Formatting codes

From Minecraft Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
This article may need cleanup to improve its quality, possibly to comply with the style guide. Discuss
Please help us clean up this page if you can. The talk page may contain suggestions.
A book showing the possible formatting options with the character that performs them.

Formatting codes, also known as color codes, add color and modifications to text in-game.

Text in Minecraft can be formatted with the section sign (§). To type it on Windows, press Alt+NUMPAD2NUMPAD1 or Alt+NUMPAD0NUMPAD1NUMPAD6NUMPAD7. On Ubuntu, press AltGr+⇧ Shift+S. In normal gameplay, the section sign can only be entered into book and quills.[until JE 1.14] In Bedrock Edition, it can also be entered into signs, world names, renaming items and in the chat. However, external programs can be used to insert it in other locations.

Color codes

Hex digit to color mapping. Use § followed by the corresponding color letter/number; e.g. §e will give you yellow.

Messages sent from the server to the client can contain color codes, which allow coloring of text for various purposes.

A section sign (§) followed by a hex digit in the message tells the client to switch colors while displaying text.

Code Name Foreground color Background color
R G B Hex R G B Hex
§0 black 0 0 0 000000 0 0 0 000000
§1 dark_blue 0 0 170 0000AA 0 0 42 00002A
§2 dark_green 0 170 0 00AA00 0 42 0 002A00
§3 dark_aqua 0 170 170 00AAAA 0 42 42 002A2A
§4 dark_red 170 0 0 AA0000 42 0 0 2A0000
§5 dark_purple 170 0 170 AA00AA 42 0 42 2A002A
§6 gold 255 170 0 FFAA00 42 42 0 2A2A00
§7 gray 170 170 170 AAAAAA 42 42 42 2A2A2A
§8 dark_gray 85 85 85 555555 21 21 21 151515
§9 blue 85 85 255 5555FF 21 21 63 15153F
§a green 85 255 85 55FF55 21 63 21 153F15
§b aqua 85 255 255 55FFFF 21 63 63 153F3F
§c red 255 85 85 FF5555 63 21 21 3F1515
§d light_purple 255 85 255 FF55FF 63 21 63 3F153F
§e yellow 255 255 85 FFFF55 63 63 21 3F3F15
§f white 255 255 255 FFFFFF 63 63 63 3F3F3F

Formatting codes

Text can be formatted using the § symbol followed by a character. The § symbol can only be used in book and quills in Minecraft without using an external program. The § symbol may also be used in the file and the Minecraft Server text box.

If a color code is used after a formatting code, the formatting code will be disabled beyond the color code point. For example, §cX§nY displays as XY, whereas §nX§cY displays as XY. Therefore, when using a color code in tandem with a formatting code, ensure the color code is used first and reuse the formatting code when changing colors.

§r can be used to reset all texts format beyond it, e.g. §nXXX§rYYY displays as XXXYYY

Code Official Name
§k Obfuscated
§l Bold
§m Strikethrough
§n Underline
§o Italic
§r Reset

Note: The random characters placed after §k will always be the same width as the original characters, except if using [ and ] in 1.4.5 - 1.5.2. For example, any random character cycled through where the letter "m" would be wide characters while any random character in the spot of an "i" would be narrow characters.


To enter "§" on Windows with most US/UK English keyboards type Alt+NUMPAD2NUMPAD1, Alt+NUMPAD0NUMPAD1NUMPAD6NUMPAD7, or if EnableHexNumpad is enabled in windows registry, Alt+NUMPAD+NUMPADANUMPAD7(You should also have a hexadecimal numpad to be able to press NUMPADA). On a Mac US keyboard, ⌥ Option+6 (⌥ Option+5 for US Extended). On Linux with the compose key activated, type Composeso. The player can also type it by using Unicode shortcuts: Control+⇧ Shift+u00a7.

Alternatively, the player can copy the character from this page (§), and press Ctrl+V or ⌘ Cmd+V to paste the character into a book. Note that pasting does not work on anything other than books (e.g. chat, command blocks, world names, etc.).‌[Java Edition only][until JE 1.14]

Sample Text

The following text can be pasted into a Book and Quill to produce what is shown in the picture:

§nMinecraft Formatting

§r§00 §11 §22 §33
§44 §55 §66 §77
§88 §99 §aa §bb
§cc §dd §ee §ff

§r§0k §kMinecraft
§rl §lMinecraft
§rm §mMinecraft
§rn §nMinecraft
§ro §oMinecraft
§rr §rMinecraft

Minecraft Formatting.gif

Use in and pack.mcmeta

In order to get an MOTD colored or formatted you must put \u00A7 instead of §. So for example, §5 would turn into \u00A75. The full list of them is listed below. Colors can be used in conjunction with formatting. The formatting must be done after the color.

Code Official Name
MOTD code
§0 Black \u00A70
§1 Dark Blue \u00A71
§2 Dark Green \u00A72
§3 Dark Aqua \u00A73
§4 Dark Red \u00A74
§5 Dark Purple \u00A75
§6 Gold \u00A76
§7 Gray \u00A77
§8 Dark Gray \u00A78
§9 Blue \u00A79
§a Green \u00A7a
§b Aqua \u00A7b
§c Red \u00A7c
§d Light Purple \u00A7d
§e Yellow \u00A7e
§f White \u00A7f
§k Obfuscated \u00A7k
§l Bold \u00A7l
§m Strikethrough \u00A7m
§n Underline \u00A7n
§o Italic \u00A7o
§r Reset \u00A7r
\n Extra line \n

Compatibility with older versions

Formatting codes can be used in the motd line in a file, but the section signs must be escaped as \u00A7. If a section sign is entered directly, the server will replace it with \u00C2\u00A7 (§); clients will display the \u00C2 character as a question mark. Delete the \u00C2 character in the MOTD if it comes with a bunch of question marks. This will happen if you are using Minecraft 1.2.5 or below, or something is not compatible.

Use in custom language packs

Formatting codes can be used to color names and description in language files by using § then any of the numbers/letters displayed above. This is also used in end.txt and credits.txt. An example of this is §bDiamond§r to make the name of a diamond appear as Diamond.

Use in world names

With the use of external tools, such as NBTExplorer, world names can have custom colors and formatting codes. To modify the name, choose the LevelName tag in the world's level.dat. In this example, LevelName is set to:

§1R§2e§3d§4s§5t§6o§7n§8e §9C§ar§be§ca§dt§ei§fo§1n§2s


Additionally, the player can rename the world's folder to contain one of the codes. In the world selection menu, the specified color or effect will appear.

The player can also use a resource pack with a § already in the world name when creating a world and all the user has to do is to change the color code after the §.

Use in server names

With the use of a third party tool such as NBTExplorer, server names can have custom colors. To utilize this functionality, select the Name attribute in the servers.dat file in the .minecraft directory using a third party tool. In the following example the Name tag is set to:

§4§lMinecraft §6§lServer



  • The color codes almost exactly match, in order, the 16 colors available using a Color Graphics Adapter (CGA), as released in 1981. Only color 6 differs; the formula exception for color 6 in Minecraft –
     #FFAA00 – differs from that made for CGA –