Dye

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Dyes
Black Dye JE1 BE1.pngRed Dye JE2 BE2.pngGreen Dye JE2 BE2.pngBrown Dye JE1 BE1.pngBlue Dye JE1 BE1.pngPurple Dye JE2 BE2.pngCyan Dye JE2 BE2.pngLight Gray Dye JE2 BE2.pngGray Dye JE2 BE2.pngPink Dye JE2 BE2.pngLime Dye JE2 BE2.pngYellow Dye JE2 BE2.pngLight Blue Dye JE2 BE2.pngMagenta Dye JE2 BE2.pngOrange Dye JE2 BE2.pngWhite Dye JE1 BE1.pngInk Sac JE2 BE2.pngCocoa Beans JE3 BE2.pngLapis Lazuli JE2 BE2.pngBone Meal JE2 BE2.png
Rarity color

Common

Renewable

Yes

Stackable

Yes (64)

Data value

dec: 351 hex: 15F bin: 101011111

Dyes are a set of 16 items used to change the color of wool, leather armor, terracotta, certain mobs, the patterns on banners, shulker boxes, glass, shulkers, concrete powder, and beds.

Obtaining[edit]

Most dyes are produced by crafting various flowers or other items, or by combining other dyes.

Crafting

[edit]

Smelting[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe Description
Green Dye Cactus +
Any fuel


1
[Java Edition only]
Green Dye Cactus +
Any fuel


0.2
[Bedrock Edition only]
Lapis Lazuli Lapis Lazuli Ore +
Any fuel


1
[Bedrock Edition only]
Lime Dye Sea Pickle +
Any fuel


0.2

Trading[edit]

Wandering traders can sell 3 dyes for an emerald.

In Bedrock Edition, wandering traders can sell 3 lapis lazuli, bone meal, cocoa beans, or ink sacs for one emerald.

Apprentice-level cleric Villagers sell one lapis lazuli per emerald.

Other[edit]

Blue dye can be crafted from Lapis Lazuli, which is mined from ores underground in amounts of 4–8 per block.

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Lapis Lazuli Mineshaft Chest 4–9 16.9%
Shipwreck Treasure chest 1–10 61.5%
Village Temple chest 1–4 25.4%
Bedrock Edition
Lapis Lazuli Mineshaft Chest 4–9 16.9%
Village Temple chest 1–4 25.4%

Brown dye can be crafted from cocoa beans, which are harvested from cocoa pods in amounts of 1–3 per fully grown pod. A pod that is not fully grown yields one cocoa bean.

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Bedrock Edition
Cocoa Beans Bonus chest Chest 1–2 40%

Black dye can be crafted from ink sacs, which can be dropped when a squid dies, in amounts of 1–3 per squid. Using the Looting enchantment can increase this amount.

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Bedrock Edition
Ink Sac Stronghold Storeroom chest 1–3 40%

Ink sacs can also be created using 1 iron, 1 sulfur, and 4 oxygen in the compound creator[Bedrock and Education editions only].


Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Green Dye Village Desert house chest 1 14.3%
Bedrock Edition
Green Dye Village Desert house chest 1 14.3%


Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Yellow Dye Village Mason's chest 1 20.8%
Bedrock Edition
Yellow Dye Village Mason's chest 1 20.8%

Usage[edit]

Dyeing wool and mobs[edit]

Players can dye wool by placing white wool and a dye in a crafting grid.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
White Wool +
Matching Dye


Dyes can be used on sheep to change the color of the wool. Shearing a colored sheep drops the corresponding color of the wool, and the sheep retains the color when the wool regenerates. Breeding colored sheep produces a lamb colored as one of the parent sheep, or a color resulting from the combination of both parents' color. The color combining follows the same rules that dyes use – red and yellow sheep produce an orange lamb, but a blue and yellow sheep cannot create a green lamb. The unlimited reproduction of colored sheep makes dyeing and shearing sheep infinitely more efficient than just dyeing wool directly.

Dye can also be used on tamed wolves and cats. Using a dye on one of these tamed animals changes the color of its collar from the default red to the color of the dye.

Dye can also be used on shulkers to change the color of the shell.

Dyeing terracotta[edit]

Terracotta can be dyed by placing 8 blocks around a dye on a crafting table.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Terracotta +
Matching Dye

Staining glass[edit]

Stained glass can be stained by placing 8 blocks of glass around a dye on a crafting table. Just like regular glass, stained glass can be crafted into stained glass panes. The recipe for this is the same as with regular glass.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Stained Glass Glass +
Matching Dye
Stained Glass Pane Glass Pane +
Matching Dye

Dyeing armor[edit]

A graph showing all combinations of two dyes on a tunic.

Leather armor can be dyed by:

There is a possible combination of 12,326,391 colors, as it is possible to put more than one dye on the crafting bench alongside the leather armor. Armor can be dyed multiple times with previous colors affecting the final outcome. Colored armor can be reverted to their original color using a cauldron with undyed water.

The game has a specific formula for calculating the color of dyed armor: each color, in the RGB color model, has a red value, green value, and blue value. For each dye in the crafting grid, and the armor itself (if it is already dyed), the red, green, and blue values are added to running totals. In addition, a running total of the highest value (be it red, green, or blue) is also kept. After this, each total is divided by the number of colors used. This effectively produces the average red, green, blue, and maximum values. The maximum value of the average RGB values is also calculated. Finally, each average RGB value is multiplied by the average maximum value and divided by the maximum of the average RGB values. The modified average RGB values are then used as the final color. This procedure can be summed up with the following equations:

for each color (all "total" variables start at 0 before counting):
 totalRed = totalRed + redValue
 totalGreen = totalGreen + greenValue
 totalBlue = totalBlue + blueValue
 totalMaximum = totalMaximum + max(red, green, blue)
 numberOfColors = numberOfColors + 1

averageRed = totalRed / numberOfColors
averageGreen = totalGreen / numberOfColors
averageBlue = totalBlue / numberOfColors
averageMaximum = totalMaximum / numberOfColors

maximumOfAverage = max(averageRed, averageGreen, averageBlue)
gainFactor = averageMaximum / maximumOfAverage

resultRed = averageRed * gainFactor
resultGreen = averageGreen * gainFactor
resultBlue = averageBlue * gainFactor

Due to the way this formula works, the resulting color can never be darker than the average of the input colors and is often lighter and more saturated. Of course, the resulting color can never be lighter or more saturated than the lightest or most saturated input color. In addition, this formula never creates an RGB value higher than 255 (which would be invalid in the 8-bit RGB color model).

If leather armor is renamed on an anvil, it retains its name when dyed or undyed.

Dyeing firework stars[edit]

A firework star can have a single color or a combination of up to eight colors when crafted with dyes. Adding one or more dyes to a crafted firework star adds a "fade to color" effect to it, overwriting any existing fade colors.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Firework Star Gunpowder +
Any Dye (1–8) +
Extra ingredient (optional)


Firework Star Matching Firework Star +
Any Dye


[edit]

Dyes are used in most banner patterns to determine the pattern and color displayed.

Dyeing shulker boxes[edit]

Shulker boxes are generated in a light shade of purple (like the purpur block), but can be dyed any color. They can also be re-dyed as often as desired.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Shulker Box Any Shulker Box +
Matching Dye


Creating concrete powder[edit]

Dyes can also be used to craft concrete powder, which can then be set into their respective concrete blocks (they cannot be dyed directly).

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Sand +
Gravel +
Matching Dye

Creating balloons[edit]

Dye can be used to craft balloons.‌[Education Edition only]

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Latex +
Matching Dye +
Helium +
Lead

Creating glow sticks[edit]

Dye can also be used to craft glow sticks.‌[Education Edition only]

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Polyethylene +
Hydrogen Peroxide +
Matching Dye +
Luminol

Dyeing beds[edit]

Players can dye beds by placing a white bed and any color dye in a crafting grid. Only white beds can be dyed.

Ingredients Crafting recipe
White Bed +
Matching Dye


Dyeing water inside cauldrons[edit]

Water can be dyed in a cauldron by holding any dye in the hand and pressing use on a cauldron filled with water.‌[Bedrock Edition only]

Signs[edit]

Dye can be used on a sign to change the text color.‌[Java Edition only]

Trading[edit]

12 dye can be sold to shepherd villager.

Other uses[edit]

Dyes have other uses specific to those colors‌[Bedrock Edition only]; see their separate articles for details.

These items all have dye color equivalents.

Colors[edit]

Primary[edit]

These primary dyes are created only from ingredients spawned naturally in a world.

Name Source
Black Dye Ink Sac (crafting)
Wither Rose (crafting)
Blue Dye Lapis Lazuli (crafting)
Cornflower (crafting)
Brown Dye Cocoa Beans (crafting)
Green Dye Cactus (smelting)
Red Dye Poppy (crafting)
Rose Bush (crafting)
Red Tulip (crafting)
Beetroot (crafting)
White Dye Bone Meal (crafting)
Lily of the Valley (crafting)
Yellow Dye Dandelion (crafting)
Sunflower (crafting)

Quasi-Primary[edit]

These dyes can be created from a single ingredient spawned naturally in a world, or by combining other dyes.

Name Source Crafting
Light Blue Dye Blue Orchid (crafting) Blue Dye[subst 1] + White Dye[subst 2]
Light Gray Dye Azure Bluet (crafting)
Oxeye Daisy (crafting)
White Tulip (crafting)
Lime Dye Sea Pickle (smelting) Green Dye + White Dye[subst 2]
Magenta Dye Lilac (crafting)
Allium (crafting)
Orange Dye Orange Tulip (crafting) Red Dye + Yellow Dye
Pink Dye Peony (crafting)
Pink Tulip (crafting)
Red Dye + White Dye[subst 2]
  1. a b c Or Lapis Lazuli
  2. a b c d e f Or Bone Meal
  3. Or Ink Sac

Secondary[edit]

Secondary dyes are created by combining primary dyes together.

Name Source
Cyan Dye + /
Gray Dye / + /
Purple Dye + /

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

NameNamespaced ID
Red Dyered_dye
Pink Dyepink_dye
Magenta Dyemagenta_dye
Purple Dyepurple_dye
Light Blue Dyelight_blue_dye
Cyan Dyecyan_dye
Blue Dyeblue_dye
Green Dyegreen_dye
Lime Dyelime_dye
Yellow Dyeyellow_dye
Orange Dyeorange_dye
Brown Dyebrown_dye
Black Dyeblack_dye
Gray Dyegray_dye
Light Gray Dyelight_gray_dye
White Dyewhite_dye

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID
Dyedye 351

Item data[edit]

The color of a dyed item depends on its metadata. The "color codes" are used to determine the color imparted on sheep, wolf collars, and dyed leather armor. The hex value is shown in the extended tooltips of dyed leather armor; however, to set the color using an NBT data tag in a command, the decimal value must be used instead.

Icon Data Description Color Code Sample
Dec Hex Dec Hex
0 0x0 Ink Sac 1908001 #1D1D21
1 0x1 Red Dye 11546150 #B02E26
2 0x2 Green Dye 6192150 #5E7C16
3 0x3 Cocoa Beans 8606770 #835432
4 0x4 Lapis Lazuli 3949738 #3C44AA
5 0x5 Purple Dye 8991416 #8932B8
6 0x6 Cyan Dye 1481884 #169C9C
7 0x7 Light Gray Dye 10329495 #9D9D97
8 0x8 Gray Dye 4673362 #474F52
9 0x9 Pink Dye 15961002 #F38BAA
10 0xA Lime Dye 8439583 #80C71F
11 0xB Yellow Dye 16701501 #FED83D
12 0xC Light Blue Dye 3847130 #3AB3DA
13 0xD Magenta Dye 13061821 #C74EBD
14 0xE Orange Dye 16351261 #F9801D
15 0xF Bone Meal 16383998 #F9FFFE
16 0x10 Black Dye 1908001 #1D1D21
17 0x11 Brown Dye 8606770 #835432
18 0x12 Blue Dye 3949738 #3C44AA
19 0x13 White Dye 16383998 #F9FFFE

Achievements[edit]

Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
Rainbow CollectionGather all 16 colors of wool.All the colors of wool do not have to be in the inventory at the same time, but must have been picked up by the player once.30GSilver
Tie Dye OutfitUse a cauldron to dye all 4 unique pieces of leather armor.15GBronze

Video[edit]

History[edit]

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The specific instructions are: Bone meal texture change between 1.1 and 1.3.1 (add when it was changed, if possible too, most likely 1.3-pre as with other items). If the texture is the current, upload the 1.2 texture instead. - "The texture of bone meal has now been changed. The texture has been lowered one pixel."
Java Edition Beta
1.2Red Dye JE1 BE1.png Orange Dye JE1 BE1.png Yellow Dye JE1 BE1.png Green Dye JE1 BE1.png Lapis Lazuli JE1 BE1.png Light Gray Dye JE1 BE1.png Cyan Dye JE1 BE1.png Bone Meal JE1 BE1.png Ink Sac JE1 BE1.png Light Blue Dye JE1 BE1.png Gray Dye JE1 BE1.png Cocoa Beans JE1.png Added dyes.
Java Edition
1.111w49aSheep can now regrow their wool by eating grass. Dyed sheep regrow wool in their new color.
?Bone meal changes.gif The texture of bone meal has now been changed. The texture has been lowered one pixel.
1.3.112w19aCocoa Beans JE2 BE1.png The texture of cocoa beans has now been changed.
1.4.212w34aAdded the ability to dye leather armor and wolf collars.
1.4.41.4.3-preColor codes has now been changed. The colors of red, brown, blue, purple, cyan, pink, light blue, magenta and orange were adjusted a little vividly.
1.6.113w19aStained clay can now be crafted using dyes.
1.7.213w36aWith the addition of new flowers, many secondary and tertiary dyes are now primary dyes.
13w41aStained glass can now be crafted using dyes.
1.814w30aAdded banners, which can be dyed.
1.915w31aRose red can now be obtained from beetroot.
15w34aAdded shields, which can be dyed indirectly by applying a matching banner.
1.1116w39bDyes are now used to change the color of shulker boxes.
1.1217w06aDyes are now used to craft concrete powder.
Color codes has now been changed. All colors are adjusted more vividly.
17w15aDyes can now apply color to white beds.
1.1317w47aThe different data values for the dye ID have now been split up into their own IDs.
1.1418w43aInk sacs, bone meal, cocoa beans and lapis lazuli are now no longer considered dyes.
Black Dye JE1 BE1.png White Dye JE1 BE1.png Brown Dye JE1 BE1.png Blue Dye JE1 BE1.png Added black, white, brown and blue dyes.
"Rose Red", "Dandelion Yellow" and "Cactus Green" have now been renamed to "Red Dye", "Yellow Dye" and "Green Dye", respectively.
Glass panes and carpets can now be dyed.
Red Dye JE2 BE2.png Orange Dye JE2 BE2.png Yellow Dye JE2 BE2.png Green Dye JE2 BE2.png Light Gray Dye JE2 BE2.png Cyan Dye JE2 BE2.png Light Blue Dye JE2 BE2.png Purple Dye JE2 BE2.png Magenta Dye JE2 BE2.png Pink Dye JE2 BE2.png Lime Dye JE2 BE2.png Gray Dye JE2 BE2.png The textures of red, orange, yellow, green, light gray, cyan, ink sac, light blue, purple, magenta, pink, lime, gray dyes have now been changed.
18w44aThe color of the text on signs can now be changed with dye.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.3.0Yellow Dye JE1 BE1.png Added dandelion yellow.
0.3.3Bone Meal JE1 BE1.png Added bone meal.
0.4.0Green Dye JE1 BE1.png Cyan Dye JE1 BE1.png Lapis Lazuli JE1 BE1.png Light Blue Dye JE1 BE1.png Lime Dye JE1 BE1.png Magenta Dye JE1 BE1.png Orange Dye JE1 BE1.png Pink Dye JE1 BE1.png Purple Dye JE1 BE1.png Added cactus green, cyan dye, lapis lazuli, light blue dye, lime dye, magenta dye, orange dye, pink dye and purple dye.
Red Dye JE1 BE1.png Added rose red, obtainable by smelting red mushrooms.
0.8.0build 3Ink Sac JE1 BE1.png Cocoa Beans JE2 BE1.png Gray Dye JE1 BE1.png Light Gray Dye JE1 BE1.png Ink sacs, cocoa beans, gray dye, and light gray dye are now available in the creative inventory.
Rose red can now be obtained from beetroots.
0.9.0build 1Cocoa beans can now be obtained from cocoa pods.
The cyan flower has now been removed and replaced with a new poppy flower that can be crafted into rose red.
build 3All new flowers can now be crafted into dyes. Because of this, many secondary and tertiary dyes are now primary dyes.
Gray dye and light gray dye can now be obtained in survival.
build 11Stained clay can now be crafted using dyes.
0.11.0build 1Ink sacs can now be obtained from squid.
Added the ability to dye wolf collars.
0.14.0?Cauldrons now used for leather dyeing, by applying a dye to a water-filled cauldron.
?As of 0.15.0 (possibly earlier), red mushrooms can now no longer be smelted to obtain rose red.
0.16.0?Cocoa beans can now no longer be crafted.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha 0.17.0.1Added a Dye button for sheep.
Added shulkers, which can be dyed.
Added stained glass. Stain glass cannot be crafted, but purple glass generates in end cities.
1.1.0alpha 1.1.0.0Dyes can now apply color to a white beds.
Dyes are now used to craft concrete powder.
The color palette has now been changed.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta 1.2.0.2Dyes can now be used for banner crafting.
Dyes can now be used to craft firework stars.
Stained glass is now craftable, using dyes.
1.4.0beta 1.2.20.1Lime dye can now be obtained from smelting sea pickles.
Dyes can now used to craft glow sticks and balloons.
1.8.0beta 1.8.0.8Dyes can now be used to dye cat collars.
beta 1.8.0.10White Dye JE1 BE1.png Blue Dye JE1 BE1.png Brown Dye JE1 BE1.png Black Dye JE1 BE1.png Added white, blue, brown and black dyes, which can be crafted from lapis lazuli, bone meal, cocoa beans and ink sacs.
"Rose Red", "Dandelion Yellow" and "Cactus Green" have now been renamed to "Red Dye", "Yellow Dye" and "Green Dye", respectively.
1.9.0beta 1.9.0.0Blue and white dye can now be obtained from cornflowers and lily of the valleys.
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Glass panes and carpets can now be dyed.
Only a single dye is now required to apply a banner pattern in a loom.
Various dyes except black dye, white dye, brown dye and blue dye are now sold by wandering traders.
Red Dye JE2 BE2.png Orange Dye JE2 BE2.png Yellow Dye JE2 BE2.png Green Dye JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli JE2 BE2.png Light Gray Dye JE2 BE2.png Cyan Dye JE2 BE2.png Bone Meal JE2 BE2.png Ink Sac JE2 BE2.png Light Blue Dye JE2 BE2.png Purple Dye JE2 BE2.png Magenta Dye JE2 BE2.png Pink Dye JE2 BE2.png Lime Dye JE2 BE2.png Gray Dye JE2 BE2.png Cocoa Beans JE3 BE2.png The textures of red, orange, yellow, green, lapis lazuli, light gray, cyan, bone meal, ink sac, light blue, purple, magenta, pink, lime, gray dyes, and cocoa beans have now been changed.
1.11.0beta 1.11.0.4Dye can now be sold to shepherd villagers.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 11.0.1Red Dye JE1 BE1.png Orange Dye JE1 BE1.png Yellow Dye JE1 BE1.png Green Dye JE1 BE1.png Lapis Lazuli JE1 BE1.png Light Gray Dye JE1 BE1.png Cyan Dye JE1 BE1.png Bone Meal JE1 BE1.png Ink Sac JE1 BE1.png Light Blue Dye JE1 BE1.png Gray Dye JE1 BE1.png Cocoa Beans JE1.png Added dyes.
PlayStation 4 Edition
1.83White Dye JE1 BE1.png Blue Dye JE1 BE1.png Brown Dye JE1 BE1.png Black Dye JE1 BE1.png Added white, blue, brown and black dyes, which can crafted from lapis lazuli, bone meal, cocoa beans and ink sacs.
"Rose Red", "Dandelion Yellow" and "Cactus Green" have now been renamed to "Red Dye", "Yellow Dye" and "Green Dye", respectively.
1.90Red Dye JE2 BE2.png Orange Dye JE2 BE2.png Yellow Dye JE2 BE2.png Green Dye JE2 BE2.png Lapis Lazuli JE2 BE2.png Light Gray Dye JE2 BE2.png Cyan Dye JE2 BE2.png Bone Meal JE2 BE2.png Ink Sac JE2 BE2.png Light Blue Dye JE2 BE2.png Purple Dye JE2 BE2.png Magenta Dye JE2 BE2.png Pink Dye JE2 BE2.png Lime Dye JE2 BE2.png Gray Dye JE2 BE2.png Cocoa Beans JE3 BE2.png The textures of red, orange, yellow, green, lapis lazuli, light gray, cyan, bone meal, ink sac, light blue, purple, magenta, pink, lime, gray dyes, and cocoa beans have now been changed.

Trivia[edit]

  • Players can obtain each one of every color with 1 cocoa bean, 2 yellow dye, 2 ink sac, 3 green dye, 4 lapis lazuli, 4 red dye, and 6 bone meal (2 bones).
  • The dyed sheep breeding behavior mirrors Lamarck's theory, in which the organisms evolve inheriting the external changes and adaptations of the previous generation, transmitting them to their offspring.
  • In Bedrock Edition, tertiary colors, along with their regular crafting recipes, can be crafted with primary colors. E.g.: Magenta can be crafted with one rose red and two bone meals.
  • The colors of the dyes match the chat colors in color codes except for brown (dye only), light aqua, and gold (color codes only).

References[edit]