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Yes (15)

Blast resistance






Catches fire from lava




Data value

dec: 51 hex: 33 bin: 110011

Fire is a harmful non-solid block, which can spread to nearby flammable blocks.


Natural generation[edit]

Fire naturally generates across the terrain of the Nether.


Lava generated next to flammable blocks can naturally ignite fires (see below).

Lightning strikes can also set fires.


Fire cannot be obtained as an item under any circumstances in Java Edition, though in Bedrock Edition, it may be obtained as an item via inventory editing.

It can be placed using flint and steel or a fire charge. Fire spreads quickly across flammable blocks, and can spontaneously ignite when flammable blocks are near lava.

The explosion from sleeping in a bed in the Nether or the End creates fire, as does the explosion of a ghast fireball or the impact of a blaze fireball.


Before a fire
During the fire
After a fire

When placed, fire burns for a short and randomly determined amount of time. If nothing flammable is adjacent to it, the flames die out. Water that touches fire extinguishes it.

Burning entities[edit]

Players and many mobs burn when exposed to fire. Burning obstructs the player's view slightly and, unless the player or mob has Fire Resistance, inflicts damage at a rate of 1♥ per second. This is the same rate that the player gains health in Peaceful difficulty, so burning alone cannot kill the player in this mode. After leaving the fire, the player or mob continues burning for some amount of time depending on how long it was exposed to the fire.[more information needed] Burning can be extinguished by rain, water, or a cauldron.

Items or blocks falling into fire briefly catch fire and disappear, extinguishing the fire block on which it fell.

If a mob that can drop meat dies while on fire, it drops the cooked version of it, with the exception of the fish dropped from polar bears, common drop of fish from guardians‌[Bedrock Edition only] and the rare drop of fish dropped from guardians.

Nether mobs do not burn and cannot be damaged by fire. Burning is not considered a status effect and therefore cannot be cured by milk.


Safe building area around a fire

Fire spreads over flammable surfaces. Fire can climb up walls, across floors and ceilings, and over small gaps. More precisely, a fire block can turn any air block that is adjacent to a flammable block into a fire block. This can happen at a distance of up to one block downwards, one block sideways (including diagonals), and four blocks upwards of the original fire block (not the block the fire is on/next to). Therefore if the player is using fire to build a fireplace, caution is needed. Blocks in the way do not prevent fire from igniting blocks above it—so even if the player protects a wooden roof with cobblestone between it and the fire, the fire ignores that cobblestone.

Fire spreads from a still lava block similarly: any air block one above and up to one block sideways (including diagonals) or two above and two blocks sideways (including diagonals) that is adjacent to a flammable block may be turned into a fire block.

Flammable blocks[edit]

Fire can spread onto and burn away any flammable block (or in the case of TNT, ignite it). On the other hand, fire that is not adjacent to any flammable block does not spread, even to another flammable block within the normal range.

In the following table, the higher the encouragement, the more quickly a block catches fire if fire is available to spread there. The higher the flammability, the more quickly a block on fire burns away. These are relative values; actual flammability and burn time depends not only on these values, but on difficulty, rain, the age of the fire, and a certain amount of randomness due to block ticks, among other things.[more information needed] Fire spread is also reduced significantly if the flammable blocks are located in a rather humid biome. Humid biomes are swamp, mushroom island and jungle with all of their respective variants excluding jungle edge.

Block Encouragement Flammability Can catch fire
from lava
Stripped Logs
Stripped Wood
5 5 Yes
Block of Coal No
Wooden Slabs
Fence Gates
Signs[Bedrock Edition only]
Wooden Stairs
5 20 Yes
TNT (ignites instead of vanishing)
15 100 Yes
Bee Nest
30 20 Yes
30 60 Yes
Dried Kelp Block No
Carpets JE 60 20 Yes
BE 30 60
Hay Bale 60 20 No
Bamboo 60 60 Yes
Scaffolding No
Flowers, 1-block
Sweet Berry Bush
JE 60 100 No
BE 30
Flowers, 2-block
Grass, ferns, shrubs, both 1-block and 2-block
60 100 Yes
Dead Bush[Java Edition only]

Non-flammable blocks[edit]

Non-flammable blocks can be lit but do not burn away, and such fire does not spread. Non-flammable blocks other than netherrack or magma blocks extinguish themselves after a few seconds.

Certain blocks can catch fire from nearby lava, though they do not burn away:

Block Can catch fire
from lava
Can burn away
Cartography Table
Crafting Table
Daylight Detector
Fletching Table
Note Block
Smithing Table
Trapped Chest
Wooden Doors of all types
Wooden Pressure Plates of all types
Wooden Trapdoors of all types
Yes No
Signs Yes BE Yes
Dead Bush Yes JE Yes
Bed JE Yes No
Wood-derived blocks such as:
Rails of all types
Redstone Torch
Tripwire Hook
Wooden Buttons of all types
... and all other non-flammable blocks
No No


Fire burns out after a while on its own; however, the player may want to extinguish the fire as soon as possible to prevent damage. Punching or hitting the side of a burning block extinguishes the fire on that side and makes a "fizz" sound. Hitting fire while holding a tool does not reduce the tool's durability. Placing blocks on the fire also extinguishes it. Water and lava extinguish fires that they flow into, and thrown splash and lingering water bottles extinguish fires in the block hit and the four blocks horizontally surrounding it.

Mobs on fire are extinguished when in water or in a cauldron containing it. In the latter case, one layer of water disappears.

Fire extinguishes more quickly if nothing flammable is present, and very soon after it consumes a flammable block immediately beneath it.

  • Fire has an age property that determines how it extinguishes, ranging from age 0 when the fire is set, and growing to age 15. For fire older than age 3, if nothing flammable is adjacent to the fire, or if the block below doesn't have a solid top surface, the fire is extinguished by the next block tick. At age 15, as long as there isn't a flammable block below the fire, a block tick has a 14 chance to extinguish the fire.

If fire is exposed to rain, it extinguishes quickly.

  • Rain affects fire if it falls directly onto the fire, or into the four adjacent blocks. Specifically, no matter the age, any block tick has a 20–65% chance of rain extinguishing the fire, depending on the fire's age: 3 percentage points per age of the fire.
Fire burning on netherrack creates a perpetually burning fire.

Fire can be extinguished by hitting it using a sword or trident in Creative mode, unlike other blocks.[1]

Eternal fire[edit]

When lit, netherrack and magma blocks maintain fire forever, unless extinguished by any method except rain. Bedrock in the End also burn eternally. Eternal fire cannot exist on the sides of these blocks.

If /gamerule doFireTick is false, fire lasts forever until it is put out by the player, and does not spread or affect flammable blocks.


Lighting fire to a beehive or bee nest will cause the contained bees to rapidly be ejected from the block. Fire can also be used to smoke beehives, preventing bees from becoming aggressive when resources are taken.


Sound Subtitle Namespaced ID Subtitle ID Source Pitch Volume Attenuation distance
Block breaking block.wool.hit subtitles.block.generic.hit Blocks 0.5 0.25 16
Block broken block.wool.break subtitles.block.generic.break Blocks 0.8 1.0 16
Block placed Blocks 0.8 1.0 16
Footsteps block.wool.step subtitles.block.generic.footsteps Blocks 1.0 0.15 16
No subtitle block.wool.fall (Plays when fallen on from a height) Blocks 0.75 0.5 16
Fire crackles ? ? ? 16
Fire extinguished ? ? ? 16

Data values[edit]

Block states[edit]

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
Newly-placed fire has an age of 0, and has a 13 chance of incrementing with each block tick.
This factor affects how the fire extinguishes.
When true, fire texture shows on that face of the block to the east; false if there's a block below this fire.
When true, fire texture shows on that face of the block to the north; false if there's a block below this fire.
When true, fire texture shows on that face of the block to the south; false if there's a block below this fire.
When true, fire texture shows on that face of the block above; false if there's a block below this fire.
When true, fire texture shows on that face of the block to the west; false if there's a block below this fire.

Bedrock Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
Newly-placed fire has an age of 0, and has a 13 chance of incrementing with each block tick.
This factor affects how the fire extinguishes.


Information icon.svg
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The specific instructions are: pretty sure fire rendered differently back in the day, less inside visible. also pocket edition 0.7.0 occasionally had bugged fire, so might want to render that.
Java Edition Indev
0.3120100109Fire was added and was placed directly like a block. It is not known if its texture was any different.
20100111-1Lava now sets fire to flammable materials.
All items and mobs can now catch fire.
Fire is now placed by flint and steel.
20100125-1Now have particle effects.
20100129Ores can be smelted by using fire on dropped items. It is not known when this was removed.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0previewNow generates in the Nether.
v1.2.6Lava can cause surrounding flammable blocks to burn. Forest fires may start spontaneously if an above-ground lava pool is generated amongst trees during a biome's creation.
Java Edition Beta
1.2_02Ability for blocks to burn forever was removed. Previously, a non-netherrack flammable block, like wood, may burn continuously when its sides are surrounded by nonflammable blocks, like stone or dirt.
1.6?Fire spreading was severely nerfed — infinite fire spread was disabled.[2]
Java Edition
1.2.112w06aHitting fire in Creative now doesn't remove the block under the fire.
1.4.212w34aFire spreads differently based on difficulty.
12w40aFirespread has been slightly nerfed again to prevent infinitely spreading fires.
1.513w02aThe texture of fire is now accessible. Before, the texture was hidden in the code and not accessible by any normal bases.
1.814w25aThe model was changed slightly (the sides are no longer rotated).
The block form of fire (ID 51) is removed. It can no longer exist in inventories, only as a block in the world. This makes chain armor uncraftable.
1.915w31aThe block states alt and flip were removed, and the state upper was changed to the byte state up. The behavior of fire was unchanged.
15w38aFire's chance of extinguishing in the rain on its block tick is decreased from 100% to a chance from 0–45% depending on its age state.
15w49aFire's chance of extinguishing in the rain on its block tick increased to 20–65% depending on its age state.
1.1217w06aFire now burns infinitely on magma blocks.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 51.
September 28, 2019The blue fire was showcased at Minecon Live 2019.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Added fire.
0.3.3Fire was replaced by .name.png reserved6 due to a bug in fire spreading mechanics that caused fire to spread to any block.
0.7.0Replaced reserved6 with fire that has better spreading mechanics.
Added reserved6 as ID 255.
0.7.1Fire now burns infinitely on netherrack.
0.8.0build 2Burning mobs turn orange and emit large fire particles.
build 4Fire ignites TNT more aggressively.
?Undead mobs now actually catch fire in sunlight, rather than just taking damage.
0.9.0build 2Fire burns out faster in jungle and roofed forest biomes.
0.11.0build 9Attacks from burning mobs can now catch fire to the victim.
build 14Removed burning animation from Creative mode completely.
0.12.1build 1Burning mobs have a sizzling particle effect once extinguished.
0.15.0?reserved6 texture was removed, causing it to have an info_update block texture.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta the unique animation from burning mobs and replaced it with a stretched burning animation like that on the Java Edition.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 11.0.1Added fire.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Added fire.


Issues relating to "Fire" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Sometimes, in survival, when the player walks into a fire briefly and walk out quickly enough, the player takes only a little bit of damage, but does not stay on fire.
  • Fire uses two texture files, one for the inner fire and one for the outer fire.
  • Each end crystal continuously generates a block of fire at its location, if the crystal is placed or generated in the End. This fire is incapable of spreading.

Bedrock Edition[edit]

  • Burning mobs turn orange and emit large fire particles around their body.
  • The fire spreading mechanic is based on how it would be prior to Java Edition Beta 1.6.
  • When the player is on fire, there is a different burning animation on the screen than in Java Edition (it partially obstructs view when looking downwards).