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The desert is a common warm biome. It is among the first biomes added to the game. It has three variations total.
Desert biomes are usually vast, quite barren, and lifeless, with the only vegetation being cacti and dead bushes. The only passive mobs that may spawn here are rabbits, villagers, and cats, cow, sheep, and pig with the latter five only appearing in desert villages. The terrain is flat and the surface is made entirely of sand, with sandstone generating underneath the sand to prevent it from falling into caves below. Water ponds will not generate in deserts aside from the Desert Lakes variant, though lava ponds may still generate. Deserts make up for their barrenness by featuring a relatively large number of structures, such as pillager outposts, villages, desert pyramids, fossils, and desert wells. Villages and desert temples may offer refuge and valuable loot, desert wells may serve as a rare source of water, and fossils can provide large numbers of bone blocks and bone meal, or simply a neat archaeological find, while pillager outposts are the only source of wood on the desert surface.
Deserts are usually found next to other warm biomes, such as savannas, plains, badlands, and warm ocean. They also sometimes generate beside jungles. Deserts may also generate as a thin border around badlands biomes should they generate freestanding. Like other warm biomes, they rarely generate near cold biomes.
Despite the structures, survival in deserts can still be very difficult if one does not bring their own resources, as the desert has virtually no resources of its own. Wood logs can only be obtained from pillager outposts or mineshafts, though dead bushes provide a source of sticks. Finding water sources can prove to be quite challenging, as the only desert water sources are villages, desert wells, rivers, and the uncommon Desert Lakes variant. At night, most zombies that spawn in deserts and variants are replaced by husks, variants of zombies that inflict the hunger effect and do not burn in the sun, making fighting hostile mobs more difficult as well.
Deserts have two variants, for a total of three different desert biomes.
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Desert Hills variants feature hillier terrain, just like all other hills biomes in the game. Desert hills can reach slightly higher elevations than other hills, and are comprised mostly of sand and sandstone like the rest of the desert. No structures other than fossils, desert pyramids[Bedrock Edition only], and desert wells may generate within the hills, making this variant overall more difficult. Players should be careful digging up sand in the hills, as it may generate unsupported and cause all other unsupported sand blocks near it to fall if dug up. Desert hills will not generate if their base desert is a thin border around a badlands biome.
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The uncommon Desert Lakes variant features oases of water across its landscape, making this variant a potentially valuable source of water. The terrain is slightly rougher and hillier than the base desert biome, though not as much as the desert hills. No structures other than fossils and desert wells may generate here.
|Java Edition Alpha|
|v1.2.0||preview||Added true biomes, including deserts.|
|Deserts were defined by having a rainfall value of less than 20% and a temperature value over 95%.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|1.8||?||As part of a biome overhaul, deserts have now been removed.|
|September 2, 2011||Notch teases a screenshot of the new desert biome.|
|1.0.0||?||Deserts have now been re-added.|
|1.2.1||12w04a||Added desert wells to deserts.|
|1.3.1||12w21a||Added desert temples to deserts.|
|?||Hills in deserts are now taller.|
|1.6.1||13w17a||Water lakes will now no longer generate in deserts.|
|1.7.2||13w36a||Desert M variant has now been added, along with many other biomes.|
|1.10||16w20a||Added Husks, which replace most zombies in deserts.|
|Added fossils, which may generate in deserts.|
|1.13||18w16a||Renamed DesertHills to Desert Hills.|
|Renamed Desert M to Mutated Desert.|
|18w19a||Renamed Mutated Desert to Desert Lakes.|
|pre5||Changed the ID |
|1.14||18w47a||Added pillager outposts, which can spawn in desert biomes.|
|18w50a||Updated look of desert villages.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|0.1.0||Added biomes, including deserts.|
|0.1.3||Cacti will now generate in deserts.|
|0.9.0||build 1||Added Desert M variant, along with many other biomes.|
|Added desert villages.|
|0.11.0||build 1||Added desert wells to deserts.|
|0.13.0||build 1||Added desert temples to deserts.|
|Added rabbits, which can spawn in deserts.|
|0.15.0||build 1||Added husks, which will replace most zombies in deserts.|
|1.1.3||alpha 188.8.131.52||Added fossils, which may generate in deserts.|
|1.10.0||beta 184.108.40.206||Added pillager outposts, which can spawn in desert biomes.|
|1.11.0||beta 220.127.116.11||Added illager patrol which can spawn in desert.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU5||CU1||1.00||Patch 1||Added desert biomes.|
|TU12||Desert wells have now been added.|
|TU14||1.04||Added desert temples.|
|Hills in deserts have now been made taller.|
|TU19||CU7||1.12||Water lakes will now no longer generate in deserts.|
|TU31||CU19||1.22||Patch 3||Added Desert M variant along with many other biomes.|
|TU43||CU33||1.36||Patch 13||Added fossils, which may generate in deserts.|
|PlayStation 4 Edition|
|1.91||Added pillager outposts, which can spawn in desert biomes.|