|Catches fire from lava||
|Block entity ID||
See § Data values
See § Data values
See § Data values
- 1 Obtaining
- 2 Usage
- 3 Sounds
- 4 Data values
- 5 Video
- 6 History
- 7 Issues
- 8 Trivia
- 9 References
To remove a redstone comparator, mine it. A redstone comparator can be broken instantly with anything, and drops itself as an item.
A redstone comparator is removed and drops itself as an item if:
- its attachment block is moved, removed, or destroyed.
- water flows into its space.[Java Edition only]
- a piston tries to push it or moves a block into its space.
If lava flows into a redstone comparator's space, the redstone comparator is destroyed without dropping itself as an item.
|Redstone Torch +
Nether Quartz +
A redstone comparator can be placed on the top of any opaque block with a solid full-height top surface (including upside-down slabs and upside-down stairs). In Bedrock Edition, a comparator can also be placed on walls and fences. For more information about placement on transparent blocks, see Opacity/Placement. To place a redstone comparator, use the Place Block control.
The redstone comparator has a front and a back — the arrow on the top of the comparator points to the front. When placed, the comparator faces away from the player. The comparator has two miniature redstone torches at the back and one at the front. The back torches turn on when the comparator's output is greater than zero (the arrow on top also turns red). The front torch has two states that can be toggled with the Use Item control:
- Down and unpowered (indicating the comparator is in "comparison mode")
- Up and powered (indicating the comparator is in "subtraction mode")
The redstone comparator can take a signal strength input from its rear as well as from both sides. Side inputs are accepted only from redstone dust, redstone blocks, redstone repeaters, and other comparators. The redstone comparator's front is its output.
It takes 1 redstone tick (2 game ticks, or 0.1 seconds barring lag) for signals to move through a redstone comparator, either from the rear or from the sides. This applies to changing signal strengths as well as simply to turning on and off. Redstone comparators usually do not respond to 1-tick fluctuations of power or signal strength — for example, a 1-clock input is treated as always off from the side, and always on from the rear.
The redstone comparator has four functions: maintain signal strength, compare signal strength, subtract signal strength, and measure certain block states (primarily the fullness of containers).
Maintain signal strength
A redstone comparator with no powered sides outputs the same signal strength as its rear input.
Compare signal strength
A redstone comparator in comparison mode (front torch down and unpowered) compares its rear input to its two side inputs. If either side input is greater than the rear input, the comparator output turns off. If neither side input is greater than the rear input, the comparator outputs the same signal strength as its rear input.
in summary : Output = Rear × (Left < Rear AND Right < Rear)
Subtract signal strength
A redstone comparator in subtraction mode (front torch up and powered) subtracts the signal strength of the highest side input from the signal strength of the rear input.
in summary : Output = Rear - max(Left,Right)
For example, if Signal of the left is 6, the right is 7 and the rear is 4 then the result should be : 4 - max(6,7) = 4-7 = 0
If the signal of the rear is 9, the right is 2 and the left is 5 then the result should be : 9 - max(2,5) = 9-5 = 4
Measure block state
A redstone comparator treats certain blocks behind it as power sources and output a signal strength proportional to the block's state. The comparator may be separated from the measured block by a solid block. However, in Java Edition, if the solid block is powered to signal strength 15, then the comparator outputs 15 no matter the fullness of the container.
A redstone comparator used to measure the state of a container outputs a signal strength in proportion to how full the container is (0 for empty, 15 for full, etc.).
Containers that can be measured by a comparator include:
- Blast Furnace
- Brewing Stand
- Minecart with Hopper on top of a detector rail
- Trapped Chest
- Minecart with Chest on top of a detector rail
- Large chest
- Large trapped chest
- Shulker Box (any color)
Generally speaking, the comparator output signal strength represents the average fullness of the slots, based on how many of that item form a full stack (64, 16, or 1 for non-stackable items).
The Minimum Items for Container Signal Strength table (right) shows the minimum number of 64-stackable items required to produce the different signal strengths from each type of container. Numbers followed by an "s" or "i" indicate the number of full 64-stack equivalents ("s"), and additional items less than a stack ("i") required. For items that stack in 16s (snowballs, signs, ender pearls, etc.), divide the "i" number by 4 and round up. Each non-stackable item counts as one full-stack.
For example, to produce a signal strength of 10 from a hopper requires the equivalent of 3 full stacks plus 14 more items, or 206 items total, assuming they all stack in 64.
When a comparator measures a large chest or large trapped chest, it measures the entire large chest (54 slots), not just the half directly behind the comparator. A chest or trapped chest that cannot be opened (either because it has an opaque block or ocelot above it) always produces an output of 0 no matter how many items are in the container — shulker boxes can always be measured, even if they cannot open.
- Calculating signal strength from items
- When a container is empty, the output is off.
- When it is not empty, the output signal strength is calculated as follows:
signal strength = floor(1 + ((sum of all slots' fullnesses) / (number of slots in container)) * 14)
fullness of a slot = (number of items in slot) / (max stack size for this type of item)
- Example: 300 blocks in a dispenser (which has 9 slots), where each block stacks to a maximum of 64, produces output with a signal strength of 8:
1 + ((300 items / 64 items per slot) / 9 slots) * 14 = 8.292, floored is 8
- Note that a non-stackable item is counted as a full slot (1 item in a slot, with a max stack size of 1: 1 / 1 = 1.0), and items that stack up to 16 (such as ender pearls and snowballs and eggs) are similarly considered a full slot at 16.
- Calculating items from signal strength
- It can be useful in redstone circuits to use containers with comparators to create signals of a specific strength. The number of items required in a container to produce a signal of desired strength is calculated as follows:
items required = max(desired signal strength, roundup((total slots in container * 64 / 14) * (desired signal strength - 1) ) )
- Example: To use a furnace (which has 3 slots) to create a strength 9 signal, players need 110 items:
max(9, (3*64/14)*(9-1)) = 109.714, rounded up is 110
Some non-container blocks can also be measured by a redstone comparator:
- A cake outputs a signal strength relative to the amount of cake remaining. Each slice is worth 2 signal strength, with 7 total slices, for an output of 14 for a full cake.
- A cauldron outputs different signal strengths depending on how much water is inside. From completely empty to completely full, the output values are 0, 1, 2, and 3.
- A composter outputs different signal strengths depending on the level inside. From completely empty to completely full, the output values are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.
- A command block stores the "success count" of the last command executed, which represents the number of times the most recently used command of this command block succeeded. A "success" is defined by the command's success conditions: if a red error message is returned in the chat, the command was not successful.
- Most commands can succeed once per execution, but certain commands (such as those that accept players as arguments) can succeed multiple times, and the comparator outputs the number of times it succeeded (maximum 15).
- A command block continues to store the success count of the last command executed until it executes its command again, thus the comparator continues to output the same signal strength even after the command block is no longer being activated (it doesn't turn off when the signal to the command block turns off).
- An end portal frame outputs a full signal of 15 if it contains an eye of ender and zero otherwise.
- A comparator can measure the state of an item frame's contents. An item frame comparator outputs 0 if the item frame is empty, or 1 to 8 for any item depending on its rotation: 1 at initial placement, plus 1 for each 45° of rotation for a maximum of 8.
- The comparator must be placed behind the block the item frame is attached to, facing away from the item frame. The block must be a full block, and the item frame cannot be submerged in water.
- A jukebox outputs a signal strength indicating which music disc is currently playing. See the Minimum Items for Container Signal Strength table above.
- A lectern outputs a signal strength that depends on what page the player is currently on. (e.g. a book with 15 pages powers 1 redstone level per page, or one with 5 pages emits 3 signal strength per page.)
- A hive outputs a signal strength equal to the amount of honey in the hive.
|Sound||Subtitle||Namespaced ID||Subtitle ID||Source||Pitch||Volume||Attenuation distance|
||(Plays when fallen on from a height)||Blocks||0.75||0.5||16|
A redstone comparator is defined by its ID, block data, and block entity. A redstone comparator also has a block state that is expected to replace the functionality of block data in a future version.
|Redstone Comparator||Namespaced ID|
|Redstone Comparator||Namespaced ID||Numeric ID|
In Bedrock Edition, redstone comparators use the following data values: A redstone comparator's block data specifies its orientation, mode, and powered status.
|A two-bit field storing a value from 0 to 3 specifying the redstone comparator's orientation:
|0x4||Set if in subtraction mode (front torch up and powered).|
|0x8||Set if powered (at any power level).|
|Name||Default value||Allowed values||Description|
|facing||The direction from the output side to the input side of the comparator,|
or the opposite from the direction the player faces while placing the comparator.
|mode||Specifies the current mode of the redstone comparator.|
|powered||True if the redstone comparator is being powered.|
A redstone comparator has a block entity associated with it that holds additional data about the block.
- Block entity data
- Tags common to all block entities see Template:Nbt inherit/blockentity/template
- OutputSignal: Represents the strength of the analog signal output of this redstone comparator.
|This page would benefit from the addition of isometric renders.|
Please remove this notice once you've added suitable isometric renders to the article. The specific instructions are: The redstone comparator item before (and after) the Texture Update. 17w47a underside differences.
|November 24, 2012||Jeb stated that there may be a "capacitor" in Minecraft.|
|December 27, 2012||Dinnerbone released pictures of the first version of the "comparator", stating it was a replacement for the "capacitor" idea that has variable, alternate inputs.|
|January 2, 2013||Dinnerbone released one more picture of the comparator. The picture itself showing a digital-to-analog converter, using the comparator as the main block.|
|1.5||13w01a||Added redstone comparators.|
|Redstone comparators have 0 delay.|
|13w01b||A delay of 1 game tick (1⁄2 redstone tick) has now been added to redstone comparators to fix bugs.|
|The ability to measure containers to redstone comparators has now been added.|
|13w02a||The textures of redstone comparators have now been changed, to show quartz in the middle.|
|The algorithm for measuring containers has now been changed so that redstone comparators output a signal with as few as 1 item in the container.|
|13w02b||Redstone comparators now treat large chests as a single container.|
|13w03a||Redstone comparators now output success count of command blocks.|
|Redstone comparators now measure container minecarts on detector rails.|
|13w04a||Redstone comparators now measure jukeboxes.|
|13w05a||Redstone comparators no longer cause constant block updates. The delay has now been made consistent, and side input no longer causes a pulse output.|
|Block 150 (|
|13w05b||Redstone comparator delay has now been changed from 1 game tick (1/2 redstone tick) to 2 game ticks (1 redstone tick).|
|13w09c||The redstone signal strength from a redstone comparator next to a brewing stand with 3 water bottles in it is now the same as one with 3 water bottles and 1 ingredient in it.|
|1.6.1||13w18a||Redstone comparators now measure cauldrons and end portal frames.|
|1.7.2||13w37a||The item forms of blocks 149 (|
|1.8||14w04a||Redstone comparators now measure item frames.|
|14w28a||Redstone comparators now measure cakes.|
|1.9||15w42a||With the addition of the blaze powder fuel slot, brewing stands now have 5 slots instead of 4. Their original comparative power values from redstone comparators are listed below:
|15w47a||Redstone comparators' side inputs now take power from redstone blocks.|
|1.13||17w47a||All 3 IDs for the redstone comparator have now been merged into one ID: |
|Redstone comparators now render their underside.|
|Prior to The Flattening, these blocks' numeral IDs were 149 and 150, and the item's 404.|
|1.14||18w43a||The textures of redstone comparators have now been changed.|
|19w02a||Redstone comparators now measure lecterns.|
|19w03a||Redstone comparators now measure composters.|
|1.15||19w34a||Redstone comparators now measure how much honey is inside bee hives and bee nests.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|0.14.0||build 1||Added redstone comparators.|
|1.0.0||alpha 0.17.0.1||Redstone comparators now measure end portal frames.|
|1.0.5||alpha 126.96.36.199||Redstone comparators now output success count of command blocks.|
|1.1.0||alpha 188.8.131.52||Redstone comparators now measure shulker boxes.|
|1.2.0||beta 184.108.40.206||Redstone comparators now measure jukeboxes.|
|1.10.0||beta 220.127.116.11||The textures of redstone comparators have now been changed.|
|1.11.0||beta 18.104.22.168||Redstone comparators now measure smokers, blast furnaces, lecterns and composters.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU19||CU7||1.12||Patch 1||Added redstone comparators.|
|TU31||CU19||1.22||Patch 3||Redstone comparators can now measure item frames.|
|1.90||The textures of redstone comparators have now been changed.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
|0.1.0||Added redstone comparators.|
- Comparators have no bottom texture; they appear transparent when viewed from below.[Bedrock Edition only]
- Comparators are intentionally designed by Mojang to not emit redstone particles when powered, unlike redstone torches and repeaters.