Enchanting Table

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For discussion of enchanting mechanics, see enchantment mechanics.
Enchanting Table
Enchanting Table.gif



Yes (64)


Blast resistance





JE: No
BE: Yes (12)





Catches fire from lava


An enchanting table[a] is a block that allows players to spend their experience point levels to enchant tools, weapons, books, armor, and certain other items.



An enchanting table requires a pickaxe to be mined, in which case it drops itself. If mined without a pickaxe, then the mining is slower and it drops nothing.

Block Enchanting Table
Hardness 5
Breaking time[note 1]
Default 25
Wooden 3.75
Stone 1.9
Iron 1.25
Diamond 0.95
Netherite 0.85
Golden 0.65
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.


Ingredients Crafting recipe
Book +
Diamond +


One-block tall maximal enchanting library

The enchanting table is 34 blocks high.

An enchanting table cannot be moved by pistons. If an enchanting table is placed on ice, the player slides on it as though it is an ice block, just like with slabs.‌[Java Edition only]

Despite being comprised largely of obsidian, they are not immune to destruction by the ender dragon, which Mojang has confirmed to be intentional.[1]


Enchanting interface.
Main article: Enchanting

The enchanting table's main purpose is to enchant items. The table can enchant all tools, armor and gear except ‌[Bedrock Edition only] shears, flint and steel, carrot on a stick, shield, carved pumpkin, mob head, lead and horse armor; all of these (excluding leads and horse armor) can instead be enchanted using an anvil and an appropriate enchanted book.

When a bookshelf is placed next to an enchanting table (with one block of air in between) it increases the maximum enchantment level. There must be 15 bookshelves around the enchanting table in order to obtain the maximum enchantment level of 30. See enchantment mechanics for more specific details.

Light source[edit]

Information icon.svg
This feature is exclusive to Bedrock Edition.

Enchanting tables emit a light level of 12.

Standard Galactic Alphabet[edit]

Glyphs flowing from the bookshelves animation.

The arcane glyphs that float from bookshelves to the enchanting table and the cryptic runes in the enchanting table's interface are written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet, which is a simple alphabet substitution cipher used in the Commander Keen series of computer games.

Standard Galactic Alphabet.png

The arcane glyphs cannot be seen if "particles" in the video settings is set to "minimal".

The cryptic runes seen in the interface are randomly constructed from the following list of words:

air animal ball beast berata bless cold creature cthulhu cube curse darkness demon destroy dry earth elder elemental embiggen enchant fhtagnbaguette fiddle fire free fresh galvanize grow hot humanoid ignite imbue inside klaatu light limited mental mglwnafh niktu of other phnglui physical range rlyeh scrolls self shorten shrink snuff sphere spirit stale stretch the towards twist undead water wet wgahnagl xyzzy

Three to five words are chosen from the list and appended to each other, then displayed in the Standard Galactic Alphabet. The words chosen are random and purely cosmetic: they have no relation to the enchantments to be applied to the item and are not saved on the enchanted item (meaning they say nothing about the spell's identity), and they are displayed only in the enchanting table. Only the cost and one of the enchantments are known.

Custom name[edit]

By default, the GUI of an enchanting table is labeled "Enchant", but this name can be customized by naming the enchanting table in an anvil before placing it or by changing the CustomName tag using the /data command‌[Java Edition only].


Java Edition:

SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksBreaking the blockblock.stone.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
None[sound 1]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.stone.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksMining the blockblock.stone.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
Block placedBlocksPlacing the blockblock.stone.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.stone.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
Enchanting table used?Plays when item is enchantedblock.enchantment_table.use???16
  1. a b MC-177082

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Enchanting Tableenchanting_table block.minecraft.enchanting_table
NameNamespaced ID
Block entityenchanting_table

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key
Enchantment Tableenchanting_table 116tile.enchanting_table.name
NameSavegame ID
Block entityEnchantTable

Block entity[edit]

An enchanting table has a block entity associated with it that holds additional data about the block.

  • Block entity data
    • Tags common to all block entities see Template:Nbt inherit/blockentity/template
    •  CustomName: Optional. The name of this container in JSON text component, which appears in its GUI where the default name ordinarily appears.


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
EnchanterConstruct an Enchantment Table.Pick up an enchantment table from a crafting table output.20GBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID

Advancement-plain-raw.pngInvicon Enchanted Book.gif

Enchant an item at an Enchanting TableDiamonds!story/enchant_item


Java Edition
September 30, 2011First mentions of the enchantment table.[2][3]
Enchanting Table (pre-release).png In a picture Notch posted of the enchantment table,[4] they were originally made with cobblestone instead of obsidian.
October 1, 2011The first images of the enchantment screen are revealed, with enchantments written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet. The first enchantment translates into "Well Played Internets You Are Good", the second translated into "These Names Will Be Random And Confusing", and the third translates to "Each Spell Costs Experience Levels". The Standard Galactic Alphabet or SGA was originally created by Tom Hall for use in the Commander Keen series of computer games.
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3Enchanting Table JE1 BE1.png Added enchantment tables.
Enchantment tables now require bookshelves to get maximum enchantments.
Enchantments are to be labeled in the enchantment table as random words written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4A bug where all enchantments would show up as Feather Falling I has been fixed.
Enchanting has been now properly enabled in multiplayer. Previously, if a player attempted to enchant an item, it appeared enchanted for the client, but updated with the un-enchanted status once the player logged out and then back in again.
1.2.112w05aEnchanting no longer requires experience in creative mode.
1.3.112w22aThe maximum enchantment power has been lowered from 50 to 30.
1.4.612w49aThe player can now enchant books to then be used to enchant a tool.
1.7.213w36aThe fishing rod can now be enchanted without the use of books.
1.814w02aEnchanting has received a major overhaul where there is now a secondary cost, which is lapis lazuli.
When enchanting an item, one enchantment now appears in the tooltip when selecting an enchantment (e.g Looting III?...).
Level 5 enchants (Sharpness, Power, Smite and Bane of Arthropods) can now be applied without the use of an anvil.
1.1016w20aAdded a sound for enchanting an item in the enchantment table.
1.1116w32aThe block entity ID for the enchantment table has been changed from EnchantTable to enchanting_table.
1.1317w47a"Enchantment Table" has been renamed to "Enchanting Table".
Hoes can now be enchanted.
Prior to The Flattening, the enchanting table's numeral ID was 116.
1.1418w43aEnchanting Table JE2.png The texture of enchanting tables has been changed.
18w44aEnchanting Table JE3.png The texture of enchanting tables has been changed, as the texture of obsidian has been changed.
18w46aEnchanting tables are no longer transparent from the bottom.
18w50aEnchanting Table JE4 BE2.png The texture of enchanting tables has been changed, as the texture of obsidian has been changed, once again.
?The enchanting table's bottom texture has now been made identical to that of obsidian - previously it had a defined border.[5]
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.12.1build 1Enchanting Table JE1 BE1.png Added enchantment tables.
Enchantment tables now emit a light level of 12.
Enchantment tables can now be crafted in the stonecutter.
Added enchantment tables to the Creative mode inventory.
build 11Enchanting tables are now craftable in the crafting table, instead of the stonecutter.
Bedrock Edition
?Hoes can no longer be enchanted in enchanting tables.
1.4.0beta Experimental Gameplay is enabled, tridents can now be enchanted.
1.10.0beta Table JE4 BE2.png The texture of enchanting tables has been changed.
Legacy Console Edition
TU7CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Enchanting Table JE1 BE1.png Added enchanting tables.
TU31CU19 1.22 Patch 3Enchanting now consumes lapis lazuli.
Enchanting has been re-balanced.
Enchanted books can now receive multiple enchantments at once.
1.90 Enchanting Table JE4 BE2.png The texture of enchanting tables has been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Enchanting Table JE1 BE1.png Added enchanting tables.


Black-textured particles are "fired" into the bookshelves, which later emit the corresponding particle to the enchanting table. (Visible on the red book on the top-left bookshelf, and above the green book on the bottom-left bookshelf, and in the animation farther up the page as a brief flicker).
  • The enchanting table actually produces the particles emitted from the bookshelves. These particles originate inside the enchanting table and are relocated to the bookshelf almost immediately, but travel slow enough to be briefly visible. The particle that enters and leaves the bookshelf is always the same "letter", but the ones traveling into the bookshelves are black.
  • Enchanting tables are mostly made of obsidian, and thus have a blast resistance of 1,200 and cannot be destroyed by TNT, although they can still be mined by any pickaxes.
  • Enchanting tables are midway between slabs and full blocks height-wise, so they could be potentially used as a TNT cannon's range-amplifier instead of slabs or trapdoors
  • When the player is invisible, the enchanting table can still "see" the player and open up.
  • On the enchantment screen, captions in the Standard Galactic Alphabet includes several in-jokes:
    • On October 1, 2011, Notch tweeted an image of the enchantment screen, with enchantments .[6] The first enchantment translates into "Well Played Internets You Are Good", the second translated into "These Names Will Be Random And Confusing", and the third translates to "Each Spell Costs Experience Levels".
    • Three of the possible words for enchantments are "the elder scrolls," likely a joke at Bethesda, creator of "The Elder Scrolls" series and whose parent company, Zenimax, attempted to sue Mojang for the name of their game Scrolls.
    • The words "klaatu berata niktu" are a (misspelled) reference to "Klaatu barada nikto", a phrase that originates from the 1951 movie The Day the Earth Stood Still and has been since used as a reference in many other movies, cartoons and games.
    • Similarly, "Xyzzy" is a magic spell in the game "Colossal Cave Adventure" and has been used in several other games as an Easter Egg or cheat code.
    • The word "embiggen" is a fictional word coined by The Simpsons quote: "A Noble Spirit Embiggens the Smallest Man".
    • The words "phnglui mglwnafh cthulhu rlyeh wgahnagl fhtagnbaguette" are a quote from H. P. Lovecraft's short story "The Call of Cthulhu," apart from the extra "baguette" at the end. Said quote is a prayer in the Cthulhu mythos. The complete and correct quote is "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn", which translates to "In his house at R'lyeh, dead Cthulhu waits dreaming."
  • Of the list of words that the enchanting table uses, none of the words contain the letters "J" or "Q". Although they are not used in the words, they do have a symbol attached to them, and can be seen moving from the bookshelf and the table.



  1. Known as Enchanting Table in Java Edition and Enchantment Table in Bedrock Edition.