Open main menu
The crafting table interface. Note the form how are displayed the spaces.

Crafting is how the player makes items and blocks in Minecraft. To craft something, a player moves items from their inventory to a crafting grid, arranging them according to a recipe. A 2×2 crafting grid can be accessed from the player's inventory and a 3×3 grid can be accessed by using a crafting table.

Contents

Crafting system

 
2×2 Crafting Grid (Inventory)
 
3×3 Crafting Grid (Crafting Table)

Players in Survival or Adventure always have access to the 2×2 crafting grid from their inventory screen. Crafting recipes that are at most 2×2 can be made there. These include wood planks, sticks, crafting tables, torches and some shapeless recipes. To craft items using a 3×3 grid, create a crafting table, place it in the world, and press use while facing it. This brings up an interface with a 3×3 crafting grid, which the player can use to craft any crafting recipe in the game.

Some recipes do not require their ingredients to be arranged in a specific way on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shapeless recipes. For example, players can craft a fermented spider eye by placing its ingredients anywhere within the grid.[note 1]

On the other hand, many recipes must have their ingredients placed in the correct relative positions on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shaped recipes. Ingredients in shaped recipes can be ‘moved’ up, down, left, or right. They can also be flipped side-ways. For example, a 3×1 recipe, such as bread, can be made using the top, middle, or bottom row of the 3×3 grid, but it cannot be made using the 2×2 grid because it needs to be three items wide, and a bow may be made with the strings placed on the left instead of on the right.

There are recipes that may not be moved or mirrored in this way. These are commonly known as fixed recipes. Fixed recipes can be added by data packs or mods. No fixed recipes are available in vanilla Minecraft.

Notes
  1. On this wiki, shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic. This symbol does not actually appear in the game.

Recipe Book

Main article: Recipe book

The recipe book is a mechanic in Minecraft that serves as a catalog of recipes and as a crafting guide. It shows every crafting recipe that the player has had materials for.

Crafting recipes are organized in several different categories, as follows:

  • The first tab contains every unlocked recipe.
  • The second tab contains tools, weapons, and armor.
  • The third tab contains building materials.
  • The fourth tab contains food and miscellaneous items.
  • The fifth tab contains redstone materials.

Recipe system

Main article: Recipe

Recipes, including crafting recipes, can be configured by data packs in Java Edition or add-ons in Bedrock Edition.

Complete recipe list

To save space, some recipes are animated (requires JavaScript). On this wiki, shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic. This symbol does not appear in the game.

Shaped Recipes Shapeless Recipes



Building blocks

Decoration blocks

Tools

Main article: Crafting/Tools
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Combat

Main article: Crafting/Combat
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Brewing

Main article: Crafting/Brewing
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Materials

Main article: Crafting/Materials
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Miscellaneous

Removed recipes

Some items were craftable previously, but cannot be crafted in the current version of Minecraft.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Chainmail Helmet or
Chainmail Chestplate or
Chainmail Leggings or
Chainmail Boots
Fire
Enchanted Golden Apple Block of Gold +
Apple
Iron Horse Armor or
Golden Horse Armor or
Diamond Horse Armor
Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
Diamond +
Any Wool

Horse Saddle Leather +
Iron Ingot

History

Java Edition Indev
0.312010-01-29Crafting implemented
Accessed by pressing B.
A more controllable inventory was added, which was vital to crafting.
Early recipes included sticks, pickaxes, torches, swords, axes, and gold and iron blocks.
2010-01-30Indev was updated again with many other recipes. As new blocks and items were implemented into the game, new crafting recipes were made accordingly.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Shapeless recipes added.
1.6Test Build 3While crafting, ⇧ Shift + clicking the crafting output makes the maximum amount possible of that item and moves it straight to the inventory.
1.6.5⇧ Shift + clicking the crafting output only performs a single crafting action, instead of the maximum possible amount.
1.8Pre-release 2⇧ Shift + clicking now crafts the maximum amount possible again, reverting to the Beta 1.6 behavior.
Java Edition
1.814w30aFixed recipes added.
1.1217w13aThe crafting GUI now includes a recipe tab, allowing players to know how to craft previously-crafted items, automatically fill in the recipe and filter out the recipes to what they can make from their inventory. This can be used in a crafting table and without, but the inventory crafting shows only 2×2 crafted items.
Recipes can be unlocked using a Knowledge Book without having to craft the item.
1.1317w48aCustom recipes are now loaded from data packs in data/(namespace)/recipes/(name).json.
Turning off the vanilla data pack also removes all recipes.
17w49aRecipes can now refer to a tag instead of an item.
1.15?While in a crafting table, ⇧ Shift+clicking an item or a stack in the inventory now transfers it directly to the 3*3 crafting grid.
Pocket Edition Alpha
April 17, 2012Daniel Kaplan released preview images of the Minecraft Advanced Touch Technology Interface System (MATTIS) crafting system in creative mode.
0.3.0The MATTIS crafting system was implemented.
0.6.0Added the stonecutter. This was used to make stone-related blocks.
0.9.0build 1Improved the layout of the crafting screen by organizing blocks and items into category.
The crafting screen shows only craftable recipes.
0.13.0build 1Removed the crafting functionality of stonecutter. All recipes requiring it are available through the crafting table and inventory.
0.14.0build 1Added the ability to access the crafting system in creative mode.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha 0.17.0.1Added classic crafting system to mobile device, available in advanced video settings.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta 1.2.0.2Replaced the MATTIS crafting system with the classic crafting system + recipe book.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 1A simplified crafting system for the Xbox 360 was implemented with the first version release.
TU25CU14 1.17 Added classic crafting system.

Gallery

See also