn in raids have a 4.1% chance (5.12% on hard) to drop a badly-damaged iron axe, which is sometimes enchanted with a random enchantment. It is possible for a vindicator to drop 2 iron axes, one from natural equipment and one from raid drops.

Trading[edit]

Novice-level Toolsmith villagers have a 25% chance to sell a stone axe for one emerald, journeyman-level Toolsmith villagers have a 25% chance to sell an enchanted iron axe for eight emeralds, and expert-level Toolsmith villagers have a 50% chance to sell an enchanted diamond axe for 13 emeralds.‌[Bedrock Edition only]

Novice-level Toolsmith villagers have a 40% chance to sell a stone axe for one emerald, journeyman-level Toolsmith villagers have a 40% chance to sell an enchanted iron axe for 7-22 emeralds, and expert-level Toolsmith villagers have a 23 chance to sell an enchanted diamond axe for 18-35 emeralds.‌[Java Edition only]

Novice-level Weaponsmith villagers sell an iron axe for 3 emeralds as one of their trades, and master-level Weaponsmith villagers sell an enchanted diamond axe for 12 emeralds.‌[Bedrock Edition only]

Novice-level Weaponsmith villagers have a 23 chance to sell an iron axe for 3 emeralds. Master-level Weaponsmith villagers always offer to sell an enchanted diamond axe for 18-35 emeralds.‌[Java Edition only]

The enchantments are the same as the ones obtained from an enchantment table at levels 5–19.

Natural generation[edit]

In woodland mansions, a sealed room can appear that has a chest always containing an Efficiency I iron axe.

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Wooden Axe Bonus chest Chest 1 75%
Stone Axe Bonus chest Chest 1 25%
Igloo Chest 1 14.7%
Underwater ruins Small ruins chest 1 30.2%
Enchanted Golden Axe[note 1] Ruined portal Chest 1 20.5%
Java Edition 1.16.2[upcoming]
Enchanted Golden Axe[note 1] Bastion remnant Bridge chest 1 11.2%
Generic chest 1 9.8%
Hoglin stable chest 1 22.8%
Bedrock Edition
Wooden Axe Bonus chest Chest 1 75%
Stone Axe Bonus chest Chest 1 25%
Igloo Chest 1 14.7%
Underwater ruins Small ruins chest 1 30.2%
Enchanted Golden Axe[note 1] Ruined portal Chest 1 20.5%
  1. a b c All enchantments are equally probable, including treasure enchantments (except Soul Speed), and any level of the enchantment is equally probable.

Usage[edit]

Chopping wood[edit]

An axe is used to break logs and blocks derived from wood faster than by using other tools. An axe uses 1 durability to break 1 block. For blocks that break instantly, it uses 0 durability.

Durability[edit]

Each tier of axe has a different durability:

Material Durability
Wood 59
Stone 131
Iron 250
Diamond 1561
Golden 32
Netherite 2031

Speed[edit]

The following table summarizes the speed at which axes of different qualities perform.

Block Breaking time[note 1]
Default Wooden Stone Iron Diamond Netherite Golden
Wooden Trapdoors 4.5 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Wooden Doors 4.5 2.25 1.15 0.75 0.6 0.5 0.4
Chest 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Trapped Chest 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Lectern 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Smithing table 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Loom 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Cartography table 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Fletching table 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Barrel 3.75 1.9 0.95 0.65 0.5 0.45 0.35
Fences 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Fence Gates 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Jukebox 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Logs 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Planks 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Wooden Slabs 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Wooden Stairs 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Campfire 3 1.5 0.75 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.25
Bookshelf 2.25 1.15 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.25 0.2
Banners 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Jack o'Lantern 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Melon 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Pumpkin 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Sign 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Note Block 1.25 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1
Wooden Pressure Plate 0.75 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.1
Beehive 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Ladder 0.65 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.05
Bee Nest 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.05 0.05
Composter 0.9 0.45 0.25 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.1
Bamboo 1.5 0.75 0.4 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15
Bed 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Cocoa 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Daylight Detector 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Mushroom Block 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Vines 0.35 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Stripped logs/wood[edit]

Using an axe on a log or wood block causes it to become a stripped log or a stripped wood block, respectively. This consumes one point of durability from the axe.

Weapon[edit]

Java Edition[edit]

Damage done when using an axe as a weapon is more than that of a sword, though they take longer than a sword to recover.

The difference between the two is that a sword does a swipe attack, spreading a splash damage to multiple nearby entities, while an axe concentrates its damage on a single target. An axe loses 2 points of durability when used as a weapon. The damage dealt and cooldown time depends on the type:

Material Wooden Gold Stone Iron Diamond Netherite
Attack damage 7♥♥♥♥ 7♥♥♥♥ 9♥♥♥♥♥ 9♥♥♥♥♥ 9♥♥♥♥♥ 10♥♥♥♥♥
Attack Speed 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0
Recovery time 1.25 seconds
(25 game ticks)
1 second
(20 game ticks)
1.25 seconds
(25 game ticks)
1.11 seconds
(22.2 game ticks)
1 second
(20 game ticks)
1 second
(20 game ticks)
DPS 5.6 7.0 7.2 8.1 9.0 10.0
Lifetime damage inflicted[note 1] 210♥ × 105 119♥ × 59.5 594♥ × 297 1134♥ × 567 7029♥ × 3514.5 10150♥ × 5075
  1. The formula to find the total lifetime damage is (durability ÷ 2) × damage per hit = minimum lifetime damage. The durability is halved because axes take double durability when used as a weapon. The formula also ignores enchantments and critical hits, and assumes the axe is at maximum charge.
Disabling shields[edit]

Attacking a shield user with an axe has a chance to disable the use of the shield for 5 seconds. The base chance is 25%, plus 5 percentage points per level of Efficiency on the axe, plus 75 percentage points if attacking while sprinting. Mobs armed with axes (vindicators or others with commands) always disable the player's shield.

Bedrock Edition[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, axes always attack instantly (without a cooldown) and do less damage than a sword of the same quality:

Material Attack damage
Wooden 3♥♥
Golden
Stone 4♥♥
Iron 5♥♥♥
Diamond 6♥♥♥
Netherite 7♥♥♥♥

Enchantments[edit]

An axe can receive the following enchantments:

Name Max Level
Fortune[note 1] III
Silk Touch[note 1] I
Efficiency V
Unbreaking III
Sharpness[note 2][note 3] V
Smite[note 2][note 3] V
Bane of Arthropods[note 2][note 3] V
Chopping[upcoming: JE Tests][note 2][note 3] III
Mending[note 3] I
Curse of Vanishing[note 3] I
  1. a b Silk Touch and Fortune are mutually exclusive.
  2. a b c d Sharpness, Smite, Bane of Arthropods and Chopping are mutually exclusive.
  3. a b c d e f Available only from using enchanted books with an anvil.

Fuel[edit]

Wooden axes can be used as a fuel in furnaces, smelting 1 item per axe.

Smelting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Iron Nugget or
Gold Nugget
Iron Axe or
Golden Axe +
Any fuel


0.1

Sounds[edit]

SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation distance
Axe scrapes? ? item.axe.stripsubtitles.item.axe.strip0.90.85, ?16
Item breaks? When durability is exhaustedentity.item.breaksubtitles.entity.item.break1.00.916

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Wooden Axewooden_axe item.minecraft.wooden_axe
Stone Axestone_axe item.minecraft.stone_axe
Iron Axeiron_axe item.minecraft.iron_axe
Diamond Axediamond_axe item.minecraft.diamond_axe
Golden Axegolden_axe item.minecraft.golden_axe
Netherite Axenetherite_axe item.minecraft.netherite_axe

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key
Wooden Axewooden_axe 271item.wooden_axe.name
Stone Axestone_axe 275item.stone_axe.name
Iron Axeiron_axe 258item.iron_axe.name
Diamond Axediamond_axe 279item.diamond_axe.name
Golden Axegolden_axe 286item.golden_axe.name
Netherite Axenetherite_axe 746item.netherite_axe.name

Achievements[edit]

Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
MOAR ToolsConstruct one type of each tool.Construct one pickaxe, one shovel, one axe, and one hoe with the same material.15GBronze
Oooh, shiny!Distract a Piglin using gold.Give a piglin a gold item while it is aggressive toward the player.30GSilver

Advancements[edit]

Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID

Advancement-plain-raw.png

Oh Shiny
Distract Piglins with goldNetherGive a piglin one of these 22 gold-related items while it is aggressive toward the player. Other gold-related items, if any, may be used, but are ignored for this advancement and by the piglin.nether/distract_piglin

History[edit]

Java Edition Indev
0.3120100111-1Iron Axe JE1.png Added iron axes.
An axe is used to gather wood 400% faster than by hand.
When starting in a new world, the player is given one of each tool.
20100122Iron Axe JE2.png The texture of axes has been changed. Half of the axe head has been removed.
20100124Iron Axe JE3.png The texture of axes has been changed. The other axe head is now used instead.
A complete toolset is no longer given to the player on starting a new world. Instead, there are multiple chests in the later called "Indev House" containing a stack of most accessible blocks/items including tools.
20100128Wooden Axe JE1 BE1.png Stone Axe JE1 BE1.png Diamond Axe JE1 BE1.png Tools now have tiers. Wooden, stone, and diamond axes have been added.
Iron Axe JE4 BE1.png The texture of iron axes has been changed.
An axe held by the player now appears more 3d like.
They cannot be crafted yet, but have been added to the item chest in Indev house.
20100129Wood, stone, iron, and diamond axes can now be crafted.
20100130Golden Axe JE1.png Axes can now be made out of gold.
20100201-1Tools now take damage when being used. Better tools last now longer.
20100206Golden Axe JE2 BE1.png The texture of golden axes has been changed.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Gold tools, including axes, now remove blocks faster than diamond tools.
Java Edition
1.3.112w16aWooden and stone axes are now found in the new bonus chests.
12w18aWooden axes can now be used as fuel in a furnace.
12w21aBlacksmith villagers now sell 1 diamond axe for 9–11 emeralds, and 1 iron axe for 6–7 emeralds.
1.814w02aWeapon smith villagers now sell 1 enchanted diamond axe for 9–12 emeralds, and 1 iron axe for 6–8 emeralds. Unenchanted diamond axes are no longer sold.
1.915w34aAxes now use the attack speed combat mechanic meter. The time it takes for the meter to fill up for an axe is 1.2 seconds.
15w34bAxes now have an attack speed of 0.8, taking about 1.25 seconds to fill the attack meter.
15w34cAxes do 4 more damage than previously.
Axes now have an attack speed of 0.85.
Axes can now temporarily disable shield use.
15w35aThe damage of axes has been reduced by one.
The speed of axes has been increased to 0.9.
15w37aStone and diamond axes now both do 9 damage, instead of the previous 8 and 10 respectively.
Axes now have attack speed based on the tier, with wooden and stone having a speed of 0.8, iron having a speed of 0.9, and diamond having a speed of 1.
15w43aStone axes may now be found in igloo basement chests.
15w44aThe average yield of stone and wooden axes from bonus chests has been decreased.
1.11.116w50aGolden and iron axes now smelt down into one of their respective nuggets.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, these items' numeral IDs were 271, 275, 258, 279 and 286.
18w07aUsing an axe on bark or a log now turns it into a stripped log.
18w09aStone axes now can generate in the chests of underwater ruins.
pre2Using an axe on a bark now turns it into a stripped bark.
1.1418w43aWooden Axe JE2 BE2.png Stone Axe JE2 BE2.png Iron Axe JE5 BE2.png Golden Axe JE3 BE2.png Diamond Axe JE2 BE2.png The textures of all axes have been changed.
1.1620w06aNetherite Axe JE1.png Added netherite axes.
Netherite axes are obtained by combining one diamond axe and one netherite ingot in a crafting table.
20w09aDiamond Axe JE3 BE3.png The texture of diamond axes has been changed.
20w10aNetherite Axe JE2.png The texture of netherite axes has been changed.
Netherite axes can no longer be crafted.
Netherite axes are now obtained by combining one diamond axe and one netherite ingot in a smithing table.
20w15aStone axes can now be crafted using blackstone.
20w16aGolden axes now generate randomly enchanted in ruined portal chests.
Upcoming Java Edition
Combat Tests1.14.3 - Combat TestThe attack speed for all axes has been increased to 2.
All axes now deal 1♥ more damage than their sword counterparts.
Combat Test 3The Chopping enchantment has been added for axes, which adds 1 damage and 0.5 seconds (10 game ticks) of shield stunning per level and is mutually exclusive with Sharpness.
Axes now always disable shields for 1.6 seconds (32 game ticks), instead of having a 25% to disable them for 5 seconds (100 game ticks).
Axes now take 1 damage when attacking instead of 2.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.2.0Stone Axe JE1 BE1.png Added stone axes.
0.3.0Wooden Axe JE1 BE1.png Added wooden axes.
0.3.2Iron Axe JE4 BE1.png Golden Axe JE2 BE1.png Diamond Axe JE1 BE1.png Added iron, golden and diamond axes.
0.11.0build 11All axes are now available in the creative inventory.
build 12All axes have been removed from creative.
build 13All axes have been re-added to creative mode.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha 0.17.0.1Stone axes now can be found inside igloo basement chests.
1.0.4alpha 1.0.4.0Weaponsmith villagers now sell iron axes for 6-8 emeralds as part of their first tier trades and enchanted diamond axes for 9-12 emeralds as part of their third tier trades.
1.1.0alpha 1.1.0.0Iron and golden axes are now smeltable.
Iron axes with the Efficiency I enchantment can now be found inside chests in woodland mansions.
Added vindicators, who rarely drop iron axes.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta 1.2.0.2Wooden and stone axes can now be found in bonus chests.
1.4.0beta 1.2.13.8Using an axe on a log now turns it into a stripped log.
beta 1.2.20.1Stone axes can now be found inside underwater ruins chests.
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Wooden Axe JE2 BE2.png Stone Axe JE2 BE2.png Iron Axe JE5 BE2.png Golden Axe JE3 BE2.png Diamond Axe JE2 BE2.png The textures of all axes have been changed.
1.11.0beta 1.11.0.4Vindicators and pillagers that spawn in raids can now drop an iron axe.
Trading has been changed, weaponsmith villagers now sell iron axes for 3 emeralds and enchanted diamond axes for 12 emeralds as part of their fourth tier trades.
Stone axes, enchanted iron axes, and diamond axes can now be bought from toolsmith villagers.
1.16.0beta 1.16.0.51Netherite Axe BE1.png Added netherite axes.
Netherite axes are obtained by combining one diamond axe and one netherite ingot in a crafting table.
Diamond Axe JE3 BE3.png The texture of diamond axes has been changed.
beta 1.16.0.57Netherite axes can no longer be crafted.
Netherite axes are now obtained by combining one diamond axe and one netherite ingot in a smithing table.
Stone axes can now be crafted using blackstone.
Golden axes now generate randomly enchanted in ruined portal chests.
Netherite axes now generate randomly enchanted in bastion remnant chests.
Upcoming Bedrock Edition
1.16.20beta 1.16.20.50Added piglin brutes, who rarely drop golden axes.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.00Patch 11.0.1Wooden Axe JE1 BE1.png Stone Axe JE1 BE1.png Iron Axe JE4 BE1.png Golden Axe JE2 BE1.png Diamond Axe JE1 BE1.png Added axes (all five types).
TU53CU431.49Patch 231.0.3Iron and golden axes are now smeltable.
1.90Wooden Axe JE2 BE2.png Stone Axe JE2 BE2.png Iron Axe JE5 BE2.png Golden Axe JE3 BE2.png Diamond Axe JE2 BE2.png The textures of all axes have been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Wooden Axe JE1 BE1.png Stone Axe JE1 BE1.png Iron Axe JE4 BE1.png Golden Axe JE2 BE1.png Diamond Axe JE1 BE1.png Added axes.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Axe" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Trivia[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Enchanted Axes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.8/assets/minecraft/lang/en_US.lang, line 915: item.hatchetIron.name= Iron Axe