Emerald Ore

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This article is about the ore. For the item, see Emerald. For the mineral block, see Block of Emerald.
Emerald Ore
Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png



Yes (64)


Blast resistance










Catches fire from lava


Emerald ore is the rarest mineral block in the game. It drops emeralds when mined, or itself if mined with a pickaxe with the Silk Touch enchantment.



See also: Fortune § Ore

Emerald ore can be mined with an iron pickaxe or higher. Otherwise it drops nothing. If mined without Silk Touch, the block drops 1 emerald (or more with Fortune).

Block Emerald Ore
Hardness 3
Breaking time[A]
Default 15
Wooden 7.5
Stone 3.75
Iron 0.75
Diamond 0.6
Netherite 0.5
Golden 1.25
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Natural generation[edit]

Emerald ore can generate in Overworld in the form of mineral veins. Emerald ore attempts to generate 11 times per chunk in veins of size 1, from altitudes (y levels) 0 to 32, within any type of mountains, or within a chunk that is at least partially occupied by such a biome. As of Java Edition 1.16.4, on average they generate 1.2 ores per chunk.


Smelting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Emerald Emerald Ore +
Any fuel


Note Blocks[edit]

Emerald ore can be placed under note blocks to produce "bass drum" sound.


Java Edition:

SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksBreaking the blockblock.stone.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
None[sound 1]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.stone.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksMining the blockblock.stone.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
Block placedBlocksPlacing the blockblock.stone.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.stone.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
  1. a b MC-177082

Bedrock Edition:

SoundSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDVolumePitch
BlocksBreaking the blockdig.stone1.00.8
BlocksFalling on the block with fall damagefall.stone0.41.0
BlocksMining the blockhit.stone0.370.5
?BlocksJumping from the blockjump.stone0.121.0
?BlocksFalling on the block without fall damageland.stone0.221.0
BlocksWalking on the blockstep.stone0.31.0
BlocksPlacing the blockuse.stone1.00.8

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Emerald Oreemerald_oreblock.minecraft.emerald_ore

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key
Emerald Oreemerald_ore129tile.emerald_ore.name


Note: The extreme hills biome has since been renamed to mountains


Java Edition
May 21, 2012The week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system.[1] At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.[2]
1.3.112w21aRuby Ore.png Added ruby ore.
The announced ore has been changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore has remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.[3] As this item was not announced before the snapshot was released, most translations call emerald "diamond".
Emerald ore generates in veins of up to 10 blocks.
12w21bEmerald Ore JE1 BE1.png The texture of emerald ore has been corrected. The previous ruby texture remains as "ruby.png". Translations of emerald as diamond have also corrected.
An analysis of a 500×500 extreme hills biome with MCEdit gives the following ore distributions: The graphs show that the distribution of all ores except for lapis lazuli is even in a certain range and falls off sharply at the borders. While the total amount of emerald is with 3386, even higher than the amount of diamonds (2997), the ore is spread out over double the height range, meaning that at a certain level the chance for finding an ore was just about half of the chance of finding a diamond ore, effectively making it twice as rare when tunnel mining.
12w22aVein size was reduced to 1 block.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 129.
1.1418w43aEmerald Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.9.0build 1Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
Emerald ore can be mined with a stone pickaxe instead of an iron one.
0.12.1build 1Mining emerald ore now drops experience orbs.
Emerald ore can now be collected with Silk Touch, dropping the block itself.
Emerald ore now drops extra emeralds with the Fortune enchantment.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta emerald ore now requires an iron pickaxe.
1.10.0beta Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
Legacy Console Edition
TU14CU1 1.04 Patch 11.0.1Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
1.90 Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.


Issues relating to "Emerald Ore" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Even though emerald ore is rarer than diamond ore, emerald ore is generally found more often in mountains biomes than diamond ore, as the emerald ore blocks are generated in a more scattered fashion.