Emerald Ore

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Emerald Ore
Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png




Blast resistance






Yes (64)



Catches fire from lava


Emerald ore is the rarest mineral block in the game. It drops emerald when mined.


Natural generation[edit]

Mineral veins[edit]

Emerald ore can generate in the Overworld in the form of mineral veins. Emerald ore attempts to generate 11 times per chunk in veins of size 1, from altitudes 0 to 32, within one of the following biomes, or within a chunk that is at least partially occupied by one of these biomes:



From block loot[edit]

The emerald ore block itself (rather than its emerald drops) can be obtained by mining it with an iron or diamond pickaxe with the Silk Touch enchantment.

Namespaced IDSourceIncorrect toolCorrect tool
Silk Touch
blocks/emerald_oreEmerald OreNothing (100%)See #Block loot1 (100%)



The emerald ore block itself (rather than its emerald drops) can be obtained by mining it with an iron, diamond or netherite pickaxe with the Silk Touch enchantment.

Block Emerald Ore
Hardness 3
Breaking time[note 1]
Default 15
Wooden 7.5
Stone 3.75
Iron 0.75
Diamond 0.6
Netherite 0.5
Golden 1.25
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Haste § Instant mining.

Block loot[edit]

Namespaced IDSourceIncorrect toolCorrect tool
Fortune IFortune IIFortune IIISilk Touch
blocks/emerald_oreEmerald OreNothing (100%)1 (100%)[1 (67%) or
2 (33%)]
[1 (50%) or
2 (25%) or
3 (25%)]
[1 (40%) or
2 (20%) or
3 (20%) or
4 (20%)]
1 (100%)
HardcodedEmerald Ore3–73–73–73–7

Smelting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Emerald Emerald Ore +
Any fuel



Java Edition:

SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDSubtitle keyVolumePitchAttenuation distance
Block brokenBlocksBreaking the blockblock.stone.break subtitles.block.generic.break 1.00.816
None[1]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.stone.fall None 0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksMining the blockblock.stone.hit subtitles.block.generic.hit 0.250.516
Block placedBlocksPlacing the blockblock.stone.place subtitles.block.generic.place 1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.stone.step subtitles.block.generic.footsteps 0.151.016

Bedrock Edition:[needs in-game testing]

SoundDescriptionNamespaced IDVolumePitch
Breaking the blockdig.stone ? 0.8
Falling on the block with fall damagefall.stone ? ?
Mining the blockhit.stone ? 0.5
?Jumping from the blockjump.stone ? ?
?Falling on the block without fall damageland.stone ? ?
Walking on the blockstep.stone ? ?
Placing the blockuse.stone ? 0.8

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Emerald Oreemerald_ore block.minecraft.emerald_ore

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric IDTranslation key
Emerald Oreemerald_ore 129tile.emerald_ore.name



Java Edition
May 21, 2012The week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system.[2] At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.[3]
1.3.112w21aRuby Ore.png Added emerald ore.
The announced ore has been changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore has remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.[4] As this item was not announced before the snapshot was released, most translations call emerald "diamond".
Emerald ore generates in veins of up to 10 blocks.
12w21bEmerald Ore JE1 BE1.png The texture of emerald ore has been corrected. The previous ruby texture remains as "ruby.png". Translations of emerald as diamond have also corrected.
An analysis of a 500×500 extreme hills biome with [[1]] gives the following ore distributions: The graphs show that the distribution of all ores except for lapis lazuli is even in a certain range and falls off sharply at the borders. While the total amount of emerald is with 3386, even higher than the amount of diamonds (2997), the ore is spread out over double the height range, meaning that at a certain level the chance for finding an ore was just about half of the chance of finding a diamond ore, effectively making it twice as rare when tunnel mining.
12w22aEmerald ore is no longer generated naturally.[5] This is due to the large number of complaints by players about emerald ore's rarity, despite Jeb's wishes for it to be a "nice find." If this change had occurred, it would have still been available in the creative mode menu.[6] However, Jeb eventually decided against it and added emerald ore back into natural generation after more community response.[7] Jeb later decided to keep emeralds spawning as he thought it would be a "nice surprise"; emerald ore now generates only in veins of 1. Because of this, it is much more practical to obtain emeralds through trading.
Inventory sprites for blocks have now flipped from left to right, changing to .
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 129.
1.1418w43aEmerald Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.9.0build 1Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
Emerald ore can be mined with a stone pickaxe instead of an iron one.
0.12.1build 1Mining emerald ore now drops experience orbs.
Emerald ore can now be collected with Silk Touch, dropping the block itself.
Emerald ore now drops extra emeralds with the Fortune enchantment.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta emerald ore now requires an iron pickaxe.
1.10.0beta Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
Legacy Console Edition
TU14CU11.04Patch 1Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
1.90Emerald Ore JE2 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added emerald ore.


Issues relating to "Emerald Ore" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Even though emerald ore is rarer than diamond ore, emerald ore is generally found more often in mountains biomes than diamond ore, as the emerald ore blocks are generated in a more scattered fashion.