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Pickaxe

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Pickaxe
Wooden Pickaxe JE2 BE2.pngStone Pickaxe JE2 BE2.pngIron Pickaxe JE3 BE2.pngGolden Pickaxe JE4 BE3.pngDiamond Pickaxe JE3 BE3.pngNetherite Pickaxe JE3.png
Rarity

Common

Durability

Wood: 59
Stone: 131
Iron: 250
Golden: 32
Diamond: 1561
Netherite: 2031

Renewable

Netherite: No
Others: Yes

Stackable

No

Pickaxes are one of the most commonly used tools in the game, being required to mine all ores, rock, rock-based blocks and metal-based blocks. They allow the player to mine blocks at faster speeds, and the speed increases depending on the material it is made out of.

Obtaining[edit]

Crafting[edit]

Pickaxes are crafted using 2 sticks and 3 units of tool material.

Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Any Planks or
Any Cobblestone or Blackstone or
Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
Diamond +
Stick

Matching Damaged Pickaxes


The durability of the two pickaxes is added together, plus an extra 5% of the tool type's total durability.

Upgrading[edit]

Ingredients Smithing recipe
Diamond Pickaxe +
Netherite Ingot
Upgrade Gear


Repairing[edit]

Grinding[edit]

Ingredients Grinding recipe Description
2x Damaged Wooden Pickaxe or
2x Damaged Stone Pickaxe or
2x Damaged Iron Pickaxe or
2x Damaged Golden Pickaxe or
2x Damaged Diamond Pickaxe or
2x Damaged Netherite Pickaxe
The durability of the two pickaxes is added together, plus an extra 5% durability.

Unit repair[edit]

Pickaxes can be repaired in an anvil by adding units of the tiers' repair material, with each repair material restoring 25% of the pickaxe's maximum durability, rounded down.

Natural generation[edit]

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Wooden Pickaxe Bonus chest Chest 1 75%
Stone Pickaxe Bonus chest Chest 1 25%
Iron Pickaxe Mineshaft Chest 1 7%
Stronghold Storeroom chest 1 4%
Altar chest 1 12.1%
Village Toolsmith's chest 1 41.2%
Weaponsmith's chest 1 25.6%
Enchanted Iron Pickaxe[note 1] End city Chest 1 13.3%
Enchanted Golden Pickaxe[note 2] Ruined portal Chest 1 20.5%
Enchanted Diamond Pickaxe[note 1] End city Chest 1 13.3%
Java Edition 1.16.2[upcoming]
Enchanted Diamond Pickaxe[note 2] Bastion remnant Generic chest 1 6.7%
Enchanted Diamond Pickaxe[note 2][note 3] Bastion remnant Hoglin stable chest 1 13.6%
Bedrock Edition
Wooden Pickaxe Bonus chest Chest 1 75%
Stone Pickaxe Bonus chest Chest 1 25%
Iron Pickaxe Mineshaft Chest 1 7%
Stronghold Storeroom chest 1 3.2%
Altar chest 1 11.8%
Village Toolsmith's chest 1 41.2%
Weaponsmith's chest 1 25.6%
Enchanted Iron Pickaxe[note 1] End city Chest 1 13.3%
Enchanted Golden Pickaxe[note 2] Ruined portal Chest 1 20.5%
Enchanted Diamond Pickaxe[note 1] End city Chest 1 13.3%
  1. a b c d Enchantment probabilities are the same as a level-20 to level-39 enchantment would be on an enchantment table that had no cap at level 30, and that was able to apply treasure enchantments (except Soul Speed), and where the chance of multiple enchantments is not reduced.
  2. a b c d All enchantments are equally probable, including treasure enchantments (except Soul Speed), and any level of the enchantment is equally probable.
  3. The item has between 15% and 95% of its total durability.

Trading[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, novice-level toolsmith villagers have a 25% chance to sell stone pickaxes for one emerald, Journeyman-level toolsmith villagers have a 25% chance to sell enchanted iron pickaxes for 3 emeralds, and master-level toolsmith villagers always sell enchanted diamond pickaxes for 13 emeralds.

In Java Edition, novice-level toolsmith villagers have a 40% chance to sell a stone pickaxe for one emerald, journeyman-level toolsmith villagers have a 40% chance to sell an enchanted iron pickaxe for 7–22 emeralds, and a master-level toolsmith always sells an enchanted diamond pickaxe for 18–35 emeralds.

The enchantments are the same as the ones obtained from an enchantment table at levels 5–19.

Usage[edit]

Mining[edit]

A pickaxe is used to break stone and metal-based materials faster. When a block is broken using a pickaxe, the pickaxe uses 1 durability. For blocks that break instantly, it uses 0 durability. Pickaxes have different amounts of uses based on the type:

  • Wooden: 59
  • Stone: 131
  • Iron: 250
  • Golden: 32
  • Diamond: 1561
  • Netherite: 2031

Different qualities of pickaxe are required to successfully harvest certain ores and blocks. For example, while stone can be mined with any pickaxe, gold ore must be mined with an iron, diamond or netherite pickaxe, or else the player harvests no ore. Different pickaxes also mine many materials at different speeds:

Speed[edit]

The following table shows the time it takes to break each type of block.

  • A red background indicates that the block cannot be harvested with that type of pickaxe.
  • A yellow background indicates that the block cannot be harvested with that type of pickaxe, but still drops something.
  • A green background indicates that the block can be harvested with that type of pickaxe.

Weapon[edit]

Hitting a mob with a pickaxe is a stronger attack than using fists. Pickaxes lose 2 durability when used as a weapon.

Java Edition[edit]

Pickaxes have an attack speed modifier of −2.8, meaning they take about 0.83 seconds to recover. All pickaxes have an attack speed of 1.2 hits per second. They deal different damage based on the type:

Pickaxe type Attack damage Damage per
second (DPS)
Wooden Pickaxe 2♥ 2.4
Golden Pickaxe
Stone Pickaxe 3♥♥ 3.6
Iron Pickaxe 4♥♥ 4.8
Diamond Pickaxe 5♥♥♥ 6
Netherite Pickaxe 6♥♥♥ 7.2

Bedrock Editions[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, pickaxes always attack instantly and do the following damage:

Pickaxe type Attack damage
Wooden Pickaxe
Golden Pickaxe
2♥
Stone Pickaxe 3♥♥
Iron Pickaxe 4♥♥
Diamond Pickaxe 5♥♥♥
Netherite Pickaxe 6♥♥♥

Enchantments[edit]

A pickaxe can receive the following enchantments:

Name Max Level Method
Efficiency V
Fortune[note 1] III
Silk Touch[note 1] I
Unbreaking III
Mending I
Curse of Vanishing I
  1. a b Fortune and Silk Touch are mutually exclusive.

Fuel[edit]

Wooden pickaxes can be used as a fuel in furnaces, smelting 1 item per wooden pickaxe.

Smelting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Iron Nugget or
Gold Nugget
Iron Pickaxe or
Golden Pickaxe +
Any fuel


0.1

Achievements[edit]

Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
Time to Mine!Use planks and sticks to make a pickaxe.Pick up any type of pickaxe from a crafting table output.10GBronze
Getting an UpgradeConstruct a better pickaxe.Pick up a pickaxe from a crafting table output that is not a wooden pickaxe.15GBronze
MOAR ToolsConstruct one type of each tool.Construct one pickaxe, one shovel, one axe, and one hoe with the same material.15GBronze
Oooh, shiny!Distract a Piglin using gold.Give a piglin a gold item while it is aggressive toward the player.30GSilver

Advancements[edit]

Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID

Advancement-plain-raw.png

Stone Age
Mine stone with your new pickaxeMinecraftHave cobblestone or blackstone in your inventory.story/mine_stone

Advancement-plain-raw.png

Getting an Upgrade
Construct a better pickaxeStone AgeHave a stone pickaxe in your inventory.story/upgrade_tools

Advancement-plain-raw.png

Isn't It Iron Pick
Upgrade your pickaxeAcquire HardwareHave an iron pickaxe in your inventory.story/iron_tools

Advancement-plain-raw.png

Oh Shiny
Distract Piglins with goldNetherGive a piglin one of these 22 gold-related items while it is aggressive toward the player. Other gold-related items, if any, may be used, but are ignored for this advancement and by the piglin.nether/distract_piglin

Sounds[edit]

SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation distance
Item breaks? When durability is exhaustedentity.item.breaksubtitles.entity.item.break1.00.916

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Wooden Pickaxewooden_pickaxe item.minecraft.wooden_pickaxe
Stone Pickaxestone_pickaxe item.minecraft.stone_pickaxe
Iron Pickaxeiron_pickaxe item.minecraft.iron_pickaxe
Diamond Pickaxediamond_pickaxe item.minecraft.diamond_pickaxe
Golden Pickaxegolden_pickaxe item.minecraft.golden_pickaxe
Netherite Pickaxenetherite_pickaxe item.minecraft.netherite_pickaxe

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key
Wooden Pickaxewooden_pickaxe 270item.wooden_pickaxe.name
Stone Pickaxestone_pickaxe 274item.stone_pickaxe.name
Iron Pickaxeiron_pickaxe 257item.iron_pickaxe.name
Diamond Pickaxediamond_pickaxe 278item.diamond_pickaxe.name
Golden Pickaxegolden_pickaxe 285item.golden_pickaxe.name
Netherite Pickaxenetherite_pickaxe 745item.netherite_pickaxe.name

Video[edit]

History[edit]

Java Edition Indev
0.3120100111-1Iron Pickaxe JE1.png Added iron pickaxes.
A pickaxe is used to gather stone materials 400% faster than by hand.
When starting in a new world, the player is given one of each tools.
20100124A complete tool set is now no longer given to the player on starting a new world. Instead, there are multiple chests in the later called "Indev House" containing a stack of most accessible blocks/items including tools.
20100128Wooden Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Stone Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Diamond Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Tools now have tiers. Wooden, stone, and diamond pickaxes have been added.
Iron Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png The texture of iron pickaxes has been changed.
A pickaxe held by the player now appears more 3d like.
They cannot be crafted yet, but have been added to the item chest in Indev house.
20100129Wood, stone, iron, and diamond pickaxes can now be crafted.
20100130Golden Pickaxe JE1.png Pickaxes can now be made out of gold.
20100201-1Tools, including pickaxes, now take damage when being used.
Better tools, including pickaxes, now last longer.
20100201-2Better pickaxes are now required to mine harder materials.
20100206Golden Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png The texture of golden pickaxes has been changed.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Before, the pickaxe had much less durability (usually half as much).
Gold pickaxes now mine certain materials much faster.
1.8Pre-releaseIron pickaxes are now found in the new stronghold storeroom chests, and in the new mineshaft chests.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3Iron pickaxes can now be found in the new stronghold altar chests.
RC1Pickaxes and other tools now make a sound when they break.
1.112w01aIron pickaxes are now found in the new village blacksmith chests.
1.3.112w16aWooden and stone pickaxes are now found in the new bonus chests.
12w18aWooden pickaxes can now be used as fuel in a furnace.
12w21aBlacksmith villagers now sell 1 diamond pickaxe for 10–11 emeralds, and 1 iron pickaxe for 7–8 emeralds.
1.814w02aTool smith villagers now sell 1 enchanted diamond pickaxe for 12–15 emeralds, and 1 enchanted iron pickaxe for 9–11 emeralds.
Unenchanted pickaxes are now no longer sold by villagers.
1.915w31aEnchanted iron and diamond pickaxes can now be found in the end ship chests in end cities.
15w34aPickaxes now use the "attack strength" combat mechanic meter. The time it takes for the meter to fill up for a pickaxe is 0.8 seconds.
15w34cPickaxes now do less damage, but recover quicker.
15w35aPickaxes now recover more slowly.
15w44aThe average yield of wood and stone pickaxes in bonus chests has now been decreased.
The average yield of iron pickaxes in mineshaft chests has now been increased.
1.11.116w50aGolden and iron pickaxes can now be smelted down into one of their respective nuggets.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, these items' numeral IDs were 270, 274, 257, 278 and 285.
1.1418w43aWooden Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png Stone Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png Iron Pickaxe JE3 BE2.png Golden Pickaxe JE3 BE2.png Diamond Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png The textures of all pickaxes have now been changed.
Combat Tests1.14.3 - Combat TestThe attack speed for all pickaxes has now been increased to 2.5.
The damage for all pickaxes has now been increased by 1♥.
1.1620w06aNetherite Pickaxe JE1.png Added netherite pickaxes.
Netherite pickaxes are obtained by combining one diamond pickaxe and one netherite ingot in a crafting table.
20w09aWooden Pickaxe JE3 BE3.png Golden Pickaxe JE4 BE3.png Diamond Pickaxe JE3 BE3.png Netherite Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png The textures of wooden, golden, diamond, and netherite pickaxes have now been changed.
20w10aNetherite Pickaxe JE3.png Changed a pixel of the texture of netherite pickaxes.
Netherite pickaxes can no longer be crafted.
Netherite pickaxes are now obtained by combining one diamond pickaxe and one netherite ingot in a smithing table.
20w15aStone pickaxes can now be crafted using blackstone.
20w16aGolden pickaxes now generate randomly enchanted in ruined portal chests.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.2.0Stone Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Added stone pickaxes.
0.3.0Wooden Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Added wooden pickaxes.
0.3.2Iron Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png Golden Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png Diamond Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Added iron, gold, and diamond pickaxes.
0.11.0build 11All pickaxes are now available in the creative inventory.
build 12All pickaxes have now been removed from creative.
build 13Pickaxes have now been re-added to creative mode.
0.14.0build 1Iron pickaxes can now be found inside minecart with chests in abandoned mineshafts.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha 0.17.0.1Enchanted iron pickaxes and enchanted diamond pickaxes can now be found in end cities.
1.0.4alpha 1.0.4.0Toolsmith villagers now sell enchanted diamond pickaxes for 12-15 emeralds as their last tier trades and enchanted iron pickaxes for 9-11 emeralds as their second tier trades.
1.1.0alpha 1.1.0.0Iron and golden pickaxes are now smeltable.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta 1.2.0.2Wooden and stone pickaxes can now be found inside bonus chests.
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Iron pickaxes can now be found in plains village weaponsmith houses.
Wooden Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png Stone Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png Iron Pickaxe JE3 BE2.png Golden Pickaxe JE3 BE2.png Diamond Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png The textures of all pickaxes have now been changed.
1.11.0beta 1.11.0.1Iron pickaxes can now be found in village toolsmiths chests and in savanna, taiga, snowy taiga and desert village weaponsmith chests.
beta 1.11.0.4Trading has now been changed, toolsmith villagers now have a 25% chance to sell an enchanted iron pickaxe for 3 emeralds as part of their third tier trades, and an enchanted diamond pickaxe now costs 13 emeralds.
Stone pickaxes can now be bought from toolsmith villagers.
1.16.0beta 1.16.0.51Netherite Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png Added netherite pickaxes.
Netherite pickaxes are obtained by combining one diamond pickaxe and one netherite ingot in a crafting table.
Wooden Pickaxe JE3 BE3.png Golden Pickaxe JE4 BE3.png Diamond Pickaxe JE3 BE3.png The textures of wooden, golden, and diamond pickaxes have now been changed.
beta 1.16.0.57Netherite pickaxes can no longer be crafted.
Netherite pickaxes are now obtained by combining one diamond pickaxe and one netherite ingot in a smithing table.
Stone pickaxes can now be crafted using blackstone.
Golden pickaxes now generate randomly enchanted in ruined portal chests.
Netherite pickaxe now generate randomly enchanted in bastion remnant chest.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Wooden Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Stone Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Iron Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png Golden Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png Diamond Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Added pickaxes (all five types).
TU53CU431.49Patch 231.0.3Iron and golden pickaxes are now smeltable.
1.90Wooden Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png Stone Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png Iron Pickaxe JE3 BE2.png Golden Pickaxe JE3 BE2.png Diamond Pickaxe JE2 BE2.png The textures of all pickaxes have now been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Wooden Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Stone Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Iron Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png Golden Pickaxe JE2 BE1.png Diamond Pickaxe JE1 BE1.png Added pickaxes.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Pickaxe" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Trivia[edit]

Publicity[edit]

  • Foam stone pickaxes are official Minecraft merchandise.[1]
  • In the game Naughty Bear: Panic in Paradise, the player can buy a diamond pickaxe which, according to the game, is made by "Kick it up a Notch Pickaxes", referring to Notch.
  • In mobile game Go Viral clicker game, after buying the figurine shelf, there is a model of a diamond pickaxe stuck to a grass block.
  • In the game The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, the player can find a pickaxe called the "Notched Pickaxe", evidently an easter egg.
  • In the game Offensive Combat, a stone pickaxe can be used as a melee weapon with the name of "The Notch Carver".
  • In the game The Binding of Isaac, an obtainable item named "Notched Axe", also with a drawn 8-bit look, can be used to destroy rocks. The Notched Axe also makes a return in the game's remake, The Binding of Isaac: Rebirth.
  • In the game Borderlands 2, the player can find a secret area hidden away by blocks resembling Minecraft dirt, also once inside the player can fight Creeper and the Mother Creeper to get rare Minecraft-related weapons.
  • In the game Octodad: Dadliest Catch, the supermarket level has a "Mintcraft" display, an obvious parody of Minecraft, even including toy pickaxes and a creeper head.

Gallery[edit]

Enchanted Pickaxes[edit]

References[edit]