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Enderman.pngEnderman BE.png
Enderman Screaming.pngEnderman Screaming BE.png
Health points

40♥ × 20



Attack strength

Easy: 4♥♥
Normal: 7♥♥♥♥
Hard: 10♥♥♥♥♥


Height: 2.9 Blocks
Width: 0.6 Blocks
Height: 3.25 Blocks
Width: 0.6 Blocks


see § Spawning

Internal ID*

JE: 58
BE: 38

Namespaced ID*


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Tom Stone Mojang avatar.png

This long-limbed, purple-eyed, darker-than-night mob is not one you want to get into a staring contest with. Usually seen in the Nether and The End, its presence is rare in the Overworld. Rarer still - players who've made eye contact with it and then survived to tell the tale. Though I have.

Tom Stone[1]

Endermen are tall, black neutral mobs from the End that have the ability to teleport, and pick up blocks.


An enderman in the Overworld.

An enderman can spawn at light level 7 or less, on any solid surface having at least three empty spaces above. They spawn in all dimensions.

Java Edition[edit]

In the End, endermen commonly spawn in groups of 4; in the Overworld they can spawn in groups of 1-4 with a lower spawn chance. In the Nether, they rarely spawn in Nether wastes. They spawn more commonly in soul sand valleys,‌[upcoming: JE 1.16] and are the only mob that can spawn in warped forests, being extremely common there.‌[upcoming: JE 1.16] They do not spawn at all in crimson forests.‌[upcoming: JE 1.16]

Bedrock Edition[edit]

Endermen spawn 1-2 at a time in the Overworld except in mushroom fields, mushroom field shores, rivers, frozen rivers and legacy frozen oceans.

One enderman spawns at a time in the Nether, except in crimson forests[upcoming: BE 1.16.0] and endermen spawn exponentially more in warped forests.‌[upcoming: BE 1.16.0]

Endermen also spawn in groups of 4 in the End.


Endermen drop:

  • 0–1 ender pearls. The maximum is increased by 1 per level of Looting, for a maximum of 0-4 with Looting III.
  • 5 when killed by a player or a tamed wolf.
  • Any block being held (see § Moving blocks for more information)


Tom Stone Mojang avatar.png

This mob becomes hostile if you attack it (easily avoided) or if you just gaze upon it (oh dear). Considering it can run at you, teleport around the world, and chase you with obsessive persistence just because you looked at it the wrong way, we'll give you some friendly advice: don't get caught staring. You should get that tattooed on the inside of your eyelids to help you remember. Thank us later.

Tom Stone[1]

Endermen do not attack unless provoked by a player or mob attacking them or looking at their body or head from up to 64 blocks away. When provoked, endermen open their mouths, shake with rage, and frequently make screaming sounds; when provoked by being stared at, they also make a lengthy, loud, threatening sound. If the player maintains eye contact, the enderman does not run, although it may teleport away. Once the player stops looking at the enderman, it runs toward the player to attack. If an aggravated enderman is hit by another player or mob, it ceases attacking its original victim.[2] Endermen even attempt to retaliate against the ender dragon if the dragon hits a group of endermen. An aggravated enderman may also teleport to the location of a player or mob up to 4 chunks away.

They can also step up one full block without having to jump.

Endermen are damaged by melee attacks, water, splash water bottles, and rain, and teleport away when they take damage from any of these (1♥ every half second for water and rain, and 1♥ for splash water bottles). They repeatedly teleport until they find a dry location. However, endermen do not take damage while standing in a filled cauldron. They also teleport if they take damage from other sources such as suffocation, fire, lava, poison, or the wither effect. Range attacks are ineffective against endermen because they simply teleport away before the projectile hits.

Endermen pursue the player until they are either killed or become distracted by exterior elements like rain, fire, or sunlight (they do not take damage from sunlight like undead mobs); they are likely to teleport away to underground locations, such as caves, mineshafts, and strongholds, at daybreak. An enderman (whether neutral or aggravated) in a player's vicinity prevents the player from sleeping in a bed at night as if any hostile mob were nearby. If the player is already asleep in a bed, it is possible for an enderman to teleport on it and knock the player off, although the player continues sleeping.

Endermen cannot be provoked by players looking at them through transparent blocks. Endermen also cannot be provoked by players looking at them while wearing a carved pumpkin on their head or by players under the invisibility effect. Endermen cannot normally be provoked while the player is in a boat, however, they can become aggravated by a player in a minecart from some angles. Attacking an enderman provokes it even if a carved pumpkin is worn.

Endermen attempt to kill endermites, provided they were spawned from ender pearls. Endermen can spot endermites from a distance of 64 blocks, the same distance as a provocative player.

When an enderman is under the Invisibility effect, the enderman's eyes are still visible in Java Edition.


When teleporting, for each attempt a random destination is chosen within 32 blocks along each axis (i.e. a 64×64×64 cuboid centered on the current position). It then seeks downward (regardless of distance, sometimes de-spawning itself) from the chosen destination until the block below is made of a movement-blocking material. The teleportation attempt succeeds if no liquid or solid blocks prevent them from standing at the destination. Thus endermen need at least three non-solid blocks above the destination to successfully teleport. Endermen never teleport into waterlogged blocks. Exceptions are carpet that is not above a block made of a movement-blocking material and snow layers stacked 10 deep or more, as their materials are not flagged as blocking movement even though the blocks themselves do so.

Endermen always attempt to teleport upon taking damage, such as from water. Most ordinary melee attacks are successful but are usually followed by an immediate teleport to a few blocks behind the attacking player. When directly attacked by the player, endermen have a chance not to open their mouths. Endermen cannot normally be attacked with projectiles in Java Edition (including splash potions of harming), as they always teleport away just before being hit, unless they are in a boat or minecart. However, they do not teleport if positive potions are thrown at them, including splash potions of regeneration and strength, and do not teleport away from poison potions either. A splash water bottle deals 1♥ damage to an enderman if it is caught in its radius of effect. If all available blocks within teleport distance are removed or unable to be transported to, it is possible to hit endermen in Java Edition with a projectile, though arrows may bounce off dealing no damage on occasion. When teleporting due to damage, an enderman can make up to 64 attempts to teleport.

An enderman cannot teleport while it is in a minecart or boat, although in rain and water it attempts to do so, always teleporting back repeatedly until death. This does not occur in Bedrock Edition.[3]

Endermen do not teleport in the daytime while on soul sand unless they are damaged. They also do not teleport if attacked on their legs or by wolves, as wolves attack at the legs. Endermen also hardly teleport when combating other mobs like iron golems.

They play a sound exclusively at the teleportation destination.[4]

Moving blocks[edit]

Enderman (holding Grass Block).pngEnderman (holding Sand).pngEnderman (holding Cactus).pngEnderman (holding Netherrack).pngEnderman (holding TNT).pngEnderman (holding Dandelion).png

Endermen have a unique ability to pick up certain block types and move them around. They silently[5] pick up blocks in a 4×4×3 region horizontally centered on the enderman and vertically at the same level as the enderman itself. One side effect of this is that an enderman cannot pick up blocks in a completely flat area. Endermen drop the block they are holding upon death as an item, though they do not visually let go of the block when dying.[6]

Endermen can pick up the following blocks:

Data packs can change this list by modifying the minecraft:enderman_holdable block tag.‌[Java Edition only]

When carrying a block, the enderman may randomly silently[8] place it, in a 2×2×2 region horizontally centered on the enderman and vertically at the same level as the enderman itself, if the target location is air with a non-air block beneath and the block is allowed to be placed at the target location.

While endermen may breach walls, bridge fences, break redstone circuitry and even construct golems by removing or placing blocks, such actions are entirely random and not purposeful.

One can summon an enderman holding any block (including the ones not listed above) using the carriedBlockState NBT data.

For example, to summon an enderman holding Netherrack with no AI where players are standing:

/summon minecraft:enderman ~ ~ ~ {NoAI:1,carriedBlockState:{Name:"netherrack"}}


The following sounds section uses an outdated format and should be redone using {{Sound table}}.
You can help by converting the contents of this section into a sound table template.
Examples can be seen at Bee#Sounds and Ladder#Sounds.
The wikicode should be laid out neatly as in these examples for improved readability.
Sound Subtitle Namespaced ID Subtitle ID Source Pitch Volume Attenuation distance
Enderman vwoops entity.enderman.ambient subtitles.entity.enderman.ambient ? ? ? 16
Enderman dies entity.enderman.death subtitles.entity.enderman.death ? ? ? 16
Enderman hurts entity.enderman.hurt subtitles.entity.enderman.hurt ? ? ? 16
Enderman cries out entity.enderman.stare subtitles.entity.enderman.stare ? ? ? 16
Enderman vwoops entity.enderman.scream subtitles.entity.enderman.ambient ? ? ? 16
Enderman teleports entity.enderman.teleport subtitles.entity.enderman.teleport ? ? ? 16

Data values[edit]

Endermen have entity data associated with them that contain various properties of the mob.


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Xbox points earned Trophy type (PS)
Monster HunterAttack and destroy a monster.Kill a hostile mob or one of the following neutral mobs: enderman, zombie pigman, spider, cave spider.15GBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID


AdventureAdventure, exploration, and combatKill any entity, or be killed by any entity.adventure/root


Monster HunterKill any hostile monsterAdventureKill one of these 25 mobs. ‌In Java Edition 1.16, elder guardians, ender dragons, endermites, hoglins, piglins, vexes, withers, and zoglins can also be killed for this advancement. Other mobs may be killed, but are ignored for the advancement.adventure/kill_a_mob


Monsters HuntedKill one of every hostile monsterMonster HunterKill each of these 25 mobs. ‌In Java Edition 1.16, elder guardians, ender dragons, endermites, hoglins, piglins, vexes, withers and zoglins are also required for the advancement. Other mobs may be killed, but are ignored for the advancement.adventure/kill_all_mobs



Java Edition Beta
?At first, when Notch was still designing the endermen, he thought they were not "creepy" enough, coming with the idea that having a situation that the player would want to avoid could make the enderman significantly more scary. This gave Notch the idea to implement the staring feature, where aiming the crosshair at the enderman's face would cause a suspenseful moment in which breaking eye contact would trigger an attack, as well as the enderman having the ability to teleport so that when the player has stared at the enderman, they would have to face a consequence for that action.[9]
July 28, 2011Notch described that enderman would be peaceful, unless you looked straight at them, then they would rush in to attack whenever you broke the gaze.[10][11][12][13]
August 26, 2011In the Beta 1.8 demo at PAX, endermen dropped diamonds as a placeholder for ender pearls.
1.8Pre-releaseEnderman Revision 1.png The enderman has been officially introduced.
Endermen are able to pick up any block, including bedrock.
Endermen have green eyes and emit black smoke, they also have zombie sounds as a placeholder.
Pre-release 2 ;)Enderman.png The enderman eye color has now been changed to purple.
Endermen now emit portal particles, rather than smoke.
September 20, 2011Notch indicated the block carrying was horrible and needed to be nerfed.
?Endermen no longer pick up all blocks.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 PrereleaseBefore this update, endermen could be killed with the use of a bow. Now, arrows, snowballs, eggs, and negative splash potions do not hit them due to the fact that they teleport away before impact.
Enderman now teleport away and become neutral if they are in water.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3Notch stated "Endermen suck because they're annoying, and because I nerfed them and made them too easy. I shall fix this."[14] Because of this, endermen have now been modified in this update to have 20 hearts instead of 10.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4Endermen now have a realm of their own: the End, where they spawn frequently.
Endermen used to burn in sunlight, but as of this update, they instead randomly teleport around until they find a dark spot or despawn eventually. This makes it extremely hard to get close enough to kill them during daytime.
RC1Before the Sound Update, endermen used the sound effects of zombies as a place holder. Then, in Beta 1.9, the zombie sounds for the enderman were removed. On November 13th, 2011 endermen received their own audio scheme, most notably a long moan overlaid with static for when they are triggered hostile by the player. The noises are actually a person saying "Hi" and "What's Up" backward and distorted.[15][16]
1.3.112w22aThe enderman's behavior has been modified slightly. Now, the enderman stops in front of the player. When the player swings their sword, the enderman now teleport behind the player.
Enderman now stalk the player when aggravated.
1.4.212w38aThe enderman's sound now plays the full length sounds instead of shortened, now if the player looks at them (or they open their jaw), a static sound plays, similar to Slenderman. are no longer provoked when attacked by the player in creative mode.
1.814w06aEndermen can now pathfind as a result of their update to the new AI system.
Endermen now teleport after being damaged by any damage source, including suffocation damage.
14w11aEndermen now walk slightly faster.
Endermen can now spawn endermites when they teleport. The chance of producing one is 15%, minus 1% for each endermite already spawned. This was reverted in 14w28a.
Endermen are naturally aggressive toward endermites.
14w17aEndermen are no longer hostile to non-pearl spawned endermites.
14w28aEndermites are no longer spawned from endermen.
1.915w31aEndermen now remain aggravated toward the player despite being in contact with water.
Endermen now drop the block they are holding when killed.
Endermen now have an animation when attacking.
1.1016w20aEndermen can now spawn in the Nether.
Endermen can now pick up netherrack.
1.1116w32aThe entity ID has now been changed from Enderman to enderman.
16w35aEndermen are now dealt 1♥ damage by splash water bottles.
Upcoming Java Edition
1.1620w06aThe sounds of endermen are now heard at a shorter range.
Endermen now spawn in soul sand valleys and warped forests.
February 6, 2020Endermen were said to be able to pick up newly added blocks in the forthcoming snapshot.[17]
20w07aEndermen can now pick up nylium, roots, and fungi variants.
Endermen no longer pick up netherrack.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.9.0build 1Enderman BE.png Added endermen.
build 2Endermen now have sounds.
Endermen now teleport out of the way of projectiles.
build 8The enderman's attack strength is now the same as in Java.
0.12.1build 10Endermen now avoid water.
0.14.0build 1Endermen now drop the block they are holding when killed.
0.15.0build 1Endermen can now spawn in the Nether.
Enderman can now pick up netherrack.
0.16.2Endermen are now quicker, to match the Java and Console versions.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha now drop ender pearls when killed.
Endermen now spawn in the End.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0?Endermen no longer shake with rage while aggravated.
On death, endermen now drop the block they were holding.
Upcoming Bedrock Edition
1.16.0beta now spawn in soul sand valleys and warped forests.
Endermen can now pick up nylium, roots, and fungi variants.
Endermen no longer pick up netherrack.
Legacy Console Edition
TU5CU11.0Patch 1Enderman.png Added endermen.
TU141.04Endermen now open their mouths and shake when provoked.
Endermen now stop in front of the player. When the player swings their sword, they now teleport behind the player.
TU43CU331.36Patch 13Endermen can now spawn in the Nether, and can now pick up netherrack.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Enderman BE.png Added endermen.


Issues relating to "Enderman" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • The sounds endermen make are actually people saying "Hi" and "What's Up", but backward and distorted.
  • Notch claimed in public that the enderman is a "subtle reference to "the Slenderman", a similar-looking monster with a similar name. Given the later development of the End, it is possible he already had the name in mind, and did not choose it because of the Reddit thread in which their name was revealed.[18] In the Halloween texture pack for Legacy Console Edition, the enderman is re-skinned to look like Slenderman.
  • The collective noun for a group of endermen is "a haunting of endermen", as stated by Dinnerbone.[19] Additionally, in the third episode of Minecraft: Story Mode, The Last Place You Look, a player is given the option to correct the grammar of other characters by specifying that the collective noun for a group of endermen is "a haunting of endermen."
  • Switching to spectator mode and taking an enderman's point of view adds a shader that inverts colors, suggesting that they see the End as an island of blue cobblestone (because end stone is a yellowish version of cobblestone with inverted colors) in a white sky, with white pillars, white endermen with green eyes and a white ender dragon, also with green eyes.
  • The texture for an enderman's eyes is located in a different texture file than the body, allowing their eyes to glow. Because the two textures do not line up perfectly, forcing an enderman to look straight up causes its eyes to turn blank white.
  • The enderman teleportation sound also plays when a player teleports using an ender pearl[Bedrock Edition only] or chorus fruit.‌[Java Edition only]
  • Endermen are the only mobs who naturally spawn in all three dimensions.


In Other Media[edit]

Minecraft: Story Mode[edit]