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Fishing

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The process of waiting for a fish to bite includes patience, attention to the task at hand and a small dose of luck.

Fishing is the process of using a fishing rod to obtain items, usually fish.

Catching fish[edit]

A fishing bobber (in Bedrock Edition).
A newly obtained Fishing Rod with the enchantments Lure II, Unbreaking III and Luck of the Sea II.

In order to fish, the player must use a fishing rod to cast the line into a body of water. The player's position does not matter; the player can be in the water, underwater, sitting in a boat, or standing on adjacent land. Fish can be caught just as readily in small, shallow, and/or player-created pools, both aboveground and underground.

The bobber must be watched closely. Small splashes can be seen around the bobber.

The player must wait for a random period between 5 and 30 seconds before the hook catches something.

  • Each level of Lure enchantment on the fishing rod subtracts 5 seconds from the wait time.
  • If the bobber is not directly exposed to sun or moonlight, the wait time is approximately doubled (each tick has a 50% chance of not decrementing the count). For direct exposure, all blocks above the bobber must be transparent to sunlight, such as glass and tripwire, but not leaves.
  • If the bobber's block is being rained on, the wait time is reduced by about 20% (each tick has a 25% chance of counting down 2 instead of 1). The bobber must be located in a biome where it is currently raining and all blocks above it must not block movement (e.g. torch, tripwire).

After a period of waiting, a trail of water particles appears a short distance from the bobber and heads towards the bobber (provided that the Particles Video Setting is not set to Minimal). When the particle trail reaches the bobber, it dips below the surface and the player must immediately use the rod again to reel in the line. The window for reeling in when the bobber submerges is about half a second. If a bite is missed, the line can simply be recast or left in the water to wait for another bite.

  • A successful reel-in causes a raw cod, raw salmon, pufferfish, tropical fish, junk, or treasure item (see #Junk and treasure below) to appear and fly toward the player. Normally, the item flies directly to the player's position, but if there are blocks in the way, it may hit those and bounce off at an angle.
  • A successful reel-in also spawns an experience orb worth 1–6 experience points at the location of the player doing the fishing.

If the player wanders more than 32 blocks away from the bobber, or if the player stops holding a fishing rod, the bobber and fishing line disappear with no durability reduction to the rod.

The bobber floats up to the water's surface even if the fishing rod is used from underwater unless it hooks onto a mob such as squid or is obstructed by a block.

Reeling in the fishing rod costs durability, although this can vary depending on the circumstances; see below.

Detailed Fishing Mechanics[edit]

Once the bobber hits water, the waiting time is determined. This time ranges from 5 to 30 seconds (100 to 600 ticks at 20 ticks per second), minus 5 seconds per Lure level. If this causes the wait time to be less than 0, a new wait time is generated in the next tick.

If it's raining on the bobber, the waiting time is reduced by 20% on average. If the player is fishing without skylight access, the wait time is doubled on average.

Particle effects are more frequent for short wait times, but this is not typically useful to human players.

After the waiting time has passed, fishing Particles appear and slowly approach the bobber. After 1 to 4 seconds the particles reach the bobber and the player has 1 to 4 seconds to reel in the line before the waiting time resets. Removing the bobber from water at this time can freeze a fish on the line.

Junk and treasure[edit]

The player can occasionally catch treasure or junk instead of fish. An unenchanted fishing rod has an 85% chance of catching fish, a 10% chance of catching junk, and a 5% chance of catching treasure. Each level of the Luck of the Sea enchantment increases the chance of catching treasure at the expense of reducing the chances of catching fish and junk.

Catch Possibilities Outside Jungle Biomes
Category Chance in Category[note 1] Unenchanted
Chance
LotS 1 LotS 2 LotS 3
Fish Weight 85% 84.8% 84.7% 84.5%
Raw cod 60% 51.0% 50.9% 50.8% 50.7%
Raw salmon 25% 21.3% 21.2% 21.2% 21.1%
Tropical Fish 2% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7%
Pufferfish 13% 11.1% 11.0% 11.0% 11.0%
Treasure Weight 5% 7.1% 9.2% 11.3%
Bow[note 2] 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Enchanted book[note 3] 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Fishing Rod[note 2] 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Name Tag 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Nautilus Shell 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Saddle 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Lily Pad 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Junk Weight 10% 8.1% 6.1% 4.2%
Bowl 12.0% (1083) 1.2% 1.0% 0.7% 0.5%
Fishing Rod[note 4] 2.4% (283) 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1%
Leather 12.0% (1083) 1.2% 1.0% 0.7% 0.5%
Leather Boots[note 4] 12.0% (1083) 1.2% 1.0% 0.7% 0.5%
Rotten Flesh 12.0% (1083) 1.2% 1.0% 0.7% 0.5%
Stick 6.0% (583) 0.6% 0.5% 0.4% 0.3%
String 6.0% (583) 0.6% 0.5% 0.4% 0.3%
Water Bottle 12.0% (1083) 1.2% 1.0% 0.7% 0.5%
Bone 12.0% (1083) 1.2% 1.0% 0.7% 0.5%
Ink Sac (10) 1.2% (183) 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
Tripwire Hook 12.0% (1083) 1.2% 1.0% 0.7% 0.5%
Catch Possibilities In Jungle Biomes[note 5]
Category Chance in Category[note 1] Unenchanted
Chance
LotS 1 LotS 2 LotS 3
Fish[note 6] Weight 85% 84.8% 84.7% 84.5%
Raw cod 60% 51.0% 50.9% 50.8% 50.7%
Raw salmon 40%‌[BE only]
25%‌[JE only]
34.0%‌[BE only]
21.3%‌[JE only]
33.9%‌[BE only]
21.2%‌[JE only]
33.9%‌[BE only]
21.2%‌[JE only]
33.8%‌[BE only]
21.1%‌[JE only]
Tropical Fish[JE only] 2% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7%
Pufferfish[JE only] 13% 11.1% 11.0% 11.0% 11.0%
Treasure Weight 5% 7.1% 9.2% 11.3%
Bow[note 2] 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Enchanted book[note 3] 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Fishing Rod[note 2] 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Name Tag 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Nautilus Shell 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Saddle 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Lily Pad 14.3% (17) 0.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.6%
Junk Weight 10% 8.1% 6.1% 4.2%
Bamboo 9.7% (10103)‌[BE only]
10.8% (1093)‌[JE only]
1.0%‌[BE only]
1.1%‌[JE only]
0.8%‌[BE only]
0.9%‌[JE only]
0.6%‌[BE only]
0.7%‌[JE only]
0.4%‌[BE only]
0.5%‌[JE only]
Cocoa Beans[BE only] 9.7% (10103) 1.0% 0.8% 0.6% 0.4%
Bowl 9.7% (10103)‌[BE only]
10.8% (1093)‌[JE only]
1.0%‌[BE only]
1.1%‌[JE only]
0.8%‌[BE only]
0.9%‌[JE only]
0.6%‌[BE only]
0.7%‌[JE only]
0.4%‌[BE only]
0.5%‌[JE only]
Fishing Rod[note 4] 1.9% (2103)‌[BE only]
2.2% (293)‌[JE only]
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
Leather 9.7% (10103)‌[BE only]
10.8% (1093)‌[JE only]
1.0%‌[BE only]
1.1%‌[JE only]
0.8%‌[BE only]
0.9%‌[JE only]
0.6%‌[BE only]
0.7%‌[JE only]
0.4%‌[BE only]
0.5%‌[JE only]
Leather Boots[note 4] 9.7% (10103)‌[BE only]
10.8% (1093)‌[JE only]
1.0%‌[BE only]
1.1%‌[JE only]
0.8%‌[BE only]
0.9%‌[JE only]
0.6%‌[BE only]
0.7%‌[JE only]
0.4%‌[BE only]
0.5%‌[JE only]
Rotten Flesh 9.7% (10103)‌[BE only]
10.8% (1093)‌[JE only]
1.0%‌[BE only]
1.1%‌[JE only]
0.8%‌[BE only]
0.9%‌[JE only]
0.6%‌[BE only]
0.7%‌[JE only]
0.4%‌[BE only]
0.5%‌[JE only]
Stick 4.9% (5103)‌[BE only]
5.4% (593)‌[JE only]
0.5%
0.4%
0.3%
0.2%
String 4.9% (5103)‌[BE only]
5.4% (593)‌[JE only]
0.5%
0.4%
0.3%
0.2%
Water Bottle 9.7% (10103)‌[BE only]
10.8% (1093[JE only])
1.0%‌[BE only]
1.1%‌[JE only]
0.8%‌[BE only]
0.9%‌[JE only]
0.6%‌[BE only]
0.7%‌[JE only]
0.4%‌[BE only]
0.5%‌[JE only]
Bone 9.7% (10103)‌[BE only]
10.8% (1093)‌[JE only]
1.0%‌[BE only]
1.1%‌[JE only]
0.8%‌[BE only]
0.9%‌[JE only]
0.6%‌[BE only]
0.7%‌[JE only]
0.4%‌[BE only]
0.5%‌[JE only]
Ink Sac (10) 1.0% (1103)‌[BE only]
1.1% (193)‌[JE only]
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
0.04%‌[BE only]
0.05%‌[JE only]
Tripwire Hook 9.7% (10103)‌[BE only]
10.8% (1093)‌[JE only]
1.0%‌[BE only]
1.1%‌[JE only]
0.8%‌[BE only]
0.9%‌[JE only]
0.6%‌[BE only]
0.7%‌[JE only]
0.4%‌[BE only]
0.5%‌[JE only]

Notes[edit]

  1. a b This does not vary depending on enchantments.
  2. a b c d Bows and Fishing Rods caught from the Treasure category are enchanted at a random level between 22-30, but also badly damaged. Enchantment probabilities are the same as a level-30 enchantment on an enchantment table. These can also include treasure enchantments that are unavailable via an enchantment table.
  3. a b Enchantment probabilities are the same as a level-30 enchantment on an enchantment table, but the chance of multiple enchantments is not reduced. These can also include treasure enchantments that are unavailable via an enchantment table.
  4. a b c d Fishing Rods and Leather Boots caught from the Junk category are 10%–100% damaged, and always unenchanted.
  5. This fishing loot can be caught only when the player is fishing in one of the following biomes: Jungle, Jungle hills, Jungle edge, Bamboo jungle, Modified jungle, Modified jungle edge & Bamboo jungle hills. The percentages for Unenchanted chance and Luck of the Sea of Junk item may be inaccurate.
  6. In Bedrock Edition, the player can only catch cod and salmon while fishing in jungle biomes and variants.

Fishing rod durability[edit]

The fishing rod has 65 units of durability and can be used 65 times before breaking. This number can be increased if the Unbreaking or Mending enchantments are applied.

  • Reeling in while the bobber is in the air or in the water with nothing caught on it costs no durability.
  • Reeling in and successfully catching fish, junk or treasure costs 1 durability.
  • Reeling in while the bobber is stuck in a solid block costs 2 durability.
  • Reeling in a dropped item costs 3 durability.
  • Reeling in an entity that is not a dropped item costs 4 durability.
  • A fishing rod with the mending enchantment has infinite durability if used for fishing only. Due to the fact that experience is gained every time a player reels the line in, the rod incrementally repairs itself each time, even if it has nearly 0% durability remaining. Players wearing mending armor have a lower average rate of repair, because the mending mechanic can cause damage to the rod while repairing armor instead.[verify] Unbreaking III can nearly guarantee that the rod does not break, unless it's already at low durability.

The durability cost is subtracted on reel-in, rather than on impact. Therefore, no penalty is levied for switching to another item or dropping the rod instead of reeling in.

History[edit]

Missing Texture Block.png
This section needs more information.
Information requested: Originally in pocket/bedrock edition, you had a chance to get leather pants instead of boots when fishing; when was this the case and when was it changed, if at all?
Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0?Added fishing.
The algorithm is as follows: each tick has a 1500 chance of catching a fish, unless it's raining, in which case it's a 1300 chance instead. Rain reduces the average time between catches from 346 ticks to 207 ticks, a 40% decrease. This algorithm remained unchanged until 1.7.2.
Java Edition
1.4.212w37aFishing now gives the player experience with each fish caught.
1.7.213w36aFishing rewards and mechanics have now been massively changed, with new rewards including enchanted books, saddles, enchanted fishing rods, name tags, and such.
Fishing now shows particles when a fish is approaching the bobber.
There is now a chance of fishing "bad" items (junk) such as sticks, bones, and such.
1.1116w38aInk sac chances have now been changed from 10 chances for 1 ink sac to 1 chance for 10 ink sacs.
1.1318w15aAdded nautilus shells, obtainable as a treasure item when fishing.
1.1418w43aAdded bamboo, obtainable as a junk item when fishing in jungles.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.11.0March 13, 2015Daniel Wustenhoff tweets an image of the player fishing.
build 1Added fishing.
0.12.1build 1Fishing rewards can now be enchanted upon capture (enchanted books, etc).
Fishing now reward experience.
0.13.0build 1Tripwire hooks are now obtainable from fishing.
0.15.0build 1Added name tags, which can be obtained from fishing.
Bedrock Edition
1.4.0beta 1.2.20.1Added nautilus shells, obtainable as a treasure item when fishing.
1.8.0beta 1.8.0.8Fishing loot has now been changed in jungles. When fishing in a jungle biome, the fish rewarded are now raw cod and raw salmon only.
Added bamboo, obtainable as a junk item when fishing in jungles.
Cocoa bean can now be obtained as junk item when fishing in jungles.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1Added fishing.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Fishing now has particle effects - bubbles appear moving towards the bobber, just before the player has something on the hook. This has the appearance of a fish swimming towards the hook.
Treasure and junk items can now be caught while fishing.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Fishing" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Trivia[edit]

  • The maximum distance the player can get between the bobber and themselves is 33 blocks. Any further and the bobber and line disappears.
  • If the players casts the bobber into a waterfall, the bobber floats up the waterfall until it reaches the top and remains there until the player either pulls it back in or catches fish on the line. If a fish is caught on the line, the bobber then falls down the waterfall.
  • The player's position truly does not matter, as the player can just as easily catch fish if they and the bobber occupy the same block space.
  • If the player casts the line into an End Portal, the line and bobber disappear, although it doesn't teleport back to the Overworld.
  • The player can switch from one fishing rod to another, at any time, even after hooking a fish or snagging something. This means that one rod can hook an item and another can reel it in, and the durability cost is subtracted from the rod currently equipped.
  • The player can obtain the Cow Tipper achievement from reeling in leather.
  • If the bobber is too close to the land, the small splashes, as well as the trail of particles heading toward the bobber, can be seen on the land.
  • The player is still able to fish while using the fishing rod in their off-hand slot.
  • When in F1 mode, the fishing rod is hidden, but the line and bobber are still shown.