Desert

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A vast Desert with its typical dunes and a village

The desert is a common warm biome. It has three variations.

Description[edit]

Desert biomes are usually vast, quite barren, and lifeless, with the only vegetation being cacti and dead bushes. Among the mobs that can spawn in the desert, only rabbits spawn in the wild, while villagers, cats, cows, sheep, and pigs appear in desert villages. The terrain is flat and the surface is made entirely of sand, with sandstone generating underneath the sand to prevent it from falling into caves below. Water lakes do not generate in deserts aside from the Desert Lakes variant, though lava ponds may still generate; water may still generate if the altitude dips low enough, allowing for sugar cane. Deserts make up for their barrenness by featuring a relatively large number of structures, such as pillager outposts, villages, desert pyramids, fossils, and desert wells. Villages and desert temples may offer refuge and valuable loot, desert wells may serve as a rare source of water, and fossils can provide large numbers of bone blocks and bone meal, or simply a neat archaeological find, while pillager outposts are the only source of wood on the desert surface.

Deserts are usually found next to other warm biomes, such as savannas, badlands, and warm ocean. They also sometimes generate beside jungles and plains. Deserts may also generate as a thin border around badlands biomes should they generate freestanding. Like other warm biomes, they rarely generate near cold biomes.

Despite the structures, survival in deserts can still be difficult if one does not bring sufficient resources, as the desert has virtually no resources of its own. Wood logs can be obtained only from pillager outposts or mineshafts, though dead bushes provide a source of sticks. The only desert water sources are villages, desert wells, rivers, and the uncommon Desert Lakes variant. At night, most zombies that spawn in deserts and variants are replaced by husks, variants of zombies that inflict the hunger effect and do not burn in the sun, resulting in more hostile mobs present during daytime.

Variants[edit]

Deserts have three variants.

Desert[edit]

Desert
Desert.png
Type

Dry/Warm

Rarity

Common

Temperature

2.0

Structures

Desert Temples
Villages
Desert wells
Fossils
Pillager outposts

Blocks

Sand
Sandstone
Cactus
Dead Bush

Grass color


 #bfb755

Water color


 #32a598

The Desert is the standard variant of deserts. It contains villages, desert pyramids, desert wells and fossils. It is mostly flat, with a few small hills.

In Java Edition :

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Passive category
Rabbit[note 1]442–3
Hostile category
Spider1005154
Skeleton1005154
Creeper1005154
Slime[note 2]1005154
Enderman105151–4
Witch55151
Zombie195154
Zombie Villager15151
Husk805154
Ambient category
Bat10108
  1. All spawned rabbits are gold.
  2. Spawn attempt succeeds only in slime chunks.

In Bedrock Edition :

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Hostile category
Spider1007351
Zombie957352–4
Zombie Villager57352–4
Husk2407352–4
Skeleton807351–2
Creeper1007351
Slime[note 1]1007351
Enderman107351–2
Witch57351
Passive category
Rabbit[note 2]442–3
  1. Spawn attempt succeeds only in slime chunks.
  2. All spawned rabbits are gold.


Desert Hills[edit]

Desert Hills
Desert Hills.png
Type

Dry/Warm

Rarity

Common

Temperature

2.0

Structures

Fossils
Desert Wells
Desert Pyramids[BE only]

Blocks

Sand
Sandstone
Cactus
Dead Bush

Grass color


 #bfb755

Desert Hills variants feature hillier terrain, just like all other hills biomes in the game. Desert hills can reach slightly higher elevations than other hills, and are comprised mostly of sand and sandstone like the rest of the desert. No structures other than fossils, desert pyramids[Bedrock Edition only], and desert wells may generate within the hills, making this variant overall more difficult. Players should be careful digging up sand in the hills, as it may generate unsupported and cause all other unsupported sand blocks near it to fall if dug up. Desert hills do not generate if their base desert is a thin border around a badlands biome.

Desert hills use the same mob spawning chances as deserts.

Desert Lakes[edit]

Desert Lakes
Desert Lakes.png
Type

Dry/Warm

Rarity

Rare

Temperature

2.0

Structures

Fossils
Desert Well

Blocks

Sand
Sandstone
Water
Cactus
Dead Bush
Sugar Cane

Grass color


 #bfb755

The rare Desert Lakes variant features oases of water across its landscape, making this variant a potentially valuable source of water. The terrain is slightly rougher and hillier than the base desert biome, though not as much as the desert hills. No structures other than fossils and desert wells may generate here.

Desert lakes use the same mob spawning chances as deserts.

Data values[edit]

ID[edit]

Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Desertdesert biome.minecraft.desert
Desert Hillsdesert_hills biome.minecraft.desert_hills
Desert Lakesdesert_lakes biome.minecraft.desert_lakes

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID
[No displayed name]desert 2
[No displayed name]desert_hills 17
[No displayed name]desert_mutated 130

History[edit]

Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0previewAdded true biomes, including deserts.
Deserts are defined by having a rainfall value of less than 20% and a temperature value over 95%.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Added sandstone to deserts.
1.6Added dead bushes to deserts.
September 2, 2011Notch teases a screenshot of the new desert biome.
1.8Added villages to deserts, and as a result of the new world generator, deserts became larger and more flat.
Java Edition
1.2.112w04aAdded desert wells to deserts.
1.3.112w21aAdded desert temples to deserts.
?Hills in deserts are now taller.
1.6.113w17aWater lakes no longer generate in deserts.
1.7.213w36aDesert M variant has been added, along with many other biomes.
1.1016w20aAdded husks, which replace most zombies in deserts.
Added fossils, which may generate in deserts.
1.1318w16a"DesertHills" has now been renamed to "Desert Hills".
"Desert M" has now been renamed to "Mutated Desert".
18w19a"Mutated Desert" has now been renamed to "Desert Lakes".
pre5The ID mutated_desert has been changed to desert_lakes.
1.1418w47aAdded pillager outposts, which can spawn in desert biomes.
18w50aThe look of desert villages has been updated.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0Added biomes, including deserts.
0.1.3Cacti now generate in deserts.
0.9.0build 1Added Desert M variant, along with many other biomes.
Added desert villages to deserts.
0.11.0build 1Added desert wells to deserts.
0.13.0build 1Added desert temples to deserts.
Added rabbits, which can spawn in deserts.
0.15.0build 1Added husks, which replace most zombies in deserts.
Pocket Edition
1.1.3alpha 1.1.3.0Added fossils, which may generate in deserts.
Bedrock Edition
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Added pillager outposts, which can spawn in desert biomes.
1.11.0beta 1.11.0.1Added illager patrols, which can spawn in deserts.
Legacy Console Edition
TU5CU11.00Patch 11.0.1Added desert biomes.
TU12Desert wells have been added to deserts.
TU141.04Added desert temples to deserts.
Hills in deserts have been made taller.
TU19CU71.12Water lakes no longer generate in deserts.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Added Desert M variant, along with many other biomes.
TU43CU331.36Patch 13Added fossils, which may generate in deserts.
1.91Added pillager outposts, which can spawn in desert biomes.
The look of desert villages has been updated.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]