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For other uses, see Cow (disambiguation).
Baby Cow Revision 3.png
Baby Cow Revision 2.png
Health points




Hitbox size

In Java Edition:
Height: 1.4 Blocks
Width: 0.9 Blocks
Height: 0.7 Blocks
Width: 0.45 Blocks
In Bedrock Edition:
Height: 1.3 Blocks
Width: 0.9 Blocks
Height: 0.65 Blocks
Width: 0.45 Blocks


Grass blocks with at least two blocks of space above them.
After shearing a mooshroom.

Items usable on

A cow is a common passive mob, source of leather, raw beef and milk. Cows are found in grassy biomes.


Natural generation[edit]

Herds of 2 to 3 cows spawn on grass blocks at a light level of 9 or higher with at least 2 block space above, except in snowy tundras and wooded badlands plateaus.

They spawn individually on grass after world generation. A cow spawns inside fowl runs and butchers' houses in villages.

5% spawn as calves.


  • 0–2 Leather. The maximum amount is increased by 1 per level of Looting, for a maximum of 5 with Looting III.
  • 1–3 Raw Beef (Steak if killed while on fire). The maximum amount is increased by 1 per level of Looting, for a maximum of 6 with Looting III.
  • 1–3 when killed by a player or tamed wolf.

Upon successful breeding, 1–7.

Like other baby animals, killing a baby cow yields no items nor experience.


A cow is milked by using a bucket on it, yielding a milk bucket. Players can use the milk bucket to consume the milk, which removes any status effects.


A calf compared to an adult.

A cow wanders around, mooing and breathing occasionally.

Cows avoid going to water, hazards and walking off cliffs high enough to cause fall damage. They flee for a few seconds when harmed.


Main article: Breeding

A cow follows a player who holds wheat but stops following if separated from the player by at least 6 blocks.

If cows are given wheat, they enter love mode and pair off to create calves, granting the player 1-7 experience. The parent cows have a cooldown of 5 minutes before they can breed again. Babies take 20 minutes to grow up and follow adults. The growth of baby cows can be slowly accelerated using wheat; each use takes 10% off of the remaining time to grow up.


Shearing a mooshroom turns it into a cow and drops 5 mushrooms corresponding to the type of mooshroom.


SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Cow moosFriendly CreaturesRandomly from adultentity.cow.ambientsubtitles.entity.cow.ambient0.40.8 - 1.216
Cow moosFriendly CreaturesRandomly from babyentity.cow.ambientsubtitles.entity.cow.ambient0.41.3 - 1.716
Cow diesFriendly CreaturesWhen adult cow diesentity.cow.deathsubtitles.entity.cow.death0.40.8 - 1.216
Cow diesFriendly CreaturesWhen baby cow diesentity.cow.deathsubtitles.entity.cow.death0.41.3 - 1.716
Cow hurtsFriendly CreaturesWhen adult cow takes damageentity.cow.hurtsubtitles.entity.cow.hurt0.40.8 - 1.016
Cow hurtsFriendly CreaturesWhen baby cow takes damageentity.cow.hurtsubtitles.entity.cow.hurt0.41.3 - 1.716
Cow gets milkedPlayersWhen a player milks a cowentity.cow.milksubtitles.entity.cow.milk1.01.016
FootstepsFriendly CreaturesWhen cow walksentity.cow.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDTranslation key
Cowcow entity.minecraft.cow

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key

Entity data[edit]

See also: Chunk format

Cows have entity data associated with them that contain various properties.


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
Cow Tipper.pngCow TipperHarvest some leather.Pick up leather from the ground.15GBronze
Repopulation.pngRepopulationBreed two cows with wheat.Breed two cows or two mooshrooms.15GBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID


The Parrots and the Bats
Breed two animals togetherHusbandryhusbandry/breed_an_animal


Two by Two
Breed all the animals!The Parrots and the BatsBreed pairs of each of these 19 mobs. A trader llama does not count as a llama, and a mule must be the result of breeding a horse and a donkey for this advancement as they are not breed-able together. Other breed-able mobs, if any, can be bred, but are ignored for this advancement.husbandry/bred_all_animals


Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.8Cow Revision 1.png Added cows.
Cows are currently black and white.
Cows exhibit strange sounds.
v1.0.9Cows now emanate a new and realistic bovine sound.
v1.0.14Cow Revision 2.png Added horns to cows. Cows now have a new look, brown with white spots, instead of black with white spots and have a 3D udder.
Java Edition Beta
1.3Cow Revision 3.png The position of the cow's horns has been changed.
1.8Pre-releaseCows now run away when attacked.
Added raw beef and steak, which are now dropped from cows.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3Cow Revision 4.png The cow's horns have been moved, once again.
The cow udder's model has been changed from Cow Revision 1 from below.png to Cow Revision 2 from below.png.
Baby Cow Revision 1.png Added baby cows.
Cows can now be bred with wheat.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6The texture of the cow's back has been changed from Cow Revision 1 from behind.png to Cow Revision 2 from behind.png.
1.2.112w07aThe cow AI has been updated.
Cows can no longer be bred with mooshrooms.
1.4.212w38aAdded new step, hurt and idle sounds for cows, replacing the old sounds
1.814w02aBaby cow growth can now be accelerated using wheat.
1.915w39aCows are now slightly taller (1.4 blocks tall rather than 1.3, with babies 0.7 blocks tall rather than 0.65).
15w50aAdded a sound when the player milks a cow: entity.cow.milk.
1.10?Cows no longer spawn in snowy tundras.
1.1116w32aThe entity ID for cows have been changed from Cow to cow.
1.1418w43aCow.png Baby Cow Revision 2.png The textures of the cow and baby cows have been changed.
1.1519w37aFive percent of cows now spawn as babies.
19w39aBaby Cow Revision 3.png The models of the baby cows have been changed.
1.16pre1Cows can now be milked in Creative mode.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.3.0Cow Revision 4.png Added cows with old sounds.
0.6.0Baby Cow Revision 1.png Added baby cows that spawn naturally 25% of times.
Cows can now drop leather.
0.7.0Cow spawn eggs have been added to creative.
0.8.0build 2Cows are now attracted to wheat and can now be bred.
The cow AI has been improved, cows now avoid falls, fire, water, cactus and lava.
0.12.1build 1The cow sounds have been updated.
0.14.0build 1Baby zombie jockeys now check for nearby cows to mount prior to attacking the player, villager or golem.
Cows no longer spawn in snowy tundra biomes and variants.
0.15.0build 1Baby husks can now mount cows.
?The chance of baby cows spawning instead of adults has been reduced to five percent.
Bedrock Edition
1.10.0beta Baby Cow Revision 2.png The textures of the cow and baby cows have been changed.
1.11.0beta spawn in animal pens in villages.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Cow Revision 4.png Added cows.
Cows do not run away when attacked.
TU5Cows now run away when attacked.
TU7Baby Cow Revision 1.png Added baby cows.
Cows can now be bred with wheat.
TU14 1.04 Using a cow spawn egg, baby cows can now be spawned by using Left trigger on an adult cow.
TU31CU19 1.22 Patch 3Baby cow growth can now be accelerated using wheat.
TU43CU33 1.36 Patch 13The baby cow's sounds have been updated.
1.90 Cow.png Baby Cow Revision 2.png The textures of the cow and baby cows have been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Cow Revision 4.png Baby Cow Revision 1.png Added cows.

Historical sounds:

Sound From to Pitch
Idle Alpha v1.0.8 Alpha v1.0.9 ?
Hurt Alpha v1.0.8 Alpha v1.0.9 ?
Idle Alpha v1.0.9 1.4.2 ?
Hurt/Die Alpha v1.0.9 1.4.2 ?


Issues relating to "Cow" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Cows resemble Norwegian red cattle.
  • Cows in the PC Gamer Minecraft Demo are branded with a 'PCG' logo on their side.
  • Notch stated in a Tumblr post that all “breedable” peaceful mobs displayed traits of both genders and could breed with any other individual of their species.[1] This applies to cows as they have horns and give milk (although, in some breeds, female cows also have horns).



  1. The Word of Notch - Gender in Minecraft