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Recipe book

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It has been requested that this article be rewritten. [discuss]
Reason: This article explains only the Java Edition recipe book. It should explain Bedrock Edition's as well. In addition, it isn't structured for furnace/smoker/blast furnace/campfire recipes.
Please help us by rewriting it.
@MiaLem n Feb 2017.jpg

The recipe book, together with the advancements system, will help new players to learn the game and give advanced players a new challenge.

Maria Lemón on advancements and recipe books[1]

The recipe book is a mechanic in Minecraft that serves as a catalog of recipes and as a crafting, smelting, and banner patterning guide.



The way it works in vanilla survival* is that you either "discover" a recipe by crafting it manually, or some other condition where we think "okay now you have sticks, we'll teach you how to make a pickaxe". After a recipe is "discovered" it's available in this recipe book, an optional thing you can click to in a crafting screen. From there you can see all the recipes you've discovered and how to craft them, so you don't need to google for the shape and ingredients.

*I say vanilla survival because this is customizable. For example, a custom map could require you to only craft things they've given you, and nothing else. In vanilla survival this is purely a tool to help remember recipes you don't use much, or teach you about new ones that you may not have known about.

Dinnerbone on using the recipe book[2]
The open recipe book, as it appears in the survival inventory screen.
The recipe book as it appears in the crafting table screen.

The recipe book can be displayed in either the 2×2 (inventory) or 3×3 (crafting table) grids. Simply enter the crafting GUI and press the button with the knowledge book; the recipe book is then displayed to the left. This also works in smelting GUI and loom GUI but not brewing GUI.

Similar to Bedrock Edition's MATTIS system, the recipe book contains a list of all available crafting recipes.

Recipes are stored in several different tabs:

  • The first, topmost tab contains every unlocked recipe.
  • The second tab contains tools, weapons, and armor.
  • The third tab contains building materials.
  • The fourth tab contains food items and miscellaneous things.
  • The fifth tab contains redstone materials.
Right-click on an item shows all the patterns.

Clicking on an item in the list displays its crafting recipe in the nearby 2×2 or 3×3 grid. The item can then be crafted if the materials are available; otherwise, the button containing the item is highlighted red. Each click shows alternate patterns for the same crafting recipe, if there are several patterns (for example, each click on a banner recipe shows all the possible banners using different colored wools). Right-click on the item shows all the alternate patterns.

Shift-clicking an item in the list puts all available materials in the crafting grid.

The button in the top right corner of the recipe book toggles between "Show all" and "Show craftable"; the latter displays only recipes for which the player has the necessary materials in their inventory. The top-left corner also contains a search bar to further narrow the list.

The 2×2 recipe book displays only those recipes that can be crafted in the 2×2 grid; to see every possible recipe, a player must use the 3×3 recipe book.


The notification that pops up when new recipes are unlocked.

Recipes are unlocked upon meeting certain criteria (for instance, gathering materials, being near water, having a certain number of filled inventory slots, etc.) or by using a knowledge book. Using a crafting recipe also unlocks it, so long as /gamerule doLimitedCrafting remains false.

Recipes can also be given or taken away by using the /recipe command.

Crafting Table Recipes[edit]

Crafting Recipe Result Unlocking Criteria
Have an iron ingot
Have a gold ingot
Have a diamond
Have redstone dust
Have the appropriate block or item
Have cobblestone
Have blackstone or cobblestone
Have nether quartz
Have a stick
Have string
Have a minecart
Have blaze powder
Have a book
Have glass
Have leather
Have a melon slice
Have nether bricks
Have planks
Have the appropriate planks
Have a prismarine shard
Have a rail
Have a slimeball
Have the appropriate colored wool
Have bamboo
Have a beetroot
Have black dye or white dye
Have a blaze rod
Have a block of iron
Have a block of quartz, a chiseled quartz block, or a Quartz pillar
Have bone meal
Have a brick
Have cocoa beans
Have diorite
Have an eye of ender
Have a gold nugget
Have glowstone dust
Have a honey bottle
Have a honeycomb
Have an iron ingot or an iron nugget
Have lapis lazuli
Have nether wart
Have a netherite ingot[upcoming: JE 1.16]
Have an oxeye daisy
Have paper
Have polished blackstone
Have a popped chorus fruit
Have a snowball
Have stone
Have sugar cane
Have wheat
Have wooden slabs
Be in water
Have ten slots occupied in the inventory
Have an allium
Have andesite
Have an azure bluet
Have basalt
Have blackstone
Have a block of coal
Have a block of diamond
Have a block of emerald
Have a block of gold
Have a block of netherite[upcoming: JE 1.16]
Have a block of redstone
Have a block of quartz
Have blue dye,pink dye, or red dye
Have blue dye, red dye, or white dye
Have blue dye or green dye
Have blue dye or red dye
Have blue dye or white dye
Have a blue orchid
Have a bone
Have a bone block
Have a bow
Have a bowl, mushroom, or mushroom stew
Have a carrot
Have a carved pumpkin
Have a carved pumpkin or pumpkin
Have Charcoal, Coal, or a Stick
Have chiseled red sandstone, cut red sandstone, or red sandstone
Have clay
Have coal
Have a compass
Have a cooked rabbit
Have a Cornflower
Have a creeper head
Have crying obsidian[upcoming: JE 1.16]
Have a dandelion
Have dried kelp
Have a dried kelp block
Have the respective dye or a glass pane
Have the respective dye or a White Carpet
Have an egg
Have a emerald
Have an enchanted golden apple
Have end stone
Have a feather or flint
Have flint
Have flint or obsidian
Have a furnace
Have glowstone
Have granite
Have gravel
Have gravel or sand
Have gray dye or white dye
Have green dye or white dye
Have gunpowder
Have a hay bale
Have a heart of the sea or nautilus shell
Have a honey block
Have ice
Have an ink sac
Have an iron ingot, stick, string, or a tripwire hook
Have an iron nugget
Have a lapis lazuli block
Have a lilac
Have a lily of the valley
Have the appropriate log or stem
Have an item from the appropriate log or stem item tag.
Have magma cream
Have mossy cobblestone
Have a mushroom or mushroom stew
Have a nether brick
Have a nether star
Have netherite scrap
Have obsidian
Have an orange tulip
Have packed ice
Have a peony
Have pink dye or purple dye
Have a pink tulip
Have a poppy
Have prismarine crystals
Have a pumpkin
Have a purpur block
Have a rabbit hide
Have red dye or yellow dye
Have red dye or white dye
Have red sand
Have red sandstone
Have a redstone torch
Have a red tulip
Have a rose bush
Have sand
Have sandstone
Have a sandstone slab
Have a scute
Have a shulker shell
Have a slime block
Have smooth stone
Have a smooth stone slab
Have a soul torch
Have soul sand or soul soil
Have a spider eye
Have respective stained glass
Have a stick, soul sand, or soul soil
Have stone bricks
Have a stone pickaxe
Have a stone slab
Have respective stripped log or stripped stem
Have a sunflower
Have terracotta
Have a tripwire hook
Have vines
Have warped fungus
Have a water bucket
Have a White Bed
Have a white tulip
Have white wool
Have a Wither Rose
Have a wither skeleton skull
Have wool

Smelting Recipes[edit]

Smelting Result Blast Furnace Recipe Smoker & Campfire Recipe Unlocking Criteria
Yes No Have ancient debris
No No Have a cactus
Yes No Have chainmail armor, iron armor, iron axe, iron hoe, iron horse armor, iron pickaxe, iron shovel, iron sword
No No Have chorus fruit
No No Have Clay
No No Have a clay ball
Yes No Have coal ore
Yes No Have diamond ore
Yes No Have emerald ore
Yes No Have gold ore or nether gold ore
Yes No Have golden armor, golden axe, golden hoe, golden horse armor, golden pickaxe, golden shovel, or golden sword
Yes No Have iron ore
No Yes Have kelp
Yes No Have lapis lazuli ore
No No Have a flammable log, wood, or stripped variant
No No Have nether bricks
Yes No Have nether quartz ore
No No Have netherrack
No No Have polished blackstone bricks
No Yes Have a potato
No No Have Block of Quartz
No Yes Have raw beef
No Yes Have raw chicken
No Yes Have raw cod
No Yes Have raw mutton
No Yes Have raw porkchop
No Yes Have raw rabbit
No Yes Have raw salmon
No No Have red sand or sand
No No Have Red Sandstone
Yes No Have redstone ore
No No Have Sandstone
No No Have sea pickle
No No Have Stone
No No Have stone bricks
No No Have respective terracotta
No No Have Wet Sponge

Stonecutter Recipes[edit]

Stonecutter Result Unlocking Criteria
Have blackstone
Have polished blackstone
Have stone
Have end stone
Have the respective block
Have andesite
Have block of quartz
Have diorite
Have granite
Have red sandstone
Have sandstone
Have basalt
Have nether bricks
Have purpur block
Have stone bricks

Data values[edit]

Player data[edit]

  • Player.dat root tag
    •  recipeBook
      •  recipes A list of all recipes the player has seen.
        • : the name of a recipe, for instance minecraft:gold_nugget or minecraft:gold_ingot_from_nuggets
      •  toBeDisplayed A list of all recipes the player has unlocked, but not viewed in the crafting helper yet.
        • : the name of a recipe, for instance minecraft:gold_nugget or minecraft:gold_ingot_from_nuggets
      •  isFilteringCraftable: 0 or 1 (true/false). True if the player has enabled the "Show Craftable" feature in the crafting recipe book.
      •  isGuiOpen: 0 or 1 (true/false). True if the player has the crafting recipe book GUI open.
      •  isFurnaceFilteringCraftable: 0 or 1 (true/false). True if the player has enabled the "Show Smeltable" feature in the smelting recipe book.
      •  isFurnaceGuiOpen: 0 or 1 (true/false). True if the player has the smelting recipe book GUI open.
      •  isBlastingFurnaceFilteringCraftable[upcoming: JE 1.16]: 0 or 1 (true/false). True if the player has enabled the "Show Blastable" feature in the blasting recipe book.
      •  isBlastingFurnaceGuiOpen[upcoming: JE 1.16]: 0 or 1 (true/false). True if the player has the blasting recipe book GUI open.
      •  isSmokerFilteringCraftable[upcoming: JE 1.16]: 0 or 1 (true/false). True if the player has enabled the "Show Smokable" feature in the smoking recipe book.
      •  isSmokerGuiOpen[upcoming: JE 1.16]: 0 or 1 (true/false). True if the player has the smoking recipe book GUI open.


Java Edition
October 30, 2015Developers discussed the possibility of a recipe book during a Pocket Edition/Windows 10 Edition Q&A livestream.
September 25, 2016At MineCon 2016, Tommaso Checchi explained the need for a recipe book while discussing the unification of the desktop and pocket platforms.
1.12March 23, 2017Maria Lemón revealed the new recipe book feature.
17w13aAdded the recipe book.
17w14aChanged the icon on the trigger button from a standard book to a knowledge book.
Added a shift-click ability to the recipe book that puts all available materials in the crafting grid.
Added a new pop-up notification that appears when new recipes are unlocked.
Added an easter egg that appears when searching for "excited" within the recipe book.
17w15aThe icon in the pop-up notification now quickly cycles through all recipes that were unlocked.
17w17aOptimized the recipe book.
Added the toBeDisplayed NBT tag, which stores recipe names that the player has unlocked, but not viewed in the crafting helper yet (used for the animation for new recipes).
17w18aOptimized recipe book, fixing several issues with the "Show craftable" option.
The word that triggers the easter egg is now "excitedze" rather than "excited".
pre1Further optimizations to the recipe book.
pre3Optimized recipe searching.
pre6Further optimizations to searching, especially while using mods.
releaseAdded toast sounds.[more information needed]
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta the recipe book.
beta a button for how to use the recipe book.
beta a button to open/close the recipe book.


  • If the player searches for "excitedze" in the recipe book, the language switches to Pirate Speak.[3]
    • This is a reference to "ExcitedZE", an alias used by Maria Lemón, whose avatar is a pirate.
  • There is a bug that makes blast furnace and smoker recipe book to be closed when (re)loading a world.[4][until JE 1.16]


Issues relating to "Recipe book" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.