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Crafting is the method by which many items and blocks are made in Minecraft. In order to craft something, players must move items from their inventory to a crafting grid. A 2×2 crafting grid can be accessed from the player's inventory and a 3×3 grid can be accessed by using a crafting table.

Java & Bedrock Edition crafting system[edit]

2×2 Crafting Grid (Inventory)
Crafting Table Grid
3×3 Crafting Grid (Crafting Table)

For some items, the arrangement of their ingredients on the crafting grid is unimportant. These are commonly known as shapeless recipes. For example, a fermented spider eye can have its ingredients placed anywhere within the grid.[note 1]

On the other hand, many game objects must have their ingredients placed in the correct relative positions on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shaped recipes.

Ingredients in shaped recipes can be ‘moved’ up, down, left, or right. They can also be flipped side-ways.

For example, a 3×1 recipe, such as bread, can be made using the top, middle, or bottom row of the 3×3 grid, but it cannot be made using the 2×2 grid because it needs to be three items wide, and a bow may be made with the strings placed on the left instead of on the right.

There are recipes that may not be moved or mirrored in this way. These are commonly known as fixed recipes.[note 2]

Players always have access to the 2×2 crafting grid from their inventory screen. Crafting recipes that are at most 2×2 can be made there. These include wood planks, sticks, crafting tables, torches and some shapeless recipes. To craft items using a 3×3 grid, create a crafting table, place it in the world, and right-click it. This brings up an inventory with a 3×3 crafting grid which the player can use to craft any crafting recipe in the game.

  1. On this wiki, shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic. This symbol does not actually appear in the game.
  2. On this wiki, fixed recipes are marked with an exclamation mark on the crafting table graphic. This symbol does not actually appear in the game.

Recipe Book[edit]

The recipe book is a mechanic in Minecraft that serves as a catalog of recipes and as a crafting guide. It shows every crafting recipe that the player has had materials for.

Crafting recipes are organized in several different categories, as follows:

  • The first tab contains every unlocked recipe.
  • The second tab contains tools, weapons, and armor.
  • The third tab contains building materials.
  • The fourth tab contains food miscellaneous items.
  • The fifth tab contains redstone materials.

Legacy Console Edition crafting system[edit]

Rose (2D).png
This section describes content that is no longer in the game.
Legacy Console Edition has been discontinued.

The crafting system in Legacy Console Edition could be changed to use the system from the Java Edition by checking the "Classic Crafting" option under "User Interface" in the options menu.

By default, Legacy Console Edition used a simplified crafting system. It did not require the player to place items in the correct place in the crafting interface, but instead displayed the ingredients required to craft the selected item and allows the player to craft that item as long as the player has the required crafting ingredients. The crafting table ordered all craftable items into seven categories: Structures, Tools & Weapons, Food, Armor, Mechanisms, Transportation, and Decoration. Two alternative side tabs could be used to craft banners or fireworks. A third side tab was used to dye armor or certain blocks.

Pressing X button or Square button opened the 2×2 crafting menu, or the 3×3 crafting menu if looking at a Crafting Table. The Armor tab was missing in the 2×2 crafting menu as armor recipes require the 3×3 crafting grid.

The PlayStation Vita and Wii U versions did not have the ability to craft using touch input.

Complete recipe list[edit]

To save space, some recipes are animated (requires JavaScript). Shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic, and fixed recipes with an exclamation mark.

Shaped Recipes Shapeless Recipes Fixed Recipes

Building blocks

Decoration blocks










Removed recipes[edit]

Some items were craftable previously, but cannot be crafted in the current version of Minecraft.



Java Edition Indev
0.312010-01-29Crafting implemented
Accessed by pressing B.
A more controllable inventory was added, which was vital to crafting.
Early recipes included sticks, pickaxes, torches, swords, axes, and gold and iron blocks.
2010-01-30Indev was updated again with many other recipes. As new blocks and items were implemented into the game, new crafting recipes were made accordingly.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Shapeless recipes added.
1.8?Holding shift while grabbing a crafting output now automatically takes the maximum amount of outputs from the ingredients it was given.
Java Edition
1.814w30aFixed recipes added.
1.1217w13aThe crafting GUI now includes a recipe tab, allowing players to know how to craft previously-crafted items, automatically fill in the recipe and filter out the recipes to what they can make from their inventory. This can be used in a crafting table and without, but the inventory crafting only shows 2x2 crafted items.
Recipes can be unlocked using a Knowledge Book without having to craft the item.
1.1317w48aCustom recipes are now loaded from data packs in data/(namespace)/recipes/(name).json.
Turning off the vanilla data pack will also remove all recipes.
17w49aRecipes can now refer to a tag instead of an item.
Pocket Edition Alpha
April 17, 2012Daniel Kaplan released preview images of the Minecraft Advanced Touch Technology Interface System (MATTIS) crafting system in creative mode.
0.3.0The MATTIS crafting system was implemented.
0.6.0Added the stonecutter. This was used to make stone-related blocks.
0.9.0build 1Improved the layout of the crafting screen by organizing blocks and items into category.
The crafting screen shows only craftable recipes.
0.13.0?Removed the crafting functionality of stonecutter. All recipes requiring it are available through the crafting table and inventory.
0.14.0build 1Added the ability to access the crafting system in creative mode.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha classic crafting system to mobile device, available in advanced video settings.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta the MATTIS crafting system with the classic crafting system + recipe book.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1A simplified crafting system for the Xbox 360 was implemented with the first version release.
TU25CU141.17Added classic crafting system.


See also[edit]