Dispenser

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Dispenser
Dispenser JE3 BE2.png
Dispenser (U) JE2 BE2.png
Dispenser (D).png
Renewable

Yes

Stackable

Yes (64)

Tool

Blast resistance

3.5

Hardness

3.5

Luminant

No

Transparent

No

Flammable

No

Catches fire from lava

No

A dispenser is a solid block used as a redstone component to dispense items.

Obtaining[edit]

Dispensers can be mined with a pickaxe, in which case it drops itself and its contents. If mined without a pickaxe, the dispenser drops only its contents.

Block Dispenser
Hardness 3.5
Tool
Breaking time[note 1]
Default 17.5
Wooden 2.65
Stone 1.35
Iron 0.9
Diamond 0.7
Netherite 0.6
Golden 0.45
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Crafting[edit]

Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Cobblestone +
Bow +
Redstone Dust

Enchantments on the bow do not affect the resulting dispenser.

Natural generation[edit]

Two dispensers are naturally generated in every jungle temple.

Usage[edit]

A dispenser can be used as a container and as a redstone component that dispenses items when activated, with results varying on the item dispensed. for example, you could make a trap out of it like place arrows inside so it will shoot when activated.

To place a dispenser, use it while pointing at a surface adjacent to the space it should occupy. A dispenser can be placed so that its output faces in any direction, including up or down. When placed, a dispenser always faces the player placing it.

A dispenser cannot be moved by pistons[Java Edition only] or water. Lava flows around a dispenser.

Container[edit]

The dispenser GUI.

A dispenser has 9 slots of inventory space.

To open the dispenser GUI, use the Use Item control. To move items between the dispenser inventory and the player inventory or hotbar while the dispenser GUI is open, drag or shift-click the items. To exit the dispenser GUI, use the Esc control.

By default, the GUI of a dispenser is labeled "Dispenser". A dispenser's GUI label can be changed by naming the dispenser in an anvil before placing it, or by using the data command‌[Java Edition only]. For example, to label a dispenser at (0,64,0) "My Dispenser", use data merge block 0 64 0 {CustomName:'"My Dispenser"'}.

A dispenser can be "locked" by setting the dispenser's Lock tag. If a dispenser's Lock tag is not blank, the dispenser cannot be accessed except by players holding an item with the same name as the Lock tag's text. A dispenser's Lock tag can be set or unset with the data command. For example, to lock a dispenser at (0,64,0) so that only players holding an item named "My Key" can access the dispenser, use data merge block 0 64 0 {Lock:"My Key"}.

Redstone component[edit]

A dispenser can be used to dispense its contents randomly.

Activation

A dispenser is a redstone mechanism and can be activated by:

  • an adjacent active power component: for example, a redstone torch (except that a redstone torch does not activate a dispenser it is attached to), a block of redstone, a daylight sensor, etc.
  • an adjacent powered opaque block (for example, a block with an active redstone torch under it)
  • a powered redstone repeater or redstone comparator facing the dispenser
  • powered redstone dust configured to point at the dispenser, or on top of it, or a directionless "dot" next to it; a dispenser is not activated by adjacent powered redstone dust that is configured to point in another direction.

Some of these methods can activate a dispenser (in the sense of triggering an action) without actually powering the dispenser (in the sense of whether the dispenser can power adjacent Redstone dust, etc.).

In addition to the methods above, a dispenser can also be activated by quasi-connectivity.‌[Java Edition only] A dispenser becomes activated if one of the methods above would activate a mechanism component in the block above the dispenser, even if there is no mechanism component there (even if the block above the dispenser is air or a transparent block), but only when the dispenser receives a block update (including a Redstone update within two blocks of the dispenser). A dispenser does not activate if it has been less than 1 redstone tick (2 game ticks, or 0.1 seconds barring lag) since its last activation ended.

Behavior

When activated, a dispenser waits for 2 Redstone ticks (4 game ticks, or 0.2 seconds barring lag) and then ejects one item. The dispenser does not continue to eject items while activated; ejection occurs only on the initial activation (the rising edge of an input signal). To eject multiple items, repeatedly activate the dispenser with a clock circuit. If the clock runs at faster than 5 hertz (more than 5 Redstone pulses a second), the dispenser fires once and then locks in the "on" position.

If multiple slots are occupied by items, a random occupied slot is chosen for ejection. The slot is chosen when an item is ejected, not when the dispenser is initially activated, thus it is possible to move items into or out of a dispenser between its activation and item dispensing.

The effects of being activated vary with the type of ejected item. Most items are thrown in the direction the dispenser is facing as if a player had used the Drop Item control. (Unlike a dropper, a dispenser can't feed another container.) Other items behave differently when dispensed:

Dispenser Behavior
Item Effect
Armor
Shield
Elytra
Equips on a player, armor stand, skeleton, zombie, husk, pillager, drowned, vindicator, villager, stray, piglin or zombified piglin within the block the dispenser is facing with empty appropriate armor slot (any armor, made from any material).
Arrow
Spectral Arrow
Tipped Arrow
Fired in the direction the dispenser is facing.
Boat Placed as an entity (i.e., a right-clickable vehicle) in the block the dispenser is facing, if the dispenser is facing the water or an empty block above water — otherwise dropped, which is unintentional.[1]
Bone Meal Uses bone meal (as fertilizer) on the block the dispenser is facing, if possible. If the block faced does not react to bonemeal, no bone meal is used.
Bottle o' Enchanting
Egg
Snowball
Splash Potion
Lingering Potion
Thrown in the direction the dispenser is facing as if the player had right-clicked the item in their inventory. Splash potions and lingering potions are fired farther.
Bucket Collects lava or water source block the dispenser is facing, adding the newly filled bucket to an empty slot in the dispenser's inventory. If there isn't room in the dispenser for the newly-filled bucket (i.e. the empty bucket was part of a stack and all other slots in the dispenser are also full), drops the filled bucket. If no source block is in front of the dispenser, drops an empty bucket, which is unintentional.[1]
Fire Charge Launches fireball (as if produced by a blaze) in the direction the dispenser is facing. When a dispensed fireball hits a mob (including a player) or a block, the mob or block is set on fire. When a dispensed fireball hits a boat or minecart, the vehicle is destroyed and drops itself as an item.
Firework Rocket Launches in the direction the dispenser is facing. It can be used to inflict damage if it was crafted with stars.
Flint and Steel If the dispenser is facing an air block and having an available block below this air block, places fire in the air block and reduces the durability of the flint and steel. If the dispenser is facing TNT, it ignites the TNT, if facing to a obsidian frame, it ignites the Nether portal. Otherwise, does nothing.
Lava Bucket
Water Bucket
Cod Bucket
Salmon Bucket
Tropical Fish Bucket
Pufferfish Bucket
Places lava or water in the block the dispenser is facing (replacing the lava or water bucket in the dispenser with an empty bucket) if the block the dispenser is facing is one that the player could use lava or water buckets on (e.g., air, flowers, grass, etc. — doesn't work with a cauldron) — otherwise dropped - not an intentional feature.[1] Water dispensed in The Nether disappears instantly, leaving only the empty bucket in the dispenser. If the bucket contains a fish, the fish is spawned along with the block of water.
Minecart
Minecart with Chest
Minecart with Command Block
Minecart with Furnace
Minecart with Hopper
Minecart with TNT
Placed as an entity (i.e., a right-clickable vehicle) in the block the dispenser is facing, if the dispenser is facing a type of rails — otherwise dropped - not intentional.[1]
Heads
Carved Pumpkin
If placement completes the construction of an iron golem, snow golem, or wither, the entity is created as if constructed by a player. Equips on a player, mob or armor stand with an empty helmet slot, within the block the dispenser is facing. Otherwise, does nothing.
Shulker Box Placed as a block.
Spawn Egg Summons a mob in front of the dispenser.
TNT Places and ignites TNT in the block the dispenser is facing, with a small velocity in a random direction.
Trident Thrown in the direction the dispenser is facing.‌[Bedrock Edition only][upcoming: JE Tests]
Shears Shear any sheep, snow golem, or mooshroom that is in the block in front of it.
Harvests honeycombs from a full beehive or nest.
Glass Bottle Fills bottle with water if the dispenser is facing a water source block.
Fills the bottle with honey if the dispenser is facing a full beehive or bee nest. If cannot be used, the item is dropped, which is both intentional[2] and not intentional.[1]
Horse Armor Place horse armor on any tamed horse that is in the block in front of it.
Saddle Place a saddle on any pig and tamed horse that is in the block in front of it.
Carpet Place a carpet on any tamed llama that is in the block in front of it.
Chest Place a chest on any tamed llama, donkey, or mule that is in the block in front of it.
Glowstone Charges any empty or partially filled respawn anchor. If facing a full respawn anchor, it does nothing.
Others Dropped: Ejected toward the block the dispenser is facing as if a player had used the Drop Item control.

When a dispenser dispenses an item, it emits a clicking sound (unless the item is a projectile or a spawn egg) and a smoke particle. If it is empty when activated, it emits a slightly higher-pitched click. The noise of a dispenser can be heard up to 16 blocks away.

A dispenser is a full solid opaque block, so powering it directly can cause adjacent mechanism components (including other dispensers) to activate as well.

Sounds[edit]

Java Edition:

SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation distance
Block brokenBlocksBreaking the blockblock.stone.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
None[3]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.stone.fallNone0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksMining the blockblock.stone.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
Block placedBlocksPlacing the blockblock.stone.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.stone.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
Dispensed item? ? block.dispenser.dispensesubtitles.block.dispenser.dispense? 1.016
Dispenser fails? ? block.dispenser.fail?? (>1.0)16
Dispensed item? ? block.dispenser.launchsubtitles.block.dispenser.dispense? ? 16

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Dispenserdispenser block.minecraft.dispenser
NameNamespaced ID
Block entitydispenser

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key
Dispenserdispenser 23tile.dispenser.name
NameSavegame ID
Block entity?

Block data[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, a dispenser uses its block data field to store its orientation and activation status:

Bits Values
0x1
0x2
0x4

Three bits storing a value from 0 to 5:

  • 0: Dispenser facing down
  • 1: Dispenser facing up
  • 2: Dispenser facing north
  • 3: Dispenser facing south
  • 4: Dispenser facing west
  • 5: Dispenser facing east
0x8 If set, the dispenser is activated.

Block states[edit]

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
facingnorthdown
east
north
south
up
west
The direction in which contents are shot or dropped.
The opposite from the direction the player faces while placing the block.
triggeredfalsefalse
true
True if this block is activated.

Bedrock Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
facing_direction00
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
The direction in which contents are shot or dropped.
The opposite from the direction the player faces while placing the block.
triggered_bitfalsefalse
true
True if this block is activated.

Block entity[edit]

A dispenser has a block entity associated with it that holds additional data about the block.

  • Block entity data
    • Tags common to all block entities see Template:Nbt inherit/blockentity/template
    •  CustomName: Optional. The name of this container in JSON text component, which appears in its GUI where the default name ordinarily appears.
    •  Lock: Optional. When not blank, prevents the container from being opened unless the opener is holding an item whose name matches this string.
    •  Items: List of items in the container.
    •  LootTable: Optional. Loot table to be used to fill the dispenser when it is next opened, or the items are otherwise interacted with.[note 1]
    •  LootTableSeed: Optional. Seed for generating the loot table. 0 or omitted causes a random seed to be used.[note 1]
  1. a b Both loot table tags are removed once the items have been generated.

Video[edit]

Achievements[edit]

Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
Dispense With ThisConstruct a Dispenser.20GBronze

History[edit]

Java Edition Beta
1.2Dispenser JE1.png Introduced dispensers.
Java Edition
1.2.112w03aDispensers are now able to spawn mobs from a spawn egg.
12w04aDispenser JE2 BE1.png The dispenser's texture has been changed.
1.3.112w15aDispensers can now place boats and minecarts.
12w21aDispensers can now shoot the liquids inside water and lava buckets.
Dispensers can now suck up liquids if activated again, filling up the buckets with the liquid dropped.
12w22aDispensers can now naturally generate within jungle temples and are filled with a random amount of arrows that shoot the player should they touch the tripwire connected to it or destroy it without shears.
January 18, 2013Dinnerbone stated that dispensers are to have more features in the future, so players should stick to using droppers to dispense items.
1.513w04aDispenser (U) JE1 BE1.png Dispensers can now face all 6 directions.
Dispensers now use many new items. These items include TNT, bone meal, flint and steel and armor.
13w10bPowered dispensers no longer fire if they receive a redstone update.
1.814w04aDispensers can now be used to place pumpkins to activate iron golems and snow golems.
Dispensers can now place wither skeleton skulls to activate the wither.
14w07aDispensers can now place command blocks instead of shooting them out.
1.8.6Dispensers no longer place command blocks, as it constituted a vulnerability.[4]
1.915w33aDispensers can now shoot splash potions and lingering potions much farther than before.
15w33cDispensers can now shoot fire charges as ender dragon fireballs, instead of as blaze fireballs.
15w39cDispensers can now equip mob heads and pumpkins.
15w44bDispensers can now once again shoot fire charges as blaze fireballs.
1.9.1pre1Dispensers can now use loot tables.
Dispensers generated in jungle temples now use loot tables.
1.1016w21aDispensers can now equip shields, like armor.
1.1116w32aThe block entity ID for dispensers has been changed from Trap to dispenser.
16w39cDispensers can now dispense boats facing the same way as the dispenser, instead of toward the dispenser.
1.1317w47aCrafting a dispenser no longer requires the bow to be at full durability.[5]
Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 23.
1.1418w43aDispensers with shears in them now shear sheep with wool.
Dispenser JE3 BE2.png Dispenser (U) JE2 BE2.png The textures of the dispenser have been changed.
1.1519w34aDispensers can now harvest honeycombs when dispensing shears on bee nests and bee hives filled with honey.
Dispensers can now collect honey bottles when dispensing glass bottles on bee hives.
Dispensers can now collect water bottles when dispensing glass bottles on water.
19w36aFireworks dispensed from a dispenser now travel in the direction fired.
19w41aDispensers now eject empty bottles properly when not facing water.
19w42aDispensers can now place armor stands.
1.1620w15aDispensers can now saddle pigs, striders and tamed horses, donkeys and mules.
Dispensers can now put horse armor on horses.
Dispensers can now put carpets on llamas.
Dispensers can now put chests on llamas, donkeys, and mules.
Dispensers can now shear a Mooshroom.
Dispensers can now shear snow golems.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.14.0build 1Dispenser JE2 BE1.png Added dispensers.
build 5The inventory for dispensers is now more consistent with other inventories.
0.15.0build 1Dispensers can now be moved by pistons.
Bedrock Edition
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Dispensers with shears in them now shear sheep with wool.
Dispenser JE3 BE2.png Dispenser (U) JE2 BE2.png The textures of the dispenser have been changed.
1.13.0?Damaged bows can no longer be used to craft dispensers.
1.14.0beta 1.14.0.1Dispensers can now harvest honeycombs when dispensing shears on bee nests and bee hives filled with honey.
Dispensers can now collect honey bottles when dispensing glass bottles on bee hives.
Dispensers can now collect water bottles when dispensing glass bottles on water.
1.16.0beta 1.15.0.51Crafting a dispenser no longer requires the bow to be at full durability.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 11.0.1Dispenser JE1.png Added dispensers.
TU3Dispenser JE2 BE1.png The dispenser texture has been changed to the Java Edition 1.2.1 (12w04a) texture.
TU5Added quick move to the dispenser.
TU9Dispensers are now able to spawn mobs from a spawn egg.
Dispensers can now shoot out the liquids inside water and lava buckets.
Dispensers can now suck up the liquids if activated again, but do not fill up the buckets with the liquid dropped due to a bug.
TU10The bug where the liquid from dispensers did not properly fill empty buckets has been fixed.
TU19CU71.12Dispenser (U) JE1 BE1.png Dispensers can now face in any direction.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Dispensers can now place pumpkins or wither skeleton skulls to spawn golems and withers providing the body is already built in a valid configuration.
1.90Dispensers with shears in them now shear sheep with wool.
Dispenser JE3 BE2.png Dispenser (U) JE2 BE2.png The textures of the dispenser have been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Dispenser JE2 BE1.png Dispenser (U) JE1 BE1.png Added dispensers.

Issues[edit]

Issues relating to "Dispenser" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Trivia[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Some other blocks can also be used to move items:

  • Droppers can throw items or push them into adjacent containers.
  • Hoppers can push items into adjacent containers.
  • Ice and packed ice have reduced friction to the item entity movement.
  • Slime blocks can impart velocity to item entities when pushed by a piston.
  • Water can push item entities.
  • Quasi-connectivity Applies to Dispensers.

References[edit]